Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : J03.340.250 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:29246985
[Au] Autor:Limb M
[Ti] Título:Cage fighting: vets divided over poultry management.
[So] Source:Vet Rec;181(24):640-641, 2017 12 16.
[Is] ISSN:2042-7670
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dissidências e Disputas
Abrigo para Animais
Aves Domésticas
Médicos Veterinários/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Agressão
Bem-Estar do Animal/normas
Animais
Seres Humanos
Influenza Aviária/prevenção & controle
Reino Unido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:NEWS
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180307
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180307
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171217
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 10065 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28454560
[Au] Autor:Corbett CS; De Buck J; Orsel K; Barkema HW
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Production Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Fecal shedding and tissue infections demonstrate transmission of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in group-housed dairy calves.
[So] Source:Vet Res;48(1):27, 2017 04 28.
[Is] ISSN:1297-9716
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Current Johne's disease control programs primarily focus on decreasing transmission of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) from infectious adult cows to susceptible calves. However, potential transmission between calves is largely overlooked. The objective was to determine the extent of MAP infection in calves contact-exposed to infectious penmates. Thirty-two newborn Holstein-Friesian calves were grouped into 7 experimental groups of 4, consisting of 2 inoculated (IN) calves, and 2 contact-exposed (CE) calves, and 1 control pen with 4 non-exposed calves. Calves were group housed for 3 months, with fecal samples were collected 3 times per week, blood and environmental samples weekly, and tissue samples at the end of the trial. The IN calves exited the trial after 3 months of group housing, whereas CE calves were individually housed for an additional 3 months before euthanasia. Control calves were group-housed for the entire trial. All CE and IN calves had MAP-positive fecal samples during the period of group housing; however, fecal shedding had ceased at time of individual housing. All IN calves had MAP-positive tissue samples at necropsy, and 7 (50%) of the CE had positive tissue samples. None of the calves had a humoral immune response, whereas INF-γ responses were detected in all IN calves and 5 (36%) CE calves. In conclusion, new MAP infections occurred due to exposure of infectious penmates to contact calves. Therefore, calf-to-calf transmission is a potential route of uncontrolled transmission on cattle farms.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Derrame de Bactérias
Doenças dos Bovinos/transmissão
Indústria de Laticínios
Fezes/microbiologia
Abrigo para Animais
Paratuberculose/transmissão
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bovinos
Doenças dos Bovinos/microbiologia
Feminino
Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis
Paratuberculose/microbiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180307
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180307
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170430
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s13567-017-0431-8


  3 / 10065 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29422103
[Au] Autor:Thomsson O; Magnusson U; Bergqvist AS; Eliasson-Selling L; Sjunnesson YCB
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Reproduction, Department of Clinical Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SLU, P.O. Box 7054, 750 07, Uppsala, Sweden.
[Ti] Título:Sow performance in multi-suckling pens with different management routines.
[So] Source:Acta Vet Scand;60(1):10, 2018 Feb 08.
[Is] ISSN:1751-0147
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Production systems with group housing of sows during a part of the lactation are used in certified organic production and can increase the occurrence of lactational estrus thus making batch-wise breeding difficult. The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of lactational estrus and time at return to estrus after weaning by following the performance of the sow (change in body weight, back fat and litter size) in three different management routines. The sows and their litters were moved from individual to multi-suckling pen at one (W1; n = 14), two (W2; n = 13), or 3 weeks (W3; n = 16) post farrowing. All sows had a total lactation of 6 weeks. Ovulation was monitored by analysis of fecal progesterone metabolites. Only one sow (W3) ovulated during lactation. Sows in the W2 and W3 groups had a shorter weaning-to-standing estrus interval than W1-sows (2.6 ± 0.3; 2.7 ± 0.2 and 4.0 ± 0.3 days respectively, P < 0.001). The W1-sows and piglets might have kept their nursing bond more intact all through the group housing since the piglets were completely dependent on the nursing at the time of their move to the group pen, thereby staying in lactational anestrus and retaining standard weaning-estrous interval. There was no difference in litter size at grouping or at weaning between management routines and parities. Third and later parity sows had significantly thicker back fat at farrowing and at weaning than 1st and 2nd parity sows (P < 0.05). In conclusion, the occurrence of lactational estrus can be low in a multi-suckling pen and the interval between farrowing and move to a multi-suckling pen can affect the weaning to estrus interval. The short weaning-to-standing estrus interval seen in W2 and W3 suggests that estrus detection should start immediately post weaning for sows kept in multi-suckling pens.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Criação de Animais Domésticos/métodos
Estro/fisiologia
Lactação/fisiologia
Suínos/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Feminino
Abrigo para Animais/normas
Tamanho da Ninhada de Vivíparos
Desmame
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180227
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180227
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180210
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s13028-018-0364-x


  4 / 10065 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29224670
[Au] Autor:Iriarte-Díaz J; Panagiotopoulou O
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Oral Biology, University of Illinois at Chicago, 801 S. Paulina St., Chicago, IL 60612, USA. Electronic address: jiriarte@uic.edu.
[Ti] Título:Editorial: Determinants of mammalian feeding system design.
[So] Source:Zoology (Jena);124:1-2, 2017 10.
[Is] ISSN:1873-2720
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Criação de Animais Domésticos/instrumentação
Abrigo para Animais
Mamíferos/anatomia & histologia
Mamíferos/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Pesquisa Interdisciplinar
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL; INTRODUCTORY JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180222
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180222
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171212
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 10065 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29304059
[Au] Autor:Riddle ER; Ali ABA; Campbell DLM; Siegford JM
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Animal Science, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Space use by 4 strains of laying hens to perch, wing flap, dust bathe, stand and lie down.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190532, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The laying hen industry is implementing aviary systems intended to improve welfare by providing hens with more space and resources to perform species-specific behaviors. To date, limited research has examined spatial requirements of various strains of laying hens for performing key behaviors and none has been conducted within an alternative housing system. This study investigated the amount of space used by 4 strains of laying hens (Hy-Line Brown [HB], Bovans Brown [BB], DeKalb White [DW], and Hy-Line W36) to perform 5 different behaviors in the litter area of a commercial-style aviary. Hens were recorded standing [S], lying [L], perching [P], wing flapping [WF], and dust bathing [DB] on an open-litter area with an outer perch between 12:00 and 15:00 at peak lay (28 wk of age). Still images of each behavior were analyzed using ImageJ software for 16 hens per strain, and maximum hen length and width were used to calculate total area occupied per hen for each behavior. Brown hens required, on average, 89.6cm2 more space for S (P≤0.021) and 81.5cm2 more space for L (P≤0.013) than white hens. White hens used, on average, 572cm2 more space to perform WF than brown hens (P≤0.024) while brown hens used 170.3cm2 more space for DB than white hens (P≤0.022). On average, hens of all strains were wider while perching than the 15cm commonly recommended per hen (e.g., DW: 18.03; HB: 21.89cm), and brown hens required, on average, 3.38cm more space while perching than white hens (P≤0.01). Brown and white hens occupy different amounts of space when performing key behaviors. These differences, along with factors such as behavioral synchrony, clustering, and preferred inter-bird distances associated with these behaviors, should be considered when creating industry guidelines, crafting legislation and designing and stocking laying hen facilities to ensure hens can fulfill their behavioral needs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Animal
Galinhas/fisiologia
Abrigo para Animais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Feminino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180106
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190532


  6 / 10065 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29061385
[Au] Autor:Hofford RS; Prendergast MA; Bardo MT
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, 40536, USA. Electronic address: rebecca.hofford@uky.edu.
[Ti] Título:Modified single prolonged stress reduces cocaine self-administration during acquisition regardless of rearing environment.
[So] Source:Behav Brain Res;338:143-152, 2018 Feb 15.
[Is] ISSN:1872-7549
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Until recently, there were few rodent models available to study the interaction of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and drug taking. Like PTSD, single prolonged stress (SPS) produces hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis dysfunction and alters psychostimulant self-administration. Other stressors, such as isolation stress, also alter psychostimulant self-administration. However, it is currently unknown if isolation housing combined with SPS can alter the acquisition or maintenance of cocaine self-administration. The current study applied modified SPS (modSPS; two hours restraint immediately followed by cold swim stress) to rats raised in an isolation condition (Iso), enrichment condition (Enr), or standard condition (Std) to measure changes in cocaine self-administration and HPA markers. Regardless of rearing condition, rats exposed to modSPS had greater corticosterone (CORT) release and reduced cocaine self-administration during initial acquisition compared to non-stressed controls. In addition, during initial acquisition, rats that received both Iso rearing and modSPS showed a more rapid increase in cocaine self-administration across sessions compared to Enr and Std rats exposed to modSPS. Following initial acquisition, a dose response analysis showed that Iso rats were overall most sensitive to changes in cocaine unit dose; however, modSPS had no effect on the cocaine dose response curve. Further, there was no effect of either modSPS or differential rearing on expression of glucocorticoid receptor (GR) in hypothalamus, medial prefrontal cortex, amygdala, or nucleus accumbens. By using modSPS in combination with Iso housing, this study identified unique contributions of each stressor to acquisition of cocaine self-administration.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cocaína/administração & dosagem
Corticosterona/sangue
Inibidores da Captação de Dopamina/administração & dosagem
Receptores de Glucocorticoides/metabolismo
Isolamento Social
Estresse Psicológico/sangue
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Tonsila do Cerebelo/efeitos dos fármacos
Tonsila do Cerebelo/metabolismo
Animais
Abrigo para Animais
Masculino
Núcleo Accumbens/efeitos dos fármacos
Núcleo Accumbens/metabolismo
Córtex Pré-Frontal/efeitos dos fármacos
Córtex Pré-Frontal/metabolismo
Ratos
Ratos Sprague-Dawley
Restrição Física
Autoadministração
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors); 0 (Receptors, Glucocorticoid); I5Y540LHVR (Cocaine); W980KJ009P (Corticosterone)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180207
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180207
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171025
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 10065 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27770804
[Au] Autor:Natarajan K; Gottipati KR; Berhane K; Samten B; Pendurthi U; Boggaram V
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Texas Health Science Center at Tyler, 11937 US Highway 271, Tyler, TX, 75708-3154, USA.
[Ti] Título:Proteases and oxidant stress control organic dust induction of inflammatory gene expression in lung epithelial cells.
[So] Source:Respir Res;17(1):137, 2016 10 22.
[Is] ISSN:1465-993X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Persistant inflammatory responses to infectious agents and other components in organic dust underlie lung injury and development of respiratory diseases. Organic dust components responsible for eliciting inflammation and the mechanisms by which they cause lung inflammation are not fully understood. We studied the mechanisms by which protease activities in poultry dust extracts and intracellular oxidant stress induce inflammatory gene expression in A549 and Beas2B lung epithelial cells. METHODS: The effects of dust extracts on inflammatory gene expression were analyzed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), enzyme linked immunosorbent (ELISA) and western blot assays. Oxidant stress was probed by dihydroethidium (DHE) labeling, and immunostaining for 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE). Effects on interleukin-8 (IL-8) promoter regulation were determined by transient transfection assay. RESULTS: Dust extracts contained trypsin and elastase activities, and activated protease activated receptor (PAR)-1 and -2. Serine protease inhibitors and PAR-1 or PAR-2 knockdown suppressed inflammatory gene induction. Dust extract induction of IL-8 gene expression was associated with increased DHE-fluorescence and 4-HNE staining, and antioxidants suppressed inflammatory gene induction. Protease inhibitors and antioxidants suppressed protein kinase C and NF-κB activation and induction of IL-8 promoter activity in cells exposed to dust extract. CONCLUSIONS: Our studies demonstrate that proteases and intracellular oxidants control organic dust induction of inflammatory gene expression in lung epithelial cells. Targeting proteases and oxidant stress may serve as novel approaches for the treatment of organic dust induced lung diseases. This is the first report on the involvement of oxidant stress in the induction of inflammatory gene expression by organic dust.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poeira
Células Epiteliais/efeitos dos fármacos
Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo
Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos
Compostos Orgânicos/toxicidade
Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos
Peptídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo
Pneumonia/induzido quimicamente
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Células A549
Animais
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia
Antioxidantes/farmacologia
Células Epiteliais/enzimologia
Regulação da Expressão Gênica
Abrigo para Animais
Seres Humanos
Exposição por Inalação/efeitos adversos
Interleucina-8/genética
Interleucina-8/metabolismo
Pulmão/enzimologia
Metaloproteinases da Matriz/genética
Metaloproteinases da Matriz/metabolismo
Pneumonia/enzimologia
Pneumonia/genética
Pneumonia/prevenção & controle
Aves Domésticas
Receptor PAR-1/genética
Receptor PAR-1/metabolismo
Receptor PAR-2/genética
Receptor PAR-2/metabolismo
Inibidores de Serino Proteinase/farmacologia
Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
Fatores de Tempo
Transfecção
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, P.H.S.
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-Inflammatory Agents); 0 (Antioxidants); 0 (Dust); 0 (IL8 protein, human); 0 (Inflammation Mediators); 0 (Interleukin-8); 0 (Organic Chemicals); 0 (Receptor, PAR-1); 0 (Receptor, PAR-2); 0 (Serine Proteinase Inhibitors); EC 3.4.- (Peptide Hydrolases); EC 3.4.24.- (Matrix Metalloproteinases)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180208
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180208
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161025
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 10065 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28741570
[Au] Autor:Hylander BL; Repasky EA
[Ad] Endereço:Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Department of Immunology, Elm and Carlton Streets, Buffalo, NY 14263-0001, USA.
[Ti] Título:Thermoneutrality, Mice, and Cancer: A Heated Opinion.
[So] Source:Trends Cancer;2(4):166-175, 2016 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:2405-8025
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The 'mild' cold stress caused by standard sub-thermoneutral housing temperatures used for laboratory mice in research institutes is sufficient to significantly bias conclusions drawn from murine models of several human diseases. We review the data leading to this conclusion, discuss the implications for research and suggest ways to reduce problems in reproducibility and experimental transparency caused by this housing variable. We have found that these cool temperatures suppress endogenous immune responses, skewing tumor growth data and the severity of graft versus host disease, and also increase the therapeutic resistance of tumors. Owing to the potential for ambient temperature to affect energy homeostasis as well as adrenergic stress, both of which could contribute to biased outcomes in murine cancer models, housing temperature should be reported in all publications and considered as a potential source of variability in results between laboratories. Researchers and regulatory agencies should work together to determine whether changes in housing parameters would enhance the use of mouse models in cancer research, as well as for other diseases. Finally, for many years agencies such as the National Cancer Institute (NCI) have encouraged the development of newer and more sophisticated mouse models for cancer research, but we believe that, without an appreciation of how basic murine physiology is affected by ambient temperature, even data from these models is likely to be compromised.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Suscetibilidade a Doenças
Abrigo para Animais
Estresse Fisiológico
Temperatura Ambiente
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Apoptose
Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos
Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido
Doenças Metabólicas
Camundongos
Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico
Sensação Térmica
Resultado do Tratamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180117
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180117
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170726
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 10065 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28933949
[Au] Autor:Pavlenko A; Lidfors L; Arney DR; Kaart T; Aland A
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Animal Health and Environment , Estonian University of Life Sciences , Kreutzwaldi , Tartu , Estonia.
[Ti] Título:Behavior and Performance of Dairy Cows After Transfer from Tied to Cubicle Housing.
[So] Source:J Appl Anim Welf Sci;21(1):82-92, 2018 Jan-Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1532-7604
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Behavior and performance changes when tied dairy cows were moved to a loose housing system in a cubicle system were investigated. Behavioral observations were made for 3 consecutive days in 3 periods after transition. The cows (n = 105) were observed on 18 sampling occasions for 1 month. Recordings were made of body positions and general and social behaviors. Monthly milk records were collected 1 year before and 1 year after transition. Cows walked more during the 1st observation period than during the other periods (p < .05). Walking activity also differed between days when nested to period (p < .05). During the 1st period, cows ruminated while standing more than during the 3rd period (p < .05). Cows ate and groomed less and vocalized more during the 1st period (p < .05). It was concluded that after transition from a tied to a cubicle system, several behaviors were affected during the 1st days, and milk production of multiparous cows was negatively affected, although this effect was not long-term.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Animal
Bovinos/psicologia
Abrigo para Animais
Lactação/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Indústria de Laticínios
Estônia
Feminino
Leite
Postura
Comportamento Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170922
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/10888705.2017.1376204


  10 / 10065 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28846031
[Au] Autor:Clarke T; Pluske JR; Miller DW; Collins T; Fleming PA
[Ad] Endereço:a School of Veterinary and Life Sciences , Murdoch University , Perth , Western Australia , Australia.
[Ti] Título:Parity Influences the Demeanor of Sows in Group Housing.
[So] Source:J Appl Anim Welf Sci;21(1):17-26, 2018 Jan-Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1532-7604
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Across the globe, producers are moving from individual housing to group housing for sows during gestation. Producers typically group sows of a range of parities together, although the impacts are largely unknown. This study examined the behavioral expression at mixing for young, midparity, and older sows. Ten mixed-parity groups were filmed at mixing on a commercial piggery. One-minute clips were edited from continuous footage where focal sows of known parity could be identified, and scored for qualitative behavioral expression. Parity 2 and 6 sows were more calm/tired than Parity 4 sows, who were more active/energetic. Parity 2 sows were more curious/inquisitive than Parity 4 and 6 sows, who were more anxious/frustrated. Correlations between qualitative behavioral expression and activity indicated sows scored as more calm/tired spent a greater proportion of time standing, while sows scored as more active/energetic spent more time performing avoidance behavior. Different body language is likely to reflect physical or affective differences in how sows cope with mixing.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Animal
Paridade
Comportamento Social
Suínos/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criação de Animais Domésticos
Bem-Estar do Animal
Animais
Ansiedade/psicologia
Fadiga/veterinária
Feminino
Abrigo para Animais
Movimento
Gravidez
Análise de Componente Principal
Distribuição Aleatória
Gravação em Vídeo
Austrália Ocidental
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170829
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/10888705.2017.1363651



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