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[PMID]:27572901
[Au] Autor:Egan R; MacLeod R; Jaye C; McGee R; Baxter J; Herbison P; Wood S
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Preventive and Social Medicine,Dunedin School of Medicine,University of Otago,Dunedin,New Zealand.
[Ti] Título:Spiritual beliefs, practices, and needs at the end of life: Results from a New Zealand national hospice study.
[So] Source:Palliat Support Care;15(2):223-230, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1478-9523
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: International studies have shown that patients want their spiritual needs attended to at the end of life. The present authors developed a project to investigate people's understanding of spirituality and spiritual care practices in New Zealand (NZ) hospices. METHOD: A mixed-methods approach included 52 semistructured interviews and a survey of 642 patients, family members, and staff from 25 (78%) of NZ's hospices. We employed a generic qualitative design and analysis to capture the experiences and understandings of participants' spirituality and spiritual care, while a cross-sectional survey yielded population level information. RESULTS: Our findings suggest that spirituality is broadly understood and considered important for all three of the populations studied. The patient and family populations had high spiritual needs that included a search for (1) meaning, (2) peace of mind, and (3) a degree of certainty in an uncertain world. The healthcare professionals in the hospices surveyed seldom explicitly met the needs of patients and families. Staff had spiritual needs, but organizational support was sometimes lacking in attending to these needs. SIGNIFICANCE OF RESULTS: As a result of our study, which was the first nationwide study in NZ to examine spirituality in hospice care, Hospice New Zealand has developed a spirituality professional development program. Given that spirituality was found to be important to the majority of our participants, it is hoped that the adoption of such an approach will impact on spiritual care for patients and families in NZ hospices.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Estado Terminal/psicologia
Família/psicologia
Espiritualismo/psicologia
Assistência Terminal/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Hospitais para Doentes Terminais/métodos
Hospitais para Doentes Terminais/organização & administração
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Nova Zelândia
Pesquisa Qualitativa
Inquéritos e Questionários
Assistência Terminal/métodos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171003
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171003
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160831
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/S147895151600064X


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[PMID]:27216087
[Au] Autor:Foster AB; Brewster ME; Velez BL; Eklund A; Keum BT
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Counseling and Clinical Psychology , Teachers College, Columbia University , New York , New York , USA.
[Ti] Título:Footprints in the Sand: Personal, Psychological, and Relational Profiles of Religious, Spiritual, and Atheist LGB Individuals.
[So] Source:J Homosex;64(4):466-487, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1540-3602
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The present study offers a comparison of the demographic features and lived experiences of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals with religious, spiritual, or atheist (R/S/A) belief systems. In this sample of 212 participants, the relationship of participants' R/S/A beliefs to personal variables (e.g., age, gender, race), mental health variables (e.g., life satisfaction, psychological distress, internalized heterosexism, self-esteem), and relational variables (e.g., outness, connection to LGBTQ communities) were assessed. Correlational analyses indicated that level of R/S/A belief was unrelated to self-esteem, life satisfaction, or psychological distress; however, greater religious belief was correlated positively and significantly with internalized heterosexism and outness as LGB. To test the interactions of R/S/A beliefs and categorical variables of interest (e.g., race), log-linear analyses with follow-up chi-square tests were conducted. Findings suggested more similarities than differences for LGB people across R/S/A systems of belief. Limitations and implications for future research are discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Homossexualidade/psicologia
Religião
Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/psicologia
Espiritualismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Saúde Mental
Meia-Idade
Autoimagem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160525
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/00918369.2016.1191237


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[PMID]:27752722
[Au] Autor:Utsch M
[Ad] Endereço:Evangelische Zentralstelle für Weltanschauungsfragen (EZW), Auguststraße 80, 10117, Berlin, Deutschland. utsch@ezw-berlin.de.
[Ti] Título:[Spirituality - Value of the relationship].
[Ti] Título:Spiritualität ­ Wert der Beziehung..
[So] Source:Nervenarzt;87(11):1152-1162, 2016 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1433-0407
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Ab] Resumo:Nowadays, issues of religiosity and spirituality are viewed differently than 50 years ago. Social upheaval, migration and secularization have changed the interpretation of religious meaning but have not made religion obsolete. This article describes the differences between a religious and a secular global view and defines spirituality as attachment to a larger entirety. The resources of spirituality are described and the dangers of fanaticism and fundamentalism should not be neglected. Criteria for healthy belief are compared to religious delusion. In the context of attachment theory and the concept of self-transcendence, the value of spirituality is explained by connectedness and relationship.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde
Saúde
Terapias Espirituais
Espiritualismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alemanha
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170916
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170916
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161106
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27615039
[Au] Autor:Kim M
[Ad] Endereço:College of Nursing, Sungshin Women's University, Seoul, Korea. cellylife@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:[Development and Effects of Assertiveness Training applying Dongsasub Training for Nursing Students in Clinical Practice].
[So] Source:J Korean Acad Nurs;46(4):490-500, 2016 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:2093-758X
[Cp] País de publicação:Korea (South)
[La] Idioma:kor
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE: This study was conducted to develop assertiveness training applying Dongsasub training for junior nursing students, and to verify effectiveness of the training on assertiveness behavior, self-esteem, clinical practice stress, and clinical competence. METHODS: The study design was a non-equivalent control group non-synchronized design. Participants were 63 nursing students in clinical training (31 students in the experimental group and 32 students in the control group). The assertiveness training applying Dongsasub training consisted of four sessions. Outcome variables included assertiveness behavior, self-esteem, clinical practice stress, and clinical competence. Data were analyzed using Chi-square, Fisher's exact test and independent samples t-test with SPSS/WIN 21.0. RESULTS: Scores of assertiveness behavior (t=-2.49, p=.015), self-esteem (t=-4.80, p<.001) and clinical competence (t=-2.33, p=.023) were significantly higher and clinical practice stress (t=4.22, p<.001) was significantly lower in the experimental group compared to the control group. CONCLUSION: Results indicate that the assertiveness training applying Dongsasub training can be used as a nursing intervention to lower clinical practice stress and improve the clinical competence of nursing students.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Assertividade
Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde
Espiritualismo
Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Competência Clínica
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Satisfação Pessoal
Autoimagem
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CONTROLLED CLINICAL TRIAL; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170407
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170407
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160913
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4040/jkan.2016.46.4.490


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[PMID]:27473729
[Au] Autor:Alvarado CS
[Ad] Endereço:Parapsychology Foundation, USA carlos@theazire.org.
[Ti] Título:Joseph Maxwell on mediumistic personifications.
[So] Source:Hist Psychiatry;27(3):350-66, 2016 09.
[Is] ISSN:0957-154X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The study of mediumship received much impetus from the work of psychical researchers. This included ideas about the phenomena of personation, or changes in attitudes, dispositions and behaviours shown by some mediums that supposedly indicated discarnate action. The aim of this Classic Text is to reprint passages about this topic from the writings of French psychical researcher Joseph Maxwell (1858-1938), which were part of the contributions of some psychical researchers to reconceptualize the manifestations in psychological terms. Maxwell suggested these changes in mediums were a production of their subconscious mind. His ideas are a reflection of previous theorization about secondary personalities and a particular example of the contributions of psychical researchers to understand the psychology of mediumship.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Parapsicologia/história
Espiritualismo/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: França
História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Personalidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Maxwell J
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170713
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170713
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160731
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/0957154X16658859


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[PMID]:27386600
[Au] Autor:Wolter AN
[Ti] Título:[The call of the ancestors].
[Ti] Título:Der Ruf der Ahnen..
[So] Source:Dtsch Med Wochenschr;141(5):370-1, 2016 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1439-4413
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Ritualístico
Educação Médica
Medicina Tradicional Africana
Terapias Espirituais
Espiritualismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Atitude Frente à Saúde
Seres Humanos
África do Sul
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1607
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160705
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160705
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160708
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27167248
[Au] Autor:Pimentel MG; Alberto KC; Moreira-Almeida A
[Ad] Endereço:Historiador; mestrando em Saúde Brasileira/Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (UFJF); membro do Núcleo de Pesquisas em Saúde e Espiritualidade (Nupes)/UFJF. Av. Eugênio do Nascimento, s/n 36038-330 - Juiz de Fora - MG - Brasil. mgulao@yahoo.com.br.
[Ti] Título:[Investigations of psychic/spiritual phenomena in the nineteenth century: somnambulism and spiritualism, 1811-1860].
[Ti] Título:As investigações dos fenômenos psíquicos/espirituais no século XIX: sonambulismo e espiritualismo, 1811-1860..
[So] Source:Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos;23(4):1113-1131, 2016 Oct-Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1678-4758
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:por
[Ab] Resumo:In the early nineteenth century, investigations into the nature of psychic/spiritual phenomena, like trances and the supposed acquisition of information unattainable using normal sensory channels, prompted much debate in the scientific arena. This article discusses the main explanations offered by the researchers of psychic phenomena reported between 1811 and 1860, concentrating on the two main movements in the period: magnetic somnambulism and modern spiritualism. While the investigations of these phenomena gave rise to multiple theories, they did not yield any consensus. However, they did have implications for the understanding of the mind and its disorders, especially in the areas of the unconscious and dissociation, constituting an important part of the history of psychology and psychiatry.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hipnose/história
Espiritualismo/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XIX
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170724
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170724
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160512
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27086337
[Au] Autor:Prusak J
[Ad] Endereço:Zaklad Psychopatologii i Psychoprofilaktyki Akademii Ignatianum w Krakowie.
[Ti] Título:Differential diagnosis of "Religious or Spiritual Problem" - possibilities and limitations implied by the V-code 62.89 in DSM-5.
[So] Source:Psychiatr Pol;50(1):175-86, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:2391-5854
[Cp] País de publicação:Poland
[La] Idioma:eng; pol
[Ab] Resumo:UNLABELLED: Introduction : Work over preparation of DSM-5 has been a stimulus for research and reflection over the impact of religious/spiritual factors on phenomenology, differential diagnosis, course, outcome and prognosis of mental disorders. AIM: The aim of this paper is to present the attitude of DSM towards religion and spirituality in the clinical context. Even though DSM is not in use in Poland, in contrast to ICD, it gives a different, not only psychopathological, look at religious or spiritual problems. METHODS: The paper is based on in-depth analysis of V-code 62.89 ("Religious or spiritual problem") from historical, theoretical and clinical perspective. RESULTS: The introduction of non-reductive approach to religious and spiritual problems to DSM can be considered as a manifestation of the development of this psychiatric classification with regard to the differential diagnosis between religion and spirituality and psychopathology. By placing religion and spirituality mainly in the category of culture, the authors of DSM-5 have established their solution to the age-old debate concerning the significance of religion/spirituality in clinical practice. Even though, DSM-5 offers an expanded understanding of culture and its impact on diagnosis, the V-code 62.89 needs to be improved taking into account some limitations of DSM classification. CONCLUSIONS: The development of DSM, from its fourth edition, brought a change into the approach towards religion and spirituality in the context of clinical diagnosis. Introducing V-code 62.89 has increased the possibility of differential diagnosis between religion/spirituality and health/psychopathology. The emphasis on manifestation of cultural diversity has enabled non-reductive and non-pathologising insight into the problems of religious and spirituality. On the other hand, medicalisation and psychiatrisation of various existential problems, which can be seen in subsequent editions of the DSM, encourages pathologising approach towards religious or spiritual problems. Clinical look at religion and spirituality should therefore go beyond the limitations of DSM.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos Mentais/classificação
Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico
Religião e Psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Diagnóstico Diferencial
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Transtornos Mentais/psicologia
Misticismo
Espiritualismo/psicologia
Terminologia como Assunto
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170410
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170410
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160418
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26951805
[Au] Autor:Alvarado CS
[Ad] Endereço:Parapsychology Foundation, USA carlos@theazire.org.
[Ti] Título:'Report of the Committee on Mediumistic Phenomena', by William James (1886): With an introduction by.
[So] Source:Hist Psychiatry;27(1):85-100, 2016 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:0957-154X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Mediumship was a topic of great interest to some nineteenth-century students of mental phenomena. Together with the phenomena of hypnosis and other manifestations, mediumship was seen by many as a dissociative phenomenon. The purpose of this Classic Text is to present an excerpt of an article about the topic that William James (1842-1910) published in 1886 in the Proceedings of the American Society for Psychical Research about American medium Leonora E. Piper (1857-1950). The article, an indication of late nineteenth-century interactions between dissociation studies and psychical research, was the first report of research with Mrs Piper, a widely investigated medium of great importance for the development of mediumship studies. In addition to studying the case as a dissociative experience, James explored the possibility that Piper's mentation contained verifiable information suggestive of 'supernormal' knowledge. Consequently, James provides an example of a topic neglected in historical studies, the ideas of those who combined conventional dissociation studies with psychical research.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos Dissociativos
Parapsicologia/história
Psicologia/história
Espiritualismo/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XIX
Seres Humanos
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CLASSICAL ARTICLE; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170118
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170118
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160309
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/0957154X15623221


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[PMID]:26032636
[Au] Autor:Gyimesi J
[Ad] Endereço:Károli Gáspár University of the Reformed Church in Hungary, Teacher Training Centre, Budapest, Hungary. juliagyimesi@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Why 'spiritism'?
[So] Source:Int J Psychoanal;97(2):357-83, 2016 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1745-8315
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Some of the early representatives of psychoanalysis had a lifelong interest in certain 'occult' phenomena. Although several theories were born for the purpose of understanding the interest of Sigmund Freud, Carl Gustav Jung or Sándor Ferenczi in spiritualism and related phenomena, interpreters usually ignore the changing cultural meaning and significance of modern occult practices like spiritualism. The aim of the present essay is to outline the cultural and historical aspects of spiritualism and spiritism in Hungary, and thus to shed new light on the involvement of Ferenczi - and other Hungarian psychoanalysts like Géza Róheim, István Hollós, and Mihály Bálint - in spiritualism and spiritism. The connections between spiritualism and the Budapest School of Psychoanalysis will be discussed, highlighting the cultural and scientific significance of Hungarian spiritualism and spiritism in the evolution of psychoanalysis. Taking into account the relative lack of the scientific research in the field of spiritism in Hungary, it can be pointed out that Ferenczi undertook a pioneering role in Hungarian psychical research.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Teoria Freudiana
Psicanálise/história
Espiritualismo/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Hungria
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150603
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/1745-8315.12364



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