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Pesquisa : K01.752.566.479.171 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:29016079
[Au] Autor:Chambers DW
[Ti] Título:Looking the Other Way.
[So] Source:J Calif Dent Assoc;45(6):275, 2017 06 22.
[Is] ISSN:1043-2256
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ética Profissional
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Punição
Responsabilidade Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171102
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171102
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171011
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 6715 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28841650
[Au] Autor:Lu Y; Jones DJ; Sharara N; Kaltenbach T; Laine L; McQuaid K; Soetikno R; Subramanian V; Barkun A
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Gastroenterology, McGill University Health Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Transparency ethics in practice: Revisiting financial conflicts of interest disclosure forms in clinical practice guidelines.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(8):e0182856, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Authors of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) disclose financial conflicts of interest (FCOIs) to promote transparency ethics. Typically, they do so on standard declaration forms containing generic open-ended questions on FCOIs. Yet, the literature is scant on the format and effect of alternative disclosure forms. Does supplementing a standard form with subsequent detailed disclosure forms tailored to the context of the CPG improve the yield or accuracy of FCOIs declarations? METHODS: For an international CPG in gastroenterology on the endoscopic surveillance for colorectal neoplasia in inflammatory bowel disease, we compared the use of a standard FCOIs disclosure form with a contextual FCOIs disclosure form that detailed commercial relations related to the CPG topic. This included manufacturers of endoscopes, endoscopy equipment and accessories. Participants completed the generic form early, and the supplementary contextual form six months later. We then compared the FCOI disclosures obtained. FINDINGS: 26 participants provided FCOIs disclosures using both disclosure forms. We found discrepancies regarding (1) the disclosure of FCOIs (presence/absence), and (2) the listing of financial entities. While the number of participants who disclosed a FCOI remained the same (30.8%) using the two forms, disclosures were not from the same individuals: two additional participants disclosed a FCOI, whereas two participants withdrew previous disclosures. Among those who reported a FCOI in either form, we noted inconsistencies in disclosures for 70% of the participants. This included changes in FCOIs disclosure status or modifications of "their commercial relations". DISCUSSION: Accurate reporting of FCOIs advances the transparency and ethical integrity of CPGs. Our experience suggests that a contextual FCOIs disclosure form tailored to content of the CPG with narrow, detailed questions provides supplementary, more complete FCOIs declarations than generic forms alone. The finding raises challenges on how forms are best written and formatted, optimally timed, and more effectively processed with sensitivity to professional behaviour, so as to heighten transparency.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conflito de Interesses
Ética Profissional
Administração Financeira
Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171023
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171023
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170826
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0182856


  3 / 6715 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28820227
[Au] Autor:Cwiak CL; Campbell R; Cassavechia MG; Haynes C; Lloyd LA; Brockway N; Navarini GO; Piatt BE; Senger M
[Ad] Endereço:Associate Professor, Department of Emergency Management, North Dakota State University, Fargo, North Dakota.
[Ti] Título:Emergency management leadership in 2030: Shaping the next generation meta-leader.
[So] Source:J Emerg Manag;15(2):81-97, 2017 Mar/Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1543-5865
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The complexities, interdependencies, and ambiguity that face next generation emergency management meta-leaders in an ever-evolving global community heighten the expectation and need for competencies that far exceed those common in practice today and necessitate the ability to move seamlessly through the dimensions of meta-leadership (ie, the person, the situation, and connectivity) while utilizing scientific-based evidence, information, resources, processes, and tools. The objective of this effort was to examine the recently developed next generation emergency management competencies through a meta-leadership lens by juxtaposing the competencies and the meta-leadership model. This resulted in a new framing of the skills and attributes within the meta-leadership model as they are relevant to each competency. Selected trends, drivers, and challenges were used to provide examples within each competency area of the utility of meta-leadership to next generation emergency management practice. This effort also offers training and education implications for next generation emergency management meta-leaders. The examination of the new framing created in this effort is intended to prompt dialog and research within the emergency management practice and academic communities that furthers the practice and study of emergency management.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Planejamento em Desastres
Liderança
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Competência Cultural
Ética Profissional
Seres Humanos
Resolução de Problemas
Competência Profissional
Tecnologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171102
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171102
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170819
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 6715 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28640683
[Au] Autor:Erwin PC; Brownson RC
[Ad] Endereço:Paul Campbell Erwin is with the Department of Public Health, University of Tennessee, Knoxville. Ross C. Brownson is with the Prevention Research Center in St. Louis and the Washington University School of Medicine, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO.
[Ti] Título:The Public Health Practitioner of the Future.
[So] Source:Am J Public Health;107(8):1227-1232, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1541-0048
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The requisite capacities and capabilities of the public health practitioner of the future are being driven by multiple forces of change, including public health agency accreditation, climate change, health in all policies, social media and informatics, demographic transitions, globalized travel, and the repercussions of the Affordable Care Act. We describe five critical capacities and capabilities that public health practitioners can build on to successfully prepare for and respond to these forces of change: systems thinking and systems methods, communication capacities, an entrepreneurial orientation, transformational ethics, and policy analysis and response. Equipping the public health practitioner with the requisite capabilities and capacities will require new content and methods for those in public health academia, as well as a recommitment to lifelong learning on the part of the practitioner, within an increasingly uncertain and polarized political environment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Educação Profissional em Saúde Pública
Prática de Saúde Pública
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Comunicação
Contrato de Risco
Ética Profissional
Política de Saúde
Competência Profissional
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170724
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170724
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170623
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2017.303823


  5 / 6715 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28420674
[Au] Autor:Dutta SS
[Ad] Endereço:New Delhi.
[Ti] Título:Indian surgeons call for end to unnecessary operations in private sector.
[So] Source:BMJ;357:j1910, 2017 04 18.
[Is] ISSN:1756-1833
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Setor Privado
Procedimentos Desnecessários/ética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ética Profissional
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde
Índia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:NEWS
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171113
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171113
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170420
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bmj.j1910


  6 / 6715 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28160293
[Au] Autor:Roberts AJ
[Ti] Título:Epistemic Authority and Genuine Ethical Controversies.
[So] Source:Bioethics;31(4):321-324, 2017 05.
[Is] ISSN:1467-8519
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In 'Professional Hubris and its Consequences', Eric Vogelstein claims that 'that there are no good arguments in favor of professional organizations taking genuinely controversial positions on issues of professional ethics'. In this response, I defend two arguments in favour of organisations taking such positions: that their stance-taking may lead to better public policy, and that it may lead to better practice by medical professionals. If either of those defences succeeds, then Vogelstein's easy path to his conclusion - that professional organisations should not take such stances - is blocked. He or others must instead look to establish that the reasons against stance-taking on genuine ethical controversies are more compelling than those for it: plausibly a more challenging task.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ética Profissional
Princípios Morais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Dissidências e Disputas
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171010
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171010
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:E; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170205
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/bioe.12341


  7 / 6715 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28050797
[Au] Autor:Purdy S; Little M; Mayes C; Lipworth W
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Debates about Conflict of Interest in Medicine: Deconstructing a Divided Discourse.
[So] Source:J Bioeth Inq;14(1):135-149, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1176-7529
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The pharmaceutical industry plays an increasingly dominant role in healthcare, raising concerns about "conflicts of interest" (COI) on the part of the medical professionals who interact with the industry. However, there is considerable disagreement over the extent to which COI is a problem and how it should be managed. Participants in debates about COI have become entrenched in their views, which is both unproductive and deeply confusing for the majority of medical professionals trying to work in an increasingly commercialized environment. We used a modified meta-narrative review method to analyse debates about COI in the academic and grey literature. We found two Discourse Models: The Critical Discourse Model sees COI in health and biomedicine as a major problem that both can and should be addressed, while the Defensive Discourse Model argues that current efforts to control COIs are at best unnecessary and at worst harmful. Each model is underpinned by profoundly differing views about how society should be organized-in particular whether market forces should be encouraged or curtailed-and how the dangers associated with market forces should be managed. In order to make any headway, academics and policymakers must recognize that these debates are underpinned by profoundly differing worldviews.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conflito de Interesses/legislação & jurisprudência
Revelação/ética
Indústria Farmacêutica/ética
Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto/ética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ética Profissional
Seres Humanos
Formulação de Políticas
Sociedades Médicas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; META-ANALYSIS; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171105
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171105
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170105
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s11673-016-9764-7


  8 / 6715 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28004248
[Ti] Título:Message from the Editor-in-Chief regarding ethical violations.
[So] Source:Clin J Gastroenterol;10(1):86, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1865-7265
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/ética
Plágio
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ética Profissional
Editoração/ética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161223
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s12328-016-0706-z


  9 / 6715 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27758077
[Au] Autor:Pols J
[Ad] Endereço:Department of General Practice, Section of Medical Ethics, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:Good relations with technology: Empirical ethics and aesthetics in care.
[So] Source:Nurs Philos;18(1), 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1466-769X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This article is a written version of the lecture for the IPONS conference in Stockholm. The article starts from the claim that there is no such thing as technology, only different variations of technologies. These technologies, plural, all have their specific workings that we can only learn about by studying these empirically, by analysing the relations between people and their technologies. These relations are always unpredictable, as it is not given beforehand what values the participants pursue. Studying and understanding the workings of healthcare technology is a crucial task for nursing studies, as nurses are often key actors in making these devices work. The article hands the reader some tools to engage in the study of technologies in practice, using an empirical ethics approach.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Estética/psicologia
Ética Profissional
Tecnologia/ética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Tecnologia/tendências
Telemedicina/ética
Telemedicina/métodos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170327
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170327
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161021
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/nup.12154


  10 / 6715 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27726065
[Au] Autor:Zhu Q; Jesiek BK
[Ad] Endereço:Ethics Across Campus Program, Division of Liberal Arts and International Studies, Colorado School of Mines, 322 Stratton Hall, 1005 14th Street, Golden, CO, 80401, USA. qzhu@mines.edu.
[Ti] Título:A Pragmatic Approach to Ethical Decision-Making in Engineering Practice: Characteristics, Evaluation Criteria, and Implications for Instruction and Assessment.
[So] Source:Sci Eng Ethics;23(3):663-679, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1471-5546
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper begins by reviewing dominant themes in current teaching of professional ethics in engineering education. In contrast to more traditional approaches that simulate ethical practice by using ethical theories to reason through micro-level ethical dilemmas, this paper proposes a pragmatic approach to ethics that places more emphasis on the practical plausibility of ethical decision-making. In addition to the quality of ethical justification, the value of a moral action also depends on its effectiveness in solving an ethical dilemma, cultivating healthy working relationships, negotiating existing organizational cultures, and achieving contextual plausibility in everyday professional practice. This paper uses a cross-cultural ethics scenario to further elaborate how a pragmatic approach can help us rethink ethical reasoning, as well as ethics instruction and assessment. This paper is expected to be of interest to educators eager to improve the ability of engineers and other professional students to effectively and appropriately deal with the kinds of everyday ethical issues they will likely face in their careers.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Tomada de Decisões
Engenharia/educação
Engenharia/ética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Engenharia/normas
Ética Profissional/educação
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171107
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171107
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:E; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161012
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s11948-016-9826-6



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