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[PMID]:29385194
[Au] Autor:Schmid D; Behrens G; Arem H; Hart C; Herr W; Jochem C; Matthews CE; Leitzmann MF
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.
[Ti] Título:Pre- and post-diagnosis physical activity, television viewing, and mortality among hematologic cancer survivors.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0192078, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE: The associations of physical activity and television (TV) viewing with mortality risk among individuals with hematologic malignancies remain unclear. METHODS: We examined the relations of physical activity and TV viewing time before and after diagnosis with mortality among 5182 U.S. adults aged 50-71 years from the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study cohort who survived a first primary hematologic cancer between 1995-1996 and 2011. RESULTS: For the pre- and post-diagnosis analyses, we confirmed 2606 and 613 deaths respectively. In multivariable-adjusted Cox proportional hazard regression models, comparing high (≥4 hrs/wk) versus low (<1 hr/wk) activity levels, pre-diagnosis physical activity was associated with 18%-22% reduced risks of all-cause mortality among all hematologic cancer survivors, and survivors of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, myeloma, and leukemia, respectively. Additional control for BMI had little impact on the results, expect for myeloma survivors, for whom the association was no longer significant. Post-diagnosis physical activity was related to risk reductions in mortality ranging from 36%-47%. The associations for TV viewing did not show a clear pattern. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that pre- and post-diagnosis physical activity is associated with lower risk of all-cause mortality among hematologic cancer survivors. Further research is required to confirm this observation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Exercício
Neoplasias Hematológicas/fisiopatologia
Sobreviventes
Televisão
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Feminino
Neoplasias Hematológicas/mortalidade
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0192078


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[PMID]:28458381
[Au] Autor:Chen W; Qian H
[Ad] Endereço:School of Basic Medical Sciences, Fudan University.
[Ti] Título:Using films and television shows with a medical theme as a medium to accelerate the spread of medical humanities.
[So] Source:Biosci Trends;11(2):138-141, 2017 May 23.
[Is] ISSN:1881-7823
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:People have more visual experiences than ever before, and the same is true for situations in medicine. More mature films and television shows with a medical theme have been available over the past 20 years. In mainland China, the TV series "Angel Heart" has generated a wave of universal concern since it truly depicts the work of health care workers and it reflects the sharp distinction between doctors and patients to a certain extent. Riding this wave, many medical documentaries like The Human World have also been launched in China and have garnered sizable audiences. Such films and television shows with a medical theme strive to depict the lives of ordinary people. When watching these medical documentaries, audiences are able to better comprehend the work of health care workers in light of their life experiences and feelings towards current society. Audiences can gain a profound understanding of the medical humanities through films and television shows with a medical theme. We look forward to more such films and television shows with a medical theme that depict "hospitals-the realest place" on camera. Films and television shows with a medical theme can serve as a storytelling medium to accelerate the spread of medical humanities and to promote harmony among doctors, patients, and the public.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ciências Humanas
Televisão
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Relações Médico-Paciente
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5582/bst.2017.01099


  3 / 11774 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29342218
[Au] Autor:Straatmann VS; Almquist YB; Oliveira AJ; Rostila M; Lopes CS
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Public Health and Policy,University of Liverpool, Liverpool,United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Cross-lagged structural equation models for the relationship between health-related state and behaviours and body bullying in adolescence: findings from longitudinal study ELANA.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191253, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We investigated the stability and the directionality of being body bullied and a set of four variables- 1) Body Mass Index (BMI), 2) moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA), 3) television time (TV) and 4) video game/computer time (VG)-, termed in the present study as 'health-related state and behaviours (HRSB)'-across adolescence. The Adolescent Nutritional Assessment Longitudinal Study (ELANA) is a cohort study conducted among middle school students from two public and four private schools in Rio de Janeiro-Brazil. We analysed data from 2010 (T1) and 2012 (T2) among 810 adolescents (aged 9-15 at T1). Gender-specific structural equation models (SEM) were estimated, including autoregressive paths for the HRSB and being body bullied over time, correlations at T1 and T2, respectively, and cross-lagged effects. The results presented significant stability coefficients for almost all variables over time in both genders (except for MVPA in boys and girls and TV time among girls). There were positive correlations between BMI and being body bullied, as well as between TV and VG for boys (0.32, p<0.001 and 0.24, p<0.001, respectively) and girls (0.30, p<0.001 and 0.30, p<0.001, respectively) at T1. It remained significant at T2 (boys: 0.18, p<0.05 and 0.16, p<0.01; girls: 0.21, p<0.01 and 0.22, p<0.01, respectively). Examining the cross-lagged paths between being body bullied and HRSB, we observed that the reciprocal model provided the best fit for boys, indicating that BMI at T1 had a significant effect in being body bullied at T2 (0.12, p<0.05) and being body bullied at T1 had an effect on VG at T2 (0.14, p<0.01). Among girls the forward causation model showed the best fit, demonstrating a significant effect of being body bullied at T1 on VG at T2 (0.16, p<0.01). Apart from MVPA, both being body bullying and HRSB were largely stable across adolescence. For boys and girls alike, exposure to being body bullied seemed to increase their time spent on VG, while for boys BMI also predicted being body bullied. This study highlighted the complex interplay between being body bullied and HRSB and the importance of acknowledging gender differences in this context.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bullying
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Comportamento do Adolescente
Índice de Massa Corporal
Brasil
Bullying/estatística & dados numéricos
Criança
Estudos de Coortes
Exercício
Feminino
Nível de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Modelos Estatísticos
Avaliação Nutricional
Televisão
Jogos de Vídeo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180118
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191253


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[PMID]:29280396
[Au] Autor:Tóth-Király I; Bothe B; Tóth-Fáber E; Hága G; Orosz G
[Ad] Endereço:1 Doctoral School of Psychology, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University , Budapest, Hungary.
[Ti] Título:Connected to TV series: Quantifying series watching engagement.
[So] Source:J Behav Addict;6(4):472-489, 2017 Dec 01.
[Is] ISSN:2063-5303
[Cp] País de publicação:Hungary
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Background and aims Television series watching stepped into a new golden age with the appearance of online series. Being highly involved in series could potentially lead to negative outcomes, but the distinction between highly engaged and problematic viewers should be distinguished. As no appropriate measure is available for identifying such differences, a short and valid measure was constructed in a multistudy investigation: the Series Watching Engagement Scale (SWES). Methods In Study 1 (N = 740 and N = 740), exploratory structural equation modeling and confirmatory factor analysis were used to identify the most important facets of series watching engagement. In Study 2 (N = 944), measurement invariance of the SWES was investigated between males and females. In Study 3 (N = 1,520), latent profile analysis (LPA) was conducted to identify subgroups of viewers. Results Five factors of engagement were identified in Study 1 that are of major relevance: persistence, identification, social interaction, overuse, and self-development. Study 2 supported the high levels of equivalence between males and females. In Study 3, three groups of viewers (low-, medium-, and high-engagement viewers) were identified. The highly engaged at-risk group can be differentiated from the other two along key variables of watching time and personality. Discussion The present findings support the overall validity, reliability, and usefulness of the SWES and the results of the LPA showed that it might be useful to identify at-risk viewers before the development of problematic use.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Aditivo/diagnóstico
Televisão
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Análise Fatorial
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Hungria
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Risco
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180130
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180130
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171228
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1556/2006.6.2017.083


  5 / 11774 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28747186
[Au] Autor:Brazendale K; Beets MW; Weaver RG; Pate RR; Turner-McGrievy GM; Kaczynski AT; Chandler JL; Bohnert A; von Hippel PT
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Exercise Science, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, 921 Assembly Street, 1st Floor Suite, Room 131, Columbia, SC, 29208, USA. brazendk@email.sc.edu.
[Ti] Título:Understanding differences between summer vs. school obesogenic behaviors of children: the structured days hypothesis.
[So] Source:Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act;14(1):100, 2017 07 26.
[Is] ISSN:1479-5868
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Although the scientific community has acknowledged modest improvements can be made to weight status and obesogenic behaviors (i.e., physical activity, sedentary/screen time, diet, and sleep) during the school year, studies suggests improvements are erased as elementary-age children are released to summer vacation. Emerging evidence shows children return to school after summer vacation displaying accelerated weight gain compared to the weight gained occurring during the school year. Understanding how summer days differ from when children are in school is, therefore, essential. DISCUSSION: There is limited evidence on the etiology of accelerated weight gain during summer, with few studies comparing obesogenic behaviors on the same children during school and summer. For many children, summer days may be analogous to weekend days throughout the school year. Weekend days are often limited in consistent and formal structure, and thus differ from school days where segmented, pre-planned, restrictive, and compulsory components exist that shape obesogenic behaviors. The authors hypothesize that obesogenic behaviors are beneficially regulated when children are exposed to a structured day (i.e., school weekday) compared to what commonly occurs during summer. This is referred to as the 'Structured Days Hypothesis' (SDH). To illustrate how the SDH operates, this study examines empirical data that compares weekend day (less-structured) versus weekday (structured) obesogenic behaviors in U.S. elementary school-aged children. From 190 studies, 155 (~80%) demonstrate elementary-aged children's obesogenic behaviors are more unfavorable during weekend days compared to weekdays. CONCLUSION: In light of the SDH, consistent evidence demonstrates the structured environment of weekdays may help to protect children by regulating obesogenic behaviors, most likely through compulsory physical activity opportunities, restricting caloric intake, reducing screen time occasions, and regulating sleep schedules. Summer is emerging as the critical period where childhood obesity prevention efforts need to be focused. The SDH can help researchers understand the drivers of obesogenic behaviors during summer and lead to innovative intervention development.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Infantil
Exercício
Obesidade Pediátrica/epidemiologia
Estações do Ano
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Peso Corporal
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Dieta
Feminino
Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Prevalência
Instituições Acadêmicas
Estilo de Vida Sedentário
Sono
Televisão
Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
Jogos de Vídeo
Ganho de Peso
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180119
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180119
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170728
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12966-017-0555-2


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[PMID]:29261676
[Au] Autor:Howe AS; Heath AM; Lawrence J; Galland BC; Gray AR; Taylor BJ; Sayers R; Taylor RW
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
[Ti] Título:Parenting style and family type, but not child temperament, are associated with television viewing time in children at two years of age.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(12):e0188558, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: Despite the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommending that electronic media be avoided in children under two years of age, screen use is common in infants and toddlers. The aims of this study were to determine how parenting style, infant temperament, and family type are associated with television viewing in two-year-old children. STUDY DESIGN: Participants were from the Prevention of Overweight in Infancy (POI) randomized controlled trial (n = 802) (Dunedin, New Zealand). Demographic information was collected at baseline (late pregnancy), and television and other screen time assessed by questionnaire at 24 months of age. Parenting style (Parenting Practices Questionnaire), infant temperament (Colorado Childhood Temperament Inventory), and family type (7 categories) were reported by both parents. RESULTS: Data were available for 487 participants (61% of the original participants). Median television viewing was relatively low at 21 minutes per day, or 30 minutes in those watching television (82%). Children who watched television played with mobile phones (12% of children) or iPads/tablets (22% of children) more frequently than children who did not (6% of children). In terms of parenting style, children of more authoritarian mothers (ß = 17, 95% CI: 6-27 minutes), more authoritarian partners (ß = 14, 95% CI: 2-26 minutes), or more permissive mothers (ß = 10, 95% CI: 3-17 minutes) watched significantly more television. No significant relationships were observed between child temperament and time watching television after adjustment for confounding variables. Children from "active" families (as rated by partners) watched 29 minutes less television each day (P = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: Parenting style and family type were associated with television viewing time in young children, whereas child temperament was not.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poder Familiar
Televisão
Temperamento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Modelos Teóricos
Pais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171221
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0188558


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[PMID]:29211770
[Au] Autor:Yang-Huang J; van Grieken A; Moll HA; Jaddoe VWV; Wijtzes AI; Raat H
[Ad] Endereço:The Generation R Study Group, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:Socioeconomic differences in children's television viewing trajectory: A population-based prospective cohort study.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(12):e0188363, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We aimed to evaluate the association between family socioeconomic status and repeatedly measured child television viewing time from early childhood to the school period. We analyzed data on 3,561 Dutch children from the Generation R Study, a population-based study in the Netherlands. Parent-reported television viewing time for children aged 2, 3, 4, 6 and 9 years were collected by questionnaires sent from April 2004 until January 2015. Odds ratios of watching television ≥1 hour/day at each age were calculated for children of mothers with low, mid-low, mid-high and high (reference group) education and children from low, middle and high (reference group) income households. A generalized logistic mixed model was used to assess the association between family socioeconomic status and child television viewing time trajectory. The percentage of children watching television ≥1 hour/day increased from age 2 to 9 years for all children (24.2%-85.0% for children of low-educated mothers; 4.7%-61.4% for children of high-educated mothers; 17.2%-74.9% for children from low income households; 6.2%-65.1% for children from high income households). Independent socioeconomic effect in child television viewing time was found for maternal educational level. The interaction between net household income and child age in longitudinal analyses was significant (p = 0.01), indicating that the television viewing time trajectories were different in household income subgroups. However the interaction between maternal educational level and child age was not significant (p = 0.19). Inverse socioeconomic gradients in child television viewing time were found from the preschool period to the late school period. The educational differences between the various educational subgroups remained stable with increasing age, but the differences between household income groups changed over time. Intervention developers and healthcare practitioners need to raise awareness among non-highly educated parents that the socioeconomic gradient in television viewing time has a tracking effect starting from preschool age.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Classe Social
Televisão
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Modelos Logísticos
Masculino
Modelos Teóricos
Mães
Estudos Prospectivos
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171229
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171229
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171207
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0188363


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[PMID]:29206883
[Au] Autor:Andrade-Gómez E; García-Esquinas E; Ortolá R; Martínez-Gómez D; Rodríguez-Artalejo F
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid/ IdiPaz and CIBER of Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Madrid, Spain.
[Ti] Título:Watching TV has a distinct sociodemographic and lifestyle profile compared with other sedentary behaviors: A nationwide population-based study.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(12):e0188836, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Watching TV has been consistently associated with higher risk of adverse health outcomes, but the effect of other sedentary behaviors (SB) is uncertain. Potential explanations are that watching TV is not a marker of a broader sedentary pattern and that each SB reflects different sociodemographic and health characteristics. Data were taken form a survey on 10,199 individuals, representative of the Spanish population aged ≥18 years. SB and other health behaviors were ascertained using validated questionnaires. Watching TV was the predominant SB (45.4% of the total sitting time), followed by sitting at the computer (22.7%). TV watching time showed no correlation with total time on other SB (r: -0.02, p = 0.07). By contrast, time spent at the computer was directly correlated with time spent on commuting (r: 0.07, p<0.01), listening to music (r: 0.10, p<0.01) and reading (r: 0.08, p<0.01). TV watching time was greater in those with older age, lower education, unhealthier lifestyle, and with diabetes or osteomuscular disease. More time spent at the computer or in commuting was linked to younger age, male gender, higher education and having a sedentary job. In conclusion, watching TV is not correlated with other SB and shows a distinct demographic and lifestyle profile.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Demografia
Vigilância da População
Estilo de Vida Sedentário
Classe Social
Televisão
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Espanha
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171229
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171229
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0188836


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[PMID]:29198192
[Au] Autor:Miguel-Berges ML; Zachari K; Santaliestra-Pasias AM; Mouratidou T; Androutsos O; Iotova V; Galcheva S; De Craemer M; Cardon G; Koletzko B; Kulaga Z; Manios Y; Moreno LA
[Ad] Endereço:1Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development (GENUD) Research Group,University of Zaragoza,C/Pedro Cerbuna 12,50009 Zaragoza,Spain.
[Ti] Título:Clustering of energy balance-related behaviours and parental education in European preschool children: the ToyBox study.
[So] Source:Br J Nutr;118(12):1089-1096, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1475-2662
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Energy balance-related behaviours (EBRB) are established in childhood and seem to persist through to adulthood. A lower parental educational level was associated with unhealthy behavioural patterns. The aim of the study is to identify clusters of EBRB and examine their association with preschool children's BMI and maternal, paternal and parental education. A subsample of the ToyBox study (n 5387) conducted in six European countries was used. Six behavioural clusters ('healthy diet and low activity', 'active', 'healthy lifestyle', 'high water and screen time; low fruits and vegetables (F&V) and physical activity (PA)', 'unhealthy lifestyle' and 'high F&V consumers') emerged. The healthiest group characterised by high water and F&V consumption and high PA z scores ('healthy lifestyle') was more prevalent among preschool children with at least one medium- or higher-educated parent and showed markedly healthier trends for all the included EBRB. In the opposite, the 'unhealthy lifestyle' cluster (characterised by high soft drinks and screen time z scores, and low water, F&V and PA z scores) was more prevalent among children with lower parental, paternal and maternal education levels. OR identified that children with lower maternal, paternal and parental education levels were less likely to be allocated in the 'healthy lifestyle' cluster and more likely to be allocated in the 'unhealthy lifestyle' cluster. The 'unhealthy lifestyle' cluster was more prevalent among children with parents in lower parental educational levels and children who were obese. Therefore, parental educational level is one of the key factors that should be considered when developing childhood obesity prevention interventions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Infantil
Metabolismo Energético
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu
Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde
Pais/educação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Índice de Massa Corporal
Pré-Escolar
Dieta
Europa (Continente)
Exercício
Feminino
Frutas
Seres Humanos
Estilo de Vida
Masculino
Avaliação Nutricional
Obesidade Pediátrica/prevenção & controle
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Inquéritos e Questionários
Televisão
Verduras
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171227
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171227
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171205
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/S0007114517003129


  10 / 11774 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28749745
[Au] Autor:Russell CA; Russell DW; Grube JW; McQuarrie E
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Marketing, Kogod School of Business , American University , Washington , District of Columbia , USA.
[Ti] Título:Alcohol Storylines in Television Episodes: The Preventive Effect of Countering Epilogues.
[So] Source:J Health Commun;22(8):657-665, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1087-0415
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This experimental study assessed whether alcohol television storylines impact youth drinking attitudes and intentions and whether corrective epilogues can potentially moderate this impact. Television episodes were professionally produced to depict heavy drinking leading to either positive or negative consequences. The pro- and anti-alcohol episodes were shown alone or with an epilogue where a main character discussed the deleterious effects of excessive drinking. Attitudes toward drinkers and drinking intentions were measured subsequently, along with reactions to the episode and demographic data, among participants aged 14-17 using an online study. Exposure to the pro-alcohol episode was related to more positive attitudes toward drinkers. Including an epilogue after a pro-alcohol episode was related to more negative viewers' attitudes toward drinkers and lower drinking intentions compared to a pro-alcohol episode with no epilogue. By contrast, including an epilogue after an anti-alcohol episode was unrelated to attitudes toward drinkers or drinking intentions. Viewing a single television episode with a pro-alcohol message may lead to more positive attitudes toward drinkers. The finding that a brief epilogue may reduce the impact of the pro-alcohol storyline suggests easily implemented preventive strategies to counter the adverse impact of substance use portrayals in entertainment programming.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/prevenção & controle
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/psicologia
Comunicação em Saúde/métodos
Televisão/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Atitude Frente à Saúde
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Intenção
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171201
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171201
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:T
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170728
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/10810730.2017.1341564



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BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde