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Pesquisa : K01.844.799.430 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:27269272
[Au] Autor:Martin EC
[Ad] Endereço:Baylor University, Honors College, Waco, TX, United States. Electronic address: Eric_Martin@baylor.edu.
[Ti] Título:Late Feyerabend on materialism, mysticism, and religion.
[So] Source:Stud Hist Philos Sci;57:129-36, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:0039-3681
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Feyerabend's interests in religion and mysticism grew through his career. In his later writings, Feyerabend's numerous critiques of scientific materialism are often accompanied by purported advantages of religious orientations and temperaments. These recommendations do not simply follow from his tolerant theoretical pluralism; they are more positive attempts to articulate distinctive aspects of human life satisfied by religion, but not by scientific materialism. Elevating the human need for mystery, reverence, and love, he contrasts these goods with the deliverances of monistic conceptions of science and reason. I bring attention to some of the common themes in these remarks to argue that they were integral with other parts of his philosophical project and that they could serve as helpful rejoinders to contemporary exhortations to science-based secularism from philosophers of science.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Misticismo/história
Filosofia/história
Religião/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XX
Ciência/história
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Feyerabend P
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170911
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170911
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160609
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 358 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27086337
[Au] Autor:Prusak J
[Ad] Endereço:Zaklad Psychopatologii i Psychoprofilaktyki Akademii Ignatianum w Krakowie.
[Ti] Título:Differential diagnosis of "Religious or Spiritual Problem" - possibilities and limitations implied by the V-code 62.89 in DSM-5.
[So] Source:Psychiatr Pol;50(1):175-86, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:2391-5854
[Cp] País de publicação:Poland
[La] Idioma:eng; pol
[Ab] Resumo:UNLABELLED: Introduction : Work over preparation of DSM-5 has been a stimulus for research and reflection over the impact of religious/spiritual factors on phenomenology, differential diagnosis, course, outcome and prognosis of mental disorders. AIM: The aim of this paper is to present the attitude of DSM towards religion and spirituality in the clinical context. Even though DSM is not in use in Poland, in contrast to ICD, it gives a different, not only psychopathological, look at religious or spiritual problems. METHODS: The paper is based on in-depth analysis of V-code 62.89 ("Religious or spiritual problem") from historical, theoretical and clinical perspective. RESULTS: The introduction of non-reductive approach to religious and spiritual problems to DSM can be considered as a manifestation of the development of this psychiatric classification with regard to the differential diagnosis between religion and spirituality and psychopathology. By placing religion and spirituality mainly in the category of culture, the authors of DSM-5 have established their solution to the age-old debate concerning the significance of religion/spirituality in clinical practice. Even though, DSM-5 offers an expanded understanding of culture and its impact on diagnosis, the V-code 62.89 needs to be improved taking into account some limitations of DSM classification. CONCLUSIONS: The development of DSM, from its fourth edition, brought a change into the approach towards religion and spirituality in the context of clinical diagnosis. Introducing V-code 62.89 has increased the possibility of differential diagnosis between religion/spirituality and health/psychopathology. The emphasis on manifestation of cultural diversity has enabled non-reductive and non-pathologising insight into the problems of religious and spirituality. On the other hand, medicalisation and psychiatrisation of various existential problems, which can be seen in subsequent editions of the DSM, encourages pathologising approach towards religious or spiritual problems. Clinical look at religion and spirituality should therefore go beyond the limitations of DSM.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos Mentais/classificação
Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico
Religião e Psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Diagnóstico Diferencial
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Transtornos Mentais/psicologia
Misticismo
Espiritualismo/psicologia
Terminologia como Assunto
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170410
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170410
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160418
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 358 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26960294
[Au] Autor:Lewis B
[Ad] Endereço:Gallatin School of Individualized Study, New York University, 1 Washington Place #609, New York, NY, 10003, USA. bl466@nyu.edu.
[Ti] Título:Mindfulness, Mysticism, and Narrative Medicine.
[So] Source:J Med Humanit;37(4):401-417, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1573-3645
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Mindfulness based interventions (MBIs) are rapidly emerging in health care settings for their role in reducing stress and improving physical and mental health. In such settings, the religious roots and affiliations of MBIs are downplayed, and the possibilities for developing spiritual, even mystical, states of consciousness are minimized. This article helps rebalance this trend by using the tools of medical humanities and narrative medicine to explore MBI as a bridge between medical and spiritual approaches to health related suffering. My narrative medicine method draws insights from the arts and humanities that are rarely used in standard clinical research but are increasingly common among medical humanities and narrative medicine scholars. The specific path I take will be to work through historical, linguistic, and philosophic dimensions of mindfulness and mysticism as relevant to illness, suffering, death, and dying. I close with two case examples in which mindfulness is used as an intentionally spiritual practice for health concerns.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atenção Plena
Misticismo
Narração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Morte
Ciências Humanas
Espiritualidade
Estresse Psicológico
Doente Terminal
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171027
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171027
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160311
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 358 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26675408
[Au] Autor:Letheby C
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Philosophy, University of Adelaide, North Terrace, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia. Electronic address: cerletheby@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:The epistemic innocence of psychedelic states.
[So] Source:Conscious Cogn;39:28-37, 2016 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1090-2376
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:One recent development in epistemology, the philosophical study of knowledge, is the notion of 'epistemic innocence' introduced by Bortolotti and colleagues. This concept expresses the idea that certain suboptimal cognitive processes may nonetheless have epistemic (knowledge-related) benefits. The idea that delusion or confabulation may have psychological benefits is familiar enough. What is novel and interesting is the idea that such conditions may also yield significant and otherwise unavailable epistemic benefits. I apply the notion of epistemic innocence to research on the transformative potential of psychedelic drugs. The popular epithet 'hallucinogen' exemplifies a view of these substances as fundamentally epistemically detrimental. I argue that the picture is more complicated and that some psychedelic states can be epistemically innocent. This conclusion is highly relevant to policy debates about psychedelic therapy. Moreover, analysing the case of psychedelics can shed further light on the concept of epistemic innocence itself.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos da Consciência/psicologia
Delusões/psicologia
Alucinógenos
Conhecimento
Misticismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Transtornos da Consciência/induzido quimicamente
Delusões/induzido quimicamente
Seres Humanos
Filosofia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Hallucinogens)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1610
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151218
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 358 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26631541
[Au] Autor:Cristofori I; Bulbulia J; Shaver JH; Wilson M; Krueger F; Grafman J
[Ad] Endereço:Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, Brain Injury Research, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60611, USA; Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Feinberg School of Medicine Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA. Electronic address: irene.cristofori@northwestern.ed
[Ti] Título:Neural correlates of mystical experience.
[So] Source:Neuropsychologia;80:212-220, 2016 Jan 08.
[Is] ISSN:1873-3514
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Mystical experiences, or subjectively believed encounters with a supernatural world, are widely reported across cultures and throughout human history. Previous theories speculate that executive brain functions underpin mystical experiences. To evaluate causal hypotheses, structural studies of brain lesion are required. Previous studies suffer from small samples or do not have valid measures of cognitive functioning prior to injury. We investigated mystical experience among participants from the Vietnam Head Injury Study and compared those who suffered penetrating traumatic brain injury (pTBI; n=116) with matched healthy controls (HC; n=32). Voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping analysis showed that lesions to frontal and temporal brain regions were linked with greater mystical experiences. Such regions included the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) and middle/superior temporal cortex (TC). In a confirmatory analysis, we grouped pTBI patients by lesion location and compared mysticism experiences with the HC group. The dlPFC group presented markedly increased mysticism. Notably, longitudinal analysis of pre-injury data (correlating with general intelligence and executive performance) excludes explanations from individual differences. Our findings support previous speculation linking executive brain functions to mystical experiences, and reveal that executive functioning (dlPFC) causally contributes to the down-regulation of mystical experiences.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Lesões Encefálicas/patologia
Mapeamento Encefálico
Encéfalo/patologia
Misticismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Análise de Variância
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador
Estudos Longitudinais
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Testes Neuropsicológicos
Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1610
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170728
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170728
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151204
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 358 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26423064
[Au] Autor:Dias PH; Safra G
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Clinical Psychology, Institute of Psychology, University of São Paulo - Cidade Universitária, Av. Professor Mello Moraes, 1721, Butantã, São Paulo, SP, 05508-030, Brazil. kitodias@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Ramakrishna and the Clinic of Paradox.
[So] Source:J Relig Health;55(6):1835-49, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1573-6571
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study presents a clinical conception of the human being as the paradox between immanence and transcendence. Through an exposition of the clinical conceptions of Brazilian author Gilberto Safra, we search for an integral manner in which to understand mystical experience as a way to rethink the ontological conceptions inherent to clinical practice. In such perspective, we elaborate a critique of both the psychological-only approach to mystical experience as well as the spiritual-only approach. We present it through the life of Indian mystic Ramakrishna, by comparing the interpretation different authors make of his experiences and placing our own perspective.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Misticismo/história
Misticismo/psicologia
Religião e Psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XIX
Seres Humanos
Índia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Ramakrishna
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170609
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170609
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151002
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10943-015-0131-5


  7 / 358 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26112609
[Au] Autor:Carmassi C; Stratta P; Calderani E; Bertelloni CA; Menichini M; Massimetti E; Rossi A; Dell'Osso L
[Ad] Endereço:Section of Psychiatry, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Via Roma 67, 56100, Pisa, Italy. ccarmassi@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Impact of Mood Spectrum Spirituality and Mysticism Symptoms on Suicidality in Earthquake Survivors with PTSD.
[So] Source:J Relig Health;55(2):641-9, 2016 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1573-6571
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The aim of the present study was to explore the correlations between Spirituality/Mysticism/Psychoticism symptoms and suicidality in young adult survivors of the L'Aquila earthquake. The sample included 475 subjects recruited among high school seniors who had experienced the April 6, 2009, earthquake. Assessments included: Trauma and Loss Spectrum-Self Report and Mood Spectrum-Self Report (MOODS-SR). Mysticism/Spirituality dimension and suicidality were evaluated by means of some specific items of the MOOD-SR. The Spirituality/Mysticism/Psychoticism MOODS-SR factor score was significantly higher among subjects with PTSD diagnosis with respect to those without. Similarly, subjects with suicidal ideation, as well as those who committed a suicide attempt, reported significantly higher scores than those without.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Terremotos
Transtornos do Humor/psicologia
Misticismo/psicologia
Espiritualidade
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia
Suicídio/psicologia
Sobreviventes/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Afeto
Desastres
Seres Humanos
Itália
Transtornos do Humor/complicações
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/complicações
Ideação Suicida
Tentativa de Suicídio/psicologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171117
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171117
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150627
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10943-015-0072-z


  8 / 358 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26442957
[Au] Autor:Barrett FS; Johnson MW; Griffiths RR
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA fbarret2@jhu.edu.
[Ti] Título:Validation of the revised Mystical Experience Questionnaire in experimental sessions with psilocybin.
[So] Source:J Psychopharmacol;29(11):1182-90, 2015 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1461-7285
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The 30-item revised Mystical Experience Questionnaire (MEQ30) was previously developed within an online survey of mystical-type experiences occasioned by psilocybin-containing mushrooms. The rated experiences occurred on average eight years before completion of the questionnaire. The current paper validates the MEQ30 using data from experimental studies with controlled doses of psilocybin. Data were pooled and analyzed from five laboratory experiments in which participants (n=184) received a moderate to high oral dose of psilocybin (at least 20 mg/70 kg). Results of confirmatory factor analysis demonstrate the reliability and internal validity of the MEQ30. Structural equation models demonstrate the external and convergent validity of the MEQ30 by showing that latent variable scores on the MEQ30 positively predict persisting change in attitudes, behavior, and well-being attributed to experiences with psilocybin while controlling for the contribution of the participant-rated intensity of drug effects. These findings support the use of the MEQ30 as an efficient measure of individual mystical experiences. A method to score a "complete mystical experience" that was used in previous versions of the mystical experience questionnaire is validated in the MEQ30, and a stand-alone version of the MEQ30 is provided for use in future research.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Alucinógenos/farmacologia
Misticismo/psicologia
Psilocibina/farmacologia
Inquéritos e Questionários/normas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Administração Oral
Alucinógenos/administração & dosagem
Seres Humanos
Psilocibina/administração & dosagem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; META-ANALYSIS; MULTICENTER STUDY; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; VALIDATION STUDIES
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Hallucinogens); 2RV7212BP0 (Psilocybin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1608
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170224
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170224
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151008
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/0269881115609019


  9 / 358 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26278644
[Au] Autor:Abraham R
[Ad] Endereço:Mathematics Department, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA, 95064, USA. Electronic address: rha@ucsc.edu.
[Ti] Título:Mathematics and mysticism.
[So] Source:Prog Biophys Mol Biol;119(3):442-52, 2015 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1873-1732
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Is there a world of mathematics above and beyond ordinary reality, as Plato proposed? Or is mathematics a cultural construct? In this short article we speculate on the place of mathematical reality from the perspective of the mystical cosmologies of the ancient traditions of meditation, psychedelics, and divination.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Matemática/métodos
Misticismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Encéfalo
Meditação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1610
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150818
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 358 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26002763
[Au] Autor:de Castro JM
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology and Philosophy, Sam Houston State University, United States. Electronic address: jdecastro@shsu.edu.
[Ti] Título:Meditation has stronger relationships with mindfulness, kundalini, and mystical experiences than yoga or prayer.
[So] Source:Conscious Cogn;35:115-27, 2015 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1090-2376
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Contemplative practices can have profound effects on mindfulness and on physical and sensory and mystical experiences. Individuals who self-reported meditation, yoga, contemplative prayer, or a combination of practices and their patterns of practice were compared for mindfulness, kundalini effects, and mystical experiences. The results suggest that the amount of practice but not the pattern and social conditions of practice influences mindfulness and possibly mystical experiences. Meditation, yoga, contemplative prayer, or a combination of practices all were found to be associated with enhancements of mindfulness, kundalini effects, and mystical experiences, but meditation had particularly strong associations and may be the basis of the associations of yoga and prayer with these outcomes. The results further suggest that the primary association of contemplative practices is with the real time awareness and appreciation of sensory and perceptual experiences which may be the intermediary between disparate practices and mindfulness, kundalini effects, and mystical experiences.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Meditação
Atenção Plena
Misticismo
Prática (Psicologia)
Religião
Ioga
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Conscientização
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Percepção
Sensação
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1603
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150613
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150613
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150524
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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