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[PMID]:29193745
[Au] Autor:Park DJ
[Ad] Endereço:Communications Department, Florida International University, North Miami, Florida, USA.
[Ti] Título:United States news media and climate change in the era of US President Trump.
[So] Source:Integr Environ Assess Manag;14(2):202-204, 2018 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1551-3793
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Donald J Trump administration's strategy to disengage and downplay the Paris Climate Agreement will likely result in a slight decrease in the already low levels of US news media global warming coverage. This is because significant limitations with the news media's ability to adequately cover climate change predated the administration. First, studies indicate that advertising interests and editors have always challenged journalists' abilities to adequately report on climate change issues. Instead of climate change stories, editors often prefer more sensational topics that garner higher ratings and approval with advertisers. Second, the journalistic norm of balance and the role of sourcing give climate skeptics exceptional media exposure, which creates a "false balance" or equivalency between skeptics and scientists. Third, the massive power and influence of the fossil fuel industry's public relations arm has also had a tremendous impact on public (mis)understanding of climate change. Fourth, a trend toward declining climate change coverage and "climate silence" in US media is developing. Media corporations have substantially eliminated the number of environmental journalists that cover climate change. The overall effect of these limitations distorts public understanding of climate change and delays potential government action. Moving away from a predominantly commercial media system to one with a substantial noncommercial component can improve US journalism, whereas using advertising to increase rates for environmentally unsound products and services may also help mitigate global warming. Integr Environ Assess Manag 2018;14:202-204. © 2018 SETAC.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mudança Climática
Aquecimento Global
Meios de Comunicação de Massa
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Comunicação
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais
Política Ambiental
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171202
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ieam.2011


  2 / 9923 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28346077
[Au] Autor:Herbst JH; Mansergh G; Pitts N; Denson D; Mimiaga MJ; Holman J
[Ad] Endereço:a Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention , National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , Atlanta , Georgia , USA.
[Ti] Título:Effects of Brief Messages About Antiretroviral Therapy and Condom Use Benefits Among Black and Latino MSM in Three U.S. Cities.
[So] Source:J Homosex;65(2):154-166, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1540-3602
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This pilot study examined effects of HIV prevention messages about self and partner benefits of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and condom effectiveness on increased intentions for behavior change. Data were from Messages4Men, a study examining prevention messages among 320 HIV-positive and 605 HIV-negative Black and Latino MSM. Men completed a computer-based assessment after message exposure, and multivariable models controlled for risky sex and demographics. A majority of HIV-positive men reported increased intentions for ART use; 22% reported partner benefit information was new. HIV-positive men with a detectable viral load had significantly greater adjusted odds of reporting intentions for ART use. Over half of HIV-negative MSM reported ART benefit information was new, and 88% reported increased intentions to discuss ART use with infected partners. Black MSM anticipated they would increase condom use in response to the self and partner benefit messages. Tailored messages on benefits of ART are needed for MSM.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Publicidade como Assunto
Fármacos Anti-HIV/uso terapêutico
Preservativos
Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle
Homossexualidade Masculina
Meios de Comunicação de Massa
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Afroamericanos
Cidades
Preservativos/utilização
Soropositividade para HIV
Promoção da Saúde
Hispano-Americanos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Projetos Piloto
Sexo Seguro
Parceiros Sexuais
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EVALUATION STUDIES; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-HIV Agents)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170328
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/00918369.2017.1311554


  3 / 9923 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29240749
[Au] Autor:Bendavid R
[Ad] Endereço:Surgery, Shouldice Hospital, Thornhill, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Mesh abdominal wall hernia surgery is safe and effective-the harm New Zealand media has done: response to Dr Steven Kelly's article.
[So] Source:N Z Med J;130(1467):97-98, 2017 12 15.
[Is] ISSN:1175-8716
[Cp] País de publicação:New Zealand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Parede Abdominal/cirurgia
Hérnia Ventral/cirurgia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Hérnia Abdominal/cirurgia
Herniorrafia
Seres Humanos
Meios de Comunicação de Massa
Nova Zelândia
Telas Cirúrgicas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180205
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180205
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171215
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 9923 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28464900
[Au] Autor:Bahri P; Fogd J; Morales D; Kurz X; ADVANCE consortium
[Ad] Endereço:European Medicines Agency, 30 Churchill Place, Canary Wharf, London, E14 5EU, UK. priya.bahri@ema.europa.eu.
[Ti] Título:Application of real-time global media monitoring and 'derived questions' for enhancing communication by regulatory bodies: the case of human papillomavirus vaccines.
[So] Source:BMC Med;15(1):91, 2017 05 02.
[Is] ISSN:1741-7015
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The benefit-risk balance of vaccines is regularly debated by the public, but the utility of media monitoring for regulatory bodies is unclear. A media monitoring study was conducted at the European Medicines Agency (EMA) concerning human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines during a European Union (EU) referral procedure assessing the potential causality of complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) and postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) reported to the authorities as suspected adverse reactions. METHODS: To evaluate the utility of media monitoring in real life, prospective real-time monitoring of worldwide online news was conducted from September to December 2015 with inductive content analysis, generating 'derived questions'. The evaluation was performed through the validation of the predictive capacity of these questions against journalists' queries, review of the EMA's public statement and feedback from EU regulators. RESULTS: A total of 4230 news items were identified, containing personal stories, scientific and policy/process-related topics. Explicit and implicit concerns were identified, including those raised due to lack of knowledge or anticipated once more information would be published. Fifty derived questions were generated and categorised into 12 themes. The evaluation demonstrated that providing the media monitoring findings to assessors and communicators resulted in (1) confirming that public concerns regarding CRPS and POTS would be covered by the assessment; (2) meeting specific information needs proactively in the public statement; (3) predicting all queries from journalists; and (4) altering the tone of the public statement with respectful acknowledgement of the health status of patients with CRSP or POTS. CONCLUSIONS: The study demonstrated the potential utility of media monitoring for regulatory bodies to support communication proactivity and preparedness, intended to support trusted safe and effective vaccine use. Derived questions seem to be a familiar and effective format for presenting media monitoring results in the scientific-regulatory environment. It is suggested that media monitoring could form part of regular surveillance for medicines of high public interest. Future work is recommended to develop efficient monitoring strategies for that purpose.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comunicação
Meios de Comunicação de Massa
Vacinas contra Papillomavirus
Vigilância em Saúde Pública/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Seres Humanos
Estudos Prospectivos
Medição de Risco
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Papillomavirus Vaccines)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180127
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180127
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170504
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12916-017-0850-4


  5 / 9923 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29243474
[Au] Autor:Barker S
[Ti] Título:REFUGEES IN NAURU.
[So] Source:Aust Nurs Midwifery J;24(3):30, 2016 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:2202-7114
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A report alleging appalling abuse and neglect of refugees and asylum seekers living in detention on Nauru has recently been released based on Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch's investigations. The report detailed inhumane conditions, abuse and assault of detainees including neglect by locals and healthcare providers. The Department of Immigration has lashed out strongly refuting many of the claims in the report. Registered Nurse and citizen of Nauru Sue Barker also says the treatment of refugees and asylum seekers is very different to the one painted by the media. Sue has written to the ANMJ asking to give her account about the humane support refugees and asylum seekers are given by the locals on Nauru.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde
Direitos Humanos
Refugiados
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Austrália
Seres Humanos
Meios de Comunicação de Massa
Micronésia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180118
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180118
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171216
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 9923 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28456058
[Au] Autor:Tiggemann M; Brown Z; Zaccardo M; Thomas N
[Ad] Endereço:Flinders University, Australia. Electronic address: Marika.Tiggemann@flinders.edu.au.
[Ti] Título:"Warning: This image has been digitally altered": The effect of disclaimer labels added to fashion magazine shoots on women's body dissatisfaction.
[So] Source:Body Image;21:107-113, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1873-6807
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The present experiment aimed to investigate the impact of the addition of disclaimer labels to fashion magazine shoots on women's body dissatisfaction. Participants were 320 female undergraduate students who viewed fashion shoots containing a thin and attractive model with no disclaimer label, or a small, large, or very large disclaimer label, or product images. Although thin-ideal fashion shoot images resulted in greater body dissatisfaction than product images, there was no significant effect of disclaimer label. Internalisation of the thin ideal was found to moderate the effect of disclaimer label, such that internalisation predicted increased body dissatisfaction in the no label and small label conditions, but not in the larger label conditions. Overall, the results showed no benefit for any size of disclaimer label in ameliorating the negative effect of viewing thin-ideal media images. It was concluded that more extensive research is required before the effective implementation of disclaimer labels.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Imagem Corporal/psicologia
Revelação
Meios de Comunicação de Massa
Satisfação Pessoal
Magreza/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Fotografia
África do Sul
Estudantes/psicologia
Universidades
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180112
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180112
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170430
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 9923 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29281139
[Au] Autor:Hilhorst D; Douma N
[Ad] Endereço:Professor of Humanitarian Aid and Reconstruction, International Institute of Social Studies, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:Beyond the hype? The response to sexual violence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 2011 and 2014.
[So] Source:Disasters;42 Suppl 1:S79-S98, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1467-7717
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has witnessed a high prevalence of sexual violence since the wars of the mid-1990s. The huge response to it commenced around the turn of the century, but turned to 'hype' towards 2010. The paper defines 'hypes' as phenomena characterised by a media frenzy, eagerness by non-governmental organisations, and pragmatic local responses. Interviews and analyses conducted in 2011 revealed misuse of services and misrepresentation at different levels. The paper goes on to review medical and legal assistance and to provide evidence of incremental improvements in the response since 2012. It has become better coordinated, with more engagement by the DRC government, more community-oriented, and has incorporated a broader notion of gender-based violence. Nonetheless, concern remains about its impact and its continued dependence on international resources. There is apprehension too about social reactions to the problems of corruption and impunity, seemingly adding to the confusion surrounding gender relations in the country.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Delitos Sexuais/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: República Democrática do Congo
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Relações Interpessoais
Masculino
Meios de Comunicação de Massa
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180104
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180104
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171228
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/disa.12270


  8 / 9923 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28464915
[Au] Autor:Luck-Sikorski C; Riedel-Heller SG; Phelan JC
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Social Medicine, Occupational Health and Public Health (ISAP), University of Leipzig, Philipp-Rosenthal-Str. 55, 04103, Leipzig, Germany. claudia.luck-sikorski@srh.de.
[Ti] Título:Changing attitudes towards obesity - results from a survey experiment.
[So] Source:BMC Public Health;17(1):373, 2017 05 02.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2458
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: This experimental study in a population-based sample aimed to compare attitudes towards obesity following three different causal explanations for obesity (individual behavior, environmental factors, genetic factors). METHODS: The data were derived from an online representative sample. A random subsample of n = 407 participants was included. Two independent variables were investigated: cause of obesity as described in the vignette and cause of obesity as perceived by the participant regardless of vignette. Quality features of the vignettes (accuracy and bias of the vignette) were introduced as moderators to regression models. Three stigma-related outcomes (negative attitudes, blame and social distance) served as dependent variables. RESULTS: Inaccuracy and bias was ascribed to the social environmental and genetic vignettes more often than to the individual cause vignette. Overall, participants preferred individual causes (72.6%). While personal beliefs did not differ between the genetic and environmental cause conditions (Chi = 4.36, p = 0.113), both were different from the distribution seen in the individual cause vignette. Negative attitudes as well as blame were associated with the belief that individuals are responsible for obesity (b = 0.374, p = 0.003; 0.597, p < 0.001), but were not associated with vignette-manipulated causal explanation. The vignette presenting individual responsibility was associated with lower levels of social distance (b = -0.183, p = 0.043). After including perceived inaccuracy and bias as moderators, the individual responsibility vignette was associated with higher levels of blame (emphasis: b = 0.980, p = 0.010; bias: b = 0.778, p = 0.001) and the effect on social distance vanished. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that media and public health campaigns may solidify beliefs that obesity is due to individual causes and consequently increase stigma when presenting individual behavior as a cause of obesity. Public health messages that emphasize the role of social environmental or genetic causes may be ineffective because of entrenched beliefs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Meio Ambiente
Predisposição Genética para Doença
Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde
Obesidade/epidemiologia
Obesidade/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Atitude Frente à Saúde
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meios de Comunicação de Massa
Meia-Idade
Meio Social
Estigma Social
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171229
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171229
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170504
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12889-017-4275-y


  9 / 9923 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27777273
[Au] Autor:Whitley R; Wang J
[Ad] Endereço:1 Department of Psychiatry, Douglas Mental Health University Institute, McGill University, Montreal, QC.
[Ti] Título:Good News? A Longitudinal Analysis of Newspaper Portrayals of Mental Illness in Canada 2005 to 2015.
[So] Source:Can J Psychiatry;62(4):278-285, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1497-0015
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: The overarching aim of this article is to assess media portrayals of mental illness in Canada. We hypothesise that portrayals have improved over time, related to the various antistigma activities of organisations such as the Mental Health Commission of Canada (MHCC). Specific objectives are to assess 1) overall tone and content of newspaper articles, 2) change over time, and 3) variables associated with positive or negative content. METHODS: We collected newspaper articles from print and online editions of over 20 best-selling Canadian newspapers from 2005 to 2015 ( N = 24,570) that mentioned key search terms such as mental illness or schizophrenia. These were read by research assistants, who assessed tone and content for each article using preassigned codes and categories. Data were subjected to chi-squared and trend analysis. RESULTS: Over the study period, 21% of the articles had a positive tone and 28% had stigmatising content. Trend analysis suggested significantly improved coverage over 11 years ( P < 0.001). For example, articles with a positive tone had almost doubled from 2005 (18.9%) to 2015 (34.8%), and articles with stigmatising content had reduced by a third (22.3% vs 32.7%). Analysis also suggested that articles on the front page, as well as articles in broadsheet newspapers, had significantly more positive coverage. CONCLUSIONS: The study indicates that news media coverage related to mental illness has improved over the past decade. This may be related to the concerted efforts of the MHCC, which has executed a targeted strategy aimed at reducing stigma and improving media coverage since 2007.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Meios de Comunicação de Massa
Transtornos Mentais
Estigma Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Canadá
Seres Humanos
Estudos Longitudinais
Meios de Comunicação de Massa/tendências
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171208
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171208
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161026
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/0706743716675856


  10 / 9923 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29191898
[Au] Autor:van der Linden S; Maibach E; Cook J; Leiserowitz A; Lewandowsky S
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Cambridge, Downing Site, Cambridge CB2 3EB, UK. sander.vanderlinden@psychol.cam.ac.uk.
[Ti] Título:Inoculating against misinformation.
[So] Source:Science;358(6367):1141-1142, 2017 12 01.
[Is] ISSN:1095-9203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comunicação
Meios de Comunicação de Massa
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Má Conduta Científica
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171206
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171206
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171202
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1126/science.aar4533



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