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Referências encontradas : 5139 [refinar]
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[PMID]:29410475
[Au] Autor:Sofiev M; Winebrake JJ; Johansson L; Carr EW; Prank M; Soares J; Vira J; Kouznetsov R; Jalkanen JP; Corbett JJ
[Ad] Endereço:Atmospheric Composition Research, Finnish Meteorological Institute, P.O. Box 503, FI-00101, Helsinki, Finland.
[Ti] Título:Cleaner fuels for ships provide public health benefits with climate tradeoffs.
[So] Source:Nat Commun;9(1):406, 2018 02 06.
[Is] ISSN:2041-1723
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We evaluate public health and climate impacts of low-sulphur fuels in global shipping. Using high-resolution emissions inventories, integrated atmospheric models, and health risk functions, we assess ship-related PM pollution impacts in 2020 with and without the use of low-sulphur fuels. Cleaner marine fuels will reduce ship-related premature mortality and morbidity by 34 and 54%, respectively, representing a ~ 2.6% global reduction in PM cardiovascular and lung cancer deaths and a ~3.6% global reduction in childhood asthma. Despite these reductions, low-sulphur marine fuels will still account for ~250k deaths and ~6.4 M childhood asthma cases annually, and more stringent standards beyond 2020 may provide additional health benefits. Lower sulphur fuels also reduce radiative cooling from ship aerosols by ~80%, equating to a ~3% increase in current estimates of total anthropogenic forcing. Therefore, stronger international shipping policies may need to achieve climate and health targets by jointly reducing greenhouse gases and air pollution.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise
Combustíveis Fósseis/análise
Modelos Estatísticos
Material Particulado/análise
Saúde Pública/tendências
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aerossóis/análise
Asma/diagnóstico
Asma/economia
Asma/etiologia
Asma/prevenção & controle
Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico
Doenças Cardiovasculares/economia
Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia
Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle
Clima
Previsões
Combustíveis Fósseis/efeitos adversos
Combustíveis Fósseis/provisão & distribuição
Seres Humanos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico
Neoplasias Pulmonares/economia
Neoplasias Pulmonares/etiologia
Neoplasias Pulmonares/prevenção & controle
Navios/ética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Aerosols); 0 (Air Pollutants); 0 (Fossil Fuels); 0 (Particulate Matter)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180227
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180227
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180208
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/s41467-017-02774-9


  2 / 5139 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29272275
[Au] Autor:Seely E; Osborne RW; Koski K; Larson S
[Ad] Endereço:The Whale Museum, Friday Harbor, Washington, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Soundwatch: Eighteen years of monitoring whale watch vessel activities in the Salish Sea.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(12):e0189764, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Soundwatch Boater Education Program is a vessel monitoring and public education outreach program. Soundwatch has been run by The Whale Museum (TWM) during the whale watch season (May through September) in the Haro Strait Region of the Central Salish Sea since 1993. Data collection has been in a consistent manner since 1998 and is presented here. The program compiles data on vessel types and vessel interactions with marine mammals with a focus on the Southern Resident killer whale (SRKW), Orcinas orca, which was listed as endangered under the U.S. Endangered Species Act (ESA) in 2005. The primary goal of the Soundwatch program is to reduce vessel disturbance to SRKWs and other marine wildlife through the education of boaters on regional, local and federal guidelines and regulations and the systematic monitoring of vessel activities around cetaceans. Since 1998, the number of active commercial whale watching vessels has increased over time; ranging from a low of 63 in 1999, to a high of 96 in 2015. In addition, the number of vessel incidents or violation of regulations and guidelines has also increased; ranging from a low of 398 in 1998 to a high of 2621 in 2012. Soundwatch collected data on 23 incident types, some remaining the same over the 18-year data set and some changing over time. The most common incidents over the 18 years were "Within 880 m of Lime Kiln" and "Crossing the path of whales". The numbers of people kayaking near whales also significantly increased since 2004 with the incident "kayaks spread out" with a significantly increasing trend making it difficult for whales to avoid vessels. These results suggest a need for further outreach for effective education and enforcement of whale watching guidelines and regulations in the Central Salish Sea.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/métodos
Espécies em Perigo de Extinção
Navios
Orca
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171223
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0189764


  3 / 5139 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29211382
[Au] Autor:Grange K
[Ti] Título:Rebel Heart: How an elite team of Air Force Pararescuemen saved a sick baby a thousand miles out at sea.
[So] Source:JEMS;42(3):38-45, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:0197-2510
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Pessoal Técnico de Saúde
Militares
Trabalho de Resgate
Infecções por Salmonella/terapia
Navios
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Oceanos e Mares
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:H
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171207
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 5139 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29195122
[Au] Autor:Gwynn JP; Heldal HE; Flo JK; Sværen I; Gäfvert T; Haanes H; Føyn L; Rudjord AL
[Ad] Endereço:Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority, The Fram Centre, N-9296 Tromsø, Norway. Electronic address: justin.gwynn@nrpa.no.
[Ti] Título:Norwegian monitoring (1990-2015) of the marine environment around the sunken nuclear submarine Komsomolets.
[So] Source:J Environ Radioact;182:52-62, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1879-1700
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Norway has monitored the marine environment around the sunken Russian nuclear submarine Komsomolets since 1990. This study presents an overview of 25 years of Norwegian monitoring data (1990-2015). Komsomolets sank in 1989 at a depth of 1680 m in the Norwegian Sea while carrying two nuclear torpedoes in its armament. Subsequent Soviet and Russian expeditions to Komsomolets have shown that releases from the reactor have occurred and that the submarine has suffered considerable damage to its hulls. Norwegian monitoring detected Cs in surface sediments around Komsomolets in 1993 and 1994 and elevated activity concentrations of Cs in bottom seawater between 1991 and 1993. Since then and up to 2015, no increased activity concentrations of radionuclides above values typical for the Norwegian Sea have been observed in any environmental sample collected by Norwegian monitoring. In 2013 and 2015, Norwegian monitoring was carried out using an acoustic transponder on the sampling gear that allowed samples to be collected at precise locations, ∼20 m from the hull of Komsomolets. The observed Pu/ Pu activity ratios and Pu/ Pu atom ratios in surface sediments sampled close to Komsomolets in 2013 did not indicate any releases of Pu isotopes from reactor or the torpedo warheads. Rather, these values probably reflect the overprinting of global fallout ratios with fluxes of these Pu isotopes from long-range transport of authorised discharges from nuclear reprocessing facilities in Northern Europe. However, due to the depth at which Komsomolets lies, the collection of seawater and sediment samples in the immediate area around the submarine using traditional sampling techniques from surface vessels is not possible, even with the use of acoustic transponders. Further monitoring is required in order to have a clear understanding of the current status of Komsomolets as a potential source of radioactive contamination to the Norwegian marine environment. Such monitoring should involve the use of ROVs or submersibles in order to obtain samples next to and within the different compartments of the submarine.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Monitoramento de Radiação
Navios
Poluentes Radioativos da Água/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Noruega
Água do Mar/química
Poluição Radioativa da Água/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Water Pollutants, Radioactive)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171228
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171228
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171202
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 5139 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29173258
[Au] Autor:McAlister CN; Marble AE; Murray TJ
[Ad] Endereço:From the Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Science, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont. (McAlister); the Department of Surgery, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS (Marble); and the Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS (Murray).
[Ti] Título:The 1917 Halifax Explosion: the first coordinated local civilian medical response to disaster in Canada.
[So] Source:Can J Surg;60(6):372-374, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1488-2310
[Cp] País de publicação:Canada
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:SUMMARY: The 1917 Halifax Explosion was an unfortunate but predictable tragedy, given the sea traffic and munitions cargo, resulting in sudden large-scale damage and catastrophic injuries, with 1950 dead and 8000 injured. Although generous support was received from the United States, the bulk of the medical work was undertaken using local resources through an immediate, massive, centrally coordinated medical response. The incredible care provided 100 years ago by these Canadian physicians, nurses and students is often forgotten, but deserves attention. The local medical response to the 1917 disaster is an early example of coordinated mass casualty relief, the first in Canada, and remains relevant to modern disaster preparedness planning. This commentary has an appendix, available at canjsurg.ca/016317-a1.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Traumatismos por Explosões/história
Explosões/história
Incidentes com Feridos em Massa/história
Socorro em Desastres/história
Navios
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XX
Nova Escócia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171222
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171222
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171128
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 5139 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28460876
[Au] Autor:Hong S; Lee J; Lim S
[Ad] Endereço:Korea Marine Litter Institute, Our Sea of East Asia Network, #717, 23-96 Jukrim 4-ro, Gwando, Tongyeong, Gyeongnam 53013, Republic of Korea.
[Ti] Título:Navigational threats by derelict fishing gear to navy ships in the Korean seas.
[So] Source:Mar Pollut Bull;119(2):100-105, 2017 Jun 30.
[Is] ISSN:1879-3363
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study assessed the impact of derelict fishing gear (DFG) on navigation. The Republic of Korea's navy (ROKN) recorded every case of approximately 170 naval ships associated with propeller entanglement by DFG from January 2010 to December 2015. The frequency of cases was 2.3 per ship and 397.7 (±37.5) per year. The amount of DFG disentangled was 0.025tons per ship and 10.0 (±1.7) tons per year. The frequency temporally decreased whereas the amount increased over these six years. To disentangle propellers, 3.1 divers were needed on average per case. Propeller entanglement occurred in all local seas and some of these areas showed increases over time. Our study highlights that the impact of DFG on navigational threats has been persistent and ubiquitous and can potentially be reduced by preventing DFG in fishing areas, with a focus on improved management by fishermen and government and with more efficient retrieval of DFG.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Peixes
Navios
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Pesqueiros
Oceanos e Mares
República da Coreia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170503
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29190283
[Au] Autor:Griffiths AGF; Kemp KM; Matthews K; Garrett JK; Griffiths DJ
[Ad] Endereço:FoAM Kernow, Penryn, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Sonic Kayaks: Environmental monitoring and experimental music by citizens.
[So] Source:PLoS Biol;15(11):e2004044, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1545-7885
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Sonic Kayak is a musical instrument used to investigate nature and developed during open hacklab events. The kayaks are rigged with underwater environmental sensors, which allow paddlers to hear real-time water temperature sonifications and underwater sounds, generating live music from the marine world. Sensor data is also logged every second with location, time and date, which allows for fine-scale mapping of water temperatures and underwater noise that was previously unattainable using standard research equipment. The system can be used as a citizen science data collection device, research equipment for professional scientists, or a sound art installation in its own right.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Acústica
Monitoramento Ambiental
Música
Navios
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Software
Temperatura Ambiente
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171219
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171219
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pbio.2004044


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[PMID]:29094712
[Ti] Título:Lower emissions on the high seas.
[So] Source:Nature;551(7678):5-6, 2017 10 31.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dióxido de Carbono/análise
Política Ambiental/legislação & jurisprudência
Navios/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Dióxido de Carbono/metabolismo
Comércio
Aquecimento Global/legislação & jurisprudência
Aquecimento Global/prevenção & controle
Internacionalidade
Oceanos e Mares
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL
[Nm] Nome de substância:
142M471B3J (Carbon Dioxide)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171103
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/551005b


  9 / 5139 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28980648
[Au] Autor:Marris E
[Ti] Título:Why fake islands might be a real boon for science.
[So] Source:Nature;550(7674):22-24, 2017 10 04.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atividades Cotidianas
Mudança Climática
Habitação/provisão & distribuição
Habitação/tendências
Ilhas
Refugiados
Ciência/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Academias e Institutos/economia
Mudança Climática/estatística & dados numéricos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/economia
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/tendências
Recifes de Corais
Inundações
Habitação/economia
Laboratórios/economia
Laboratórios/provisão & distribuição
Laboratórios/tendências
Biologia Marinha/métodos
Biologia Marinha/tendências
Oceanografia/métodos
Oceanografia/tendências
Polinésia
Ciência/economia
Navios
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171026
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171026
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171006
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/550022a


  10 / 5139 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28911130
[Au] Autor:Shortall CK; Glazik R; Sornum A; Pritchard C
[Ad] Endereço:Doctors of the World UK, part of the Médecins du Monde Network, 29th Floor, One Canada Square, London, E14 5AA, UK.
[Ti] Título:On the ferries: the unmet health care needs of transiting refugees in Greece.
[So] Source:Int Health;9(5):272-280, 2017 Sep 01.
[Is] ISSN:1876-3405
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Background: In 2015, over 850 000 refugees, asylum seekers and migrants arrived in Greece. In response to an overwhelming need for access to healthcare for them, Doctors of the World established the Refugee Ferry Project, which comprised of a clinic providing primary health care, and integrated mental health and psychosocial support on board a commercial ferry. Methods: Of the 1405 service users, 87.5% (1229/1405) originated from Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq. The majority were women 801/1405 (57%) and children 511/1405 (36%), including 50 pregnant women and 19 unaccompanied minors. Results: The most common diagnoses were respiratory tract infections, dehydration, nausea and vomiting, and musculoskeletal pain with 39.4% of the disease burden being classified as non-communicable. Exposure to violence was associated with an increased risk of developing mental health issues. Conclusions: Humanitarian actors face huge challenges trying to respond to the needs of transiting populations. It is only by continuous reassessment and having the capacity to mobilize and adapt to an ever-evolving situation that we can try to meet these needs. Having an integrated, flexible and multidisciplinary approach remains crucial, despite the shift from a transit to static population. With over 62 000 refugees stranded in Greece, the need to develop innovative ways to respond to their needs is greater than ever.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde
Refugiados
Navios
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Grécia
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170925
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170925
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170916
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/inthealth/ihx032



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