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Pesquisa : K01.093 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:29309432
[Au] Autor:Unkovic N; Dimkic I; Stupar M; Stankovic S; Vukojevic J; Ljaljevic Grbic M
[Ad] Endereço:Department for Algology, Mycology and Lichenology, Institute of Botany and Botanical Garden "Jevremovac", Faculty of Biology, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.
[Ti] Título:Biodegradative potential of fungal isolates from sacral ambient: In vitro study as risk assessment implication for the conservation of wall paintings.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190922, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The principal purpose of the study was to evaluate in vitro the potential ability of fungal isolates obtained from the painted layer of frescoes and surrounding air to induce symptoms of fresco deterioration, associated with their growth and metabolism, so that the risk of such deterioration can be precisely assessed and appropriate conservation treatments formulated. Biodegradative properties of the tested microfungi were qualitatively characterized through the use of a set of special agar plates: CaCO3 glucose agar (calcite dissolution), casein nutrient agar (casein hydrolysis), Czapek-Dox minimal medium (pigment secretion); and Czapek-Dox minimal broth (acid and alkali production). Most of the tested isolates (71.05%) demonstrated at least one of the degradative properties, with Penicillium bilaiae as the most potent, since it tested positive in all four. The remaining isolates (28.95%) showed no deterioration capabilities and were hence considered unlikely to partake in the complex process of fungal deterioration of murals via the tested mechanisms. The obtained results clearly indicate that utilization of fast and simple plate assays can provide insight into the biodegradative potential of deteriogenic fungi and allow for their separation from allochthonous transients, a prerequisite for precise assessment of the amount of risk posed by a thriving mycobiota to mural paintings.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Arte
Fungos/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Biodegradação Ambiental
Carbonato de Cálcio
Técnicas In Vitro
Medição de Risco
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
H0G9379FGK (Calcium Carbonate)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180109
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190922


  2 / 6257 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29268725
[Au] Autor:Dhungel D; Shrestha GS
[Ad] Endereço:Private Practice Optometrist, Kathmandu, Nepal.
[Ti] Título:Visual symptoms associated with refractive errors among Thangka artists of Kathmandu valley.
[So] Source:BMC Ophthalmol;17(1):258, 2017 Dec 21.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2415
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Prolong near work, especially among people with uncorrected refractive error is considered a potential source of visual symptoms. The present study aims to determine the visual symptoms and the association of those with refractive errors among Thangka artists. METHODS: In a descriptive cross-sectional study, 242 (46.1%) participants of 525 thangka artists examined, with age ranged between 16 years to 39 years which comprised of 112 participants with significant refractive errors and 130 absolutely emmetropic participants, were enrolled from six Thangka painting schools. The visual symptoms were assessed using a structured questionnaire consisting of nine items and scoring from 0 to 6 consecutive scales. The eye examination included detailed anterior and posterior segment examination, objective and subjective refraction, and assessment of heterophoria, vergence and accommodation. Symptoms were presented in percentage and median. Variation in distribution of participants and symptoms was analysed using the Kruskal Wallis test for mean, and the correlation with the Pearson correlation coefficient. A significance level of 0.05 was applied for 95% confidence interval. The majority of participants (65.1%) among refractive error group (REG) were above the age of 30 years, with a male predominance (61.6%), compared to the participants in the normal cohort group (NCG), where majority of them (72.3%) were below 30 years of age (72.3%) and female (51.5%). RESULT: Overall, the visual symptoms are high among Thangka artists. However, blurred vision (p = 0.003) and dry eye (p = 0.004) are higher among the REG than the NCG. Females have slightly higher symptoms than males. Most of the symptoms, such as sore/aching eye (p = 0.003), feeling dry (p = 0.005) and blurred vision (p = 0.02) are significantly associated with astigmatism. CONCLUSION: Thangka artists present with significant proportion of refractive error and visual symptoms, especially among females. The most commonly reported symptoms are blurred vision, dry eye and watering of the eye. The visual symptoms are more correlated with astigmatism.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Arte
Refração Ocular/fisiologia
Erros de Refração/epidemiologia
Acuidade Visual
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Nepal/epidemiologia
Prevalência
Erros de Refração/diagnóstico
Erros de Refração/fisiopatologia
Inquéritos e Questionários
Testes Visuais
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180228
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180228
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171223
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12886-017-0659-0


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[PMID]:29235953
[Au] Autor:Carroll K
[Ad] Endereço:1 Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, IL.
[Ti] Título:Persistent Pain: Nursing Perspectives.
[So] Source:Nurs Sci Q;31(1):22-24, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1552-7409
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Pain has diligently been regarded by scholars of different disciplines, and yet the experience of pain for patients and families can be minimized and relegated to a more perfunctory place. Pain, particularly persistent pain, warrants attention and to not fully attend to pain betrays and does not honor human dignity warranted by patients and families cared for within nursing and the larger healthcare community.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Arte
Dor Crônica/história
Dor Crônica/enfermagem
Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XVIII
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
Organizações sem Fins Lucrativos/tendências
Pessoalidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171214
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/0894318417741094


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[PMID]:28973590
[Au] Autor:Hansen B
[Ad] Endereço:Department of History, Baruch College of CUNY, 55 Lexington Avenue, New York, NY 10010.
[Ti] Título:Medical History's Moment in Art Photography (1920 to 1950): How Lejaren à Hiller and Valentino Sarra Created a Fashion for Scenes of Early Surgery.
[So] Source:J Hist Med Allied Sci;72(4):381-421, 2017 Oct 01.
[Is] ISSN:1468-4373
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Two groups of black-and-white photographs are found in medical rare book rooms and the collections of historically minded physicians. They were created by artists Hiller and Sarra to bring medical history to life for members of the health professions and, to some extent, for a wider public. These were not didactic illustrations for a textbook, but elegant scenes of great figures from Antiquity to the nineteenth century, evocation not documentation even though they were based on research. As pieces of fine art, cherished in portfolios or framed on the wall, the quality prints were intended to stimulate curiosity about the achievements of the figures portrayed. While familiar to some archivists and librarians, these photographs have received almost no attention in the scholarship of medical history. Only one short article examined them in 1983. In recent years these photographers have been given new consideration by scholars of advertising and photography. Using those works and primary sources, this article expands both men's biographies, and it explores their working methods, their artistry, and their achievements. An appreciation of these photographs enlarges our understanding of the place of medical history in American culture during the first half of the twentieth century.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Arte/história
Cirurgia Geral
Ilustração Médica/história
Fotografia/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Documentação
História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Médicos
Livros Raros
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Sarra V; Hiller L
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171025
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171025
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171004
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/jhmas/jrx037


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[PMID]:28949982
[Au] Autor:Linn R; Tepper Y; Bar-Oz G
[Ad] Endereço:Conservation of Material Culture Heritage Unit, Department of Archaeology, University of Haifa, Mount Carmel, Haifa, Israel.
[Ti] Título:Visible induced luminescence reveals invisible rays shining from Christ in the early Christian wall painting of the Transfiguration in Shivta.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(9):e0185149, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Transfiguration scene depicted in a Byzantine church at Shivta, Israel, is one of two figurative examples of the scene from the early Christian period. The use of Egyptian blue pigment in the wall painting was investigated with various analytical methods. Visible Induced Luminescence (VIL) imaging was used in-situ in order to map the distribution of the Egyptian blue pigment in the painting. The VIL imaging revealed surprising insights into the understanding of the iconography and the technology of this rare painting. Previously undetected elements of the painting include rays of light that were discovered emerging from the body of Christ and illuminating the other figures in the painting. Although this motif is an important part of the Transfiguration narrative and appears in most of its scenes depicted elsewhere, it had not been previously identified in this painting as it was undetectable by any other inspection technique. Another important result is the identification of Egyptian blue as a common blue pigment used at Shivta during the Byzantine period, when it is considered to be very rare.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Arte
Cristianismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Israel
Luminescência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170927
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0185149


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[PMID]:28888326
[Au] Autor:Goldstein JL
[Ad] Endereço:Chair, Lasker Awards Jury; Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA. Electronic address: joe.goldstein@utsouthwestern.edu.
[Ti] Título:Artists Create Puzzles, Scientists Solve Them.
[So] Source:Cell;171(1):5-9, 2017 Sep 21.
[Is] ISSN:1097-4172
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Spanish artist Diego Velázquez created a puzzle-painting 360 years ago that to this day remains unsolved, but still mystifies and intrigues. Unlike artists who get their thrills by creating puzzles that stimulate the imagination, scientists get their kicks by solving puzzles that advance biomedical research.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Distinções e Prêmios
Pesquisa Biomédica
Saúde da Mulher
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Arte/história
História do Século XVII
História do Século XX
Ciência/recursos humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171010
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171010
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170911
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 6257 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28838544
[Au] Autor:Lippi D
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, University of Florence, Largo Brambilla, 3, 50134 Florence, Italy. Electronic address: donatella.lippi@unifi.it.
[Ti] Título:Arrhythmias in the History: Lovesickness.
[So] Source:Card Electrophysiol Clin;9(3):341-344, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1877-9190
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Lovesickness has been termed a real disorder, with a specific cause, pathogenesis, and cure: it has been attested to in the medical literature since classical times and may still have a place in current medicine in the frame of psychiatry and humoral disorders. Although in different cultures there is a general agreement on the symptoms, including fever, agitation, loss of appetite, headache, rapid breathing, and palpitations, the treatments vary greatly in the various cultural contexts.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cardiopatias
Amor
Transtornos Mentais
Pulso Arterial/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Arritmias Cardíacas
Arte/história
Técnicas e Procedimentos Diagnósticos/história
Cardiopatias/diagnóstico
Cardiopatias/história
História do Século XV
História do Século XVI
História do Século XVII
História do Século XVIII
História Antiga
História Medieval
Seres Humanos
Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico
Transtornos Mentais/história
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170920
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170920
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170826
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28792494
[Au] Autor:Yazdani M; Chow J; Manovich L
[Ad] Endereço:California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology's Qualcomm Institute, University of California San Diego, San Diego, California, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Quantifying the development of user-generated art during 2001-2010.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(8):e0175350, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:One of the main questions in the humanities is how cultures and artistic expressions change over time. While a number of researchers have used quantitative computational methods to study historical changes in literature, music, and cinema, our paper offers the first quantitative analysis of historical changes in visual art created by users of a social online network. We propose a number of computational methods for the analysis of temporal development of art images. We then apply these methods to a sample of 270,000 artworks created between 2001 and 2010 by users of the largest social network for art-DeviantArt (www.deviantart.com). We investigate changes in subjects, techniques, sizes, proportions and also selected visual characteristics of images. Because these artworks are classified by their creators into two general categories-Traditional Art and Digital Art-we are also able to investigate if the use of digital tools has had a significant effect on the content and form of artworks. Our analysis reveals a number of gradual and systematic changes over a ten-year period in artworks belonging to both categories.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Arte
Ciências Humanas/tendências
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto
Seres Humanos
Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador
Internet
Metadados
Análise de Componente Principal
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171006
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171006
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170810
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0175350


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[PMID]:28771286
[Au] Autor:Webster D; Jarosinski JM
[Ti] Título:A Walk in My Shoes: Using Art to Explore the Lived Experience of Psychiatric-Mental Health Standardized Patients.
[So] Source:J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv;55(8):39-47, 2017 Aug 01.
[Is] ISSN:0279-3695
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Use of standardized patients (SPs) to teach mental health nursing skills is increasing. Although the literature regarding the effectiveness of this teaching strategy supports its use, information regarding the effect of portraying mental illness on SPs is lacking. Using a qualitative approach incorporating art as expression, this effect was examined. Five SPs created an artistic expression to describe their work portraying an individual with mental illness while working with senior nursing students enrolled in a psychiatric-mental health clinical nursing course. Themes identified include: (a) Walking the Walk, (b) Listen to Me, (c) See Me as a Person, and (d) Letting it Get to Me. Immersion into the role of the SP with mental illness affects actors. The current article offers best practice approaches to address psychological implications for SPs portraying mental illness. [Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 55(8), 39-47.].
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos Mentais/psicologia
Simulação de Paciente
Enfermagem Psiquiátrica/educação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Arte
Bacharelado em Enfermagem
Seres Humanos
Saúde Mental
Pesquisa Qualitativa
Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170911
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170911
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170804
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3928/02793695-20170627-02


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[PMID]:28645699
[Au] Autor:Brattico E; Brattico P; Vuust P
[Ad] Endereço:Center for Music in the Brain, Department of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University & The Royal Academy of Music Aarhus/Aalborg, Aarhus, Denmark. Electronic address: elvira.brattico@clin.au.dk.
[Ti] Título:The forgotten artist: Why to consider intentions and interaction in a model of aesthetic experience: Comment on "Move me, astonish me... delight my eyes and brain: The Vienna Integrated Model of top-down and bottom-up processes in Art Perception (VIMAP) and corresponding affective, evaluative, and neurophysiological correlates" by Matthew Pelowski et al.
[So] Source:Phys Life Rev;21:128-130, 2017 07.
[Is] ISSN:1873-1457
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Encéfalo
Intenção
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Arte
Estética
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171026
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171026
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170625
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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