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[PMID]:28877203
[Au] Autor:Bakhshi P; Babulal GM; Trani JF
[Ad] Endereço:Program in Occupational Therapy, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Education of children with disabilities in New Delhi: When does exclusion occur?
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(9):e0183885, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: In the new Sustainable Development Goal 4, quality of education defined as equity and inclusion alongside traditional learning outcomes, has replaced the narrow goal of access to primary education stipulated in the Millennium Development Goal 2. Since 2000, considerable progress has been made towards improving access to school for children in India, yet questions remain regarding not just children with disabilities' access and acquisition of basic learning skills, but also completion of learning cycles. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Between November, 2, 2011 and June 20th 2012, we interviewed 1294 households about activity limitations and functioning difficulties associated with a health problem among all family members using a validated screening instruments, as well as questions about access, retention and barriers to education. We found that vulnerable children, particularly children with disabilities are less likely to start school and more likely to drop out of school earlier and before completing their high school education than non-disabled children, showing that the learning process is not inclusive in practice. The gap is wider for girls, economically deprived children, or children from households where the head is uneducated. CONCLUSIONS: Firstly, in order to fill the existing knowledge gap on education of children with disabilities in line with SDG4, not only is there a necessity for relevant data with regards to learning outcomes, but also an urgent requirement for more innovative information pertaining to relational aspects of learning that reflect inclusion. Secondly, a stronger understanding of the implications of early assessment would further promote equity in education. Finally, research should tackle learning as a complex and dynamic phenomenon. Education needs to fulfil its instrumental value, but must also re-claim its intrinsic value that often gets watered down in the journey from policies to implementation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Crianças com Deficiência/educação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Educação Especial/métodos
Educação Especial/organização & administração
Feminino
Programas Gente Saudável
Hinduísmo
Seres Humanos
Índia
Islamismo
Masculino
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171003
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171003
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170907
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0183885


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[PMID]:28817328
[Au] Autor:Shah MP; Shendell DG; Strickland PO; Bogden JD; Kemp FW; Halperin W
[Ad] Endereço:Manthan P. Shah and Derek G. Shendell are with the Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Rutgers School of Public Health, Piscataway, NJ. Pamela Ohman Strickland is with the Department of Biostatistics, Rutgers School of Public Health. John D. Bogden and Francis W. Kemp are with the D
[Ti] Título:Lead Content of Sindoor, a Hindu Religious Powder and Cosmetic: New Jersey and India, 2014-2015.
[So] Source:Am J Public Health;107(10):1630-1632, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1541-0048
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To assess the extent of lead content of sindoor, a powder used by Hindus for religious and cultural purposes, which has been linked to childhood lead poisoning when inadvertently ingested. METHODS: We purchased 95 samples of sindoor from 66 South Asian stores in New Jersey and 23 samples from India and analyzed samples with atomic absorption spectrophotometry methods for lead. RESULTS: Analysis determined that 79 (83.2%) sindoor samples purchased in the United States and 18 (78.3%) samples purchased in India contained 1.0 or more micrograms of lead per gram of powder. For US samples, geometric mean concentration was 5.4 micrograms per gram compared with 28.1 micrograms per gram for India samples. The maximum lead content detected in both US and India samples was more than 300 000 micrograms per gram. Of the examined US sindoor samples, 19% contained more than 20 micrograms per gram of lead (US Food and Drug Administration [FDA] limit); 43% of the India samples exceeded this limit. CONCLUSIONS: Results suggested continued need for lead monitoring in sindoor in the United States and in sindoor carried into the United States by travelers from India, despite FDA warnings.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cosméticos/química
Hinduísmo
Chumbo/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Índia
New Jersey
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Cosmetics); 2P299V784P (Lead)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171002
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171002
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170818
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2017.303931


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[PMID]:28667718
[Au] Autor:Masavkar SS; Mauskar A; Patwardhan G; Bhat V; Manglani MV
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Pediatrics, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College and General Hospital, Sion, Mumbai, India. Correspondence to: Dr Sanjeevani Satish Masavkar, Associate Professor, 242/9458, Kannamwar Nagar 2, Vikhroli E, Mumbai 400 083, India. nagotkar.leena@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Acquired Methemoglobinemia - A Sporadic Holi Disaster.
[So] Source:Indian Pediatr;54(6):473-475, 2017 Jun 15.
[Is] ISSN:0974-7559
[Cp] País de publicação:India
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To study clinical profile and outcome in patients with methemoglobinemia following exposure to toxic colors during Holi festival. METHODS: This retrospective study included 112 children (5 to 12 years) admitted with methemoglobinemia after playing Holi. Clinical and treatment details were reviewed. RESULTS: The common symptoms were giddiness, vomiting and headache. Treatment included thorough skin wash, intravenous fluid and methylene blue in 111 children. Age 7-9 and > 11 years, vomiting, giddiness, cyanosis, PaO2 < 80 mm Hg and oxygen saturation < 95% were associated with higher need for methylene blue. All children had a good outcome. CONCLUSION: Timely diagnosis and management of acquired methemoglobinemia can save lives.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Corantes/toxicidade
Férias e Feriados
Metemoglobinemia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Pré-Escolar
Cianose
Inibidores Enzimáticos/administração & dosagem
Inibidores Enzimáticos/uso terapêutico
Feminino
Hinduísmo
Seres Humanos
Índia
Masculino
Metemoglobinemia/induzido quimicamente
Metemoglobinemia/diagnóstico
Metemoglobinemia/tratamento farmacológico
Metemoglobinemia/fisiopatologia
Azul de Metileno/administração & dosagem
Azul de Metileno/uso terapêutico
Estudos Retrospectivos
Vômito
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Coloring Agents); 0 (Enzyme Inhibitors); T42P99266K (Methylene Blue)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171017
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171017
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170702
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27292230
[Au] Autor:Pasupuleti SS; Pathak P; Jatrana S
[Ad] Endereço:*Population Studies Unit,Indian Statistical Institute,Kolkata,India.
[Ti] Título:HINDU-MUSLIM FERTILITY DIFFERENTIAL IN INDIA: A COHORT APPROACH.
[So] Source:J Biosoc Sci;49(2):147-172, 2017 03.
[Is] ISSN:1469-7599
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Hindus and Muslims together account for 94% of the population of India. The fertility differential between these two religious groups is a sensitive and hotly debated issue in political and academic circles. However, the debate is mostly based on a period approach to fertility change, and there have been some problems with the reliability of period fertility data. This study investigated cohort fertility patterns among Hindus and Muslims and the causes of the relatively higher level of fertility among Muslims. Data from the three National Family Health Surveys conducted in India since the early 1990s were analysed using a six-parameter special form of the Gompertz model and multiple linear regression models. The results show a gap of more than 1.3 children per woman between those Muslim and Hindu women who ended/will end their reproductive period in the calendar years 1993 to 2025. The socioeconomic and demographic characteristics of Muslims explain 31.2% of the gap in fertility between Muslims and Hindus, while the desire for more children among Muslims explains an additional 18.2% of the gap in fertility.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Demografia
Fertilidade
Hinduísmo
Islamismo
Fatores Socioeconômicos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Estudos de Coortes
Demografia/tendências
Características da Família
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Índia
Meia-Idade
Análise de Regressão
Religião
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Classe Social
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171122
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171122
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160614
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/S0021932016000262


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[PMID]:26837898
[Au] Autor:Agoramoorthy G; Hsu MJ
[Ad] Endereço:College of Pharmacy and Health Care, Tajen University, Yanpu, Pingtung, 907, Taiwan.
[Ti] Título:The Suicide Paradigm: Insights from Ancient Hindu Scriptures.
[So] Source:J Relig Health;56(3):807-816, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1573-6571
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The world religions in general promote peace and happiness. They strongly discourage all sorts of violence in society including suicide. Religious commitments toward life-saving value are known to prevent suicide attempts since all world religions promote unity, reducing interpersonal hostilities. Therefore, understanding the basics on what religious scriptures narrate on life and death including suicide is essential. This paper highlights the seldom discussed topic on the concept and consequences of suicide portrayed in the ancient Hindu religious scriptures.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cultura
Hinduísmo/psicologia
Suicídio/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171027
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171027
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160204
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10943-015-0178-3


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[PMID]:28202925
[Au] Autor:Balsari S; Greenough PG; Kazi D; Heerboth A; Dwivedi S; Leaning J
[Ad] Endereço:Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, USA.
[Ti] Título:Public health aspects of the world's largest mass gathering: The 2013 Kumbh Mela in Allahabad, India.
[So] Source:J Public Health Policy;37(4):411-427, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1745-655X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:India's Kumbh Mela remains the world's largest and longest mass gathering. The 2013 event, where participants undertook a ritual bath, hosted over 70 million Hindu pilgrims during 55 days on a 1936 hectare flood plain at the confluence of the Yamuna and Ganga Rivers. On the holiest bathing days, the population surged. Unlike other religious, cultural, and sports mass gatherings, the Kumbh Mela's administration cannot estimate or limit the participant number. The event created serious and uncommon public health challenges: initiating crowd safety measures where population density and mobility directly contact flowing bodies of water; providing water, sanitation, and hygiene to a population that frequently defecates in the open; and establishing disease surveillance and resource use measures within a temporary health delivery system. We review the world's largest gathering by observing first-hand the public health challenges, plus the preparations for and responses to them. We recommend ways to improve preparedness.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aglomeração
Hinduísmo
Prática de Saúde Pública
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Índia
Vigilância da População
Segurança
Saneamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170920
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170920
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170217
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1057/s41271-016-0034-z


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[PMID]:27763674
[Au] Autor:Bright G
[Ad] Endereço:London.
[Ti] Título:Comment on A Strange Fire.
[So] Source:J Anal Psychol;61(5):647-653, 2016 11.
[Is] ISSN:1468-5922
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Teoria Junguiana
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Hinduísmo
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170927
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170927
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161021
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/1468-5922.12261


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[PMID]:27763661
[Au] Autor:Sagar D; West M
[Ad] Endereço:Brighton, UK. lightbody2001@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:A Strange Fire: an exploration of psycho-spiritual development aided by Jungian analysis and Vedanta.
[So] Source:J Anal Psychol;61(5):625-646, 2016 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1468-5922
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper explores the process of psychological and spiritual development through a series of active imaginations arising from the author's 'psycho-spiritual quest', a process of transformation in which the individual progressively frees themselves from the ego's identifications and may be afforded a vision of the 'self as consciousness', as described by Vedanta. The author describes how this quest was facilitated by the disciplines of Transcendental Meditation, Jungian analysis and Vedanta, and how these three disciplines can work together to foster psycho-spiritual development. The paper aims to de-mystify the actual experiences that can accompany these practices. The records of these active imaginations, tracing some key stages in this process, are then presented, with a commentary by Marcus West, linking them to Jung's concepts of ego and Self and recent understandings of consciousness and ego development. There is a discussion of Jung's conceptualizations of the ego and the Self and his rejection of the Vedantic understanding of the Self as consciousness. These views are then explored and a reconciliation is suggested through the understanding of the process of disidentification where the difference between Jung's view of the Self and that of Vedanta is understood to be due to the extent of disidentification from the contents of consciousness.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hinduísmo
Teoria Junguiana
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; PERSONAL NARRATIVES
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170925
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170925
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161021
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/1468-5922.12260


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[PMID]:27681868
[Au] Autor:Pinter B; Hakim M; Seidman DS; Kubba A; Kishen M; Di Carlo C
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Human Reproduction, Division of Obstetrics and Gynaecology , Ljubljana University Medical Centre , Ljubljana , Slovenia.
[Ti] Título:Religion and family planning.
[So] Source:Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care;21(6):486-495, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1473-0782
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Religion is embedded in the culture of all societies. It influences matters of morality, ideology and decision making, which concern every human being at some point in their life. Although the different religions often lack a united view on matters such contraception and abortion, there is sometimes some dogmatic overlap when general religious principles are subject to the influence of local customs. Immigration and population flow add further complexities to societal views on reproductive issues. For example, present day Europe has recently faced a dramatic increase in refugee influx, which raises questions about the health care of immigrants and the effects of cultural and religious differences on reproductive health. Religious beliefs on family planning in, for example, Christianity, Judaism, Islam and Hinduism have grown from different backgrounds and perspectives. Understanding these differences may result in more culturally competent delivery of care by health care providers. This paper presents the teachings of the most widespread religions in Europe with regard to contraception and reproduction.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anticoncepção/psicologia
Emigrantes e Imigrantes/psicologia
Serviços de Planejamento Familiar
Religião e Psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cristianismo/psicologia
Anticoncepção/métodos
Anticoncepcionais
Tomada de Decisões
Europa (Continente)
Serviços de Planejamento Familiar/métodos
Feminino
Hinduísmo/psicologia
Seres Humanos
Islamismo/psicologia
Judaísmo/psicologia
Masculino
Princípios Morais
Refugiados/psicologia
Religião
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Contraceptive Agents)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170428
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170428
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160930
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27460673
[Au] Autor:Sundar S; Qureshi A; Galiatsatos P
[Ad] Endereço:Medicine for the Greater Good, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 4940 Eastern Avenue, Mason F. Lord Building, Suite 339, Baltimore, MD, 21224, USA.
[Ti] Título:A Positive Psychology Intervention in a Hindu Community: The Pilot Study of the Hero Lab Curriculum.
[So] Source:J Relig Health;55(6):2189-98, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1573-6571
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:India has high rates of mental health issues among its youth and low-income communities experience a disproportionate amount of depression and suicide. Positive psychology, the act of promoting well-being, could be used as a tool to promote wellness and help improve the mental health of youth living in slum areas of India. A pilot positively psychology program, "The Hero Lab", was conducted in a migratory slum in Worli, Mumbai, with trained Hindu community leaders implementing the interventions toward at-risk Hindu youth. The curriculum's impact showed statistical improvement (p < 0.001) in happiness (General Happiness Scale from 11.24 ± 1.56 to 19.08 ± 3.32), grit (Grit Survey from 2.23 ± 0.34 to 3.24 ± 0.67), empathy (Toronto Empathy Questionnaire from 24.92 ± 3.27 to 41.96 ± 8.41), and gratitude (Gratitude Survey from 16.88 ± 3.47 to 27.98 ± 6.59). While a pilot study, the Hero Lab curriculum demonstrates that positive psychology interventions may be an important tool in improving mental health in at-risk children.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adaptação Psicológica
Felicidade
Hinduísmo/psicologia
Pobreza/psicologia
Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde
Religião e Psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Currículo
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Índia
Masculino
Projetos Piloto
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171027
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171027
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160728
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10943-016-0289-5



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