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Pesquisa : J03.860 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:27847930
[Au] Autor:Panczak A; Pietkiewicz I
[Ad] Endereço:II Klinika Psychiatrii i Rehabilitacji Psychiatrycznej Katedry Psychiatrii UM w Lublinie.
[Ti] Título:Work activity in the process of recovery - an interpretive phenomenological analysis of the experiences of people with a schizophrenia spectrum diagnosis.
[Ti] Título:Aktywnosc zawodowa w procesie zdrowienia ­ interpretacyjna analiza fenomenologiczna doswiadczen pacjentów ze spektrum schizofrenii..
[So] Source:Psychiatr Pol;50(4):805-826, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:2391-5854
[Cp] País de publicação:Poland
[La] Idioma:eng; pol
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: Having the opportunity to work has been found meaningful for individuals suffering from severe mental illness, in order to boost their self-esteem, provide a sense of control over their lives and of belonging to a community. There are no studies in Polish literature on the process of recovery from schizophrenia with reference to work activity. The objective of this research was to explore personal experiences of people employed in Vocational Development Centers. METHODS: Eight semi-structured interviews were conducted with adult patients. Their transcripts were subject to interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA). RESULTS: Having the opportunity to work was significant for participants because it mobilized them and encouraged self-care. G oing to work helped them overcome social isolation by meeting people with similar difficulties and those who did not suffer from mental illness. Financial gratification enables a sense of independence and the ability to develop skills to plan and control their budget. CONCLUSIONS: This study finds that patients who lost their jobs due to mental illness should be encouraged to utilize rehabilitation institutions to help them undertake work activity and use previously acquired qualifications or develop new skills. Access to appropriate psychological support should be provided during vocation reorientation and adaptation into new work environments. This helps patients regain a sense of control and purpose, and cope with losing valued social roles. We also highlight the need for further studies into challenges in the workplace and the strategies patients use to cope with them.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Readaptação ao Emprego/organização & administração
Reabilitação Vocacional/métodos
Esquizofrenia/reabilitação
Oficinas de Trabalho Protegido/organização & administração
Educação Vocacional/organização & administração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Psicologia do Esquizofrênico
Ajustamento Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170428
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170428
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161117
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26977937
[Au] Autor:Blick RN; Litz KS; Thornhill MG; Goreczny AJ
[Ad] Endereço:Chatham University, Woodland Road, Pittsburgh, PA 15232, United States.
[Ti] Título:Do inclusive work environments matter? Effects of community-integrated employment on quality of life for individuals with intellectual disabilities.
[So] Source:Res Dev Disabil;53-54:358-66, 2016 Jun-Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1873-3379
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:More individuals with an intellectual disability now possess prerequisite skills and supports necessary for successful work force integration than did previous generations. The current study compared quality of life of community-integrated workers with those participating in sheltered vocational workshops and adult day care programs. We considered numerous indices of quality of life, including inclusion and community participation; satisfaction within professional services, home life, and day activities; dignity, rights, and respect received from others; fear; choice and control; and family satisfaction. Our data revealed several important differences in quality of life across daytime activities; participants involved in community-integrated employment tended to be younger, indicated a greater sense of community integration, and reported more financial autonomy than did those who participated in adult day care programs and sheltered workshops. However, individuals reported no differences in overall satisfaction across daytime activities. We discuss generational differences across employment status as well as possible explanations to account for high levels of satisfaction across daytime activities.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Readaptação ao Emprego
Deficiência Intelectual
Qualidade de Vida
Oficinas de Trabalho Protegido
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Emprego
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Reabilitação Vocacional
Local de Trabalho
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170111
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170111
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160316
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26618742
[Au] Autor:Gold MW; Barclay CR
[Ad] Endereço:Marc W. Gold, Ph.D. (University of Illinois), Research Assistant Professor, Children's Research Center, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, Illinois 61820, conducts research, applying findings from basic research on learning to the solution of applied problems. He holds membership in AAMD, CEC and NRA.
[Ti] Título:The Learning of Difficult Visual Discriminations by the Moderately and Severely Retarded.
[So] Source:Intellect Dev Disabil;53(6):414-7, 2015 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1934-9556
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A procedure to effectively and efficiently train moderately and severely retarded individuals to make fine visual discriminations is described. Results suggest that expectancies for such individuals are in need of examination. Implications for sheltered workshops, work activity centers and classrooms are discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Educação de Pessoa com Deficiência Intelectual
Deficiência Intelectual/reabilitação
Aprendizagem
Oficinas de Trabalho Protegido/organização & administração
Percepção Visual
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Seres Humanos
Meia-Idade
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1352/1934-9556-53.6.414


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[PMID]:26417804
[Au] Autor:Krysta J; Krysta K; Zawada K; Cubala WJ; Wiglusz MS; Jakuszkowiak-Wojten K
[Ad] Endereço:Polish Association for Persons with Mental Handicap, Branch in Bytom, ul. Powstanców Slaskich 17, 41-902 Bytom, Poland, krystowa@plusnet.pl.
[Ti] Título:Development of vocational training systems for patients with intellectual disability in Poland.
[So] Source:Psychiatr Danub;27 Suppl 1:S401-7, 2015 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:0353-5053
[Cp] País de publicação:Croatia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The problem of employment of people with intellectual disabilities is present in many countries. The literature on this topic draws attention to the fact that the improvement of the situation in this area is conditioned by changes in government policies, practices of employers and adequate preparation to undertake professional duties by persons with intellectual disabilities. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review was to explore the changes in vocational rehabilitation forms in Poland. RESULTS: As one of the ways to solve this problem since 1991 in Poland the so called Workshops of Vocational Therapy have been created. According to the regulations the Workshops were designed for adults with intellectual disabilities, aged over 16 years with a total incapacity of gaining an employment, for which occupational therapy was a form of social rehabilitation. The further step in this process was the establishment of Vocational Activation Centers, with which high hopes were associated. They were expected to be an intermediate link in the creation of career paths from rehabilitation forms ultimately to open labor market. In practice it turned out that the creation of these Centers in Poland has been too slow. CONCLUSIONS: This raised the necessity to change the attitude from the concept of matching the participant to work and to the new environment, which frequently ends as a trauma, to the concept of matching jobs to people. New initiatives and new rehabilitation programs are developed based on this attitude.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Deficiência Intelectual/reabilitação
Reabilitação Vocacional/métodos
Reabilitação Vocacional/tendências
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Escolha da Profissão
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Polônia
Política Pública/tendências
Oficinas de Trabalho Protegido/tendências
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1512
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150930
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150930
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150930
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26233765
[Au] Autor:Koch AD; Vogel A; Becker T; Salize HJ; Voss E; Werner A; Arnold K; Schützwohl M
[Ad] Endereço:Mental Health Services Research Group, Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Technische Universität Dresden, Fetscherstrasse 74, D-01307 Dresden, Germany.
[Ti] Título:Proxy and self-reported Quality of Life in adults with intellectual disabilities: Impact of psychiatric symptoms, problem behaviour, psychotropic medication and unmet needs.
[So] Source:Res Dev Disabil;45-46:136-46, 2015 Oct-Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1873-3379
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Proxies often underestimate the subjective Quality of Life (QoL) of adults with intellectual disability (ID). However, little is known about the reasons for these differences. Accordingly, the purpose of the present study is to, firstly, compare the self-reported QoL of adults with ID with proxy reports from staff of sheltered working and housing facilities, and, secondly, to identify possible differences of the impact of four potential predictor variables. Data of 102 adults with ID were collected as part of the MEMENTA study ('Mental health care provision for adults with ID and a mental disorder'). Results show that self-report QoL scores ranged from 72.6 to 86.8. Both proxies consistently reported lower QoL scores and agreement between self and proxy ratings was predominantly poor. Unmet needs and psychotropic medication were identified as the most important predictors of reduced self-rated QoL, whereas an increase of psychiatric symptoms, problem behaviours, and psychotropic medication best predicted the reduced QoL proxy ratings. To conclude, proxies still have to strive for a more holistic approach in surrogate QoL assessments and according to adults with ID, service providers should focus on a reduction of unmet needs and psychotropic medication to further improve QoL.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Deficiência Intelectual/psicologia
Transtornos Mentais/psicologia
Comportamento Problema/psicologia
Procurador
Qualidade de Vida/psicologia
Autorrelato
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Modelos Lineares
Masculino
Transtornos Mentais/tratamento farmacológico
Saúde Mental
Meia-Idade
Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde
Psicotrópicos/uso terapêutico
Distribuição Espacial da População
Oficinas de Trabalho Protegido
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Psychotropic Drugs)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1608
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150928
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150928
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150803
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26160224
[Au] Autor:Renzetti CM; Follingstad DR
[Ti] Título:From Blue to Green: The Development and Implementation of a Therapeutic Horticulture Program for Residents of a Battered Women's Shelter.
[So] Source:Violence Vict;30(4):676-90, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:0886-6708
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The delivery of therapeutic services to clients is influenced by service providers' understanding of the "fit" of a specific program with their service mandate as well as their perceptions of the potential benefits of the program. This article discusses the development and implementation of a therapeutic horticulture (TH) program at a battered women's shelter that serves 17 counties in Central Kentucky. Through semistructured interviews, we gauge the shelter staff's perceptions of the relationship of the TH program to the shelter's overall mission; their sense of the program's benefits for residents, for the shelter as a community organization, and for themselves; and their concerns about the TH program. We consider how these findings may impact future programming at the shelter, and we discuss plans for further evaluation of the TH program in terms of its impact on shelter residents' long-term outcomes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mulheres Agredidas/estatística & dados numéricos
Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
Horticultura Terapêutica/métodos
Habitação/estatística & dados numéricos
Oficinas de Trabalho Protegido/organização & administração
Maus-Tratos Conjugais/reabilitação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Kentucky
Meia-Idade
Qualidade de Vida/psicologia
Apoio Social
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1512
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151130
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151130
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150711
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:25932486
[Au] Autor:Theißing A; Keller K; Kreß S; Kumbier-Jordan B
[Ti] Título:[Not Available].
[Ti] Título:Medizinische und berufliche Rehabilitation RPK und die Konzeption des Supported Employment..
[So] Source:Psychiatr Prax;42(2):107-8, 2015 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1439-0876
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Readaptação ao Emprego
Transtornos Mentais/reabilitação
Reabilitação Vocacional/métodos
Oficinas de Trabalho Protegido
Educação Vocacional
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMMENT; LETTER
[Em] Mês de entrada:1506
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150814
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150814
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150502
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:25180589
[Au] Autor:Bangen R; Gobes K
[Ad] Endereço:Zentrum zur medizinischen und beruflichen Rehabilitation psychisch Kranker und Behinderter (ZmbR gGmbH).
[Ti] Título:[Vocational rehabilitation: first place, then train--contra].
[Ti] Título:Berufliche Rehabilitation: First Place, then Train--Kontra..
[So] Source:Psychiatr Prax;41(6):295-6, 2014 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1439-0876
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Readaptação ao Emprego
Transtornos Mentais/reabilitação
Reabilitação Vocacional/métodos
Oficinas de Trabalho Protegido
Educação Vocacional
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Escolha da Profissão
Terapia Combinada
Comparação Transcultural
Medicina Baseada em Evidências
Alemanha
Seres Humanos
Transtornos Mentais/psicologia
Mentores
Motivação
Prognóstico
Pesquisa
Resultado do Tratamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1506
[Cu] Atualização por classe:140903
[Lr] Data última revisão:
140903
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140903
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1055/s-0034-1370233


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[PMID]:25180588
[Au] Autor:Hoffmann H
[Ad] Endereço:Direktion Psychiatrische Rehabilitation und Soteria, Universitäre Psychiatrische Dienste Bern.
[Ti] Título:[Vocational rehabilitation: first place, then train--pro].
[Ti] Título:Berufliche Rehabilitation: First Place, then Train--Pro..
[So] Source:Psychiatr Prax;41(6):293-4, 2014 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1439-0876
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Readaptação ao Emprego
Transtornos Mentais/reabilitação
Reabilitação Vocacional/métodos
Oficinas de Trabalho Protegido
Educação Vocacional
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Terapia Combinada
Comparação Transcultural
Medicina Baseada em Evidências
Seres Humanos
Transtornos Mentais/psicologia
Motivação
Garantia da Qualidade dos Cuidados de Saúde
Suíça
Resultado do Tratamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1506
[Cu] Atualização por classe:140903
[Lr] Data última revisão:
140903
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140903
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1055/s-0034-1370232


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[PMID]:24930724
[Au] Autor:de Pierrefeu I; Charbonneau C
[Ad] Endereço:Laboratoire CRPMS, UFR d'études psychanalytiques, université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, bâtiment Olympe de Gouges, case 7058, 75205 Paris cedex 13, France. Electronic address: idepierrefeu@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:[Two "hybrid" vocational services for people with a severe mental illness in France and Quebec].
[Ti] Título:Deux structures d'insertion professionnelle de format hybride pour personnes avec un trouble mental : les ESAT de transition de Messidor (France) et Accès-Cible SMT (Québec)..
[So] Source:Encephale;40 Suppl 2:S66-74, 2014 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:0013-7006
[Cp] País de publicação:France
[La] Idioma:fre
[Ab] Resumo:Many different types of vocational programs (services) exist to help people with severe mental disorders (e.g., schizophrenia) integrate the regular labor market: sheltered workshops, social enterprises, and supported employment programs to name a few. Each type of vocational services has its specificities: on one hand, some of them are following the "train and place" approach. For example, sheltered workshops offer to people with a severe mental illness a training during a long period of, with a small proportion obtaining competitive employment. On the other hand, other programs adopt the "place and train" philosophy, such as supported employment programs, in which employment specialists help people obtain a competitive job as fast as possible with no requested training. This article presents two original vocational services, the Messidor's sheltered workshops in France and the Accès-Cible SMT supported employment program in Quebec, following an "hybrid" approach including both philosophies "place and train" and "train and place". More particularly, they are both aiming at competitive employment on the regular labor market for people with a severe mental illness, with a different length of training. Messidor consists of a sheltered workplace for people with a severe mental illness in France, using this time of transition in the workshops as a tool to obtain a competitive job. Thanks to three key factors, Messidor succeeds in placing many of their workers in the French regular labor market: (1) Workers with severe mental disorders work on tasks and workplaces similar to those in regular labor market; (2) Messidor's managers have small teams (5-7 persons) that offer a nearby and personalized management to workers; (3) Each worker is followed by a Messidor's employment counsellor, to build together a working plan and put in place work strategies to obtain a competitive job. This "double management" seems to be a key ingredient of this support as it promotes some success in getting a job as well as in developing some recovery effects. Accès-Cible SMT located in Montreal (Quebec, Canada) is also an interesting "hybrid" program since people with severe mental disorders can be supported by a counsellor, with a short period of training (a 28-week program with 6 steps) before integrating the regular labor market. The philosophy of Accès-Cible SMT is to consider their clients as normal persons more than as patients, and its objective is mainly to restore confidence and self-esteem of the person by putting emphasis on their professional skills. Meetings in groups, practicums in the workplace, and the utilization of job search strategies are essential ingredients of Accès-Cible SMT, which are also efficient tools to develop a better empowerment of the person. Indeed, the common ingredients/elements of these two vocational services, Messidor and Accès-Cible SMT, seem to be the development of empowerment for people with severe mental disorders. The scientific literature supports that empowerment is one of the key factors of recovery for people with a mental illness, a recovery process that can be illustrated by their work integration in the regular labor market as a final goal.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comparação Transcultural
Readaptação ao Emprego/organização & administração
Transtornos Mentais/reabilitação
Reabilitação Vocacional/métodos
Oficinas de Trabalho Protegido/organização & administração
Educação Vocacional/organização & administração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
França
Seres Humanos
Poder (Psicologia)
Quebeque
Esquizofrenia/reabilitação
Psicologia do Esquizofrênico
Ajustamento Social
Orientação Vocacional
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1504
[Cu] Atualização por classe:140630
[Lr] Data última revisão:
140630
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140617
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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