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Pesquisa : K01.844.188.502 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:28707856
[Au] Autor:Nicolaidis E; Delli E; Livanos N; Tampakis K; Vlahakis G
[Ti] Título:Science and Orthodox Christianity: An Overview.
[So] Source:Isis;107(3):542-66, 2016 09.
[Is] ISSN:0021-1753
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This essay offers an overview of the history of the relations between science and Eastern Christianity based on Greek-language sources. The civilizations concerned are the Byzantine Empire, the Christian Orthodox communities of the Ottoman Empire, and modern Greece, as a case study of a national state. Beginning with the Greek Church Fathers, the essay investigates the ideas of theologians and scholars on nature. Neoplatonism, the theological debates of Iconoclasm and Hesychasm, the proposed union of the Eastern and Western Churches, and the complex relations with the Hellenic past all had notable impacts on the conception of science held by the Byzantine Orthodox. From the sixteenth through the eighteenth centuries, the Christian Orthodox world did not actively participate in the making of the new science that was developing in modern Europe. It had to deal with the assimilation of scientific ideas produced by Western Christianity, and its main concern was the "legitimacy" of knowledge that did not originate directly from its own spiritual tradition. Finally, with regard to the Greek state, beyond the specific points of contact between the sciences and Orthodox Christianity­pertaining, for example, to materialism, evolution, and the calendar­the essay presents the constant background engagement with religion visible in most public pronouncements of scientists and intellectuals.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cristianismo
Ortodoxia Oriental
Religião e Medicina
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Ciência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170715
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 106 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26076786
[Au] Autor:Ilievski N
[Ad] Endereço:Faculty of Pedagogy, University "St. Clement of Ohrid", Bitola, R. Macedonia.
[Ti] Título:Basics of the ascetical (christian) psychotherapy.
[So] Source:Pril (Makedon Akad Nauk Umet Odd Med Nauki);36(1):165-73, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:1857-9345
[Cp] País de publicação:Macedonia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:It is obvious that contemporary man is suffering. His sufferings often seem pointless and causeless. Modern science more and more comes to reveal and acknowledge that human sufferings have a psychosomatic basis. In some of the cases, these sufferings are noogenic neuroses. They do not originate from the psychological dimension but from the noological or spiritual one of human existence. The pointlessness of life is the basic cause for the noogenic neurosis and depression from which the humankind suffers. e. Hence, the many escapes from such experienced reality into various addictions. Possible way towards healing is to retrieve one's meaning of life, to strengthen his will to meaning. Religion has always been - and still remains - a powerful and appealing purpose that fulfills the life and being of the believers. This article demonstrates the systematization of the spiritual development of a person presented in a table of the harmony of the ascetic-hesychastic struggle, according which everyone can find his place on the ladder of spiritual development, become aware, and reconciliate the mode of personal struggle according to his spiritual development. The reconciliation of the primary function of the mind with its secondary function - the intellect, is of an essential importance. Contemporary religious psychology do not regard man merely as a biological or a psychological being. The subject matter of research is the human being as a whole, as a spiritual person that is characterized by autonomy, regarding the biological and psychological processes. The importance of understanding the spiritual level of human existence enables holistic approach and experiencing of the human personality as a whole. Furthermore, it offers new perspectives of psychotherapeutic action not only within the range of the classical psychotherapeutic modalities but also within the range of the applied Christian Psychotherapy.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cristianismo
Depressão/terapia
Ortodoxia Oriental
Transtornos Neuróticos/terapia
Psicoterapia
Religião e Psicologia
Terapias Espirituais
Estresse Psicológico/terapia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Transtornos Mentais/terapia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1607
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150616
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150616
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150617
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 106 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26040476
[Au] Autor:Herteliu C; Ileanu BV; Ausloos M; Rotundo G
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Statistics and Econometrics, Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania hertz@csie.ase.ro claudiu.herteliu@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Effect of religious rules on time of conception in Romania from 1905 to 2001.
[So] Source:Hum Reprod;30(9):2202-14, 2015 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1460-2350
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:STUDY QUESTION: Does the interdiction of sexual intercourse during Nativity and Lent fasting periods have any effect on when babies are conceived in Romania, in the 20th century? SUMMARY ANSWER: Based on date of birth records from the 20th century, Lent had a greater effect than the Nativity fast on conception within the Eastern Orthodox (ORTHD) population. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Seasonality of births (and therefore of conception) is affected by geographical factors (latitude, weather, day-length). Other demographic, economic and socio-cultural characteristics (education, ethnicity, religion) have been proved to have an influence on conception. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: The analyzed data consists of registered daily birth records for a long time series (35 429 points = 365 (days/year) × 97 years + 24 leap years), with 24 947 061 births in Romania over the period 1905-2001. The data were obtained from the 1992 and 2002 censuses. PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS: Based on the reported birth date of each person, the estimated date of conception is computed using a standard gestation period of 280 days. The population was grouped into two categories (ORTHD and Non-Orthodox (NORTHD)) based on religious affiliation. Data analysis is performed in the same manner for both groups. Preliminary data analyses regarding seasonal variations in conception are considered first. Econometric models are applied and tested. The dependent variable in these models is the calculated date of conception, while the independent variables are: (i) religious affiliation; (ii) dates of Nativity and Lent fasts (the latter varies slightly from year to year); (iii) rural versus urban residence; (iv) length of day-light; (v) non-working days and (vi) trend. The models are tested for validity using analysis of variance while the regression coefficients are tested by the Student t-test. MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: All models are statistically valid (P < 0.01); all regression coefficients for the ORTHD group are valid (P < 0.01, except for rurality between 1990 and 2001, with P < 0.05). The data analysis indicates smaller standard error bars on the parameters for the ORTHD group as compared with the NORTHD group. The conclusion is that religious affiliation is an important factor in date of conception. LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION: The data do not refer to all births during the analyzed period, but only to those persons still alive at the 1992 and 2002 censuses. The date of conception was estimated assuming 280 days for gestation, which is a medically accepted time interval but will undoubtedly vary. However, the primary independent variables (Lent and Nativity fast at 48 and 40 days, respectively) are long enough to overlap the uncertainty in the conception date following the sexual intercourse event. We also must assume that the religious affiliation of the parents is well defined, based on the information given by their offspring at census time, and is the same for both parents. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: Our findings are consistent with other studies, which show differences between religious groups on date of conception, although we reach different conclusions regarding the influence of weather on fertility in Romania. STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTERESTS: B.V.I., M.A. and G.R. have no competing interests to declare. There is no connection to the current paper, but C.H. declares that (i) he is currently conducting a research titled 'Chronic Diseases' Direct Costs within the Romanian Health System' funded by Local American Working Group; (ii) his wife is employed to a Romanian company (A&D Pharma) that does business in the pharmaceutical sector. This paper is a part of G.R. and M.A. scientific activities in COST Action TD1210. This work by C.H. was co-financed by the European Social Fund through project number POSDRU/1.5/S/59184.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ortodoxia Oriental
Fertilização
Periodicidade
Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Romênia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1606
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150821
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150821
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150605
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/humrep/dev129


  4 / 106 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25033817
[Au] Autor:Zabrocki C; Polutnik C; Jonbekov J; Shoakova F; Bahromov M; Weine S
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Psychiatry , The University of Illinois , Chicago , USA.
[Ti] Título:Condom use and intimacy among Tajik male migrants and their regular female partners in Moscow.
[So] Source:Cult Health Sex;17(1):17-33, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:1464-5351
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study examined condom use and intimacy among Tajik male migrants and their regular female partners in Moscow, Russia. This study included a survey of 400 Tajik male labour migrants and longitudinal ethnographic interviews with 30 of the surveyed male migrants and 30 of their regular female partners. of the surveyed male migrants, 351 (88%) reported having a regular female partner in Moscow. Findings demonstrated that the migrants' and regular partners' intentions to use condoms diminished with increased intimacy, yet each party perceived intimacy differently. Migrants' intimacy with regular partners was determined by their familiarity and the perceived sexual cleanliness of their partner. Migrants believed that Muslim women were cleaner than Orthodox Christian women and reported using condoms more frequently with Orthodox Christian regular partners. Regular partners reported determining intimacy based on the perceived commitment of the male migrant. When perceived commitment faced a crisis, intimacy declined and regular partners renegotiated condom use. The association between intimacy and condom use suggests that HIV-prevention programmes should aim to help male migrants and female regular partners to dissociate their approaches to condom use from their perceptions of intimacy.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Preservativos/utilização
Intenção
Relações Interpessoais
Parceiros Sexuais
Migrantes/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Ortodoxia Oriental
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Islamismo
Masculino
Moscou
Tadjiquistão/etnologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1602
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161019
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161019
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140719
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/13691058.2014.937748


  5 / 106 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:24848162
[Au] Autor:Emre NY
[Ad] Endereço:Archaeologist.
[Ti] Título:Church of divine wisdom: Hagia Sophia.
[So] Source:Turk Neurosurg;24(3):297-301, 2014.
[Is] ISSN:1019-5149
[Cp] País de publicação:Turkey
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Arquitetura
Ortodoxia Oriental
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Turquia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1502
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140523
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 106 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:23716083
[Au] Autor:Mora LE; Stavrinides P; McDermut W
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, Pilgrim Psychiatric Center, 998 Crooked Hill Road, West Brentwood, NY, 11717, USA, lmora718@yahoo.com.
[Ti] Título:Religious fundamentalism and religious orientation among the Greek Orthodox.
[So] Source:J Relig Health;53(5):1498-513, 2014 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1573-6571
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The experimenters explored how religious fundamentalism related with religious orientation, irrational thinking, and immature defense mechanisms. They also explored the possible moderational role of the Big 5 personality factors. The participants were predominantly Greek Orthodox College students from a Cypriot University. The experimenters employed a cross-sectional design and required participants to complete a series of self-report measures. Religious fundamentalism significantly predicted irrational thinking. Intrinsic and personal extrinsic religious orientations significantly predicted religious fundamentalism. The results provide support for the idea that the more dogmatically one holds their religious beliefs, the more likely they are to think irrationally.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ortodoxia Oriental/psicologia
Religião e Psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Grécia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Estudantes/psicologia
Universidades
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1510
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171027
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171027
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:130530
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10943-013-9734-x


  7 / 106 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:24588010
[Au] Autor:Baraev TM; Gliantsev SP
[Ti] Título:[The contribution of V. F. Voino-Iasenetskii (Archbishop Luka) to the military surgery].
[So] Source:Khirurgiia (Mosk);(12):97-100, 2013.
[Is] ISSN:0023-1207
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ortodoxia Oriental/história
Cirurgia Geral/história
Medicina Militar/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Federação Russa
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Voino-Iasinevskii VF
[Em] Mês de entrada:1404
[Cu] Atualização por classe:140228
[Lr] Data última revisão:
140228
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140304
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:24079377
[Au] Autor:Knol M; Urbanus A; Swart E; Mollema L; Ruijs W; van Binnendijk R; Te Wierik M; de Melker H; Timen A; Hahne S
[Ad] Endereço:Centre for Infectious Disease Control Netherlands, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, the Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:Large ongoing measles outbreak in a religious community in the Netherlands since May 2013.
[So] Source:Euro Surveill;18(36):pii=20580, 2013 Sep 05.
[Is] ISSN:1560-7917
[Cp] País de publicação:Sweden
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Despite vaccination coverage over 95%, a measles outbreak started in May 2013 in the Netherlands. As of 28 August, there were 1,226 reported cases, including 82 hospitalisations. It is anticipated that the outbreak will continue. Most cases were orthodox Protestants (n=1,087/1,186; 91.7%) and unvaccinated (n=1,174/1,217; 96.5%). A unique outbreak control intervention was implemented: a personal invitation for measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccination was sent for all children aged 6­14 months living in municipalities with MMR vaccination coverage below 90%.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Surtos de Doenças
Vacinação em Massa/estatística & dados numéricos
Sarampo/epidemiologia
Protestantismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Distribuição por Idade
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Ortodoxia Oriental
Feminino
Genótipo
Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Masculino
Vacinação em Massa/utilização
Sarampo/prevenção & controle
Meia-Idade
Países Baixos/epidemiologia
Distribuição Espacial da População
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1312
[Cu] Atualização por classe:131001
[Lr] Data última revisão:
131001
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:131002
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:24028250
[Au] Autor:Erofeeva LV
[Ad] Endereço:The author is with the Russian Association for Population and Development, Moscow, Russian Federation.
[Ti] Título:Traditional Christian values and women's reproductive rights in modern Russia--is a consensus ever possible?
[So] Source:Am J Public Health;103(11):1931-4, 2013 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1541-0048
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Recently in Russia, abortion rights have been attacked. For decades, Russian women could have an elective abortion up to week 12 of pregnancy; between 12 and 22 weeks, medical or social grounds were required for an abortion. In mid 2011, a group of Parliamentarians teamed up with Russian Orthodox Church activists and announced their desire to ban abortions, and the new version of the health law with restricting amendments was introduced: a mandatory waiting period, physicians' conscientious objection, and limiting the social indications for late-term abortion. Evidence indicates that restricting legislative changes based on "traditional" values could significantly limit women's reproductive choices (e.g., access to abortion), a setback to women's rights to exert control over their bodies and their lives.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ortodoxia Oriental
Direitos Sexuais e Reprodutivos/legislação & jurisprudência
Direitos da Mulher/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aborto Induzido/legislação & jurisprudência
Coeficiente de Natalidade/tendências
Feminino
Fertilidade
Seres Humanos
Gravidez
Federação Russa
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1311
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160302
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160302
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:130914
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2013.301329


  10 / 106 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:23830784
[Au] Autor:Delviniotis DS
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Informatics and Telecommunications, University of Athens, Ilisia, Athens, Greece. ddelvis@di.uoa.gr
[Ti] Título:Acoustic characteristics of modern Greek Orthodox Church music.
[So] Source:J Voice;27(5):656.e1-12, 2013 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1873-4588
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: Some acoustic characteristics of the two types of vocal music of the Greek Orthodox Church Music, the Byzantine chant (BC) and ecclesiastical speech (ES), are studied in relation to the common Greek speech and the Western opera. STUDY DESIGN: Vocal samples were obtained, and their acoustic parameters of sound pressure level (SPL), fundamental frequency (F0), and the long-time average spectrum (LTAS) characteristics were analyzed. METHOD: Twenty chanters, including two chanters-singers of opera, sang (BC) and read (ES) the same hymn of Byzantine music (BM), the two opera singers sang the same aria of opera, and common speech samples were obtained, and all audio were analyzed. RESULTS: The distribution of SPL values showed that the BC and ES have higher SPL by 9 and 12 dB, respectively, than common speech. The average F0 in ES tends to be lower than the common speech, and the smallest standard deviation (SD) of F0 values characterizes its monotonicity. The tone-scale intervals of BC are close enough to the currently accepted theory with SD equal to 0.24 semitones. The rate and extent of vibrato, which is rare in BC, equals 4.1 Hz and 0.6 semitones, respectively. The average LTAS slope is greatest in BC (+4.5 dB) but smaller than in opera (+5.7 dB). In both BC and ES, instead of a singer's formant appearing in an opera voice, a speaker's formant (SPF) was observed around 3300 Hz, with relative levels of +6.3 and +4.6 dB, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The two vocal types of BM, BC, and ES differ both to each other and common Greek speech and opera style regarding SPL, the mean and SD of F0, the LTAS slope, and the relative level of SPF.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ortodoxia Oriental
Música
Canto
Acústica da Fala
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Grécia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1405
[Cu] Atualização por classe:130906
[Lr] Data última revisão:
130906
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:130709
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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