Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : K01.844.619.500 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 12 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Detalhado]

página 1 de 2 ir para página        

  1 / 12 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29283036
[Au] Autor:Padmanabhan D
[Ad] Endereço:a School of Social Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University , New Delhi , India.
[Ti] Título:From distress to disease: a critique of the medicalisation of possession in DSM-5.
[So] Source:Anthropol Med;24(3):261-275, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1469-2910
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper critiques the category of possession-form dissociative identity disorder as defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5 (DSM-5) published in 2013 by the American Psychiatric Association (APA). The DSM as an index of psychiatry pathologises possession by categorising it as a form of dissociative identity disorder. Drawing upon ethnographic fieldwork, this paper argues that such a pathologisation medicalises possession, which is understood as a non-pathological condition in other contexts such as by those individuals who manifest possession at a temple in Kerala, South India. Through medicalising and further by creating distinctions between acceptable and pathological possession, the DSM converts a form of distress into a disease. This has both conceptual and pragmatic implications. The temple therefore becomes reduced to a culturally acceptable site for the manifestation of a mental illness in a form that is culturally available and possession is explained solely through a biomedical framework, denying alternative conceptualisations and theories which inform possession. By focussing on the DSM-5 classification of possession and the limitations of such a classification, this paper seeks to posit an alternative conceptualisation of possession by engaging with three primary areas which are significant in the DSM categorisation of possession: the DSM's conceptualisation of self in the singular, the distinction between pathological and non-pathological forms of possession, and the limitations of the DSM's equation of the condition of possession with the manifestation of possession. Finally, the paper briefly highlights alternative conceptualisations of possession, which emerged from the perspective of those seeking to heal possession at the Chottanikkara temple.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais
Medicalização
Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico
Possessão Espiritual
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antropologia Médica
Seres Humanos
Índia
Transtornos Mentais/classificação
Transtornos Mentais/economia
Religião
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171229
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/13648470.2017.1389168


  2 / 12 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:27485275
[Au] Autor:Bhavsar V; Ventriglio A; Bhugra D
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychosis Studies, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK.
[Ti] Título:Dissociative trance and spirit possession: Challenges for cultures in transition.
[So] Source:Psychiatry Clin Neurosci;70(12):551-559, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1440-1819
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The cross-cultural validity of dissociative possession and trance disorders is a matter of some debate, limiting research and meaningful interpretation of prevalence data. Intimate to these concerns is the status of spirit possession categories studied in the social sciences, particularly anthropology. These two categories are phenomenologically related and display similar epidemiological associations. In India, dissociative and conversion disorders are fairly common in clinical settings. There is no doubt that there are true cultural variations in possession and trance disorders. A new framework may enable clinicians to better understand possession states and spirit possession.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno Conversivo/etnologia
Transtornos Dissociativos/etnologia
Possessão Espiritual
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160804
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/pcn.12425


  3 / 12 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:27191485
[Au] Autor:Dance A
[Ti] Título:Transit time.
[So] Source:Nature;533(7603):S102-3, 2016 05 19.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antibacterianos/história
Biorretroalimentação Psicológica
Carbolinas/efeitos adversos
Carbolinas/história
Colite/história
Dieta
Disenteria/história
Dispepsia/história
Egito
Feminino
Firmicutes/isolamento & purificação
Grécia
Helicobacter pylori/patogenicidade
História do Século XVII
História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
História do Século XXI
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
Indóis/efeitos adversos
Intestinos/efeitos dos fármacos
Intestinos/microbiologia
Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/diagnóstico
Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/etiologia
Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/genética
Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/microbiologia
Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/terapia
Marketing/história
Canal de Sódio Disparado por Voltagem NAV1.5/genética
Penicilinas
Fenetilaminas/história
Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto
Rifamicinas
Serotonina/biossíntese
Serotonina/metabolismo
Apoio Social
Possessão Espiritual/história
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-Bacterial Agents); 0 (Carbolines); 0 (Indoles); 0 (NAV1.5 Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel); 0 (Penicillins); 0 (Phenethylamines); 0 (Rifamycins); 0 (SCN5A protein, human); 13Z9HTH115 (alosetron); 333DO1RDJY (Serotonin); 458VC51857 (tegaserod); 7F80CC3NNV (mebeverine); L36O5T016N (rifaximin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1606
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170225
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170225
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160519
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/533S102a


  4 / 12 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:27031081
[Au] Autor:Hecker T; Barnewitz E; Stenmark H; Iversen V
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology.
[Ti] Título:Pathological spirit possession as a cultural interpretation of trauma-related symptoms.
[So] Source:Psychol Trauma;8(4):468-76, 2016 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1942-969X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: Spirit possession is a phenomenon frequently occurring in war-torn countries. It has been shown to be an idiom of distress entailing dissociative symptoms. However, its association with trauma exposure and trauma-related disorders remains unclear. This study aimed to explore subjective disease models and the relationship between pathological spirit possession and trauma-related disorders in the Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. METHOD: Seventy-three (formerly) possessed persons (74% female, mean age = 34 years), referred by traditional and spiritual healers, were interviewed about their experiences of pathological spirit possession, trauma exposure, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, depressive symptoms, shame and guilt, psychotic symptoms, somatic complaints, and the impairment of psychosocial functioning. RESULTS: The most common disease model for pathological spirit possession was another person having sent the spirit, mostly a family member or a neighbor, out of jealousy or conflict over resources. Significant correlations were found between spirit possession over lifetime and PTSD symptom severity, feelings of shame and guilt, depressive symptoms, somatic complaints, and psychotic symptoms. Spirit possession during the preceding 4 weeks was associated with PTSD symptom severity, impairment of psychosocial functioning, and psychotic symptom severity. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study indicate that pathological spirit possession is a broad explanatory framework for various subjectively unexplainable mental and physical health problems, including but not limited to trauma-related disorders. Understanding pathological spirit possession as a subjective disease model for various mental and physical health problems may help researchers and clinicians to develop culturally sensitive treatment approaches for affected individuals. (PsycINFO Database Record
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Trauma Psicológico/etnologia
Transtornos Psicóticos/etnologia
Possessão Espiritual
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/etnologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
República Democrática do Congo/etnologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171023
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171023
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160401
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1037/tra0000117


  5 / 12 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:26979075
[Au] Autor:Sneddon A
[Ti] Título:Medicine, belief, witchcraft and demonic possession in late seventeenth-century Ulster.
[So] Source:Med Humanit;42(2):81-6, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1473-4265
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Ireland's only published witchcraft pamphlet, written by Daniel Higgs, The Wonderful and True Relation of the Bewitching of a Young Girle in Ireland, What Ways she was Tormented, and a Receipt of the Ointment that she was Cured with (1699), works within the confines of late seventeenth-century demonology, while upholding the patriarchy of the fledgling Protestant Ascendancy. More importantly, it provides rare insight into early modern Protestant witchcraft beliefs, highlights the limits of contemporary medical care and provision and details the pathways of self-medication people resorted to. Higgs' method of promoting self-medication as a cure to bewitchment and demonic possession was based on a remedy described in an obscure Renaissance magical text. To promote his 'cure' the pamphlet included a particularly vitriolic critique of the established Irish medical profession, as self-regarding and incompetent witchcraft deniers. This article uses Higgs' pamphlet to explore the limits to/of medical knowledge in early modern Ireland and Europe.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cultura
Magia/história
Medicina
Protestantismo/história
Religião e Medicina
Possessão Espiritual/história
Bruxaria/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XVII
Seres Humanos
Irlanda
Conhecimento
Folhetos
Autocuidado
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170517
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170517
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160317
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/medhum-2015-010830


  6 / 12 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:26912091
[Au] Autor:Asamoah MK
[Ad] Endereço:Central University College, P.O Box 2305, Tema, Ghana. josephmoseskumi@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Leveraging the Deliverance Phenomenon: Penteco/Charismatic Vista.
[So] Source:J Relig Health;55(5):1642-64, 2016 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1573-6571
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This article reflects on the deliverance concept within Classical Pentecostalism and Neo-Pentecostalism against historical and contemporary considerations. The research design combined ethnography and case study. Participant observation and in-depth interviews were used for data collection. Findings include: overstretched demonic mentality; the notion that the Penteco/Charismatic believer cannot be possessed but could be harassed by demons; and dehumanizing situations inherent in deliverance practice. It is recommended that sanity, care and collaboration be established amongst deliverance practitioners, psychologists, psychiatrists, professional counsellors as well as other business experts to ensure a holistic deliverance practice and also to enhance the dignity and value of the deliverance ministry in Ghana and Africa at large.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Clero/psicologia
Religião e Psicologia
Possessão Espiritual
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Gana
Seres Humanos
Entrevistas como Assunto
Masculino
Meia-Idade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EVALUATION STUDIES; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171027
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171027
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160226
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10943-016-0209-8


  7 / 12 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:26907968
[Au] Autor:Baxendale S
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Clinical and Experimental Epilepsy, Institute of Neurology, UCL, Epilepsy Society, Chalfont St Peter, Buckinghamshire, UK; University College Hospital, London, UK. Electronic address: s.baxendale@ucl.ac.uk.
[Ti] Título:Epilepsy on the silver screen in the 21st century.
[So] Source:Epilepsy Behav;57(Pt B):270-4, 2016 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1525-5069
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Epilepsy remains an attractive vehicle for filmmakers in the twenty-first century. This review examines the themes of twenty-one films, released between 2000 and 2014, that feature a character with epilepsy or a pivotal scene involving a seizure. Epilepsy continues to be associated with the supernatural in modern cinematic output. Demonic possession and epilepsy now share a similar cinematic lexicon. Unfortunately, the overlap is more than just visual. Supernatural treatments of narratives that claim to be 'based on a true story' of someone with epilepsy continue to blur the lines between medical and spiritual realms. Although there has been a steady progression away from concealment of the condition, epilepsy continues to signal 'otherness' in movie characters and seldom in a good way. All too often, a character has epilepsy to maximize the unease of the audience with them; it is a device that is used to signal 'this character is not like you'. However, amongst the hackneyed negative stereotypes, accurate portrayals of the condition are beginning to emerge, not least due to active collaborations between filmmakers and epilepsy advocacy groups. Far from being worthy, it is heartening that these films are also those that are the most absorbing and thought-provoking of the cinematic output thus far this century. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled "Epilepsy, Art, and Creativity".
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Drama
Epilepsia/psicologia
Filmes Cinematográficos
Estereotipagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Epilepsia/história
História do Século XXI
Seres Humanos
Transtornos Mentais
Convulsões/história
Convulsões/psicologia
Estigma Social
Possessão Espiritual
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1610
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160225
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 12 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
PubMed Central Texto completo
Texto completo
[PMID]:26427849
[Au] Autor:Schaffler Y; Cardeña E; Reijman S; Haluza D
[Ad] Endereço:Department of General Practice, Center for Public Health, Medical University of Vienna, Kinderspitalgasse 15, 1090, Vienna, Austria. yvonne.schaffler@meduniwien.ac.at.
[Ti] Título:Traumatic Experience and Somatoform Dissociation Among Spirit Possession Practitioners in the Dominican Republic.
[So] Source:Cult Med Psychiatry;40(1):74-99, 2016 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1573-076X
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Recent studies in African contexts have revealed a strong association between spirit possession and severe trauma, with inclusion into a possession cult serving at times a therapeutic function. Research on spirit possession in the Dominican Republic has so far not included quantitative studies of trauma and dissociation. This study evaluated demographic variables, somatoform dissociative symptoms, and potentially traumatizing events in the Dominican Republic with a group of Vodou practitioners that either do or do not experience spirit possession. Inter-group comparisons revealed that in contrast to non-possessed participants (n = 38), those experiencing spirit possession (n = 47) reported greater somatoform dissociation, more problems with sleep, and previous exposure to mortal danger such as assaults, accidents, or diseases. The two groups did not differ significantly in other types of trauma. The best predictor variable for group classification was somatoform dissociation, although those items could also reflect the experience of followers during a possession episode. A factor analysis across variables resulted in three factors: having to take responsibility early on in life and taking on a professional spiritual role; traumatic events and pain; and distress/dissociation. In comparison with the non-possessed individuals, the possessed ones did not seem to overall have a remarkably more severe story of trauma and seemed to derive economic gains from possession practice.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos Dissociativos/diagnóstico
Transtornos Somatoformes/diagnóstico
Possessão Espiritual
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
República Dominicana
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1610
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151003
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s11013-015-9472-5


  9 / 12 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:25670159
[Au] Autor:Chartonas D; Bose R
[Ad] Endereço:, Flat 25, Alzette House, Mace Street, London, E2 0QU, UK. d.chartonas@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Fighting with Spirits: Migration Trauma, Acculturative Stress, and New Sibling Transition-A Clinical Case Study of an 8-Year-Old Girl with Absence Epilepsy.
[So] Source:Cult Med Psychiatry;39(4):698-724, 2015 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1573-076X
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In this article, we discuss the impact of migration and acculturation processes on the cultural, personal identity, and mental health of children who immigrate to a Western, multicultural environment, and the challenges clinicians in such environments face, when confronted with non-Western idioms of distress and healing practices. We do that by presenting a challenging clinical case of an 8-year-old girl who presented with very disorganized behavior, which matches a culturally accepted construct of spirit possession, in the context of migration trauma, acculturative stress, and new sibling transition. We identify cultural conflict in school and bullying as major mediators between acculturative stress and mental distress. We also aim at identifying vulnerability, risk and protective factors, and the importance of cultural coping resources. We explore in depth the patient's cultural background and the family's belief system and culturally shaped narratives, in order to arrive at a cultural formulation, which focuses on the significance of idioms of distress in shaping psychopathology and influencing the personal and interpersonal course of trauma- and stress-related disorders. We also call attention to the finding that in children, idioms of distress may manifest themselves in a somatic manner. We argue, together with other researchers, that spirit possession deserves more interest as an idiom of distress and a culture-specific response to traumatizing events. We finally emphasize the importance of an anti-reductionist clinical stance, that is able to use different levels of understanding processes of distress and healing, and seeks to reconciliate cultural divides and integrate different explanatory frameworks and help-seeking practices.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aculturação
Adaptação Psicológica
Emigrantes e Imigrantes/psicologia
Epilepsia Tipo Ausência/etnologia
Relações entre Irmãos/etnologia
Possessão Espiritual
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Cultura
Diagnóstico Diferencial
Inglaterra
Epilepsia Tipo Ausência/diagnóstico
Eritreia/etnologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1608
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171030
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171030
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150212
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s11013-015-9438-7


  10 / 12 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:25398665
[Au] Autor:Ranganathan S
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Liberal Arts, Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad, Ordnance Factory Campus, Yeddumailaram, Medak District, 502205, Andhra Pradesh, India, shubha@iith.ac.in.
[Ti] Título:Rethinking 'Efficacy': Ritual Healing and Trance in the Mahanubhav Shrines in India.
[So] Source:Cult Med Psychiatry;39(3):361-79, 2015 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1573-076X
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Ritual healing has been one of the core topics in anthropology and, to a lesser extent, in psychology as well. Much of the research on ritual healing has focused on how healing works, and what factors constitute the efficacy of healing. In answering this question, scholars have focused primarily on two main factors-the symbolic significance of rituals, and the relationship between the healer and the patient. This paper explores understandings about efficacy in a context where elaborate rituals do not occur, the role of the healer is minimal, and the sufferers do not have expectations of complete wellness. In the Mahanubhav temples in India, healing is not understood as the removal of symptoms. The healing process involves amplifying unpleasant and painful symptoms, thereby 'drawing out' the illness from the body. Moreover, the temple narratives emphasize the transient nature of temple healing, where people rarely become completely well. They therefore frequently return to stay in the temple as and when their symptoms recur, thus forging long-term bond with the temple community and sect. These findings suggest that temple healing is powerful not so much for the practice of specific exorcist rituals, but for providing a refuge and a community for suffering individuals.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cura pela Fé
Cura Mental
Possessão Espiritual
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Índia
Masculino
Narração
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1604
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171030
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171030
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:141116
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s11013-014-9421-8



página 1 de 2 ir para página        
   


Refinar a pesquisa
  Base de dados : MEDLINE Formulário avançado   

    Pesquisar no campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde