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[PMID]:28518006
[Au] Autor:Tanaka K; Nagao D; Okada K; Nakamura K
[Ad] Endereço:Graduate School of Health and Medicine and the Department of Radiological Technology, Gifu University of Medical Science, Seki, Gifu, Japan.
[Ti] Título:Cooling Effects of Wearer-Controlled Vaporization for Extravehicular Activity.
[So] Source:Aerosp Med Hum Perform;88(4):418-422, 2017 Apr 01.
[Is] ISSN:2375-6314
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: The extravehicular activity suit currently used by the United States in space includes a liquid cooling and ventilation garment (LCVG) that controls thermal conditions. Previously, we demonstrated that self-perspiration for evaporative cooling (SPEC) garment effectively lowers skin temperature without raising humidity in the garment. However, the cooling effect is delayed until a sufficient dose of water permeates and evaporates. In the present study, we hypothesized that wearer-controlled vaporization improves the cooling effect. METHODS: Six healthy subjects rode a cycle ergometer under loads of 30, 60, 90, and 120 W for durations of 3 min each. Skin temperature and humidity on the back were measured continuously. Subjects wore and tested three garments: 1) a spandex garment without any cooling device (Normal); 2) a simulated LCVG (s-LCVG) or spandex garment knitted with a vinyl tube for flowing and permeating water; and 3) a garment that allowed wearer-controlled vaporization (SPEC-W). RESULTS: The use of s-LCVG reduced skin temperature by 1.57 ± 0.14°C during 12 min of cooling. Wearer-controlled vaporization of the SPEC-W effectively and significantly lowered skin temperature from the start to the end of cycle exercise. This decrease was significantly larger than that achieved using s-LCVG. Humidity in the SPEC-W was significantly lower than that in s-LCVG. DISCUSSION: This preliminary study suggests that SPEC-W is effective in lowering skin temperature without raising humidity in the garment. The authors think it would be useful in improving the design of a cooling system for extravehicular activity.Tanaka K, Nagao D, Okada K, Nakamura K. Cooling effects of wearer-controlled vaporization for extravehicular activity. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2017; 88(4):418-422.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Regulação da Temperatura Corporal/fisiologia
Atividade Extraespaçonave
Temperatura Cutânea/fisiologia
Trajes Espaciais
Volatilização
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Desenho de Equipamento
Exercício/fisiologia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170626
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170626
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; S
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170519
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3357/AMHP.4583.2017


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[PMID]:28421821
[Au] Autor:Li J; Ye Q; Ding L; Liao Q
[Ad] Endereço:a School of Biological Science and Medical Engineering, Beihang University , Beijing , China.
[Ti] Título:Modeling and dynamic simulation of astronaut's upper limb motions considering counter torques generated by the space suit.
[So] Source:Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin;20(9):929-940, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1476-8259
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Extravehicular activity (EVA) is an inevitable task for astronauts to maintain proper functions of both the spacecraft and the space station. Both experimental research in a microgravity simulator (e.g. neutral buoyancy tank, zero-g aircraft or a drop tower/tube) and mathematical modeling were used to study EVA to provide guidance for the training on Earth and task design in space. Modeling has become more and more promising because of its efficiency. Based on the task analysis, almost 90% of EVA activity is accomplished through upper limb motions. Therefore, focusing on upper limb models of the body and space suit is valuable to this effort. In previous modeling studies, some multi-rigid-body systems were developed to simplify the human musculoskeletal system, and the space suit was mostly considered as a part of the astronaut body. With the aim to improve the reality of the models, we developed an astronauts' upper limb model, including a torque model and a muscle-force model, with the counter torques from the space suit being considered as a boundary condition. Inverse kinematics and the Maggi-Kane's method was applied to calculate the joint angles, joint torques and muscle force given that the terminal trajectory of upper limb motion was known. Also, we validated the muscle-force model using electromyogram (EMG) data collected in a validation experiment. Muscle force calculated from our model presented a similar trend with the EMG data, supporting the effectiveness and feasibility of the muscle-force model we established, and also, partially validating the joint model in kinematics aspect.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Astronautas
Simulação por Computador
Modelos Teóricos
Movimento (Física)
Trajes Espaciais
Torque
Extremidade Superior/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fenômenos Biomecânicos
Eletromiografia
Atividade Extraespaçonave
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171106
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171106
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170420
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/10255842.2017.1310850


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[PMID]:27779956
[Au] Autor:Garbino A; Nusbaum DM; Buckland DM; Menon AS; Clark JB; Antonsen EL
[Ad] Endereço:Emergency Medicine and the Center for Space Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.
[Ti] Título:Emergency Medical Considerations in a Space-Suited Patient.
[So] Source:Aerosp Med Hum Perform;87(11):958-962, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:2375-6314
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: The Stratex Project is a high altitude balloon flight that culminated in a freefall from 41,422 m (135,890 ft), breaking the record for the highest freefall to date. Crew recovery operations required an innovative approach due to the unique nature of the event as well as the equipment involved. The parachutist donned a custom space suit similar to a NASA Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU), with life support system mounted to the front and a parachute on the back. This space suit had a metal structure around the torso, which, in conjunction with the parachute and life support assembly, created a significant barrier to extraction from the suit in the event of a medical emergency. For this reason the Medical Support Team coordinated with the pressure suit assembly engineer team for integration, training in suit removal, definition of a priori contingency leadership on site, creation of color-coded extraction scenarios, and extraction drills with a suit mock-up that provided insight into limitations to immediate access. This paper discusses novel extraction processes and contrasts the required medical preparation for this type of equipment with the needs of the prior record-holding jump that used a different space suit with easier immediate access. Garbino A, Nusbaum DM, Buckland DM, Menon AS, Clark JB, Antonsen EL. Emergency medical considerations in a space-suited patient. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2016; 87(11):958-962.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Emergências
Desenho de Equipamento
Sistemas de Manutenção da Vida
Voo Espacial
Trajes Espaciais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aviação
Barotrauma
Doença da Descompressão
Embolia Aérea
Atividade Extraespaçonave
Seres Humanos
Hipóxia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170214
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170214
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; S
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161026
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 205 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27026120
[Au] Autor:Ade CJ; Broxterman RM; Craig JC; Schlup SJ; Wilcox SL; Warren S; Kuehl P; Gude D; Jia C; Barstow TJ
[Ad] Endereço:Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, USA.
[Ti] Título:Prediction of Lunar- and Martian-Based Intra- and Site-to-Site Task Performance.
[So] Source:Aerosp Med Hum Perform;87(4):367-74, 2016 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:2375-6314
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of determining the physiological parameters associated with the ability to complete simulated exploration type tasks at metabolic rates which might be expected for lunar and Martian ambulation. METHODS: Running V̇O2max and gas exchange threshold (GET) were measured in 21 volunteers. Two simulated extravehicular activity field tests were completed in 1 G in regular athletic apparel at two intensities designed to elicit metabolic rates of ∼20.0 and ∼30.0 ml · kg(-1) · min(-1), which are similar to those previously reported for ambulation in simulated lunar- and Martian-based environments, respectively. RESULTS: All subjects were able to complete the field test at the lunar intensity, but 28% were unable to complete the field test at the Martian intensity (non-Finishers). During the Martian field test there were no differences in V̇O2 between Finishers and non-Finishers, but the non-Finishers achieved a greater %V̇O2max compared to Finishers (78.4 ± 4.6% vs. 64.9 ± 9.6%). Logistic regression analysis revealed fitness thresholds for a predicted probability of 0.5, at which Finishing and non-Finishing are equally likely, and 0.75, at which an individual has a 75% chance of Finishing, to be a V̇O2max of 38.4 ml · kg(-1) · min(-1) and 40.0 ml · kg(-1) · min(-1) or a GET of 20.1 ml · kg(-1) · min(-1) and 25.1 ml · kg(-1) · min(-1), respectively (χ(2) = 10.2). Logistic regression analysis also revealed that the expected %V̇O2max required to complete a field test could be used to successfully predict performance (χ(2) = 19.3). DISCUSSION: The results of the present investigation highlight the potential utility of V̇O2max, particularly as it relates to the metabolic demands of a surface ambulation, in defining successful completion of planetary-based exploration field tests.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atividade Extraespaçonave/fisiologia
Consumo de Oxigênio
Aptidão Física
Simulação de Ambiente Espacial
Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Estudos de Viabilidade
Feminino
Voluntários Saudáveis
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Marte
Lua
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Em] Mês de entrada:1605
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160330
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160330
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; S
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160331
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3357/AMHP.4399.2016


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[PMID]:26802372
[Au] Autor:Holschuh BT; Newman DJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA.
[Ti] Título:Morphing Compression Garments for Space Medicine and Extravehicular Activity Using Active Materials.
[So] Source:Aerosp Med Hum Perform;87(2):84-92, 2016 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:2375-6314
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Compression garments tend to be difficult to don/doff, due to their intentional function of squeezing the wearer. This is especially true for compression garments used for space medicine and for extravehicular activity (EVA). We present an innovative solution to this problem by integrating shape changing materials-NiTi shape memory alloy (SMA) coil actuators formed into modular, 3D-printed cartridges-into compression garments to produce garments capable of constricting on command. METHODS: A parameterized, 2-spring analytic counterpressure model based on 12 garment and material inputs was developed to inform garment design. A methodology was developed for producing novel SMA cartridge systems to enable active compression garment construction. Five active compression sleeve prototypes were manufactured and tested: each sleeve was placed on a rigid cylindrical object and counterpressure was measured as a function of spatial location and time before, during, and after the application of a step voltage input. RESULTS: Controllable active counterpressures were measured up to 34.3 kPa, exceeding the requirement for EVA life support (29.6 kPa). Prototypes which incorporated fabrics with linear properties closely matched analytic model predictions (4.1%/-10.5% error in passive/active pressure predictions); prototypes using nonlinear fabrics did not match model predictions (errors >100%). Pressure non-uniformities were observed due to friction and the rigid SMA cartridge structure. DISCUSSION: To our knowledge this is the first demonstration of controllable compression technology incorporating active materials, a novel contribution to the field of compression garment design. This technology could lead to easy-to-don compression garments with widespread space and terrestrial applications.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Vestuário
Atividade Extraespaçonave
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Desenho de Equipamento
Seres Humanos
Teste de Materiais
Intolerância Ortostática/prevenção & controle
Meias de Compressão
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Em] Mês de entrada:1603
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160124
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160124
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; S
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160124
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3357/AMHP.4349.2016


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[PMID]:26674400
[Au] Autor:Tian Y; Ding L; Liu H; Li Y; Li D; Wang L
[Ad] Endereço:School of Biological Science and Medical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing, China. Electronic address: muser_tt@163.com.
[Ti] Título:Effects of EVA gloves on grip strength and fatigue under low temperature and low pressure.
[So] Source:Appl Ergon;53 Pt A:17-24, 2016 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1872-9126
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of wearing extravehicular activity (EVA) gloves on grip strength and fatigue in low temperature, low pressure and mixing of two factors (low temperature and low pressure). METHODS: The maximum grip strength and fatigue tests were performed with 10 healthy male subjects wearing gloves in a variety of simulated environments. The data was analysed using the normalization method. RESULTS: The results showed that wearing gloves significantly affected the maximum grip strength and fatigue. Pressure (29.6, 39.2 kPa) had more influence on the maximum grip compared with control group while low temperatures (-50, -90, -110 °C) had no influence on grip but affected fatigue dramatically. The results also showed that the maximum grip strength and fatigue were influenced significantly in a compound environment. CONCLUSIONS: Space environment remarkably reduced strength and endurance of the astronauts. However, the effects brought by the compound environment cannot be understood as the superimposition of low temperature and pressure effects.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Pressão do Ar
Temperatura Baixa
Luvas Protetoras
Força da Mão/fisiologia
Fadiga Muscular/fisiologia
Músculo Esquelético/fisiopatologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Teste de Esforço
Atividade Extraespaçonave/fisiologia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Resistência Física/fisiologia
Voo Espacial
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1609
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151217
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151217
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151218
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26595138
[Au] Autor:Hackney KJ; Scott JM; Hanson AM; English KL; Downs ME; Ploutz-Snyder LL
[Ad] Endereço:1Department of Health, Nutrition, and Exercise Science, North Dakota State University, Fargo, North Dakota; 2Exercise Physiology and Countermeasures Laboratory, Universities Space Research Association, Houston, Texas; 3National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Exercise Physiology and Countermeasures Laboratory, Houston, Texas; 4Exercise Physiology and Countermeasures Laboratory, JES Tech, Houston, Texas; and 5Department of Health and Human Performance, University of Houston, Houston, Texas.
[Ti] Título:The Astronaut-Athlete: Optimizing Human Performance in Space.
[So] Source:J Strength Cond Res;29(12):3531-45, 2015 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1533-4287
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:It is well known that long-duration spaceflight results in deconditioning of neuromuscular and cardiovascular systems, leading to a decline in physical fitness. On reloading in gravitational environments, reduced fitness (e.g., aerobic capacity, muscular strength, and endurance) could impair human performance, mission success, and crew safety. The level of fitness necessary for the performance of routine and off-nominal terrestrial mission tasks remains an unanswered and pressing question for scientists and flight physicians. To mitigate fitness loss during spaceflight, resistance and aerobic exercise are the most effective countermeasure available to astronauts. Currently, 2.5 h·d, 6-7 d·wk is allotted in crew schedules for exercise to be performed on highly specialized hardware on the International Space Station (ISS). Exercise hardware provides up to 273 kg of loading capability for resistance exercise, treadmill speeds between 0.44 and 5.5 m·s, and cycle workloads from 0 and 350 W. Compared to ISS missions, future missions beyond low earth orbit will likely be accomplished with less vehicle volume and power allocated for exercise hardware. Concomitant factors, such as diet and age, will also affect the physiologic responses to exercise training (e.g., anabolic resistance) in the space environment. Research into the potential optimization of exercise countermeasures through use of dietary supplementation, and pharmaceuticals may assist in reducing physiological deconditioning during long-duration spaceflight and have the potential to enhance performance of occupationally related astronaut tasks (e.g., extravehicular activity, habitat construction, equipment repairs, planetary exploration, and emergency response).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Exercício/fisiologia
Condicionamento Físico Humano/fisiologia
Aptidão Física
Voo Espacial
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Astronautas
Atletas
Suplementos Nutricionais
Tolerância ao Exercício
Atividade Extraespaçonave
Seres Humanos
Força Muscular
Condicionamento Físico Humano/instrumentação
Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1606
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161018
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161018
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151124
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1519/JSC.0000000000001191


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[PMID]:25958468
[Au] Autor:Drobyshev SG; Benghin VV
[Ti] Título:[Analysis of the importance of cosmonaut's location and orientation onboard the International space station to levels of visceral irradiation during traverse of the region of the South Atlantic Anomaly].
[So] Source:Aviakosm Ekolog Med;49(1):57-63, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:0233-528X
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:Parametric analysis of absorbed radiation dose to the cosmonaut working in the Service module (SM) of the International space station (ISS) was made with allowance for anisotropy of the radiation field of the South Atlantic Anomaly. Calculation data show that in weakly shielded SM compartments the radiation dose to poorly shielded viscera may depend essentially on cosmonaut's location and orientation relative to the ISS shell. Difference of the lens absorbed dose can be as high as 5 times depending on orientation of the cosmonaut and the ISS. The effect is less pronounced on the deep seated hematopoietic system; however, it may increase up to 2.5 times during the extravehicular activities. When the cosmonaut is outside on the ISS SM side presented eastward, the absorbed dose can be affected noticeably by remoteness from the SM. At a distance less than 1.5 meters away from the SM east side in the course of ascending circuits, the calculated lens dose is approximately half as compared with the situation when the cosmonaut is not shielded by the ISS material.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Astronautas
Radiação Cósmica/efeitos adversos
Voo Espacial
Astronave
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Anisotropia
Atividade Extraespaçonave/efeitos adversos
Seres Humanos
Dose de Radiação
Monitoramento de Radiação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1505
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150511
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150511
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; S
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150512
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:25277016
[Au] Autor:Li H; Wickens CD; Sarter N; Sebok A
[Ti] Título:Stages and levels of automation in support of space teleoperations.
[So] Source:Hum Factors;56(6):1050-61, 2014 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:0018-7208
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: This study examined the impact of stage of automation on the performance and perceived workload during simulated robotic arm control tasks in routine and off-nominal scenarios. BACKGROUND: Automation varies with respect to the stage of information processing it supports and its assigned level of automation. Making appropriate choices in terms of stages and levels of automation is critical to ensure robust joint system performance. To date, this issue has been empirically studied in domains such as aviation and medicine but not extensively in the context of space operations. METHOD: A total of 36 participants played the role of a payload specialist and controlled a simulated robotic arm. Participants performed fly-to tasks with two types of automation (camera recommendation and trajectory control automation) of varying stage. Tasks were performed during routine scenarios and in scenarios in which either the trajectory control automation or a hazard avoidance automation failed. RESULTS: Increasing the stage of automation progressively improved performance and lowered workload when the automation was reliable, but incurred severe performance costs when the system failed. CONCLUSION: The results from this study support concerns about automation-induced complacency and automation bias when later stages of automation are introduced. The benefits of such automation are offset by the risk of catastrophic outcomes when system failures go unnoticed or become difficult to recover from. APPLICATION: A medium stage of automation seems preferable as it provides sufficient support during routine operations and helps avoid potentially catastrophic outcomes in circumstances when the automation fails.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atividade Extraespaçonave
Sistemas Homem-Máquina
Robótica/organização & administração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Processos Mentais
Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas
Carga de Trabalho/psicologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Em] Mês de entrada:1410
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170214
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170214
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; S
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:141004
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 205 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25169116
[Au] Autor:Ade CJ; Broxterman RM; Craig JC; Schlup SJ; Wilcox SL; Barstow TJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK, USA. Electronic address: cade@ou.edu.
[Ti] Título:Relationship between simulated extravehicular activity tasks and measurements of physical performance.
[So] Source:Respir Physiol Neurobiol;203:19-27, 2014 Nov 01.
[Is] ISSN:1878-1519
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The purpose was to evaluate the relationships between tests of fitness and two activities that simulate components of Lunar- and Martian-based extravehicular activities (EVA). Seventy-one subjects completed two field tests: a physical abilities test and a 10km Walkback test. The relationships between test times and the following parameters were determined: running V˙O2max, gas exchange threshold (GET), speed at V˙O2max (s-V˙O2max), highest sustainable rate of aerobic metabolism [critical speed (CS)], and the finite distance that could be covered above CS (D'): arm cranking V˙O2peak, GET, critical power (CP), and the finite work that can be performed above CP (W'). CS, running V˙O2max, s-V˙O2max, and arm cranking V˙O2peak had the highest correlations with the physical abilities field test (r=0.66-0.82, P<0.001). For the 10km Walkback, CS, s-V˙O2max, and running V˙O2max were significant predictors (r=0.64-0.85, P<0.001). CS and to a lesser extent V˙O2max are most strongly associated with tasks that simulate aspects of EVA performance, highlighting CS as a method for evaluating astronaut physical capacity.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Limiar Anaeróbio/fisiologia
Atividade Extraespaçonave/fisiologia
Consumo de Oxigênio/fisiologia
Aptidão Física/fisiologia
Troca Gasosa Pulmonar/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Teste de Esforço
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Resistência Física
Corrida
Fatores de Tempo
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Em] Mês de entrada:1505
[Cu] Atualização por classe:140929
[Lr] Data última revisão:
140929
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140830
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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