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[PMID]:28792978
[Au] Autor:Bello SM; Wallduck R; Parfitt SA; Stringer CB
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Earth Sciences, The Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:An Upper Palaeolithic engraved human bone associated with ritualistic cannibalism.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(8):e0182127, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Cut-marked and broken human bones are a recurrent feature of Magdalenian (~17-12,000 years BP, uncalibrated dates) European sites. Human remains at Gough's Cave (UK) have been modified as part of a Magdalenian mortuary ritual that combined the intensive processing of entire corpses to extract edible tissues and the modification of skulls to produce skull-cups. A human radius from Gough's Cave shows evidence of cut marks, percussion damage and human tooth marks, indicative of cannibalism, as well as a set of unusual zig-zagging incisions on the lateral side of the diaphysis. These latter incisions cannot be unambiguously associated with filleting of muscles. We compared the macro- and micro-morphological characteristics of these marks to over 300 filleting marks on human and non-human remains and to approximately 120 engraved incisions observed on two artefacts from Gough's Cave. The new macro- and micro-morphometric analyses of the marks, as well as further comparisons with French Middle Magdalenian engraved artefacts, suggest that these modifications are the result of intentional engraving. The engraved motif comfortably fits within a Magdalenian pattern of design; what is exceptional in this case, however, is the choice of raw material (human bone) and the cannibalistic context in which it was produced. The sequence of the manipulations suggests that the engraving was a purposeful component of the cannibalistic practice, implying a complex ritualistic funerary behaviour that has never before been recognized for the Palaeolithic period.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Canibalismo
Comportamento Ritualístico
Fósseis
Paleontologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cavernas
Gravuras e Gravação
Seres Humanos
Crânio
Reino Unido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171003
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171003
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170810
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0182127


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[PMID]:28257445
[Au] Autor:Naudinot N; Bourdier C; Laforge M; Paris C; Bellot-Gurlet L; Beyries S; Thery-Parisot I; Le Goffic M
[Ad] Endereço:University Côte d'Azur, CNRS, CEPAM, UMR, Nice, France.
[Ti] Título:Divergence in the evolution of Paleolithic symbolic and technological systems: The shining bull and engraved tablets of Rocher de l'Impératrice.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(3):e0173037, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The development of the Azilian in Western Europe 14,000 years ago is considered a "revolution" in Upper Paleolithic Archaeology. One of the main elements of this rapid social restructuring is the abandonment of naturalistic figurative art on portable pieces or on cave walls in the Magdalenian in favor of abstract expression on small pebbles. Recent work shows that the transformation of human societies between the Magdalenian and the Azilian was more gradual. The discovery of a new Early Azilian site with decorated stones in France supports this hypothesis. While major changes in stone tool technology between the Magdalenian and Azilian clearly mark important adaptive changes, the discovery of 45 engraved schist tablets from archaeological layers at Le Rocher de l'Impératrice attests to iconographic continuity together with special valorization of aurochs as shown by a "shining" bull depiction. This evidence suggests that some cultural features such as iconography may lag far behind technological changes. We also argue that eventual change in symbolic expression, which includes the later disappearance of figurative art, provides new insight into the probable restructuring of the societies.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antropologia Cultural
Arqueologia
Arte/história
Gravuras e Gravação/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Carbonato de Cálcio
Bovinos
Cavernas
França
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
H0G9379FGK (Calcium Carbonate)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170828
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170828
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170304
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0173037


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[PMID]:27557110
[Au] Autor:Yaroshevich A; Bar-Yosef O; Boaretto E; Caracuta V; Greenbaum N; Porat N; Roskin J
[Ad] Endereço:Israel Antiquities Authority, Jerusalem, Israel.
[Ti] Título:A Unique Assemblage of Engraved Plaquettes from Ein Qashish South, Jezreel Valley, Israel: Figurative and Non-Figurative Symbols of Late Pleistocene Hunters-Gatherers in the Levant.
[So] Source:PLoS One;11(8):e0160687, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Three engraved limestone plaquettes from the recently excavated Epipaleolithic open-air site Ein Qashish South in the Jezreel Valley, Israel comprise unique evidence for symbolic behavior of Late Pleistocene foragers in the Levant. The engravings, uncovered in Kebaran and Geometric Kebaran deposits (ca. 23ka and ca. 16.5ka BP), include the image of a bird-the first figurative representation known so far from a pre-Natufian Epipaleolithic-along with geometric motifs such as chevrons, crosshatchings and ladders. Some of the engravings closely resemble roughly contemporary European finds interpreted as "systems of notations" or "artificial memory systems"-records related to timing of seasonal resources and associated aggregation events of nomadic groups. Moreover, similarly looking signs and patterns are well known from the context of the local Natufian-a final Epipaleolithic culture of sedentary or semi-sedentary foragers who started practicing agriculture. The investigation of the engravings found in Ein Qashish South involves conceptualizations developed in studies of European and local parallels, a selection of ethnographic examples and preliminary microscopic observations of the plaquettes. This shows that the figurative and non-figurative images comprise a coherent assemblage of symbols that might have been applied in order to store, share and transmit information related to social and subsistence realms of mobile bands. It further suggests that the site functioned as a locality of groups' aggregation and indicates social complexity of pre-Natufian foragers in the Levant. While alterations in social and subsistence strategies can explain the varying frequency of image use characterizing different areas of the Late Pleistocene world-the apparent similarity in graphics and the mode of their application support the possibility that symbol-mediated behavior has a common and much earlier origin.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Gravuras e Gravação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antropologia Cultural
Seres Humanos
Israel
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170726
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170726
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160825
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0160687


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[PMID]:27386713
[Au] Autor:Riggs C
[Ti] Título:AN AUTOPSIC ART: DRAWINGS OF 'DR GRANVILLE'S MUMMY' IN THE ROYAL SOCIETY ARCHIVES.
[So] Source:Notes Rec R Soc Lond;70(2):107-33, 2016 Jun 20.
[Is] ISSN:0035-9149
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In 1821 Augustus Bozzi Granville FRS unwrapped and dissected an ancient Egyptian mummy, presenting the results of his examination to the Royal Society in 1825. He commissioned artist Henry Perry to draw the process in stages; these drawings were subsequently engraved by James Basire for publication in Philosophical Transactions. This article presents the original drawings for the first time, allowing comparison with their engravings. Taken together with Granville's accounts of the unwrapping of the mummy, the drawings demonstrate the significant role of illustration and other visual practices in anatomical argumentation in the early nineteenth century, as well as the prestige that commissioned illustrations lent to the performance and dissemination of scientific expertise. Moreover, the drawings include one of the key visual tropes of race science--a skull in left-facing profile, mapped with a facial angle--and thus indicate the early incorporation of Egyptian mummies into typologies of race.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anatomia/história
Gravuras e Gravação/história
Múmias
Sociedades Científicas/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Egito
Feminino
História do Século XIX
Seres Humanos
Londres
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Granville AB; Perry H
[Em] Mês de entrada:1607
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170620
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170620
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160709
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27356338
[Au] Autor:Gómez López S
[Ti] Título:The Encounter of the Emblematic Tradition with Optics. The Anamorphic Elephant of Simon Vouet.
[So] Source:Nuncius;31(2):288-331, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0394-7394
[Cp] País de publicação:Italy
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In his excellent work Anamorphoses ou perspectives curieuses (1955), Baltrusaitis concluded the chapter on catoptric anamorphosis with an allusion to the small engraving by Hans Tröschel (1585-1628) after Simon Vouet's drawing Eight satyrs observing an elephant reflected on a cylinder, the first known representation of a cylindrical anamorphosis made in Europe. This paper explores the Baroque intellectual and artistic context in which Vouet made his drawing, attempting to answer two central sets of questions. Firstly, why did Vouet make this image? For what purpose did he ideate such a curious image? Was it commissioned or did Vouet intend to offer it to someone? And if so, to whom? A reconstruction of this story leads me to conclude that the cylindrical anamorphosis was conceived as an emblem for Prince Maurice of Savoy. Secondly, how did what was originally the project for a sophisticated emblem give rise in Paris, after the return of Vouet from Italy in 1627, to the geometrical study of catoptrical anamorphosis? Through the study of this case, I hope to show that in early modern science the emblematic tradition was not only linked to natural history, but that insofar as it was a central feature of Baroque culture, it seeped into other branches of scientific inquiry, in this case the development of catoptrical anamorphosis. Vouet's image is also a good example of how the visual and artistic poetics of the baroque were closely linked--to the point of being inseparable--with the scientific developments of the period.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Elefantes
Emblemas e Insígnias/história
Gravuras e Gravação/história
Óptica e Fotônica/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
História do Século XVII
Itália
História Natural/história
Paris
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; PORTRAITS
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Vouet S
[Em] Mês de entrada:1607
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161021
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161021
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160701
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27227330
[Au] Autor:Wei Y; d'Errico F; Vanhaeren M; Li F; Gao X
[Ad] Endereço:Key Laboratory of Vertebrate Evolution and Human Origins of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.
[Ti] Título:An Early Instance of Upper Palaeolithic Personal Ornamentation from China: The Freshwater Shell Bead from Shuidonggou 2.
[So] Source:PLoS One;11(5):e0155847, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We report the discovery and present a detailed analysis of a freshwater bivalve from Shuidonggou Locality 2, layer CL3. This layer is located c. 40 cm below layer CL2, which has yielded numerous ostrich eggshell beads. The shell is identified as the valve of a Corbicula fluminea. Data on the occurrence of this species in the Shuidonggou region during Marine Isotope Stage 3 and taphonomic analysis, conducted in the framework of this study, of a modern biocoenosis and thanatocoenosis suggest that the archeological specimen was collected at one of the numerous fossil or sub-fossil outcrops where valves of this species were available at the time of occupation of level CL3. Experimental grinding and microscopic analysis of modern shells of the same species indicate that the Shuidonggou shell was most probably ground on coarse sandstone to open a hole on its umbo, attach a thread, and use the valve as a personal ornament. Experimental engraving of freshwater shells and microscopic analysis identify an incision crossing the archaeological valve outer surface as possible deliberate engraving. Reappraisal of the site chronology in the light of available radiocarbon evidence suggests an age of at least 34-33 cal kyr BP for layer CL3. Such estimate makes the C. fluminea recovered from CL3 one of the earliest instances of personal ornamentation and the earliest example of a shell bead from China.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Arqueologia
Gravuras e Gravação
Fósseis
Paleontologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
China
Cronologia como Assunto
Água Doce
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170726
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170726
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160527
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0155847


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[PMID]:27167576
[Au] Autor:Lindley EY; Min SS; Leon-Saval SG; Cvetojevic N; Lawrence J; Ellis SC; Bland-Hawthorn J
[Ad] Endereço:Sydney Institute for Astronomy, School of Physics, University of Sydney; elindley@physics.usyd.edu.au.
[Ti] Título:Writing Bragg Gratings in Multicore Fibers.
[So] Source:J Vis Exp;(110), 2016 Apr 20.
[Is] ISSN:1940-087X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Fiber Bragg gratings in multicore fibers can be used as compact and robust filters in astronomical and other research and commercial applications. Strong suppression at a single wavelength requires that all cores have matching transmission profiles. These gratings cannot be inscribed using the same method as for single-core fibers because the curved surface of the cladding acts as a lens, focusing the incoming UV laser beam and causing variations in exposure between cores. Therefore we use an additional optical element to ensure that the beam shape does not change while passing through the cross-section of the multicore fiber. This consists of a glass capillary tube which has been polished flat on one side, which is then placed over the section of the fiber to be inscribed. The laser beam enters the fiber through the flat surface of the capillary tube and hence maintains its original dimensions. This paper demonstrates the improvements in core-to-core uniformity for a 7-core fiber using this method. The technique can be generalized to larger multicore fibers.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Tecnologia de Fibra Óptica/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Gravuras e Gravação
Desenho de Equipamento
Tecnologia de Fibra Óptica/instrumentação
Vidro
Lentes
Luz
Dispositivos Ópticos
Refratometria/instrumentação
Refratometria/métodos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; VIDEO-AUDIO MEDIA
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170713
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170713
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160512
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3791/53326


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[PMID]:27028724
[Au] Autor:da Costa ET; Santos MSF; Jiao H; do Lago CL; Gutz IG; Garcia CD
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Chemistry, 219 Hunter Laboratories, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA.
[Ti] Título:Fast production of microfluidic devices by CO2 laser engraving of wax-coated glass slides.
[So] Source:Electrophoresis;37(12):1691-5, 2016 07.
[Is] ISSN:1522-2683
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Glass is one of the most convenient materials for the development of microfluidic devices. However, most fabrication protocols require long processing times and expensive facilities. As a convenient alternative, polymeric materials have been extensively used due their lower cost and versatility. Although CO2 laser ablation has been used for fast prototyping on polymeric materials, it cannot be applied to glass devices because the local heating causes thermal stress and results in extensive cracking. A few papers have shown the ablation of channels or thin holes (used as reservoirs) on glass but the process is still far away from yielding functional glass microfluidic devices. To address these shortcomings, this communication describes a simple method to engrave glass-based capillary electrophoresis devices using standard (1 mm-thick) microscope glass slides. The process uses a sacrificial layer of wax as heat sink and enables the development of both channels (with semicircular shape) and pass-through reservoirs. Although microscope images showed some small cracks around the channels (that became irrelevant after sealing the engraved glass layer to PDMS) the proposed strategy is a leap forward in the application of the technology to glass. In order to demonstrate the capabilities of the approach, the separation of dopamine, catechol and uric acid was accomplished in less than 100 s.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Eletroforese Capilar/instrumentação
Dispositivos Lab-On-A-Chip
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Dióxido de Carbono
Catecóis/isolamento & purificação
Dopamina/isolamento & purificação
Gravuras e Gravação
Vidro
Lasers de Gás
Ácido Úrico/isolamento & purificação
Ceras
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Catechols); 0 (Waxes); 142M471B3J (Carbon Dioxide); 268B43MJ25 (Uric Acid); LF3AJ089DQ (catechol); VTD58H1Z2X (Dopamine)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171105
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171105
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160331
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/elps.201600065


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[PMID]:27017680
[Au] Autor:Lawson I
[Ti] Título:CRAFTING THE MICROWORLD: HOW ROBERT HOOKE CONSTRUCTED KNOWLEDGE ABOUT SMALL THINGS.
[So] Source:Notes Rec R Soc Lond;70(1):23-44, 2016 Mar 20.
[Is] ISSN:0035-9149
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper investigates the way in which Robert Hooke constructed his microscopical observations. His Micrographia is justifiably famous for its detailed engravings, which communicated Hooke's observations of tiny nature to his readers, but less attention has been paid to how he went about making the observations themselves. In this paper I explore the relationship between the materiality of his instrument and the epistemic images he produced. Behind the pictures lies an array of hidden materials, and the craft knowledge it took to manipulate them. By investigating the often counter-theoretical and conflicting practices of his ingenious microscope use, I demonstrate the way in which Hooke crafted the microworld for his readers, giving insight into how early modern microscopy was understood by its practitioners and audience.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Gravuras e Gravação/história
Microscopia/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Inglaterra
História do Século XVII
História do Século XVIII
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Hooke R
[Em] Mês de entrada:1604
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170320
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170320
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160329
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26982747
[Au] Autor:Limon J
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Biology and Genetics Medical University, Debinki 1 Street, 80-211 Gdansk, Poland, tel. (48 58) 349-15-31, e-mail: jlimon@gumed.edu.pl.
[Ti] Título:Dwarfism in art.
[So] Source:Dev Period Med;19(4):403-6, 2015 Oct-Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1428-345X
[Cp] País de publicação:Poland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Throughout the history of mankind the birth of a child with congenital malformation raised anxiety and torment, along with attempts to explain its origins. It is possible to find relics of such events in prehistoric rock drawings and primitive sculptures, in numerous art pieces produced through the centuries up to modern sculptures, paintings and drawings. The aim of the present article is to show how dwarfs were portrayed in a variety of art forms at different moments in the history of our world.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Nanismo Hipofisário/história
Gravuras e Gravação/história
Medicina nas Artes
Pinturas/história
Escultura/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Anormalidades Congênitas/história
História do Século XV
História do Século XVI
História do Século XVII
História do Século XVIII
História do Século XIX
História Antiga
História Medieval
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1605
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160317
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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