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  1 / 1351 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28458381
[Au] Autor:Chen W; Qian H
[Ad] Endereço:School of Basic Medical Sciences, Fudan University.
[Ti] Título:Using films and television shows with a medical theme as a medium to accelerate the spread of medical humanities.
[So] Source:Biosci Trends;11(2):138-141, 2017 May 23.
[Is] ISSN:1881-7823
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:People have more visual experiences than ever before, and the same is true for situations in medicine. More mature films and television shows with a medical theme have been available over the past 20 years. In mainland China, the TV series "Angel Heart" has generated a wave of universal concern since it truly depicts the work of health care workers and it reflects the sharp distinction between doctors and patients to a certain extent. Riding this wave, many medical documentaries like The Human World have also been launched in China and have garnered sizable audiences. Such films and television shows with a medical theme strive to depict the lives of ordinary people. When watching these medical documentaries, audiences are able to better comprehend the work of health care workers in light of their life experiences and feelings towards current society. Audiences can gain a profound understanding of the medical humanities through films and television shows with a medical theme. We look forward to more such films and television shows with a medical theme that depict "hospitals-the realest place" on camera. Films and television shows with a medical theme can serve as a storytelling medium to accelerate the spread of medical humanities and to promote harmony among doctors, patients, and the public.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ciências Humanas
Televisão
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Relações Médico-Paciente
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5582/bst.2017.01099


  2 / 1351 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28458382
[Au] Autor:Tang W
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo.
[Ti] Título:Propelling medical humanities in China.
[So] Source:Biosci Trends;11(2):125-127, 2017 May 23.
[Is] ISSN:1881-7823
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Advances in the study of the medical humanities and medical humanities education have been made over the past few decades. Many influential journals have published articles examining the role of medical humanities and medical humanities education, the development and evaluation of medical humanities, and the design of a curriculum for medical humanities education in Western countries. However, most articles related to medical humanities in China were published in Chinese, moreover, researchers have worked in relative isolation and published in disparate journals, so their work has not been systematically presented to and evaluated by international readers. The six companion articles featured in this issue describe the current status and challenge of medical humanities and medical humanities education in China in the hope of providing international readers with a novel and meaningful glimpse into medical humanities in China. This Journal is calling for greater publication of research on medical humanities and medical humanities education to propel medical humanities in China.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Educação Médica/métodos
Ciências Humanas/educação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: China
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5582/bst.2017.01102


  3 / 1351 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28458334
[Au] Autor:Liu Y; Cheng X
[Ad] Endereço:School of Basic Medical Sciences, Fudan University.
[Ti] Título:An upcoming program for medical humanities education in Fudan University's School of Basic Medical Sciences.
[So] Source:Biosci Trends;11(2):152-153, 2017 May 23.
[Is] ISSN:1881-7823
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Ideal medical care requires professional skills as well as appropriate communication skills. However, traditional medical education in medical schools mostly emphasizes the former. To remedy this situation, medical humanities education will be incorporated into education for medical students at Fudan University. Comprehensive medical education that includes both medical skills and humanities may greatly improve medical care.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ciências Humanas
Faculdades de Medicina
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: China
Seres Humanos
Universidades
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5582/bst.2017.01094


  4 / 1351 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28458333
[Au] Autor:Song P; Tang W
[Ad] Endereço:Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo.
[Ti] Título:Emphasizing humanities in medical education: Promoting the integration of medical scientific spirit and medical humanistic spirit.
[So] Source:Biosci Trends;11(2):128-133, 2017 May 23.
[Is] ISSN:1881-7823
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In the era of the biological-psychological-social medicine model, an ideal of modern medicine is to enhance the humanities in medical education, to foster medical talents with humanistic spirit, and to promote the integration of scientific spirit and humanistic spirit in medicine. Throughout the United States (US), United Kingdom (UK), other Western countries, and some Asian countries like Japan, many medical universities have already integrated the learning of medical humanities in their curricula and recognized their value. While in China, although medical education reform over the past decade has emphasized the topic of medical humanities to increase the professionalism of future physicians, the integration of medical humanity courses in medical universities has lagged behind the pace in Western countries. In addition, current courses in medical humanities were arbitrarily established due to a lack of organizational independence. For various reasons like a shortage of instructors, medical universities have failed to pay sufficient attention to medical humanities education given the urgent needs of society. The medical problems in contemporary Chinese society are not solely the purview of biomedical technology; what matters more is enhancing the humanities in medical education and fostering medical talents with humanistic spirit. Emphasizing the humanities in medical education and promoting the integration of medical scientific spirit and medical humanistic spirit have become one of the most pressing issues China must address. Greater attention should be paid to reasonable integration of humanities into the medical curriculum, creation of medical courses related to humanities and optimization of the curriculum, and actively allocating abundant teaching resources and exploring better methods of instruction.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Educação Médica/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: China
Currículo
Assistência à Saúde
Ciências Humanas
Seres Humanos
Estudantes de Medicina
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5582/bst.2017.01092


  5 / 1351 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28458332
[Au] Autor:Wang F; Song Z; Zhang W; Xiao Y
[Ad] Endereço:Key Laboratory of Public Health Safety, Ministry of Education, School of Public Health, Fudan University.
[Ti] Título:Medical humanities play an important role in improving the doctor-patient relationship.
[So] Source:Biosci Trends;11(2):134-137, 2017 May 23.
[Is] ISSN:1881-7823
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Doctors in China have been wounded or even killed in frequent violence as conflict between doctors and patients has intensified. China has had a massive dearth of medical students over the past decade and doctors are dissatisfied with conditions in their profession. Conditions in medicine are not conducive to medical reform. This paper notes that the main factors affecting the doctor-patient relationship are a lack of humanity in medicine, the predominance of techniques and technologies, and inappropriate administration of hospitals. These factors are related to a lack of medical humanities. This paper describes several steps to make medicine more humane and to help establish a harmonious doctor-patient relationship, including improved humanities education for doctors and medical students, ending the predominance of techniques and technologies, bringing back "humanity" in medicine, and improving the administration of hospitals.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ciências Humanas
Relações Médico-Paciente
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Educação Médica
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5582/bst.2017.01087


  6 / 1351 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28458331
[Au] Autor:Yun X; Guo J; Qian H
[Ad] Endereço:School of Basic Medical Sciences, Fudan University.
[Ti] Título:Preliminary thoughts on research in medical humanities.
[So] Source:Biosci Trends;11(2):148-151, 2017 May 23.
[Is] ISSN:1881-7823
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Medical humanities (MH) is an interdisciplinary field of medicine which includes the humanities (literature, philosophy, ethics, history, and religion), social sciences (anthropology, cultural studies, psychology, sociology, and health geography), and the arts (literature, theater, film, and visual arts) and their application to medical education and practice. Studies of MH should not be limited to theoretical discussions. Research results must be translated into use of methodologies to formulate medical policies, guide clinical practices, and help resolve physical or mental problems. MH has a critical role in addressing medicine-related issues, such as human cloning legislation and the treatment of Ebola virus infection. Recently, MH has also been included in the "Healthy China 2030" project, indicating that MH has garnered more attention in China. Medical colleges, research institutes, and non-profit organizations are focusing on MH studies. Over the past few years, financial support for MH studies has also increased. Although the development of MH currently lags behind medicine and health sciences, MH has promise.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Educação Médica/métodos
Ciências Humanas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: China
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5582/bst.2017.01085


  7 / 1351 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29234804
[Au] Autor:Chertoff J
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, Florida.
[Ti] Título:Humane Language for People in the Criminal Justice System-Reply.
[So] Source:JAMA;318(22):2259, 2017 12 12.
[Is] ISSN:1538-3598
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Direito Penal
Linguagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Crime
Ciências Humanas
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171214
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jama.2017.16567


  8 / 1351 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29234801
[Au] Autor:Goshin LS
[Ad] Endereço:Hunter-Bellevue School of Nursing, New York, New York.
[Ti] Título:Humane Language for People in the Criminal Justice System.
[So] Source:JAMA;318(22):2258-2259, 2017 12 12.
[Is] ISSN:1538-3598
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Direito Penal
Linguagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Crime
Ciências Humanas
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171214
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jama.2017.16563


  9 / 1351 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28934277
[Au] Autor:Liu M; Shi D; Li J
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Information and Technology Studies, the University of Hong Kong, Hong Hong, China.
[Ti] Título:Double-edged sword of interdisciplinary knowledge flow from hard sciences to humanities and social sciences: Evidence from China.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(9):e0184977, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Humanities and Social Sciences (HSS) increasingly absorb knowledge from Hard Sciences, i.e., Science, Technology, Agriculture and Medicine (STAM), as testified by a growing number of citations. However, whether citing more Hard Sciences brings more citations to HSS remains to be investigated. Based on China's HSS articles indexed by the Web of Science during 1998-2014, this paper estimated two-way fixed effects negative binomial models, with journal effects and year effects. Findings include: (1) An inverse U-shaped curve was observed between the percentage of STAM references to the HSS articles and the number of citations they received; (2) STAM contributed increasing knowledge to China's HSS, while Science and Technology knowledge contributed more citations to HSS articles. It is recommended that research policy should be adjusted to encourage HSS researchers to adequately integrate STAM knowledge when conducting interdisciplinary research, as over-cited STAM knowledge may jeopardize the readability of HSS articles.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Pesquisa Biomédica
Ciências Humanas
Ciência
Ciências Sociais
Tecnologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bibliometria
Seres Humanos
Estudos Interdisciplinares
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171017
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171017
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170922
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0184977


  10 / 1351 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28792494
[Au] Autor:Yazdani M; Chow J; Manovich L
[Ad] Endereço:California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology's Qualcomm Institute, University of California San Diego, San Diego, California, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Quantifying the development of user-generated art during 2001-2010.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(8):e0175350, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:One of the main questions in the humanities is how cultures and artistic expressions change over time. While a number of researchers have used quantitative computational methods to study historical changes in literature, music, and cinema, our paper offers the first quantitative analysis of historical changes in visual art created by users of a social online network. We propose a number of computational methods for the analysis of temporal development of art images. We then apply these methods to a sample of 270,000 artworks created between 2001 and 2010 by users of the largest social network for art-DeviantArt (www.deviantart.com). We investigate changes in subjects, techniques, sizes, proportions and also selected visual characteristics of images. Because these artworks are classified by their creators into two general categories-Traditional Art and Digital Art-we are also able to investigate if the use of digital tools has had a significant effect on the content and form of artworks. Our analysis reveals a number of gradual and systematic changes over a ten-year period in artworks belonging to both categories.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Arte
Ciências Humanas/tendências
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto
Seres Humanos
Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador
Internet
Metadados
Análise de Componente Principal
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171006
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171006
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170810
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0175350



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