Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : K01.400.307 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 2584 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Detalhado]

página 1 de 259 ir para página                         

  1 / 2584 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:29368468
[Au] Autor:Dyck E
[Ti] Título:A Eugenics Experiment: Sterilization, Hyperactivity and Degeneration.
[So] Source:Clio Med;95:260-80, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0045-7183
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Eugenia (Ciência)/história
Pessoas com Deficiência Mental/história
Esterilização Reprodutiva/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alberta
Castração/história
Feminino
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Ovariectomia/história
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180126
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 2584 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:29368466
[Au] Autor:Lombardo PA
[Ti] Título:Anthropometry, Race, and Eugenic Research: "Measurements of Growing Negro Children" at the Tuskegee Institute, 1932­1944.
[So] Source:Clio Med;95:215-39, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0045-7183
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Afroamericanos/história
Antropometria/história
Eugenia (Ciência)/história
Experimentação Humana/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Academias e Institutos/história
Alabama
Criança
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Sífilis/história
Estados Unidos
United States Public Health Service
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180126
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 2584 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28880309
[Ti] Título:Science must acknowledge its past mistakes and crimes.
[So] Source:Nature;549(7670):5-6, 2017 09 04.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Eugenia (Ciência)/história
Experimentação Humana/ética
Experimentação Humana/história
Racismo/história
Pesquisadores/ética
Pesquisadores/história
Justiça Social/tendências
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano/história
Canadá
Europa (Continente)
Feminino
Guatemala
Ginecologia/história
História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Nacional-Socialismo/história
Gravidez
Justiça Social/história
Sífilis/história
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL; HISTORICAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170915
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170915
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170908
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/549005b


  4 / 2584 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28529232
[Au] Autor:Scherger DG
[Ti] Título:Backwards Medicine: Female Atavism, Whiteness, and the Medical Profession in "The Pineal Eye".
[So] Source:Lit Med;35(1):98-122, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0278-9671
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This article examines atavism as a theory of racial science in the nineteenth-century United States that illuminates how the developing medical profession reinforced racial, class, and gender hierarchies to gain cultural authority. I use John S. Partridge's "The Pineal Eye," a little-known short story published in San Francisco's The Wave in 1894, as a case study that reveals how atavism was conceived as pathology within the purview of medical study. Partridge intertwines established atavistic discourse that asserted the Anglo-Saxon female body as paradoxically modern in terms of racial identity and primitive in terms of sex with scientific experimentation and male medical authority, resulting in evolutionary regression. Partridge portrays atavism as a lens with which to challenge medicine that relied on experimentation and scientific discovery rather than recuperative treatment. I argue that these connections between atavistic and medical discourse blur the boundaries between science and fiction during the period.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Evolução Biológica
Eugenia (Ciência)/história
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu
Anormalidades do Olho/história
Identidade de Gênero
Literatura Moderna
Medicina na Literatura
Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/história
Médicos/história
Glândula Pineal/anormalidades
Racismo/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: California
Feminino
História do Século XIX
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Partridge JS
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170523
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1353/lm.2017.0004


  5 / 2584 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28219632
[Au] Autor:Hildebrandt S; Czarnowski G
[Ad] Endereço:Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Div. General Pediatrics, Dep. Medicine, 333 Longwood Avenue-LO 234, Boston, MA 02115, USA. Electronic address: sabine.hildebrandt@childrens.harvard.edu.
[Ti] Título:Alfred Pischinger (1899-1983): An Austrian career in anatomy continuing through National Socialism to postwar leadership.
[So] Source:Ann Anat;211:104-113, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1618-0402
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Despite intensified research efforts on the history of anatomy during National Socialism (NS), many aspects of this story still need further investigation. This study explores the life, work and politics of Alfred Pischinger, Chairman of the Institute for Embryology and Histology in Graz from 1936 to 1945, and in Vienna from 1958 to 1970, and is an addition to previous reports on careers in anatomy continuing through the Third Reich to the postwar period. Pischinger was an illegal NSDAP member in Austria, joined the SA in 1938, served as expert in racial hygiene, and as judge on the Genetic Health High Court of Graz. His research focus was histochemistry, but he became part of a scientific network at the University of Graz, which from 1939 on experimented on the bodies of pregnant women and their fetuses under the leadership of gynecologist Karl Ehrhardt. The researchers were among the many who took actively part in the complete exploitation and physical destruction of those considered to be "the enemy" by the NS regime. After the war, Pischinger received publicity for his work on the "scientific basis" of alternative and holistic approaches of medicine. His NS past and fetal experiments seem to have vanished from public knowledge. As systematic studies of the influence of the NS period on postwar medical education and the science of anatomy itself are still missing, this critical investigation of Alfred Pischinger's life within the relevant historic background aims to contribute to this body of knowledge.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Embriologia/história
Eugenia (Ciência)/história
Ginecologia/história
Histocitoquímica/história
Experimentação Humana/história
Nacional-Socialismo/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Áustria
História do Século XX
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; PORTRAITS
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171019
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171019
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170222
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 2584 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28101618
[Au] Autor:Claus D
[Ad] Endereço:, Alkmaarstr. 9, 64297, Darmstadt, Deutschland. d.claus@t-online.de.
[Ti] Título:[Neurological and psychiatric journals during the Third Reich : National socialistic and racist contents].
[Ti] Título:Nervenärztliche wissenschaftliche Fachzeitschriften im Dritten Reich : Nationalsozialistische und rassistische Inhalte..
[So] Source:Nervenarzt;88(2):183-187, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1433-0407
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Ab] Resumo:The aim of this study was to investigate scientific articles in three German journals for national socialist and racist contents. The three journals evaluated for the period of the Third Reich were the Der Nervenarzt, Deutsche Zeitschrift für Nervenheilkunde and the Archiv für Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten. The specialist disciplines of neurology and psychiatry were united in the year 1935 and Ernst Rüdin, a neurological geneticist, was appointed as president (Reichsleiter) of the society. The universal idea of a degenerative development, which was believed to exert a negative influence on public health, was widely accepted in this time period; therefore, in some articles measures were called for, such as termination of pregnancy, sterilization and castration of diseased people and also of criminals. National socialist ideals became part of articles on nervous diseases, works of art of the mentally ill and suicidal tendencies. The recruitment of volunteers and informed consent for participation in human experiments were not described in scientific publications.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Eugenia (Ciência)/história
Nacional-Socialismo/história
Neurologia/história
Psiquiatria/história
Editoração/história
Racismo/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alemanha
História do Século XX
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170916
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170916
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170120
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00115-016-0277-8


  7 / 2584 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:27998332
[Au] Autor:Rzesnitzek L; Lang S
[Ad] Endereço:Institute for the History of Medicine Charité,Institut für Geschichte der Medizin,Charité - Universitätsmedizin BerlinThielallee 71,14195 BerlinGermany.
[Ti] Título:'Electroshock Therapy' in the Third Reich.
[So] Source:Med Hist;61(1):66-88, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:2048-8343
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The history of 'electroshock therapy' (now known as electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)) in Europe in the Third Reich is still a neglected chapter in medical history. Since Thomas Szasz's 'From the Slaughterhouse to the Madhouse', prejudices have hindered a thorough historical analysis of the introduction and early application of electroshock therapy during the period of National Socialism and the Second World War. Contrary to the assumption of a 'dialectics of healing and killing', the introduction of electroshock therapy in the German Reich and occupied territories was neither especially swift nor radical. Electroshock therapy, much like the preceding 'shock therapies', insulin coma therapy and cardiazol convulsive therapy, contradicted the genetic dogma of schizophrenia, in which only one 'treatment' was permissible: primary prevention by sterilisation. However, industrial companies such as Siemens-Reiniger-Werke AG (SRW) embraced the new development in medical technology. Moreover, they knew how to use existing patents on the electrical anaesthesia used for slaughtering to maintain a leading position in the new electroshock therapy market. Only after the end of the official 'euthanasia' murder operation in August 1941, entitled T4, did the psychiatric elite begin to promote electroshock therapy as a modern 'unspecific' treatment in order to reframe psychiatry as an 'honorable' medical discipline. War-related shortages hindered even the then politically supported production of electroshock devices. Research into electroshock therapy remained minimal and was mainly concerned with internationally shared safety concerns regarding its clinical application. However, within the Third Reich, electroshock therapy was not only introduced in psychiatric hospitals, asylums, and in the Auschwitz concentration camp in order to get patients back to work, it was also modified for 'euthanasia' murder.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Eletroconvulsoterapia/história
Nacional-Socialismo/história
Psiquiatria/história
Esquizofrenia/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Campos de Concentração/história
Eugenia (Ciência)/história
Alemanha
História do Século XX
Homicídio/história
Seres Humanos
Esquizofrenia/terapia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161222
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/mdh.2016.101


  8 / 2584 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:27825378
[Au] Autor:Klitzman R
[Ad] Endereço:Columbia University, 1051 Riverside Drive #15, NY, 10032, New York, USA. rlk2@cumc.columbia.edu.
[Ti] Título:Buying and selling human eggs: infertility providers' ethical and other concerns regarding egg donor agencies.
[So] Source:BMC Med Ethics;17(1):71, 2016 Nov 08.
[Is] ISSN:1472-6939
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Egg donor agencies are increasingly being used as part of IVF in the US, but are essentially unregulated, posing critical ethical and policy questions concerning how providers view and use them, and what the implications might be. METHODS: Thirty-seven in-depth interviews of approximately 1 h were conducted - with 27 IVF providers and 10 patients. RESULTS: Clinicians vary in their views and interactions concerning egg donor agencies, ranging widely in whether and how often they use agencies. Agencies may offer egg recipients increased choices, but raise ethical and other concerns regarding respect for donors as individuals (e.g., adequacy of informed consent), potential harms, justice (e.g., concerns about possible eugenics - by encouraging and facilitating selection and marketing of facts for offspring), and donors constituting a vulnerable group. The quality of agencies appears to vary considerably, from acceptable to problematic. Agencies' medical and psychological screenings of donors can range, and be minimal. Not all agencies adequately track donors' prior numbers of donations, or share the relevant records with clinics. Clinics may find that potential donors have genetic mutations and medical problems about which they were unaware. Yet agencies and clinics do not provide care for such donors, generating stress. Dissemination of donors' personal data can potentially threaten confidentiality. Questions emerge of whether increased monitoring/oversight of agencies may be beneficial. CONCLUSIONS: These data, the first to examine providers' views and interactions regarding egg donor agencies, suggest wide variations in quality and use of agencies, and have critical implications for practice, policy, education and research. Given the potential limitations of the current model of self-regulation of agencies, the present data suggest needs to consider stronger professional guidelines or possible governmental regulations to establish, require and enforce higher standards for agencies to follow, regarding advertising to potential donors and recipients, arranging for appropriate informed consent concerning risks and benefits involved, and for quality control. Appropriate informed consent should be obtained from potential egg donors, including the fact that they may learn about mutations or medical problems about which they were unaware, but for which they will not receive treatment as part of this process. Enhancing understanding among the public-at-large about what egg donation entails may also be helpful.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde
Fertilização In Vitro
Doação de Oócitos/ética
Serviços de Saúde Reprodutiva/ética
Doadores de Tecidos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Confidencialidade
Eugenia (Ciência)
Regulamentação Governamental
Seres Humanos
Infertilidade/terapia
Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido/ética
Médicos
Justiça Social
Responsabilidade Social
Populações Vulneráveis
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171003
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171003
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:E; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161110
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 2584 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:27468863
[Au] Autor:Palacios-González C
[Ad] Endereço:Centre of Medical Law and Ethics, The Dickson Poon School of Law, King's College London, Strand, London, WC2R 2LS, UK. Cesar.pg@kcl.ac.uk.
[Ti] Título:Mitochondrial replacement techniques: egg donation, genealogy and eugenics.
[So] Source:Monash Bioeth Rev;34(1):37-51, 2016 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1321-2753
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Several objections against the morality of researching or employing mitochondrial replacement techniques have been advanced recently. In this paper, I examine three of these objections and show that they are found wanting. First I examine whether mitochondrial replacement techniques, research and clinical practice, should not be carried out because of possible harms to egg donors. Next I assess whether mitochondrial replacement techniques should be banned because they could affect the study of genealogical ancestry. Finally, I examine the claim that mitochondrial replacement techniques are not transferring mitochondrial DNA but nuclear DNA, and that this should be prohibited on ethical grounds.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Eugenia (Ciência)
Genealogia e Heráldica
Terapia de Substituição Mitocondrial
Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida
Doadores de Tecidos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160730
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s40592-016-0059-x


  10 / 2584 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:27388255
[Au] Autor:Pow S; Stahnisch FW
[Ad] Endereço:a Doctoral School of History , Central European University , Budapest , Hungary.
[Ti] Título:Eugenics ideals, racial hygiene, and the emigration process of German-American neurogeneticist Franz Josef Kallmann (1897-1965).
[So] Source:J Hist Neurosci;25(3):253-74, 2016 Jul-Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1744-5213
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Biological psychiatry in the early twentieth century was based on interrelated disciplines, such as neurology and experimental biology. Neuropsychiatrist Franz Josef Kallmann (1897-1965) was a product of this interdisciplinary background who showed an ability to adapt to different scientific contexts, first in the field of neuromorphology in Berlin, and later in New York. Nonetheless, having innovative ideas, as Kallmann did, could be an ambiguous advantage, since they could lead to incommensurable scientific views and marginalization in existing research programs. Kallmann followed his Dr. Med. degree (1919) with training periods at the Charité Medical School in Berlin under psychiatrist Karl Bonhoeffer (1868-1948). Subsequently, he collaborated with Ernst Ruedin (1874-1952), investigating sibling inheritance of schizophrenia and becoming a protagonist of genetic research on psychiatric conditions. In 1936, Kallmann was forced to immigrate to the USA where he published The Genetics of Schizophrenia (1938), based on data he had gathered from the district pathological institutes of Berlin's public health department. Kallmann resumed his role as an international player in biological psychiatry and genetics, becoming president (1952) of the American Society of Human Genetics and Director of the New York State Psychiatric Institute in 1955. While his work was well received by geneticists, the idea of genetic differences barely took hold in American psychiatry, largely because of émigré psychoanalysts who dominated American clinical psychiatry until the 1960s and established a philosophical direction in which genetics played no significant role, being regarded as dangerous in light of Nazi medical atrocities. After all, medical scientists in Nazi Germany had been among the social protagonists of racial hygiene which, under the aegis of Nazi philosophies, replaced medical genetics as the basis for the ideals and application of eugenics.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Emigrantes e Imigrantes/história
Eugenia (Ciência)/história
Genética/história
Nacional-Socialismo/história
Neurociências/história
Racismo/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alemanha
História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Kallmann FJ
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160709
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/0964704X.2016.1187486



página 1 de 259 ir para página                         
   


Refinar a pesquisa
  Base de dados : MEDLINE Formulário avançado   

    Pesquisar no campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde