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[PMID]:29441974
[Au] Autor:Gudienè V
[Ti] Título:The medical treatment of Maria, Dowager Empress of the Russian Empire: an analysis of her prescription book from 1807 and 1808.
[So] Source:Pharmazie;71(11):670-679, 2016 Nov 02.
[Is] ISSN:0031-7144
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study analyzes the medicines that were used to treat the Dowager Russian Empress Maria, widow of Tsar Paul I, and describes the doctors who cared for her health in 1807 and 1808. The source for this research was the imperial court pharmacy prescription book 1807-1811. Hypotheses about the diseases and medical problems of the Empress and how treatment for her differed according to circumstances, particularly after the loss of her granddaughter Princess Elizabeth, have been made based on the prescriptions recorded in the book. The content of the prescriptions suggests that the Empress suffered from gastrointestinal tract disorders, skin and eye diseases, neuralgic pains and insomnia. Foreign physicians educated in European universities worked at the imperial court and implemented European medical traditions. They took high positions in the administration and the medical education system, and gradually spread their experience and modern knowledge to Tsarist Russian society.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Prescrições de Medicamentos/história
Tratamento Farmacológico/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Livros
Quimioterapia Combinada
História do Século XIX
Farmácias
Médicos
Federação Russa
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180215
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1691/ph.2016.6067


  2 / 2300 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29386445
[Au] Autor:Sugiura A; Eto T; Kinoshita F; Takada H
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Radiological Technology, Gifu University of Medical Science.
[Ti] Título:[Effect of Reading a Book on a Tablet Computer on Cerebral Blood Flow in the Prefrontal Cortex].
[So] Source:Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi;73(1):39-45, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1882-6482
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:jpn
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: By measuring cerebral blood flow in the prefrontal cortex, we aimed to determine how reading a book on a tablet computer affects sleep. METHODS: Seven students (7 men age range, 21-32 years) participated in this study. In a controlled illuminance environment, the subjects read a novel in printed form or on a tablet computer from any distance. As the subjects were reading, the cerebral blood flow in their prefrontal cortex was measured by near-infrared spectroscopy. The study protocol was as follows. 1) Subjects mentally counted a sequence of numbers for 30 s as a pretest to standardized thinking and then 2) read the novel for 10 min, using the printed book or tablet computer. In step 2), the use of the book or tablet computer was in a random sequence. Subjects rested between the two tasks. RESULTS: Significantly increased brain activity (increase in regional cerebral blood flow) was observed following reading a novel on a tablet computer compared with that after reading a printed book. Furthermore, the region around Broca's area was more active when reading on a tablet computer than when reading a printed book. CONCLUSIONS: Considering the results of this study and previous studies on physiological characteristics during nonrapid eye movement sleep, we concluded that reading a book on a tablet computer before the onset of sleep leads to the potential inhibition of sound sleep through mechanisms other than the suppression of melatonin secretion.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Circulação Cerebrovascular/fisiologia
Computadores de Mão
Córtex Pré-Frontal/irrigação sanguínea
Leitura
Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/etiologia
Sono/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Livros
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Melatonina/secreção
Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho
Fatores de Tempo
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
JL5DK93RCL (Melatonin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180228
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180228
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180202
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1265/jjh.73.39


  3 / 2300 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29440613
[Ti] Título:Publisher's response.
[So] Source:Vet Rec;182(6):173, 2018 02 10.
[Is] ISSN:2042-7670
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Livros
Editoração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Indústria Editorial
Publicações Periódicas como Assunto
Cirurgia Plástica
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180223
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180223
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180215
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/vr.k582


  4 / 2300 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28450082
[Au] Autor:Hutton JS; Gupta R; Gruber R; Berndsen J; DeWitt T; Ollberding NJ; Van Ginkel JB; Ammerman RT
[Ad] Endereço:Division of General and Community Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio; Reading and Literacy Discovery Center, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio. Electronic address: John1.Hutton@cchmc.org.
[Ti] Título:Randomized Trial of a Children's Book Versus Brochures for Safe Sleep Knowledge and Adherence in a High-Risk Population.
[So] Source:Acad Pediatr;17(8):879-886, 2017 Nov - Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1876-2867
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: Sleep-related infant deaths have plateaued in the past decade, disproportionately affecting low socioeconomic status (SES) families. Printed materials are widely used for anticipatory guidance, yet none for safe sleep has been studied. We tested the efficacy of a specially designed children's book compared to brochures for safe sleep knowledge and adherence, which we hypothesized would be greater due to superior readability and engagement. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial involved low-SES mothers (n = 282) enrolled in a home visiting program. Home visitors (n = 56) were randomly assigned to perform safe sleep teaching and assessments during 3 visits: third trimester, 1 week old, and 2 months old, exclusively utilizing a specially designed children's book or brochures, and surveys incorporating the American Academy of Pediatrics' safe sleep recommendations. Outcomes were safe sleep knowledge, adherence, and usefulness of materials, controlling for maternal health literacy. RESULTS: Safe sleep knowledge increased across all time points with no overall group difference, though gains for sleep-evocative and general health items varied. Odds of bed sharing were higher and exclusive crib use lower for the brochure group (P < .05). Mothers and home visitors reported similar usefulness, though home visitors reported greater dialogue via the book and mothers in the book group reported more book sharing with their baby. CONCLUSIONS: While a specially designed children's book and brochures were equally effective conveying aggregate safe sleep knowledge in low-SES mothers, adherence to exclusive crib use and avoiding bed sharing were greater in the book group, attributable to enhanced dialogue, readability and emotional engagement. Children's books are a promising mode of anticipatory guidance, warranting further investigation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Livros
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Cuidado do Lactente
Mães/psicologia
Folhetos
Morte Súbita do Lactente/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Sono
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Morte Súbita do Lactente/etiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180201
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180201
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 2300 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28760912
[Au] Autor:Parrino L; Pavesi G
[Ad] Endereço:From the Sleep Disorders Center (L.P.) and Unit of Neurology (G.P.), Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma, Italy. liborio.parrino@unipr.it.
[Ti] Título:When sleep-related hypermotor epilepsy (SHE) met Charles Darwin and Francis Galton.
[So] Source:Neurology;89(5):502-505, 2017 Aug 01.
[Is] ISSN:1526-632X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Sleep-related hypermotor epilepsy (SHE) is characterized by short-lasting seizures patterned by repetitive and stereotyped motor events in the same person. In autosomal dominant SHE, genetic factors play a well-known key role. In Charles Darwin quotes a plausible example of SHE illustrated by his cousin Sir Francis Galton: "the gentleman…lay fast asleep on his back in bed, raising his right arm slowly in front of his face, up to his forehead, and then dropping it with a jerk, so that the wrist fell heavily on the bridge of his nose. The trick did not occur every night, but occasionally, and was independent of any ascertained cause. Sometimes it was repeated incessantly for an hour or more." Similar manifestations during sleep occurred also in the patient's son and granddaughter, suggesting an autosomal inheritance without sex relationship. Differential diagnosis with REM behavior disorder and other parasomnias is discussed. To our knowledge, this could be the first description of a stereotyped SHE pattern with genetic transmission.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Epilepsia Motora Parcial/história
Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Livros/história
Epilepsia Motora Parcial/genética
Predisposição Genética para Doença
História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/genética
Reino Unido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Darwin C; Galton F
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170804
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170804
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170802
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1212/WNL.0000000000004134


  6 / 2300 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28617482
[Au] Autor:Abbott A
[Ti] Título:The 'time machine' reconstructing ancient Venice's social networks.
[So] Source:Nature;546(7658):341-344, 2017 06 14.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Arquivos/história
Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto
Aprendizado de Máquina/tendências
Manuscritos como Assunto/história
Mapas como Assunto
Mudança Social/história
Rede Social/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Automação
Conta Bancária/história
Livros/história
Comércio/história
Democracia
Pessoas Famosas
Escrita Manual
História do Século XV
História do Século XVI
História do Século XVII
História do Século XVIII
História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
História do Século XXI
História Medieval
Seres Humanos
Itália/epidemiologia
Peste/epidemiologia
Peste/história
Peste/transmissão
Leitura
Robótica
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; VIDEO-AUDIO MEDIA
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171012
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171012
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170616
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/546341a


  7 / 2300 MEDLINE  
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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
[PMID]:28591392
[Au] Autor:Cardoso F
[Ad] Endereço:Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Unidade de Distúrbios do Movimento, Departamento de Medicina Interna, Serviço de Neurologia, Belo Horizonte MG, Brasil.
[Ti] Título:Andrew Lees, a visionary mentored by a madman.
[So] Source:Arq Neuropsiquiatr;75(5):314-316, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1678-4227
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Andrew Lees, Professor of Neurology at the National Hospital Queen Square (London, UK), has been recognized as the world's most highly-cited researcher over the 200-year history of Parkinson's Disease. Although he remains actively involved in the investigation of movement disorders, Prof. Lees embarked on a literary career that started in 2011 with the publication of a social history of his native Liverpool. His last work is Mentored by a Madman: The William Burroughs Experiment, which is reviewed here.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Tutoria/história
Neurologia/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Livros/história
Inglaterra
História do Século XX
História do Século XXI
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; PORTRAITS
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Lees A
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170630
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170630
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170608
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 2300 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28542520
[Au] Autor:Li Z; Gong Y; Pan Z; Hu G
[Ad] Endereço:College of Command Information Systems, PLA University of Science & Technology, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China.
[Ti] Título:An efficient semi-supervised community detection framework in social networks.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(5):e0178046, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Community detection is an important tasks across a number of research fields including social science, biology, and physics. In the real world, topology information alone is often inadequate to accurately find out community structure due to its sparsity and noise. The potential useful prior information such as pairwise constraints which contain must-link and cannot-link constraints can be obtained from domain knowledge in many applications. Thus, combining network topology with prior information to improve the community detection accuracy is promising. Previous methods mainly utilize the must-link constraints while cannot make full use of cannot-link constraints. In this paper, we propose a semi-supervised community detection framework which can effectively incorporate two types of pairwise constraints into the detection process. Particularly, must-link and cannot-link constraints are represented as positive and negative links, and we encode them by adding different graph regularization terms to penalize closeness of the nodes. Experiments on multiple real-world datasets show that the proposed framework significantly improves the accuracy of community detection.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aprendizado de Máquina
Comportamento Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Livros
Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto
Golfinhos
Economia
Futebol Americano
Seres Humanos
Internet
Artes Marciais
Política
Reino Unido
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170918
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170918
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170526
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0178046


  9 / 2300 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28432924
[Au] Autor:McCaffrey G; Venturato L; Patterson JD; Langille J; Jackson R; Rosenal T
[Ad] Endereço:Faculty of Nursing, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive, NW Calgary, AB T2N 1N4, Canada. Electronic address: gpmccaff@ucalgary.ca.
[Ti] Título:Bringing a novel to practice: An interpretive study of reading a novel in an undergraduate nursing practicum course.
[So] Source:Nurse Educ Pract;24:84-89, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1873-5223
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Novels are one humanities resource available to educators in health disciplines to support student reflection on their own professional practice and therapeutic relationships with patients. An interdisciplinary team, including nurses, a physician, and an English instructor, carried out an interpretive study of the use of a novel by clinical nursing instructors in an undergraduate practicum course. Students placed in assisted living or long term care facilities for the elderly were expected to read a contemporary work, Exit Lines, by Joan Barfoot, which is set in a comparable facility. The objective was to increase understanding of the meanings that participants ascribed to the novel reading exercise in relation to their development as student nurses. By using a hermeneutic approach, we used dialogue throughout the study to elicit perspectives among participants and the interdisciplinary research team. Major themes that emerged included the students' tacit awareness of epistemological plurality in nursing, and the consequent importance of cultivating a capacity to move thoughtfully between different points of view and ways of knowing.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Livros
Bacharelado em Enfermagem/métodos
Leitura
Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia
Ensino/tendências
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde
Currículo/normas
Currículo/tendências
Grupos Focais
Geriatria/recursos humanos
Geriatria/tendências
Seres Humanos
Pesquisa Qualitativa
Universidades/organização & administração
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170713
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170713
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170423
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 2300 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28431515
[Au] Autor:Elfrink TR; Zuidema SU; Kunz M; Westerhof GJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, Health and Technology, University of Twente, P.O. Box 217, 7500, AE, Enschede, The Netherlands. t.r.elfrink@utwente.nl.
[Ti] Título:The effectiveness of creating an online life story book on persons with early dementia and their informal caregivers: a protocol of a randomized controlled trial.
[So] Source:BMC Geriatr;17(1):95, 2017 Apr 21.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2318
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Dementia has a high burden for patients, informal caregivers and society. Given changes in care systems, more persons with dementia will live longer at home. However, living at home (with dementia) with a good quality of life is not easy to achieve. Dementia is often accompanied by neuropsychiatric symptoms like apathy, agitation, depression, and anxiety, which have a negative impact on quality of life. Whereas cognitive deterioration can hardly be influenced, it is possible to reduce neuropsychiatric symptoms. As autobiographical memories remain intact for a relatively long time in dementia, reminiscence interventions can promote feelings of pleasure and trust. The Online Life Story Book (OLSB) allows to digitally share memories (stories, pictures, video or audio fragments). The main objective is to study the effects of the OLSB on neuropsychiatric symptoms. The study has four secondary objectives: 1) to study the effectiveness of the intervention on the burden and quality of life of the primary informal caregiver; 2) to provide a preliminary health-economic evaluation; 3) to study the (time to) nursing home admittance as a longer term effect; 4) to provide a process evaluation. METHODS AND DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial with individual randomization to one of two conditions is conducted: 1) intervention "Online Life Story Book"; 2) control condition (care as usual). Participants are persons with early dementia and their primary caregivers. In the intervention OLSB, a trained volunteer guides the participants through the process of putting together a timeline of their lives during 5 meetings within a period of 8-10 weeks. To assess the effects of the intervention on the primary outcome, neuropsychiatric symptoms, the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) will be assessed at three time points: before the intervention (baseline, T0), 3 months (T1) and 6 months (T2) post baseline. DISCUSSION: When proven effective, the Online Life Story Book can be a valuable addition to the existing provision of care for persons with dementia and their informal caregivers. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study has been approved by the Twente Medical Ethics Committee under the file number p16-04 (Dutch Trial Register: NTR5939 , date of registration: 14 March 2016).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Autobiografia como Assunto
Livros
Cuidadores/psicologia
Demência/psicologia
Internet
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Ansiedade
Depressão
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde
Qualidade de Vida
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170607
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170607
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170423
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12877-017-0471-y



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