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[PMID]:28799164
[Au] Autor:Tieu J; Middleton P; Crowther CA; Shepherd E
[Ad] Endereço:ARCH: Australian Research Centre for Health of Women and Babies, Robinson Research Institute, Discipline of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The University of Adelaide, Women's and Children's Hospital, 1st floor, Queen Victoria Building, 72 King William Road, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, 5006.
[Ti] Título:Preconception care for diabetic women for improving maternal and infant health.
[So] Source:Cochrane Database Syst Rev;8:CD007776, 2017 08 11.
[Is] ISSN:1469-493X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Infants born to mothers with pre-existing type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus are at greater risk of congenital anomalies, perinatal mortality and significant morbidity in the short and long term. Pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes are at greater risk of perinatal morbidity and diabetic complications. The relationship between glycaemic control and health outcomes for both mothers and infants indicates the potential for preconception care for these women to be of benefit. This is an update of the original review, which was first published in 2010. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of preconception care in women with diabetes on health outcomes for mothers and their infants. SEARCH METHODS: We searched Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth's Trials Register (31 January 2017) and reference lists of retrieved articles. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effects of preconception care for diabetic women. Cluster-RCTs and quasi-RCTs were eligible for inclusion but none were identified. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two reviewers independently assessed study eligibility, extracted data and assessed the risk of bias of the included studies. We checked data for accuracy and assessed the quality of the evidence using the GRADE approach. MAIN RESULTS: We included three trials involving 254 adolescent girls with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, with an overall unclear to high risk of bias. The three trials were conducted at diabetes clinics in the USA, and assessed the READY-Girls (Reproductive-health Education and Awareness of Diabetes in Youth for Girls) programme versus standard care.Considering primary outcomes, one trial reported no pregnancies in the trial period (12 months) (very low-quality evidence, with downgrading based on study limitations (risk of bias) and imprecision); in the other two trials, pregnancy was an exclusion criterion, or was not clearly reported on. None of the trials reported on the other primary maternal outcomes, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and caesarean section; or primary infant outcomes, large-for-gestational age, perinatal mortality, death or morbidity composite, or congenital malformations. Similarly, none of the trials reported on the secondary outcomes, for which we had planned to assess the quality of the evidence using the GRADE approach (maternal: induction of labour; perineal trauma; gestational weight gain; long-term cardiovascular health; infant: adiposity; type 1 or 2 diabetes; neurosensory disability).The majority of secondary maternal and infant outcomes, and outcomes relating to the use and costs of health services were not reported by the three included trials. Regarding behaviour changes associated with the intervention, in one trial, participants in the preconception care group had a slightly higher score for the actual initiation of discussion regarding preconception care with healthcare providers at follow-up (nine months), compared with those in the standard care group (mean difference 0.40, 95% confidence interval -0.02 to 0.82 (on a scale of 0 to 4 points); participants = 87) (a summation of four dichotomous items; possible range 0 to 4, with 0 being no discussion). AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: There are insufficient RCT data available to assess the effects of preconception care for diabetic women on health outcomes for mothers and their infants.More high-quality evidence is needed to determine the effects of different protocols of preconception care for diabetic women. Future trials should be powered to evaluate effects on short- and long-term maternal and infant outcomes, and outcomes relating to the use and costs of health services. We have identified three ongoing studies that we will consider in the next review update.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: CD-ROM
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/terapia
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/terapia
Cuidado Pré-Concepcional/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/sangue
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue
Feminino
Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo
Seres Humanos
Análise de Intenção de Tratamento
Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos
Gravidez
Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; META-ANALYSIS; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Glycated Hemoglobin A)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170812
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD007776.pub3


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[PMID]:27454492
[Au] Autor:Sharma P; Rani MU
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Food and Nutrition, Faculty of Home Science , Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University , Hyderabad , India.
[Ti] Título:Effect of Digital Nutrition Education Intervention on the Nutritional Knowledge Levels of Information Technology Professionals.
[So] Source:Ecol Food Nutr;55(5):442-55, 2016 Sep-Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1543-5237
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The purpose of the study was to determine the changes in knowledge of information technology (IT) professionals after receiving a nutrition education intervention for a month. The sample comprised of 40 IT professionals (29 males and 11 females). The sample was drawn from four IT companies of Hyderabad city using random sampling techniques. The data on the general information of the subjects was collected. The data regarding the commonly accessed sources of nutrition and health information by the subjects was also obtained from the study. The intervention study group received nutrition education by distribution of the developed CD-ROMs to them followed by interactive sessions. To assess the impact of nutrition education intervention, the knowledge assessment questionnaire (KAQ) was developed and administered before and after the education programme. A significant improvement in the mean nutritional knowledge scores was observed among the total study subjects from 22.30 to 40.55 after the intervention (p < 0.05). The findings support the importance of providing professionals with nutrition knowledge to promote healthy dietary behaviors.Thus, the method of e-learning and development of CD-Rom is essential for teaching the educated groups on nutrition, physical activity and overall health education to improve their health, lifestyle and eating habits.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Instrução por Computador
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Nível de Saúde
Dieta Saudável
Estilo de Vida Saudável
Informática/recursos humanos
Ciências da Nutrição/educação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
CD-ROM
Avaliação Educacional
Escolaridade
Exercício
Feminino
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde/etnologia
Seres Humanos
Índia
Masculino
Estado Nutricional
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170203
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170203
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160726
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/03670244.2016.1207068


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[PMID]:27080514
[Au] Autor:Perry BR; Assis R
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Biology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, 16802, USA.
[Ti] Título:CDROM: Classification of Duplicate gene RetentiOn Mechanisms.
[So] Source:BMC Evol Biol;16:82, 2016 Apr 14.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2148
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Gene duplication is a major source of new genes that is thought to play an important role in phenotypic innovation. Though several mechanisms have been hypothesized to drive the functional evolution and long-term retention of duplicate genes, there are currently no software tools for assessing their genome-wide contributions. Thus, the evolutionary mechanisms by which duplicate genes acquire novel functions remain unclear in a number of taxa. RESULTS: In a recent study, researchers developed a phylogenetic approach that uses gene expression data from two species to classify the mechanisms underlying the retention of duplicate genes (Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 110:1740917414, 2013). We have implemented their classification method, as well as a more generalized method, in the R package CDROM, enabling users to apply these methods to their data and gain insights into the origin of novel biological functions after gene duplication. The CDROM R package, source code, and user manual for the R package are available for download from CRAN at https://cran.rstudio.com/web/packages/CDROM/ . Additionally, the CDROM R source code, user manual for running CDROM from the source code, and sample dataset used in this manuscript can be accessed at www.personal.psu.edu/rua15/software.html . CONCLUSIONS: CDROM is the first software package that enables genome-wide classification of the mechanisms driving the long-term retention of duplicate genes. It is user-friendly and flexible, providing researchers with a tool for studying the functional evolution of duplicate genes in a variety of taxa.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Genes Duplicados
Software
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
CD-ROM
Evolução Molecular
Duplicação Gênica
Seres Humanos
Filogenia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1608
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160417
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160417
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160416
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12862-016-0644-x


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[PMID]:27022772
[Au] Autor:Olson CM
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853; email: cmo3@cornell.edu.
[Ti] Título:Behavioral Nutrition Interventions Using e- and m-Health Communication Technologies: A Narrative Review.
[So] Source:Annu Rev Nutr;36:647-64, 2016 Jul 17.
[Is] ISSN:1545-4312
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:e- and m-Health communication technologies are now common approaches to improving population health. The efficacy of behavioral nutrition interventions using e-health technologies to decrease fat intake and increase fruit and vegetable intake was demonstrated in studies conducted from 2005 to 2009, with approximately 75% of trials showing positive effects. By 2010, an increasing number of behavioral nutrition interventions were focusing on body weight. The early emphasis on interventions that were highly computer tailored shifted to personalized electronic interventions that included weight and behavioral self-monitoring as key features. More diverse target audiences began to participate, and mobile components were added to interventions. Little progress has been made on using objective measures rather than self-reported measures of dietary behavior. A challenge for nutritionists is to link with the private sector in the design, use, and evaluation of the many electronic devices that are now available in the marketplace for nutrition monitoring and behavioral change.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Medicina do Comportamento/métodos
Dieta Saudável
Ciências da Nutrição/métodos
Cooperação do Paciente
Telemedicina/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Medicina do Comportamento/história
Medicina do Comportamento/tendências
Pesquisa Biomédica/métodos
Pesquisa Biomédica/tendências
CD-ROM
Dieta Redutora
Correio Eletrônico
Comportamento Alimentar
História do Século XXI
Seres Humanos
Internet
Aplicativos Móveis
Ciências da Nutrição/educação
Ciências da Nutrição/história
Ciências da Nutrição/tendências
Sobrepeso/dietoterapia
Educação de Pacientes como Assunto
Setor Privado/tendências
Parcerias Público-Privadas/tendências
Autorrelato
Programas de Autoavaliação
Telemedicina/tendências
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170720
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170720
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160330
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1146/annurev-nutr-071715-050815


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[PMID]:26991703
[Au] Autor:Sullivan CM; Dalby C; Gross AH; Chesnulevich K; Lilienfeld CW; Hooper C; Rizzo P; Kochanek T
[Ad] Endereço:Dana-Farber Cancer Institute.
[Ti] Título:Oral Chemotherapy Education: Using Innovation to Ensure Broad Access.
[So] Source:Clin J Oncol Nurs;20(2):126-8, 2016 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1538-067X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The purpose of this article is to share one institution's intervention to improve oral chemotherapy patient education. The overall aim was to provide clinicians with a single source of educational materials that would meet a diverse group of patients' educational needs and be consistent with published guidelines.
.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem
Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico
Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos
Materiais de Ensino/provisão & distribuição
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Acesso à Informação
Administração Oral
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos
CD-ROM
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Gestão da Qualidade Total
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antineoplastic Agents)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170317
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170317
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160319
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1188/16.CJON.126-128


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[PMID]:26768543
[Au] Autor:Brenner RJ
[Ti] Título:The Pitfalls of Rendering an Expert Opinion in Breast Malpractice Cases by Reviewing a CD-ROM.
[So] Source:J Am Coll Radiol;13(4):424-5, 2016 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1558-349X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem
Erros de Diagnóstico/legislação & jurisprudência
Diagnóstico por Imagem/normas
Prova Pericial/legislação & jurisprudência
Imperícia
Radiologia/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: CD-ROM
Seres Humanos
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170107
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170107
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160116
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 1036 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26386328
[Au] Autor:Tian B; Bejhed RS; Svedlindh P; Strömberg M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Engineering Sciences, Uppsala University, Box 534, SE-751 21 Uppsala, Sweden.
[Ti] Título:Blu-ray optomagnetic measurement based competitive immunoassay for Salmonella detection.
[So] Source:Biosens Bioelectron;77:32-9, 2016 Mar 15.
[Is] ISSN:1873-4235
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A turn-on competitive immunoassay using a low-cost Blu-ray optomagnetic setup and two differently sized magnetic particles (micron-sized particles acting as capture particles and nano-sized particles acting as detection particles) is here presented. For Salmonella detection, a limit of detection of 8×10(4)CFU/mL is achieved within a total assay time of 3h. The combination of a competitive strategy and an optomagnetic setup not only enables a turn-on read-out format, but also results in a sensitivity limit about a factor of 20 times lower than of volumetric magnetic stray field detection device based immunoassays. The improvement of sensitivity is enabled by the formation of immuno-magnetic aggregates providing steric hindrance protecting the interior binding sites from interaction with the magnetic nanoparticle labels. The formation of immuno-magnetic aggregates is confirmed by fluorescence microscopy. The system exhibits no visible cross-reaction with other common pathogenic bacteria, even at concentrations as high as 10(7)CFU/mL. Furthermore, we present results when using the setup for a qualitative and homogeneous biplex immunoassay of Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação
CD-ROM
Imunoensaio/instrumentação
Separação Imunomagnética/instrumentação
Salmonella/imunologia
Salmonella/isolamento & purificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Desenho de Equipamento
Análise de Falha de Equipamento
Magnetismo/instrumentação
Dispositivos Ópticos
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Sensibilidade e Especificidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1609
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151207
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151207
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150920
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26194599
[Au] Autor:Lau Y; Htun TP; Tam WS; Klainin-Yobas P
[Ad] Endereço:Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore.
[Ti] Título:Efficacy of e-technologies in improving breastfeeding outcomes among perinatal women: a meta-analysis.
[So] Source:Matern Child Nutr;12(3):381-401, 2016 07.
[Is] ISSN:1740-8709
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A growing line of research has highlighted that e-technologies may play a promising role in improving breastfeeding outcomes. The objective of this review was to synthesise the best of available evidence by conducting a meta-analysis to evaluate whether e-technologies have had any effect in improving breastfeeding outcomes among perinatal women. The review was conducted using nine electronic databases to search for English-language research studies from 2007 to 2014. A 'risk of bias' table was used to assess methodological quality. Meta-analysis was performed with the RevMan software. The Q test and I(2) test was used to assess the heterogeneity. The test of overall effect was assessed using z-statistics at P < 0.05. Of 1842 studies identified through electronic searches and reference lists, 16 experimental studies were selected after applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Half of the selected studies had a low risk of bias, from which a total of 5505 women in six countries in these studies were included. Meta-analyses revealed that e-technologies significantly improved exclusive breastfeeding initiation (z = 6.90, P < 0.00001), exclusive breastfeeding at 4 weeks (z = 2.12, P = 0.03) and 6 months (z = 3.2, P = 0.001), breastfeeding attitude (z = 3.01, P = 0.003) and breastfeeding knowledge (z = 4.54, P = < 0.00001) in subgroup analyses. This review provides support for the development of web-based, texting messaging, compact disc read-only memory, electronic prompts and interactive computer agent interventions for promoting and supporting breastfeeding.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aleitamento Materno
Educação em Saúde/métodos
Assistência Perinatal
Telemedicina
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: CD-ROM
Feminino
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Seres Humanos
Internet
Gravidez
Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
Mensagem de Texto
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; META-ANALYSIS; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171107
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171107
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150722
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/mcn.12202


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[PMID]:26070914
[Au] Autor:Hinsley S
[Ti] Título:Gaming for asthma control.
[So] Source:Lancet Respir Med;3(7):519-20, 2015 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:2213-2619
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Asma/terapia
Jogos de Vídeo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: CD-ROM
Criança
Seres Humanos
Educação de Pacientes como Assunto
Materiais de Ensino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1604
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150714
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150714
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150614
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:25661894
[Au] Autor:Hopson L; Wodarski J; Tang N
[Ad] Endereço:a School of Social Work, University of Alabama , Tuscaloosa , Alabama , USA.
[Ti] Título:The effectiveness of electronic approaches to substance abuse prevention for adolescents.
[So] Source:J Evid Inf Soc Work;12(3):310-22, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:2376-1415
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Systematic reviews of computer- and Web-based treatment approaches indicate that these interventions are effective in addressing abuse of alcohol, tobacco, and other substances. However, there are few studies evaluating the effectiveness of electronic approaches to substance abuse prevention. This review of the literature synthesizes the current research on interventions that use electronic media, including CD-ROM, video, and Internet modalities, for substance abuse prevention. Overall, the studies indicate that electronic-based and enhanced interventions are effective in preventing or reducing risk for substance use. We discuss trends in the current literature, research limitations, and implications for practice.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: CD-ROM
Internet
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/prevenção & controle
Gravação de Videoteipe
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alcoolismo/prevenção & controle
Seres Humanos
Fatores de Risco
Prevenção do Hábito de Fumar
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150210
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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