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[PMID]:27633316
[Au] Autor:Cranney S
[Ad] Endereço:a Institute for the Studies of Religion , Baylor University , Waco , Texas , USA.
[Ti] Título:The LGB Mormon Paradox: Mental, Physical, and Self-Rated Health Among Mormon and Non-Mormon LGB Individuals in the Utah Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System.
[So] Source:J Homosex;64(6):731-744, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1540-3602
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Much of the literature on mental and physical health among religious LGB individuals has relied on small-N convenience samples. This study takes advantage of a unique, large-N, population-based dataset to test the relationship between religious identity, religious activity, and health, with a specific emphasis on Utah Mormons. In a surprising finding, Mormon LGBs report better mental health than non-Mormon LGBs, while their self-rated and physical health is not significantly different. However, there is some evidence that Mormon LGBs derive fewer health benefits from church attendance than their non-LGB Mormon counterparts. These results may nuance the conventional wisdom regarding the health dynamics of LGB individuals who identify with a conservative, heteronormative religious tradition, and plausible explanations are discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Igreja de Jesus Cristo dos Santos dos Últimos Dias
Nível de Saúde
Homossexualidade Feminina
Homossexualidade Masculina
Saúde Mental
Religião e Sexo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Sistema de Vigilância de Fator de Risco Comportamental
Bissexualidade
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Utah
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170502
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170502
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160917
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/00918369.2016.1236570


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[PMID]:27268139
[Au] Autor:Vezzali L; Brambilla M; Giovannini D; Paolo Colucci F
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Education and Human Sciences , University of Modena and Reggio Emilia , Reggio Emilia , Italy.
[Ti] Título:Strengthening Purity: Moral Purity as a Mediator of Direct and Extended Cross-Group Friendships on Sexual Prejudice.
[So] Source:J Homosex;64(6):716-730, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1540-3602
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The present research investigated whether enhanced perceptions of moral purity drive the effects of intergroup cross-group friendships on the intentions to interact with homosexuals. High-school students (N = 639) reported their direct and extended cross-group friendships with homosexuals as well as their beliefs regarding the moral character of the sexual minority. Participants further reported their desire to interact with homosexuals in the future. Results showed that both face-to-face encounters and extended contact with homosexuals increased their perceived moral purity, which in turn fostered more positive behavioral intentions. Results further revealed the specific role of moral purity in this sense, as differential perceptions along other moral domains (autonomy and community) had no mediation effects on behavioral tendencies toward homosexuals. The importance of these findings for improving intergroup relations is discussed, together with the importance of integrating research on intergroup contact and morality.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Igreja de Jesus Cristo dos Santos dos Últimos Dias
Amigos
Homossexualidade
Relações Interpessoais
Princípios Morais
Preconceito
Religião e Sexo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Feminino
Nível de Saúde
Homossexualidade/psicologia
Seres Humanos
Intenção
Masculino
Estudantes
Utah
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170502
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170502
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160609
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/00918369.2016.1196998


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[PMID]:25854319
[Au] Autor:Sanders PW; Allen GE; Fischer L; Richards PS; Morgan DT; Potts RW
[Ad] Endereço:Brigham Young University, 340 MCKB, Provo, UT, 84602, USA, peter_sanders@byu.edu.
[Ti] Título:Intrinsic religiousness and spirituality as predictors of mental health and positive psychological functioning in Latter-Day Saint adolescents and young adults.
[So] Source:J Relig Health;54(3):871-87, 2015 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1573-6571
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We investigated the relationships between religiousness and spirituality and various indicators of mental health and positive psychosocial functioning in three separate samples of college students. A total of 898 students at Brigham Young University participated in the three studies. The students ranged in age from 17 to 26 years old, with the average age of 20.9 across all three samples. Our results indicate that intrinsic religiousness, spiritual maturity, and self-transcendence were significantly predictive of better mental health and positive functioning, including lower levels of depression, anxiety, and obsessive-compulsiveness, and higher levels of global self-esteem, identity integration, moral self-approval, and meaning in life. Intrinsic religiousness was not predictive of shame, perfectionism, and eating disorder symptoms. These findings are consistent with many prior studies that have found religiousness and spirituality to be positively associated with better mental health and positive psychosocial functioning in adolescents and young adults.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Igreja de Jesus Cristo dos Santos dos Últimos Dias/psicologia
Saúde Mental
Religião e Psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Autoimagem
Espiritualidade
Estudantes/psicologia
Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171027
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171027
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150410
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10943-015-0043-4


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[PMID]:25257561
[Au] Autor:Crowell KA; Galliher RV; Dehlin J; Bradshaw WS
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Psychology , Pacific Lutheran University , Tacoma , Washington , USA.
[Ti] Título:Specific aspects of minority stress associated with depression among LDS affiliated non-heterosexual adults.
[So] Source:J Homosex;62(2):242-67, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:1540-3602
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A nation-wide sample of 634 previous or current members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (LDS), non-heterosexual adults (ages 18-33), were surveyed to examine how specific aspects of minority stress are individually and collectively associated with depression, and how such associations differ across sex, sexual orientation, and level of affiliation with the LDS church. When five stressors were examined simultaneously, need for others' acceptance (NA) was the strongest predictor of depression, followed by internalized homophobia (IH). All minority stress factors were found to be individually predictive of depression and did not differ across sex or sexual orientation subgroups. Differences were observed, however, when considering current LDS status, such that participants who were no longer affiliated with the LDS church reported stronger relationships between some minority stressors and depression. Implications of religious identity salience as a potential mediator of relationships between specific stressors and depression are discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bissexualidade/psicologia
Igreja de Jesus Cristo dos Santos dos Últimos Dias/psicologia
Depressão/psicologia
Homossexualidade/psicologia
Grupos Minoritários/psicologia
Estresse Psicológico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1605
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150106
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150106
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140927
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/00918369.2014.969611


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[PMID]:24814980
[Au] Autor:Bradshaw K; Dehlin JP; Crowell KA; Galliher RV; Bradshaw WS
[Ad] Endereço:a English Department , Dartmouth College , Hanover , New Hampshire , USA.
[Ti] Título:Sexual orientation change efforts through psychotherapy for LGBQ individuals affiliated with the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
[So] Source:J Sex Marital Ther;41(4):391-412, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:1521-0715
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study reports the results of a comprehensive online survey of 1,612 current or former members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, many of whom engaged in psychotherapy to cope with (i.e., understand, accept, or change) their same-sex attractions. Data obtained from written and quantitative responses showed that therapy was initiated over a very wide age range and continued for many years. However, counseling was largely ineffective; less than 4% reported any modification of core same-sex erotic attraction. Moreover, 42% reported that their change-oriented therapy was not at all effective, and 37% found it to be moderately to severely harmful. In contrast, affirming psychotherapeutic strategies were often found to be beneficial in reducing depression, increasing self-esteem, and improving family and other relationships. Results suggest that the very low likelihood of a modification of sexual orientation and the ambiguous nature of any such change should be important considerations for highly religious sexual minority individuals considering reorientation therapy.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bissexualidade/psicologia
Igreja de Jesus Cristo dos Santos dos Últimos Dias
Homossexualidade Feminina/psicologia
Homossexualidade/psicologia
Psicoterapia
Religião e Psicologia
Religião e Sexo
Comportamento Sexual/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adaptação Psicológica
Adulto
Transtorno Depressivo/psicologia
Transtorno Depressivo/terapia
Relações Familiares
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Autoimagem
Ajustamento Social
Inquéritos e Questionários
Resultado do Tratamento
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1601
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150420
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150420
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140513
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/0092623X.2014.915907


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[PMID]:24635593
[Au] Autor:Dehlin JP; Galliher RV; Bradshaw WS; Hyde DC; Crowell KA
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, Utah State University.
[Ti] Título:Sexual orientation change efforts among current or former LDS church members.
[So] Source:J Couns Psychol;62(2):95-105, 2015 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:0022-0167
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study examined sexual orientation change efforts (SOCE) by 1,612 individuals who are current or former members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS). Data were obtained through a comprehensive online survey from both quantitative items and open-ended written responses. A minimum of 73% of men and 43% of women in this sample attempted sexual orientation change, usually through multiple methods and across many years (on average). Developmental factors associated with attempts at sexual orientation change included higher levels of early religious orthodoxy (for all) and less supportive families and communities (for men only). Among women, those who identified as lesbian and who reported higher Kinsey attraction scores were more likely to have sought change. Of the 9 different methods surveyed, private and religious change methods (compared with therapist-led or group-based efforts) were the most common, started earlier, exercised for longer periods, and reported to be the most damaging and least effective. When sexual orientation change was identified as a goal, reported effectiveness was lower for almost all of the methods. While some beneficial SOCE outcomes (such as acceptance of same-sex attractions and reduction in depression and anxiety) were reported, the overall results support the conclusion that sexual orientation is highly resistant to explicit attempts at change and that SOCE are overwhelmingly reported to be either ineffective or damaging by participants.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Igreja de Jesus Cristo dos Santos dos Últimos Dias/psicologia
Homossexualidade Feminina/psicologia
Homossexualidade Masculina/psicologia
Psicoterapia/métodos
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Ansiedade/diagnóstico
Ansiedade/psicologia
Ansiedade/terapia
Depressão/diagnóstico
Depressão/psicologia
Depressão/terapia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Comportamento Sexual/psicologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1608
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150414
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150414
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140319
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1037/cou0000011


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[PMID]:24944207
[Au] Autor:Yap KK
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Surgery, St. Vincent's Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Discipline of Medicine & Department of Surgery, University of Adelaide, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Stem cells and religion.
[So] Source:Stem Cells Transl Med;3(8):977, 2014 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:2157-6564
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Igreja de Jesus Cristo dos Santos dos Últimos Dias/psicologia
Papel do Médico
Religião e Medicina
Pesquisa com Células-Tronco/ética
Transplante de Células-Tronco/ética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde
Características Culturais
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER
[Em] Mês de entrada:1409
[Cu] Atualização por classe:140801
[Lr] Data última revisão:
140801
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140620
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5966/sctm.2014-0092


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[PMID]:23337975
[Au] Autor:Lyon SJ
[Ad] Endereço:Derner Institute of Advanced Psychological Studies, Adelphi University, 92 Horatio St. Apt 3i, New York, NY 10014, USA. stephanie.j.lyon@gmail.com
[Ti] Título:Psychotherapy and the Mormon faith.
[So] Source:J Relig Health;52(2):622-30, 2013 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1573-6571
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, also known as the Mormon Church, is a Christian faith with a large presence across the globe. Although Mormon doctrine suggests that faith in Jesus allows people to overcome weakness and heal from pain, Mormon people are not immune from experiencing periods of mental and emotional suffering. The deeply held religious beliefs of Mormons can influence the nature of the psychological difficulties a Mormon individual is prone to experiencing, how and when they choose to seek treatment, as well as the types of treatment that may be most beneficial.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Igreja de Jesus Cristo dos Santos dos Últimos Dias/psicologia
Transtornos Mentais/terapia
Psicoterapia
Religião e Psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Transtornos Mentais/psicologia
Recusa do Paciente ao Tratamento/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1401
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171027
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171027
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:130123
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10943-013-9677-2


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[PMID]:23069479
[Au] Autor:Stanford JB; Smith KR
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of Utah, UT, USA.
[Ti] Título:Marital fertility and income: moderating effects of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints religion in Utah.
[So] Source:J Biosoc Sci;45(2):239-48, 2013 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1469-7599
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Utah has the highest total fertility of any state in the United States and also the highest proportion of population affiliated with the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (the LDS or Mormon Church). Data were used from the 1996 Utah Health Status Survey to investigate how annual household income, education and affiliation with the LDS Church affect fertility (children ever born) for married women in Utah. Younger age and higher education were negatively correlated with fertility in the sample as a whole and among non-LDS respondents. Income was negatively associated with fertility among non-LDS respondents. However, income was positively correlated with fertility among LDS respondents. This association persisted when instrumental variables were used to address the potential simultaneous equations bias arising from the potential endogeneity of income and fertility. The LDS religion's pronatalist stance probably encourages childbearing among those with higher income.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Coeficiente de Natalidade
Igreja de Jesus Cristo dos Santos dos Últimos Dias
Renda/estatística & dados numéricos
Religião e Medicina
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Fatores Etários
Escolaridade
Feminino
Inquéritos Epidemiológicos
Seres Humanos
Meia-Idade
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Estatística como Assunto
Utah
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1401
[Cu] Atualização por classe:130206
[Lr] Data última revisão:
130206
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:121017
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/S002193201200065X


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[PMID]:22438183
[Au] Autor:Miller AC; Karkazis K
[Ad] Endereço:Stanford University School of Medicine, 670 Sharon Park Drive #31, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA. a.katie.miller@gmail.com
[Ti] Título:Health beliefs and practices in an isolated polygamist community of southern Utah.
[So] Source:J Relig Health;52(2):597-609, 2013 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1573-6571
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Short Creek is a largely closed and isolated community on the border between Utah and Arizona, made up of the sister towns of Hildale, Utah, and Colorado City, Arizona. Beginning from childhood, the 6,000 or so members of the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (FLDS) are brought up in a lifestyle of plural marriage, meaning a marriage among one man and more than one woman, and are surrounded by their peers in "the covenant." A lifestyle of plural marriage is likely to affect the health of community members, but its effects have not been studied because of the community's isolation and distrust of outsiders. This paper addresses several questions that arise in contemplating the health of the Short Creek community: What are the health beliefs in this community, and what are their historical bases? Where do families seek medical care, and for what or at what threshold of illness or injury? What is the attitude of care providers serving this community, and how are the providers viewed by the community? More broadly, this paper examines the ways in which polygamy configures health. In order to meet this objective, this paper aims first to provide a brief account of this community's history and demographic profile, followed by a discussion of health care in this community and how it is affected by the practice of plural marriage, with the data comprised of qualitative interviews with health care providers to the community. The goals of this project are to gain a rich, historically nuanced understanding of the health of community members, and to identify directions for further academic and policy research. Our findings indicate that health in this community is shaped by limited resources, an attitude of health fatalism, and a profound insularity and corresponding isolation from the outside world.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Igreja de Jesus Cristo dos Santos dos Últimos Dias/psicologia
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Casamento/psicologia
Religião e Medicina
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Criança
Feminino
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Entrevistas como Assunto/métodos
Estilo de Vida
Masculino
Casamento/estatística & dados numéricos
Saúde da População Rural
População Rural
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Utah
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1401
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171027
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171027
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:120323
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10943-012-9593-x



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