Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : K01.844.949 [Categoria DeCS]
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  1 / 1198 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28224259
[Au] Autor:Johnson KA
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Medical Humanities, Drew University, Madison, NJ, USA. kjohnson@drew.edu.
[Ti] Título:A Black Theological Response to Race-Based Medicine: Reconciliation in Minority Communities.
[So] Source:J Relig Health;56(3):1096-1110, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1573-6571
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The harm race-based medicine inflicts on minority bodies through race-based experimentation and the false solutions a race-based drug ensues within minority communities provokes concern. Such areas analyze the minority patient in a physical proxy. Though the mind and body are important entities, we cannot forget about the spirit. Healing is not just a physical practice; it includes spiritual practice. Efficient medicine includes the holistic elements of the mind, body, and spirit. Therefore, the spiritual discipline of black theology can be used as a tool to mend the harms of race-based medicine. It can be an avenue of research to further particular concerns for justice in medical care . Such theology contributes to the discussion of race-based medicine indicating the need for the voice, participation, and interdependence of minorities. Black theology can be used as a tool of healing and empowerment for health equity and awareness by exploring black theology's response to race-based medicine, analyzing race in biblical literature, using biblical literature as a tool for minority patient empowerment, building on past and current black church health advocacy with personal leadership in health advocacy.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Afroamericanos
Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde
Poder (Psicologia)
Religião e Medicina
Justiça Social
Teologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171027
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171027
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170223
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10943-017-0373-5


  2 / 1198 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28139174
[Au] Autor:Alipour M
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies , Utrecht University , Utrecht , Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:Essentialism and Islamic Theology of Homosexuality: A Critical Reflection on an Essentialist Epistemology toward Same-Sex Desires and Acts in Islam.
[So] Source:J Homosex;64(14):1930-1942, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1540-3602
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Although most traditional Muslim scholars condemn same-sex desires and acts, revisionist Muslim scholars have offered a more tolerant approach on this issue over the last two decades. Building on an essentialist approach to same-sex desires and acts, these scholars have argued that Islam accepts difference and diversity, including sexual diversity, as part of God's creation. Homosexuality, which in their view is an innate disposition to the same sex, is an alternative sexuality and, thus, accepted by the Qur'an and Islam. This article argues that an essentialist approach is not suitable to defend all manifestations of same-sex desires and acts, not only because it is narrow (as it excludes both bisexual Muslims and homosexual Muslims who believe that their sexual orientation is socially constructed), but also because it cannot even argue the case for the view of homosexuality as inborn. This article proposes to open up the debate beyond essentialism and constructivism, which both have their limitations, to accommodate a more inclusive and tolerant Islamic approach to same-sex desires and acts.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Homossexualidade
Islamismo
Religião e Sexo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Teologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/00918369.2017.1289001


  3 / 1198 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28035632
[Au] Autor:Gürdil Yilmaz S; Opak Yücel B; Çuhadar D
[Ad] Endereço:Nursing Department, Health High School, Mersin University, 33343, Yenisehir/Mersin, Turkey.
[Ti] Título:Knowledge and Attitudes of the Faculty of Theology Students on Organ Transplantation.
[So] Source:J Relig Health;56(3):1042-1051, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1573-6571
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The objective in this study is to determine the knowledge and attitudes of the Faculty of Theology students on organ transplantation. The study that was planned as a descriptive study took place between March-May 2014 with the participation of 119 students enrolled at the Faculty of Theology. It was determined as a result of the study that the students see lack of knowledge (49.6%) as the top obstacle for organ transplantation followed by religion (21%), that 52.1% accept that organ transplantation is not forbidden in Islam; that 27.7% agree with the thought that considers it disturbing and unnerving to carry an organ or tissue from another body; that 80.7% agree with the idea stating that organ transplantation should be carried out even if it provides only a possibility for treatment or for prolonging one's life and that 82.4% agree with the opinion that statements in favor of organ transplantation to be declared by the Directorate of Religious Affairs will increase organ transplantation. Clergymen play an important role in affecting the behavior and attitudes of large public masses, and thus it is important that the positive ideas of these individuals with regard to organ donation will thus have indirect but positive effects on the attitudes of the public with regard to organ transplantation. Hence, it is thought that determining the attitudes of clergymen candidates who will educate the public both at schools and at places of prayer and increasing their awareness in this subject will contribute to increasing the awareness of the public with regard to organ donation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Docentes/psicologia
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Religião e Medicina
Teologia/educação
Obtenção de Tecidos e Órgãos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Docentes/estatística & dados numéricos
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Inquéritos e Questionários
Universidades
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171027
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171027
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161231
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10943-016-0351-3


  4 / 1198 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26077450
[Au] Autor:Majid K
[Ad] Endereço:Shah-i-Hamadan Institute of Islamic Studies, University of Kashmir, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India. akhalida93@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Taha Jabir Al-'Alwani: A Study of His Views on Ethics of Disagreement in Islam.
[So] Source:J Relig Health;56(1):47-54, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1573-6571
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper is an attempt to provide its readers/listeners the views of Taha Jabir Al-'Alwani on Ethics of Disagreement in Islam. Taha Jabir Al-'Alwani is one of the renowned scholars and reformists of the contemporary Muslim world. He presented in terms of views on the ethics of disagreement in Islam, an explanation of the etiquette envisioned by Islam for all those engaged in discourse and intellectual dialogue, and he also exposes a higher number of principles and purposes of the Shariah which provide Muslims with perspectives far vaster than those afforded by pedantic debate over points of law and procedure or fine distinctions between conflicting theological arguments. Above all, he analyzes that what today is going in the world is totally a contrast trend to the teachings of Qur'an and Sunnah. After stressing the paramount duty of affirming the oneness of Allah (Tawhid), both the Qur'an and the Sunnah stress on one thing above all: the unity of Muslim Ummah.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ética/história
Islamismo/história
Teologia/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Iraque
Masculino
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Al-'Alwani TJ
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170731
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170731
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150617
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10943-015-0066-x


  5 / 1198 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28707867
[Au] Autor:Harrison P
[Ti] Título:Science, Eastern Orthodoxy, and Protestantism.
[So] Source:Isis;107(3):587-91, 2016 09.
[Is] ISSN:0021-1753
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This essay considers some of the major theological differences between Eastern and Western traditions of Christianity and puts forward proposals about how these might be related to the divergent trajectories of the formal study of nature in these two cultural contexts. A key difference lies in the "other-worldly" orientation of Eastern Orthodoxy and its emphasis on deification, which contrast sharply with ideas of original sin and fall­redemption theology in the West. These latter ideas came to play a significant role in the rise of Western science, with the sciences being understood as part of a practical redemptive exercise that could help alleviate the material consequences of original sin.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cristianismo
Teologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Catolicismo
Seres Humanos
Religião
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170717
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170717
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170715
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 1198 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28707866
[Au] Autor:Rabkin YM
[Ti] Título:Two Orthodoxies and Science: Comparative Reflections.
[So] Source:Isis;107(3):583-6, 2016 09.
[Is] ISSN:0021-1753
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This essay offers a comparative discussion of attitudes to science within Jewish and Christian Orthodoxies. When it touches on the contemporary period, it deals with different varieties of Jewish Orthodoxy rather than the more liberal Jewish denominations. Debates about science and religion, rarely involving active­let alone prominent­scientists, take place within both religious traditions. The issues can be roughly divided in two categories­cognitive and social­even though the two may occasionally intersect. The first category, apparently more important for the Greek Orthodox, addresses issues of the content of research and of its influence on ethics. Social issues constitute the other important aspect of the interaction between religion and modernity: Is it desirable to spend time on anything but religious studies and to engage in modern society at all, lest its more permissive norms and ideas corrupt proper behavior? This aspect seems to preoccupy Jewish Orthodoxy more than Greek Orthodoxy.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cristianismo
Teologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Religião
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170717
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170717
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170715
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 1198 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28707863
[Au] Autor:Hall K; Bayuk D
[Ti] Título:Science and Russian Orthodox Scholarship.
[So] Source:Isis;107(3):573-8, 2016 09.
[Is] ISSN:0021-1753
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In Russia the theme of science and religion found its strongest resonance at the levels of humanistic scholarship and Christianity in general, where visions of harmony dominated and doctrinal and confessional particularity was largely absent. The fraught relations of both the Holy Synod and the Imperial Academy of Sciences with the Russian state since the early eighteenth century had the collateral consequence of minimal institutional contacts between theology and natural philosophy. Though "scientific apologetics" eventually found a place in the seminaries, scientists did not contribute to this scholarship in the nineteenth century. The rare prominent scientist who entertained religious beliefs posited either harmony or conflict in public writings even more rarely, and it is the varieties of religious indifference­not solely Soviet in origin­that invite historical inquiry.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bolsas de Estudo
Teologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cristianismo
Religião
Federação Russa
Ciência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170717
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170717
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170715
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 1198 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28707860
[Au] Autor:Lüthy C
[Ti] Título:Theology and Science in the Orthodox World: Some Doubts from a Latin Perspective.
[So] Source:Isis;107(3):567-72, 2016 09.
[Is] ISSN:0021-1753
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Efthymios Nicolaidis et alii open their essay with what amounts to a paradox: they maintain that Orthodox Christianity "scarcely participated in the making of the new European science" but also quote John William Draper's positive assessment of the openness of the Orthodox Church to the sciences. Whether they manage to resolve this paradox is unclear. This response to their overview suggests that they neglect two key elements: the categorical difference between medieval scientia and modern science; and the role of institutions such as universities and scientific societies. Furthermore, to gauge the relation of Orthodox Christianity to modern science, one would also have had to take the Russian Orthodox Church into account, as after the fall of Constantinople the Greek Orthodox Church was deprived of much of its political and institutional power.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cristianismo
Teologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Ciência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170717
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170717
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170715
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 1198 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28008039
[Au] Autor:Jarvis M
[Ad] Endereço:More information about the Science for Seminaries program, and the "Science: The Wide Angle" films, are available at scienceforseminaries.org.
[Ti] Título:AAAS reaches out to theology students.
[So] Source:Science;354(6319):1544-1545, 2016 12 23.
[Is] ISSN:1095-9203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Religião e Ciência
Estudantes/psicologia
Teologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Evolução Biológica
Docentes
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170719
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170719
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161224
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1126/science.354.6319.1544


  10 / 1198 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27652529
[Au] Autor:Pritchard K
[Ti] Título:Religion and science can have a true dialogue.
[So] Source:Nature;537(7621):451, 2016 09 22.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comunicação
Religião e Ciência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fenômenos Astronômicos
Astronomia
Congressos como Assunto
Física
Teologia
Reino Unido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1611
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170103
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170103
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160923
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/537451a



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