Base de dados : MEDLINE
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[PMID]:29384308
[Au] Autor:Sy I; Traoré D; Niang Diène A; Koné B; Lô B; Faye O; Utzinger J; Cissé G; Tanner M
[Ti] Título:[Water, sanitation and diarrheal risk in Nouakchott Urban Community, Mauritania].
[Ti] Título:Eau potable, assainissement et risque de maladies diarrhéiques dans la Communauté Urbaine de Nouakchott, Mauritanie..
[So] Source:Sante Publique;29(5):741-750, 2017 Dec 05.
[Is] ISSN:0995-3914
[Cp] País de publicação:France
[La] Idioma:fre
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Drinking water and sanitation are two factors of inter-linked inextricably public health especially in the city of Nouakchott where the low availability of these services leads to a multitude of use and hygiene practices involving a complex socio-ecological system with an increased risk of waterborne diseases transmission (diarrhea, cholera, etc.). METHODS: Thus, this contribution analyzes the impact of socio-ecological system on the development of diarrheal diseases by using socio-environmental and epidemiological data from various sources (national surveys and registries consultation). RESULTS: Overall, the results show that only 25.6% of households have access to drinking water sources while 69.8% of the populations dispose improved latrines. Hence, the weakness in environmental sanitation conditions explains the level of diarrheal morbidity averring 12.8% at the urban level, with an unequal spatial distribution showing less affected communes such as Tevragh Zeina (9.1%) and municipalities more affected like Sebkha (19.1%). The distribution according to the age categories shows that children under 5 years are the most affected with 51.7% followed by people aged over 14 with 34.2%. The correlation analysis between socio-economic, environmental and epidemiological variables reveals a number of significant associations: untreated water consumption and diarrhea (R = 0.429); collection of wastewater and occurrence of diarrhea ; existence of improved latrine and reduction of diarrheal risk (R = 0.402). DISCUSSION: Therefore, exposure to diarrheal diseases through the prism of water and sanitation is a real public health problem that requires a systemic and integrated approach to improving environmental health.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Diarreia/epidemiologia
Água Potável
Saneamento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Diarreia/prevenção & controle
Saúde Ambiental
Seres Humanos
Mauritânia/epidemiologia
Risco
Sanitários Públicos
População Urbana
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Drinking Water)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3917/spub.175.0741


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[PMID]:29191036
[Au] Autor:Davies RD; Kessel B
[Ad] Endereço:From the Department of Psychiatry, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora.
[Ti] Título:Gender Minority Stress, Depression, and Anxiety in a Transgender High School Student.
[So] Source:Am J Psychiatry;174(12):1151-1152, 2017 Dec 01.
[Is] ISSN:1535-7228
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ansiedade/prevenção & controle
Depressão/prevenção & controle
Sanitários Públicos/legislação & jurisprudência
Pessoas Transgênero/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Ansiedade/complicações
Depressão/complicações
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Instituições Acadêmicas
Estudantes/psicologia
Pessoas Transgênero/legislação & jurisprudência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171202
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1176/appi.ajp.2017.17040439


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[PMID]:29184606
[Au] Autor:Nahimana MR; Ngoc CT; Olu O; Nyamusore J; Isiaka A; Ndahindwa V; Dassanayake L; Rusanganwa A
[Ad] Endereço:WHO Country Office, Ebenezer House, Boulevard of Umuganda, Kigali, Rwanda.
[Ti] Título:Knowledge, attitude and practice of hygiene and sanitation in a Burundian refugee camp: implications for control of a Salmonella typhi outbreak.
[So] Source:Pan Afr Med J;28:54, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1937-8688
[Cp] País de publicação:Uganda
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Introduction: A outbreak was reported in a Burundian refugee camp in Rwanda in October 2015. Transmission persisted despite increased hygiene promotion activities and hand-washing facilities instituted to prevent and control the outbreak. A knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) study was carried out to assess the effectiveness of ongoing typhoid fever preventive interventions. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Mahama Refugee Camp of Kirehe District, Rwanda from January to February 2016. Data were obtained through administration of a structured KAP questionnaire. Descriptive, bivariate and multivariate analysis was performed using STATA software. Results: A total of 671 respondents comprising 264 (39.3%) males and 407 (60.7%) females were enrolled in the study. A comparison of hand washing practices before and after institution of prevention and control measures showed a 37% increase in the proportion of respondents who washed their hands before eating and after using the toilet (p < 0.001). About 52.8% of participants reported having heard about typhoid fever, however 25.9% had received health education. Only 34.6% and 38.6% of the respondents respectively knew how typhoid fever spreads and is prevented. Most respondents (98.2%) used pit latrines for disposal of feces. Long duration of stay in the camp, age over 35 years and being unemployed were statistically associated with poor hand washing practices. Conclusion: The findings of this study underline the need for bolstering up health education and hygiene promotion activities in Mahama and other refugee camp settings.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Higiene/normas
Saneamento/normas
Febre Tifoide/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Burundi/etnologia
Estudos Transversais
Surtos de Doenças/prevenção & controle
Feminino
Desinfecção das Mãos/normas
Educação em Saúde/métodos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Campos de Refugiados
Ruanda/epidemiologia
Salmonella typhi/isolamento & purificação
Sanitários Públicos/normas
Febre Tifoide/epidemiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171219
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171219
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171130
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.11604/pamj.2017.28.54.12265


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[PMID]:27776300
[Au] Autor:Vyas S; Kov P; Smets S; Spears D
[Ad] Endereço:Research Institute for Compassionate Economics. Electronic address: sangita@riceinstitute.org.
[Ti] Título:Disease externalities and net nutrition: Evidence from changes in sanitation and child height in Cambodia, 2005-2010.
[So] Source:Econ Hum Biol;23:235-245, 2016 12.
[Is] ISSN:1873-6130
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Child height is an important indicator of human capital and human development, in large part because early life health and net nutrition shape both child height and adult economic productivity and health. Between 2005 and 2010, the average height of children under 5 in Cambodia significantly increased. What contributed to this improvement? Recent evidence suggests that exposure to poor sanitation - and specifically to widespread open defecation - can pose a critical threat to child growth. We closely analyze the sanitation height gradient in Cambodia in these two years. Decomposition analysis, in the spirit of Blinder-Oaxaca, suggests that the reduction in children's exposure to open defecation can statistically account for much or all of the increase in average child height between 2005 and 2010. In particular, we see evidence of externalities, indicating an important role for public policy: it is the sanitation behavior of a child's neighbors that matters more for child height rather than the household's sanitation behavior by itself. Moving from an area in which 100% of households defecate in the open to an area in which no households defecate in the open is associated with an average increase in height-for-age z-score of between 0.3 and 0.5. Our estimates are quantitatively robust and comparable with other estimates in the literature.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Estatura
Distribuição Espacial da População/estatística & dados numéricos
Sanitários Públicos/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Camboja/epidemiologia
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Masculino
Saneamento/estatística & dados numéricos
Fatores Socioeconômicos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171212
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171212
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161025
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28968470
[Au] Autor:Sanya RE; Tumwesige E; Elliott AM; Seeley J
[Ad] Endereço:Immunomodulation and Vaccines Programme, Medical Research Council/ Uganda Virus Research Institute (MRC/ UVRI) Uganda Research Unit, Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe, Uganda.
[Ti] Título:Perceptions about interventions to control schistosomiasis among the Lake Victoria island communities of Koome, Uganda.
[So] Source:PLoS Negl Trop Dis;11(10):e0005982, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1935-2735
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Praziquantel-based mass treatment is the main approach to controlling schistosomiasis mansoni in endemic areas. Interventions such as provision and use of safe water, minimising contact with infested water, disposal of stool in latrines and snail control provide key avenues to break the transmission cycle and can sustain the benefits of mass treatment in the long term. Efforts are also being made to develop a schistosomiasis vaccine which, if effective, might reduce the incidence of re-infection after treatment. However, any interventions deployed need to be acceptable to, and sustainable by, the target communities. METHODS: In this qualitative study, we investigated the perceptions of six Lake Victoria island communities of Koome, Uganda, about interventions to control Schistosoma mansoni infection and their willingness to participate in Schistosoma vaccine trials. Thirty-two in-depth interviews, 12 key informant interviews and 10 focus group discussions were conducted. Data were analysed using a thematic content approach. FINDINGS: Intestinal schistosomiasis was not regarded as a serious health problem because a mass treatment programme is in place. However, the communities lack safe water sources and latrines. Mass treatment with praziquantel, safe water supplies and use of toilets were deemed the most acceptable interventions by the participants. The communities are willing to participate in Schistosoma vaccine trials. CONCLUSION/SIGNIFICANCE: Knowledge of a community's perception about interventions to control schistosomiasis can be valuable to policy makers and programme implementers intending to set up interventions co-managed by the community members. In this study, the views of the Lake Victoria island communities of Koome are presented. This study also provides data to guide further work on alternative interventions such as Schistosoma vaccine trials in these communities.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Controle de Infecções/métodos
Esquistossomose mansoni/epidemiologia
Esquistossomose mansoni/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Animais
Água Potável/normas
Fezes/parasitologia
Feminino
Grupos Focais
Seres Humanos
Controle de Infecções/estatística & dados numéricos
Entrevistas como Assunto
Ilhas
Lagos
Vacinas contra Leishmaniose
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Praziquantel/uso terapêutico
Prevalência
Distribuição Espacial da População
Saneamento/normas
Schistosoma mansoni/isolamento & purificação
Esquistossomose mansoni/parasitologia
Esquistossomose mansoni/transmissão
Caramujos/parasitologia
Sanitários Públicos/normas
Sanitários Públicos/estatística & dados numéricos
Uganda/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Drinking Water); 0 (Leishmaniasis Vaccines); 6490C9U457 (Praziquantel)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171003
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pntd.0005982


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[PMID]:28829724
[Au] Autor:Vilchez Barreto PM; Gamboa R; Santivañez S; O'Neal SE; Muro C; Lescano AG; Moyano LM; Gonzálvez G; García HH; For The Cysticercosis Working Group In Perú Cwgp
[Ad] Endereço:Centro de Salud Global Tumbes, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Perú.
[Ti] Título:Prevalence, Age Profile, and Associated Risk Factors for Infection in a Large Population-Based Study in Northern Peru.
[So] Source:Am J Trop Med Hyg;97(2):583-586, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1476-1645
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:, the dwarf tapeworm, is a common intestinal infection of children worldwide. We evaluated infection and risk factor data that were previously collected from 14,761 children aged 2-15 years during a large-scale program in northern Peru. We found that 1,124 of 14,761 children (7.61%) had infection, a likely underestimate given that only a single stool sample was examined by microscopy for diagnosis. The strongest association with infection was lack of adequate water (adjusted prevalence ratio [aPR] 2.22, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.82-2.48) and sanitation infrastructure in the house (aPR 1.94, 95% CI 1.64-2.29). One quarter of those tested did not have a bathroom or latrine at home, which doubled their likelihood of infection. Similarly, one quarter did not have piped public water to the house, which also increased the likelihood of infection. Continued efforts to improve access to basic water and sanitation services will likely reduce the burden of infection in children for this and other intestinal infections.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fezes/parasitologia
Himenolepíase/epidemiologia
Hymenolepis nana/isolamento & purificação
Enteropatias Parasitárias/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Fatores Etários
Animais
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Masculino
Peru
Vigilância da População
Prevalência
Fatores de Risco
Saneamento
Sanitários Públicos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170911
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170911
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170823
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4269/ajtmh.16-0939


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[PMID]:28756221
[Au] Autor:Ravenscroft P; Mahmud ZH; Islam MS; Hossain AKMZ; Zahid A; Saha GC; Zulfiquar Ali AHM; Islam K; Cairncross S; Clemens JD; Islam MS
[Ad] Endereço:Independent Consultant, Cambridge, UK.
[Ti] Título:The public health significance of latrines discharging to groundwater used for drinking.
[So] Source:Water Res;124:192-201, 2017 Nov 01.
[Is] ISSN:1879-2448
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Faecal contamination of groundwater from pit latrines is widely perceived as a major threat to the safety of drinking water for several billion people in rural and peri-urban areas worldwide. On the floodplains of the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna delta in Bangladesh, we constructed latrines and monitored piezometer nests monthly for two years. We detected faecal coliforms (FC) in 3.3-23.3% of samples at four sites. We differentiate a near-field, characterised by high concentrations and frequent, persistent and contiguous contamination in all directions, and a far-field characterised by rare, impersistent, discontinuous low-level detections in variable directions. Far-field FC concentrations at four sites exceeded 0 and 10 cfu/100 ml in 2.4-9.6% and 0.2-2.3% of sampling events respectively. The lesser contamination of in-situ groundwater compared to water at the point-of-collection from domestic wells, which itself is less contaminated than at the point-of-consumption, demonstrates the importance of recontamination in the well-pump system. We present a conceptual model comprising four sub-pathways: the latrine-aquifer interface (near-field); groundwater flowing from latrine to well (far-field); the well-pump system; and post-collection handling and storage. Applying a hypothetical dose-response model suggests that 1-2% of the diarrhoeal disease burden from drinking water is derived from the aquifer, 29% from the well-pump system, and 70% from post-collection handling. The important implications are (i) that leakage from pit latrines is a minor contributor to faecal contamination of drinking water in alluvial-deltaic terrains; (ii) fears of increased groundwater pollution should not constrain expanding latrine coverage, and (iii) that more attention should be given to reducing contamination around the well-head.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Saúde Pública
Sanitários Públicos
Poluentes Químicos da Água
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bangladesh
Água Subterrânea
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Water Pollutants, Chemical)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171019
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171019
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170731
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28722606
[Au] Autor:Hussain F; Luby SP; Unicomb L; Leontsini E; Naushin T; Buckland AJ; Winch PJ
[Ad] Endereço:International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b), Dhaka, Bangladesh.
[Ti] Título:Assessment of the Acceptability and Feasibility of Child Potties for Safe Child Feces Disposal in Rural Bangladesh.
[So] Source:Am J Trop Med Hyg;97(2):469-476, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1476-1645
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Indiscriminate defecation among young children and the unsafe disposal of their feces increases fecal contamination in the household environment and the risk of diarrheal disease transmission. Improved sanitary technology for children too young to use a latrine may facilitate safe feces disposal and reduce fecal contamination in the household environment. We assessed the acceptability and feasibility of child potties in rural Bangladesh in 2010. Our team introduced child potties into 26 households for 30 days, and conducted semistructured interviews, group discussions, and observations to assess the acceptability and feasibility of their use for parents and children. Residents of this rural Bangladeshi community accepted the child potties and caregivers found them to be a feasible means of managing child feces. The color, shape, design, and size of the potty influenced its acceptability and use. These residents reported that regular use of the potty improved the household's physical environment and caregiver and child personal hygiene. Regular potty use also reduced caregivers' work load by making feces collection and disposal easier. Primary caregivers viewed 4-6 months as the appropriate age to initiate potty training. Sanitation interventions should integrate and emphasize potties for children's feces management to reduce household environmental contamination.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cuidadores/psicologia
Defecação
Fezes
Promoção da Saúde/métodos
Eliminação de Resíduos/métodos
Sanitários Públicos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Atitude Frente à Saúde
Bangladesh
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Masculino
Meia-Idade
População Rural
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170911
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170911
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170720
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4269/ajtmh.15-0932


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[PMID]:28722602
[Au] Autor:Cha S; Lee JE; Seo DS; Park BM; Mansiangi P; Hwang JS; Lee J
[Ad] Endereço:Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Disease, Department of Disease Control, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Associations between Household Latrines and the Prevalence of Diarrhea in Idiofa, Democratic Republic of the Congo: A Cross-Sectional Study.
[So] Source:Am J Trop Med Hyg;97(2):460-468, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1476-1645
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Despite the importance of sanitation, few studies have assessed the effects of latrines on the health outcomes of children under 5 years of age. We assessed the relations between latrine coverage and the prevalence of diarrhea in children under 4 years of age. In this cross-sectional study, we analyzed the baseline data obtained as part of a longitudinal survey targeting 720 households in Idiofa, Bandundu, Democratic Republic of the Congo. We categorized latrines according to the presence of each major component and investigated whether diarrhea prevalence of children under 4 years of age is associated with latrine availability and improvement. Latrines have health benefits regardless of whether they are improved. Also worth noting is that comparatively well-equipped and more appropriately managed latrines could prevent child diarrhea more effectively than less equipped or inappropriately managed latrines. Households who have a latrine with a superstructure, roof, and no flies (a partly improved latrine) were found to be 52% less likely to report cases of diarrhea than households with unimproved latrines (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 0.48, confidence interval [CI] = 0.31-0.76), which are all the other latrines not included in the partly improved latrine category. We have observed the profound protective effect of latrines with a superstructure. This study demonstrates that latrines are associated with significant improvements in health even when they do not fully meet the conditions of improved latrines. This study adds value to the limited evidence on the effect of latrines on health parameters by demonstrating that latrines have correlations with health benefits regardless of whether they are improved, as well as by elucidating the most essential components of improved latrines.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Diarreia/epidemiologia
Sanitários Públicos/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Pré-Escolar
Estudos Transversais
República Democrática do Congo/epidemiologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Razão de Chances
Prevalência
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170911
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170911
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170720
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4269/ajtmh.16-0361


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[PMID]:28719269
[Au] Autor:Berendes D; Kirby A; Clennon JA; Raj S; Yakubu H; Leon J; Robb K; Kartikeyan A; Hemavathy P; Gunasekaran A; Ghale B; Kumar JS; Mohan VR; Kang G; Moe C
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Environmental Engineering, School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia.
[Ti] Título:The Influence of Household- and Community-Level Sanitation and Fecal Sludge Management on Urban Fecal Contamination in Households and Drains and Enteric Infection in Children.
[So] Source:Am J Trop Med Hyg;96(6):1404-1414, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1476-1645
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:AbstractUrban sanitation necessitates management of fecal sludge inside and outside the household. This study examined associations between household sanitation, fecal contamination, and enteric infection in two low-income neighborhoods in Vellore, India. Surveys and spatial analysis assessed the presence and clustering of toilets and fecal sludge management (FSM) practices in 200 households. Fecal contamination was measured in environmental samples from 50 households and household drains. Enteric infection was assessed from stool specimens from children under 5 years of age in these households. The two neighborhoods differed significantly in toilet coverage (78% versus 33%) and spatial clustering. Overall, 49% of toilets discharged directly into open drains ("poor FSM"). Children in households with poor FSM had 3.78 times higher prevalence of enteric infection when compared with children in other households, even those without toilets. In the neighborhood with high coverage of household toilets, children in households with poor FSM had 10 times higher prevalence of enteric infection than other children in the neighborhood and drains in poor FSM clusters who had significantly higher concentrations of genogroup II norovirus. Conversely, children in households with a toilet that contained excreta in a tank onsite had 55% lower prevalence of enteric infection compared with the rest of the study area. Notably, households with a toilet in the neighborhood with low toilet coverage had more fecal contamination on floors where children played compared with those without a toilet. Overall, both toilet coverage levels and FSM were associated with environmental fecal contamination and, subsequently, enteric infection prevalence in this urban setting.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fezes/microbiologia
Saneamento
Esgotos/microbiologia
Sanitários Públicos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Campylobacter/isolamento & purificação
Pré-Escolar
Monitoramento Ambiental
Escherichia coli/isolamento & purificação
Desinfecção das Mãos
Seres Humanos
Higiene
Índia
Modelos Lineares
Prevalência
Microbiologia da Água
Abastecimento de Água
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Sewage)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170823
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170823
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170719
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4269/ajtmh.16-0170



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