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Pesquisa : L01.178.682.192.836.842 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:28323048
[Au] Autor:El-Gharbaoui A; Benítez G; González-Tejero MR; Molero-Mesa J; Merzouki A
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Botany, University of Granada, Campus Universitario de Cartuja, 18071 Granada, Spain. Electronic address: asmae@correo.ugr.es.
[Ti] Título:Comparison of Lamiaceae medicinal uses in eastern Morocco and eastern Andalusia and in Ibn al-Baytar's Compendium of Simple Medicaments (13th century CE).
[So] Source:J Ethnopharmacol;202:208-224, 2017 Apr 18.
[Is] ISSN:1872-7573
[Cp] País de publicação:Ireland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Transmission of traditional knowledge over time and across culturally and historically related territories is an important topic in ethnopharmacology. Here, we contribute to this knowledge by analysing data on medicinal uses in two neighbouring areas of the Western Mediterranean in relation to a historical text that has been scarcely mentioned in historical studies despite its interest. AIM OF THE STUDY: This paper discusses the sharing of popular knowledge on the medicinal uses of plants between eastern Morocco and eastern Andalusia (Spain), focusing on one of the most useful plant families in the Mediterranean area: Lamiaceae. Moreover, we used the classical work of Ibn al-Baytar (13th century CE) The Compendium of Simple Medicaments and Foods as a basis to contrast the possible link of this information, analysing the influence of this historical text on current popular tradition of medicinal plant use in both territories. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For data collection, we performed ethnobotanical field research in the eastern part of Morocco, recording current medicinal uses for the Lamiaceae. In addition, we systematically reviewed the ethnobotanical literature from eastern Andalusia, developing a database. We investigated the possible historical link of the shared uses and included in this database the information from Ibn al-Baytar's Compendium. To compare the similarity and diversity of the data, we used Jaccard's similarity index. RESULTS: Our field work provided ethnobotanical information for 14 Lamiaceae species with 95 medicinal uses, serving to treat 13 different pathological groups. Of the total uses recorded in Morocco, 30.5% were shared by eastern Andalusia and found in Ibn al-Baytar's work. There was a higher similarity when comparing current uses of the geographically close territories of eastern Morocco and eastern Andalucía (64%) than for eastern Morocco and this historical text (43%). On the other hand, coincidences between current uses in eastern Andalusia and the ones related in the Compendium are lower, 28%. CONCLUSIONS: The coincidence of the current ethnobotanical knowledge in the two territories is high for the Lamiaceae. Probably the shared historical background, recent exchanges, information flow, and the influence of the historical herbal texts have influenced this coincidence. In this sense, there is a high plant-use overlap between Ibn al-Baytar's text and both territories: nearly half of the uses currently shared by eastern Morocco and eastern Andalusia were included in the Compendium and are related to this period of Islamic medicine, indicating a high level of preservation in the knowledge of plant usage. The study of 14 species of Lamiaceae suggests that this classical codex, which includes a high number of medicinal plants and uses, constitutes a valuable bibliographical source for comparing ancient and modern applications of plants.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Etnofarmacologia/história
Lamiaceae
Plantas Medicinais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Etnobotânica
História do Século XX
História Medieval
Seres Humanos
Islamismo
Lamiaceae/classificação
Espectrometria de Massas
Medicina Tradicional
Região do Mediterrâneo
Marrocos
Plantas Medicinais/classificação
Obras Médicas de Referência
Espanha
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170824
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170824
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170322
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 597 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26804787
[Au] Autor:Brinkman RJ; Hage JJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Netherlands Cancer Institute-Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Hospital, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:Andreas Vesalius' 500th Anniversary: Initial Integral Understanding of Voice Production.
[So] Source:J Voice;31(1):124.e11-124.e19, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1873-4588
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Voice production relies on the integrated functioning of a three-part system: respiration, phonation and resonance, and articulation. To commemorate the 500th anniversary of the great anatomist Andreas Vesalius (1515-1564), we report on his understanding of this integral system. METHODS: The text of Vesalius' masterpiece De Humani Corporis Fabrica Libri Septum and an eyewitness report of the public dissection of three corpses by Vesalius in Bologna, Italy, in 1540, were searched for references to the voice-producing anatomical structures and their function. We clustered the traced, separate parts for the first time. RESULTS: We found that Vesalius recognized the importance for voice production of many details of the respiratory system, the voice box, and various structures of resonance and articulation. He stressed that voice production was a cerebral function and extensively recorded the innervation of the voice-producing organs by the cranial nerves. CONCLUSIONS: Vesalius was the first to publicly record the concept of voice production as an integrated and cerebrally directed function of respiration, phonation and resonance, and articulation. In doing so nearly 500 years ago, he laid a firm basis for the understanding of the physiology of voice production and speech and its management as we know it today.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Audiologia/história
Sistema Respiratório
Voz
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aniversários e Eventos Especiais
Fenômenos Biomecânicos
Dissecação/história
História do Século XVI
Seres Humanos
Fonação
Obras Médicas de Referência
Respiração
Sistema Respiratório/inervação
Vibração
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Vesalius A
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170619
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170619
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160126
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27530343
[Au] Autor:Dimond R; Bullock A; Lovatt J; Stacey M
[Ad] Endereço:Rebecca Dimond, Cardiff School of Social Sciences, 10/12 Museum Place, Cardiff, CF10 3BG, UK. DimondR1@cardiff.ac.uk.
[Ti] Título:Mobile learning devices in the workplace: 'as much a part of the junior doctors' kit as a stethoscope'?
[So] Source:BMC Med Educ;16(1):207, 2016 Aug 17.
[Is] ISSN:1472-6920
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Smartphones are ubiquitous and commonly used as a learning and information resource. They have potential to revolutionize medical education and medical practice. The iDoc project provides a medical textbook smartphone app to newly-qualified doctors working in Wales. The project was designed to assist doctors in their transition from medical school to workplace, a period associated with high levels of cognitive demand and stress. METHODS: Newly qualified doctors submitted case reports (n = 293) which detail specific instances of how the textbook app was used. Case reports were submitted via a structured online form (using Bristol Online Surveys - BOS) which gave participants headings to elicit a description of: the setting/context; the problem/issue addressed; what happened; any obstacles involved; and their reflections on the event. Case reports were categorised by the purpose of use, and by elements of the quality improvement framework (IoM 2001). They were then analysed thematically to identify challenges of use. RESULTS: Analysis of the case reports revealed how smartphones are a viable tool to address clinical questions and support mobile learning. They contribute to novice doctors' provision of safe, effective, timely, efficient and patient-centred care. The case reports also revealed considerable challenges for doctors using mobile technology within the workplace. Participants reported concern that using a mobile phone in front of patients and staff might appear unprofessional. CONCLUSION: Mobile phones blur boundaries between the public and private, and the personal and professional. In contrast to using a mobile as a communication device, using a smartphone as an information resource in the workplace requires different rituals. Uncertain etiquette of mobile use may reduce the capacity of smartphone technology to improve the learning experience of newly qualified doctors.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Telefone Celular
Educação Médica Continuada/métodos
Corpo Clínico/educação
Aplicativos Móveis
Obras Médicas de Referência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Competência Clínica
Seres Humanos
Disseminação de Informação
Comportamento de Busca de Informação
Capacitação em Serviço
Assistência ao Paciente/normas
Segurança do Paciente
País de Gales
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EVALUATION STUDIES; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160818
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12909-016-0732-z


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[PMID]:27488207
[Au] Autor:Bahsi I; Bahsi A; Çetkin M; Çeçen MA
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Gaziantep University, TR-27310, Gaziantep, Turkey. dr.ilhanbahsi@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:The first Turkish illustrated surgical textbook 'Cerrahiyetü'l-Haniyye'.
[So] Source:Childs Nerv Syst;32(12):2275-2276, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1433-0350
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cirurgia Geral/história
Ilustração Médica/história
Obras Médicas de Referência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História Medieval
Seres Humanos
Turquia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; PORTRAITS
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170926
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170926
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160805
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27451383
[Au] Autor:Leroux S; Zhao W; Biran V; Jacqz-Aigrain E
[Ad] Endereço:Service de pharmacologie pédiatrique et pharmacogénétique, hôpital Robert-Debré, 48, boulevard Sérurier, 75019 Paris, France; EA7323, université Paris Diderot, université Paris Descartes, 75019 Paris, France; Service de néonatologie et réanimation néonatale, CHU, hôpital Sud, 16, boulevard de Bulgar
[Ti] Título:[Dosing regimens of antibiotics in neonates: Variations in clinical practice and what should be done?].
[Ti] Título:Posologie des antibiotiques chez le nouveau-né : variations des pratiques et comment y remédier ?.
[So] Source:Arch Pediatr;23(9):966-73, 2016 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1769-664X
[Cp] País de publicação:France
[La] Idioma:fre
[Ab] Resumo:There is wide variation in neonatal dosages of antibiotics in clinical practice, both nationally and internationally. This reflects the lack of evaluation of drugs in this therapeutic class, although widely prescribed. Given this situation, optimization of antibiotic prescription is required to ensure efficacy and safety of neonatal treatment and reduce microbial resistance. Rational prescription should be based on the knowledge of developmental pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. Rigorous studies, conducted in collaboration between neonatologists and pharmacologists, are essential to develop and validate evidence-based neonatal dosage regimens.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antibacterianos/farmacocinética
Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga
Seres Humanos
Recém-Nascido
Obras Médicas de Referência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-Bacterial Agents)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170802
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170802
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160725
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27389602
[Au] Autor:Färber L; Lattrell B; Adloff AK; Welsh T; Heeschen V; Hartung HP
[Ad] Endereço:Novartis Pharma GmbH, Roonstraße 25, 90429, Nürnberg, Deutschland. lothar.faerber@novartis.com.
[Ti] Título:[Hermann Oppenheim. Comments on his life and works].
[Ti] Título:Hermann Oppenheim. Anmerkungen zu seinem Leben und Wirken..
[So] Source:Nervenarzt;87(10):1100-1106, 2016 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1433-0407
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Ab] Resumo:The outstanding neurologist Hermann Oppenheim was renowned worldwide during his lifetime and was highly esteemed; however, he was also a contradictory, complex personality and his life was marked by several tragic events. Even for his contemporaries, his life and work was the subject of lively discussions and debates and also some 100 years later, it is an interesting challenge to obtain an insight into the extensive work of this famous man and to understand the reasons for his great successes and failures.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/história
Neurologia/história
Neurocirurgia/história
Obras Médicas de Referência
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alemanha
História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; PORTRAITS
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Oppenheim H
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170916
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170916
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160709
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 597 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27331338
[Au] Autor:Woodcock BG
[Ti] Título:The Facies dolorosa and the Conidae.
[So] Source:Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther;54(7):495-7, 2016 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:0946-1965
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mordeduras e Picadas/etiologia
Conotoxinas/efeitos adversos
Caramujo Conus/metabolismo
Expressão Facial
Facies
Medição da Dor
Dor
Obras Médicas de Referência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Aniversários e Eventos Especiais
Mordeduras e Picadas/mortalidade
Conotoxinas/metabolismo
Caramujo Conus/anatomia & histologia
Caramujo Conus/classificação
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Dor/diagnóstico
Dor/história
Dor/fisiopatologia
Dor/prevenção & controle
Dor/psicologia
Medição da Dor/história
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; INTRODUCTORY JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Conotoxins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1609
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160623
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27238371
[Au] Autor:Hage JJ; Brinkman RJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Netherlands Cancer Institute-Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Hospital, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: j.hage@nki.nl.
[Ti] Título:Andreas Vesalius' understanding of pulmonary ventilation.
[So] Source:Respir Physiol Neurobiol;231:37-44, 2016 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1878-1519
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The historical evolution of understanding of the mechanical aspects of respiration is not well recorded. That the anatomist Andreas Vesalius (1515-1564) first recorded many of these mechanics in De Humani Corporis Fabrica Libri Septem has received little attention. We searched a digital copy of De Fabrica (1543) and its English translation as provided by Richardson and Carman (1998-2009) for references to aspects of pulmonary ventilation. We found that Vesalius grasped the essentials of tidal and forced respiration. He recognized that atmospheric pressure carried air into the lungs, approximately 100 years before Borelli did. He described an in vivo experiment of breathing, some 120 years before John Mayow produced his artificial model. He reported on positive pressure ventilation through a tracheotomy and on its life-saving effect, some 100 years before Robert Hook did. In publicly recording his insights over 450 years ago, Vesalius laid a firm basis for our understanding of the physiology of respiration and the management of its disorders.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fisiologia/história
Ventilação Pulmonar
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Anatomia/história
Animais
Livros Ilustrados/história
História do Século XVI
Seres Humanos
Obras Médicas de Referência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Vesalius A
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170918
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170918
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160531
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27191769
[Au] Autor:Luger V; Feistle F; Feistle G; Feistle J
[Ti] Título:Killian's photographs: "Facies dolorosa", the countenance of pain.
[So] Source:Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther;54(7):502-4, 2016 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:0946-1965
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The book "Facies dolorosa" by Hans Killian, first published in 1934 and later in 1956 and 1967 as extended and annotated versions, comprises ~ 70 photographs depicting facial expressions of patients suffering from various diseases. The photographs in black and white are analyzed and annotated by the author with the purpose of providing clinicians, and especially young doctors, with an insight into the medical and scientific value of facial expression of pain in the diagnosis, staging, and prognosis of severe disease. This historical review of a book no longer in print is part of a 2016 commemorative publication marking the 60th anniversary of the publication of the "Facies dolorosa" by Dustri Medical and Scientific Publications, Munich, Germany and Rockledge, USA.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Facies
Medição da Dor/história
Dor/história
Fotografia/história
Obras Médicas de Referência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Aniversários e Eventos Especiais
Expressão Facial
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Dor/diagnóstico
Dor/fisiopatologia
Dor/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1609
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160726
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160726
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160519
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5414/CP202619


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[PMID]:27070397
[Au] Autor:Uvelius B
[Ti] Título:[Not Available].
[Ti] Título:Sjelfbefläckelsen - en allvarlig medicinsk åkomma?.
[So] Source:Lakartidningen;113, 2016 Apr 12.
[Is] ISSN:1652-7518
[Cp] País de publicação:Sweden
[La] Idioma:swe
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Masturbação/história
Obras Médicas de Referência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XVIII
História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170130
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170130
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160413
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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