Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : L01.224.230.260.115.500 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 1773 [refinar]
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[PMID]:29415667
[Au] Autor:Ren Y; Chen J; Zheng Q; Chen W
[Ad] Endereço:School of Ophthalmology and Optometry, Wenzhou Medical University, 270 Xueyuan West Road, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, 325027, People's Republic of China.
[Ti] Título:Short-term effect of a developed warming moist chamber goggle for video display terminal-associated dry eye.
[So] Source:BMC Ophthalmol;18(1):33, 2018 Feb 07.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2415
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Video display terminal (VDT)-associated dry eye (DE) patients are the rising group worldwide, and moisture goggles are the preferable treatment since they are capable of improving tear film stability and DE discomfort. The current study aims to evaluate the short-term efficacy and safety of the developed warming moist chamber goggles (WMCGs) for VDT-associated DE patients. METHODS: In this prospective self-control study, 22 DE patients (22 eyes) working with VDTs over 4 h daily were enrolled and instructed to wear WMCGs for 15 min. Sodium hyaluronate (SH, 0.1%) eyedrops were applied as a control on another day on these same patients, however 4 subjects denied the eyedrop application. The symptomatology visual analog scale (VAS) score, tear meniscus height (TMH), noninvasive tear film break-up time (NI-BUT), tear film lipid layer thickness (LLT), and bulbar conjunctival redness were assessed with Keratograph 5 M at baseline, 5, 30 and 60 min after treatment. The WMCGs wearing comfort was also evaluated. RESULTS: The ocular discomfort evaluated by VAS decreased in the WMCGs group throughout 60 min (P<0.001), better than the control group levels (P ≤ 0.015). TMH, NI-BUT (including the first BUT and average BUT) increased than baseline level accross 60 min in the WMCG group (P ≤ 0.012), while those in the control group only showed temporary improvements in 5 min. LLT also increased obviously after WMCGs wear, while the change in the control group was nearly innoticeable. No adverse responses were detected. CONCLUSIONS: Temporary use of the WMCGs is able to relieve ocular discomfort, and improves tear film stability in DE patients for at least 1 h, making it a promising alternative to other treatments.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Astenopia/terapia
Terminais de Computador
Síndromes do Olho Seco/terapia
Dispositivos de Proteção dos Olhos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Astenopia/etiologia
Síndromes do Olho Seco/etiologia
Desenho de Equipamento
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Umidade
Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/fisiologia
Masculino
Estudos Prospectivos
Lágrimas/fisiologia
Resultado do Tratamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180216
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180216
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180209
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12886-018-0700-y


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[PMID]:25816386
[Au] Autor:Margolies R; Gurnaney H; Egeth M; Fink N; Soosaar J; Shames A; Rehman M
[Ad] Endereço:Core Human Factors, Inc., Bala Cynwyd, PA, USA rebecca@corehf.com.
[Ti] Título:Positioning patient status monitors in a family waiting room.
[So] Source:HERD;8(2):103-9, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:1937-5867
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To determine where to place patient status displays for family members in the operating room family waiting room at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. METHODS: We calculated the percentage of seats from which wall monitors placed in hypothetical positions would be usable. We validated the usability of the new monitors by observing nonemployees' use of monitors in the waiting room 1 week before and 1 week after implementation. RESULTS: Compared to the legacy monitor, the new monitors were observed to be used from more locations within the waiting room and more people were observed to use the new monitors soon after entering the waiting room. CONCLUSIONS: Seemingly trivial decisions like where in a waiting room to place monitors can be informed by careful data collection and the consequences can observably impact communication between hospital staff and family members waiting for loved ones in surgery.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Criança Hospitalizada
Terminais de Computador/normas
Família/psicologia
Monitorização Fisiológica/métodos
Sistemas de Informação em Salas Cirúrgicas/organização & administração
Relações Profissional-Família
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Comunicação
Coleta de Dados
Ambiente de Instituições de Saúde
Hospitais Pediátricos
Seres Humanos
Monitorização Fisiológica/normas
Sistemas de Informação em Salas Cirúrgicas/normas
Philadelphia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180126
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180126
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150328
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/1937586714566407


  3 / 1773 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28459599
[Au] Autor:Hedge C; Weaver R; Schnall S
[Ad] Endereço:1 School of Psychology, Cardiff University , Cardiff, United Kingdom .
[Ti] Título:Spatial Learning and Wayfinding in an Immersive Environment: The Digital Fulldome.
[So] Source:Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw;20(5):327-333, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:2152-2723
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Previous work has examined whether immersive technologies can benefit learning in virtual environments, but the potential benefits of technology in this context are confounded by individual differences such as spatial ability. We assessed spatial knowledge acquisition in male and female participants using a technology not previously examined empirically: the digital fulldome. Our primary aim was to examine whether performance on a test of survey knowledge was better in a fulldome (N = 28, 12 males) relative to a large, flat screen display (N = 27, 13 males). Regression analysis showed that, compared to a flat screen display, males showed higher levels of performance on a test of survey knowledge after learning in the fulldome, but no benefit occurred for females. Furthermore, performance correlated with spatial visualization ability in male participants, but not in female participants. Thus, the digital fulldome is a potentially useful learning aid, capable of accommodating multiple users, but individual differences and use of strategy need to be considered.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aprendizagem Espacial
Interface Usuário-Computador
Realidade Virtual
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Simulação por Computador
Terminais de Computador
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Individualidade
Masculino
Análise de Regressão
Fatores Sexuais
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1089/cyber.2016.0399


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[PMID]:28411734
[Au] Autor:Adamides G; Katsanos C; Parmet Y; Christou G; Xenos M; Hadzilacos T; Edan Y
[Ad] Endereço:School of Pure and Applied Sciences, Open University of Cyprus, Lefkosia, Cyprus. Electronic address: george.adamides@st.ouc.ac.cy.
[Ti] Título:HRI usability evaluation of interaction modes for a teleoperated agricultural robotic sprayer.
[So] Source:Appl Ergon;62:237-246, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1872-9126
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Teleoperation of an agricultural robotic system requires effective and efficient human-robot interaction. This paper investigates the usability of different interaction modes for agricultural robot teleoperation. Specifically, we examined the overall influence of two types of output devices (PC screen, head mounted display), two types of peripheral vision support mechanisms (single view, multiple views), and two types of control input devices (PC keyboard, PS3 gamepad) on observed and perceived usability of a teleoperated agricultural sprayer. A modular user interface for teleoperating an agricultural robot sprayer was constructed and field-tested. Evaluation included eight interaction modes: the different combinations of the 3 factors. Thirty representative participants used each interaction mode to navigate the robot along a vineyard and spray grape clusters based on a 2 × 2 × 2 repeated measures experimental design. Objective metrics of the effectiveness and efficiency of the human-robot collaboration were collected. Participants also completed questionnaires related to their user experience with the system in each interaction mode. Results show that the most important factor for human-robot interface usability is the number and placement of views. The type of robot control input device was also a significant factor in certain dependents, whereas the effect of the screen output type was only significant on the participants' perceived workload index. Specific recommendations for mobile field robot teleoperation to improve HRI awareness for the agricultural spraying task are presented.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agricultura/instrumentação
Sistemas Homem-Máquina
Robótica
Interface Usuário-Computador
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Terminais de Computador
Comportamento do Consumidor
Apresentação de Dados
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Inquéritos e Questionários
Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas
Carga de Trabalho
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171024
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171024
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170417
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28366958
[Au] Autor:Riccò M; Pezzetti F; Signorelli C
[Ad] Endereço:Provincial Agency for Health Services of the Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy (Department of Prevention, Occupational Health and Safety Unit). mricco2000@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Back and neck pain disability and upper limb symptoms of home healthcare workers: A case-control study from Northern Italy.
[So] Source:Int J Occup Med Environ Health;30(2):291-304, 2017 Mar 30.
[Is] ISSN:1896-494X
[Cp] País de publicação:Poland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are quite frequent in healthcare workers (HCWs), but data about MSD in home-based healthcare workers (HHWs) are lacking. In this study we describe the prevalence of MSD among Italian HHWs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A case-control study was carried out among 300 random-selected female HCWs, the sample comprising 100 HHWs, 100 HCWs with a low exposure to patient handling (MAPO - Movimentazione e Assistenza Pazienti Ospedalizzati - Movement and Assistance of Hospital Patients index 0-5) and 100 HCWs with high exposure to patient handling (MAPO index ≥ 5.01). As a negative control group, 200 visual display unit workers were also randomly selected. Musculoskeletal disorder cases were collected using a standardized case definition. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed comparing the MSD prevalence in the 4 groups. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of MSD was 17% in the reference group and 28.3% for HCWs. HHWs and HCWs with MAPO index ≥ 5.01 had similar prevalence of neck pain (9% and 11%, respectively), whereas lumbosacral pain prevalence was higher in the HHWs group (31%), with similar results in residential HCWs groups (21% in MAPO index 0-5 group and 25% in MAPO index ≥ 5.01 group). HCWs of group MAPO index ≥ 5.01 and HHWs showed the higher prevalence of upper limb complaints, with a prevalence of 20% and 10%, respectively. In multivariate regression analysis, prevalence of MSD complaints was quite similar in HHWs (adjusted odds ratio (ORadj) = 2.335, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.318-4.138) and in HCWs of the group MAPO ≥ 5.01 (ORadj = 2.729, 95% CI: 1.552-4.797). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of MSD in the examined HCWs was relatively high, with HHWs appearing as a particularly high-risk group for lumbosacral back pain. In higher exposed HCWs, upper-limb symptoms were particularly frequent, probably reflecting the different tasks required to manage residential and homebased patients. In conclusion, this study reaffirms the high prevalence of MSD in HHWs, seemly similar to high-risk residential groups. Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2017;30(2):291-304.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Braço
Dor nas Costas/epidemiologia
Cervicalgia/epidemiologia
Enfermeiras de Saúde Comunitária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Terminais de Computador
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Itália/epidemiologia
Meia-Idade
Movimentação e Reposicionamento de Pacientes
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiologia
Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia
Prevalência
Fatores de Risco
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170906
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170906
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170404
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28237014
[Au] Autor:Kang H; Shin G
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Human Factors Engineering, School of Design and Human Engineering, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, South Korea.
[Ti] Título:Effects of touch target location on performance and physical demands of computer touchscreen use.
[So] Source:Appl Ergon;61:159-167, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1872-9126
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Touchscreen interfaces for computers are known to cause greater physical stress compared to traditional computer interfaces. The objective of this study was to evaluate how physical demands and task performance of a tap gesture on a computer touchscreen vary between target locations and display positions. Twenty-three healthy participants conducted reach-tap-return trials with touch targets at fifteen locations in three display positions. Mean completion time, touch accuracy and electromyography of the shoulder and neck extensor muscles were compared between the target locations and display positions. The results demonstrated that participants completed the trial 12%-27% faster with 13%-39% less muscle activity when interacting with targets in the lower area of the display compared to when tapping upper targets (p < 0.05). The findings suggest that proper target placement and display positioning can improve task performance and lessen physical demands of computer touchscreen interface use.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Terminais de Computador
Músculos do Pescoço/fisiologia
Ombro/fisiologia
Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas
Tato
Interface Usuário-Computador
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Fenômenos Biomecânicos
Apresentação de Dados
Eletromiografia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Esforço Físico/fisiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170310
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170310
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170227
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 1773 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28237011
[Au] Autor:Orphanides AK; Nam CS
[Ad] Endereço:User Experience Department, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695 USA. Electronic address: akorphan@ncsu.edu.
[Ti] Título:Touchscreen interfaces in context: A systematic review of research into touchscreens across settings, populations, and implementations.
[So] Source:Appl Ergon;61:116-143, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1872-9126
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Although many studies have been conducted on the human factors and ergonomics (HFE) of touchscreens, no comprehensive review has summarized the findings of these studies. Based on a schema (three dimensions of understanding critical for successful display selection) presented by Wickens et al. (2004), we identified three dimensions of analysis for touchscreen implementations: touchscreen technology, setting and environment of implementation, and user population. We conducted a systematic review based on the PRISMA protocol (Moher et al., 2009), searching five article databases for relevant quantitative literature on touchscreens. We found that all three dimensions of analysis have a significant effect on the HFE of touchscreens, and that a selection for or against touchscreens must take into consideration the specific context of system interaction in order to maximize safety, performance, and user satisfaction. Our report concludes with a set of specific recommendations for systems designers considering touchscreens as input/output devices, and suggestions for future study into the HFE of touchscreens.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desenho de Equipamento
Tato
Interface Usuário-Computador
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fatores Etários
Condução de Veículo
Terminais de Computador
Computadores de Mão
Comportamento do Consumidor
Pessoas com Deficiência
Ergonomia
Lateralidade Funcional
Setor de Assistência à Saúde
Seres Humanos
Robótica
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170227
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28166901
[Au] Autor:Dobres J; Chahine N; Reimer B
[Ad] Endereço:Massachusetts Institute of Technology AgeLab and New England University Transportation Center, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, E40-209, Cambridge, MA 02139, United States. Electronic address: jdobres@mit.edu.
[Ti] Título:Effects of ambient illumination, contrast polarity, and letter size on text legibility under glance-like reading.
[So] Source:Appl Ergon;60:68-73, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1872-9126
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Recent research on the legibility of digital displays has demonstrated a "positive polarity advantage", in which black-on-white text configurations are more legible than their negative polarity, white-on-black counterparts. Existing research in this area suggests that the positive polarity advantage stems from the brighter illumination emitted by positive polarity displays, as opposed to the darker backgrounds of negative polarity displays. In the present study, legibility thresholds were measured under glance-like reading conditions using a lexical decision paradigm, testing two type sizes, display polarities, and ambient illuminations (near-dark and daylight-like). Results indicate that legibility thresholds, quantified as the amount of time needed to read a word accurately, were highest for the negative polarity configurations under dark ambient illumination, indicated worse performance. Conversely, the positive polarity conditions under dark ambient illumination and all conditions under bright illumination demonstrated significantly reduced thresholds, indicating greater legibility. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that the "positive polarity advantage" arises because brighter illumination produces pupillary contraction that reduces optical aberrations as light enters the eye. These results have implications for the design of automotive interfaces and other scenarios in which an interface must be optimized for glance-like reading under variations in ambient lighting conditions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Sensibilidades de Contraste
Iluminação
Leitura
Percepção Visual/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Terminais de Computador
Movimentos Oculares
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Estimulação Luminosa
Limiar Sensorial
Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170222
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170222
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170208
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28166877
[Au] Autor:Park S; Choi D; Yi J; Lee S; Lee JE; Choi B; Lee S; Kyung G
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Human Factors Engineering, UNIST, 50 UNIST-gil, Ulju-gun, Ulsan 44919, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: psr926@unist.ac.kr.
[Ti] Título:Effects of display curvature, display zone, and task duration on legibility and visual fatigue during visual search task.
[So] Source:Appl Ergon;60:183-193, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1872-9126
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study examined the effects of display curvature (400, 600, 1200 mm, and flat), display zone (5 zones), and task duration (15 and 30 min) on legibility and visual fatigue. Each participant completed two 15-min visual search task sets at each curvature setting. The 600-mm and 1200-mm settings yielded better results than the flat setting in terms of legibility and perceived visual fatigue. Relative to the corresponding centre zone, the outermost zones of the 1200-mm and flat settings showed a decrease of 8%-37% in legibility, whereas those of the flat setting showed an increase of 26%-45% in perceived visual fatigue. Across curvatures, legibility decreased by 2%-8%, whereas perceived visual fatigue increased by 22% during the second task set. The two task sets induced an increase of 102% in the eye complaint score and a decrease of 0.3 Hz in the critical fusion frequency, both of which indicated an increase in visual fatigue. In summary, a curvature of around 600 mm, central display zones, and frequent breaks are recommended to improve legibility and reduce visual fatigue.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Astenopia/etiologia
Terminais de Computador
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Astenopia/fisiopatologia
Desenho de Equipamento
Ergonomia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Reconhecimento Visual de Modelos
Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas
Fatores de Tempo
Escala Visual Analógica
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170208
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 1773 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28118668
[Au] Autor:Lin JB; Gerratt BW; Bassi CJ; Apte RS
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, United States 2Neuroscience Graduate Program, Division of Biology and Biomedical Sciences, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, United States.
[Ti] Título:Short-Wavelength Light-Blocking Eyeglasses Attenuate Symptoms of Eye Fatigue.
[So] Source:Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci;58(1):442-447, 2017 Jan 01.
[Is] ISSN:1552-5783
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine whether subjects who wear short wavelength-blocking eyeglasses during computer tasks exhibit less visual fatigue and report fewer symptoms of visual discomfort than subjects wearing eyeglasses with clear lenses. Methods: A total of 36 healthy subjects (20 male; 16 female) was randomized to wearing no-block, low-blocking, or high-blocking eyeglasses while performing a 2-hour computer task. A masked grader measured critical flicker fusion frequency (CFF) as a metric of eye fatigue and evaluated symptoms of eye strain with a 15-item questionnaire before and after computer use. Results: We found that the change in CFF after the computer task was significantly more positive (i.e., less eye fatigue) in the high-block versus the no-block (P = 0.027) and low-block (P = 0.008) groups. Moreover, random assignment to the high-block group but not to the low-block group predicted a more positive change in CFF (i.e., less eye fatigue) following the computer task (adjusted ß = 2.310; P = 0.002). Additionally, subjects wearing high-blocking eyeglasses reported significantly less feeling pain around/inside the eye (P = 0.0063), less feeling that the eyes were heavy (P = 0.0189), and less feeling that the eyes were itchy (P = 0.0043) following the computer task, when compared to subjects not wearing high-blocking lenses. Conclusions: Our results support the hypothesis that short-wavelength light-blocking eyeglasses may reduce eye strain associated with computer use based on a physiologic correlate of eye fatigue and on subjects' reporting of symptoms typically associated with eye strain.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Astenopia/terapia
Óculos
Fusão Flicker/fisiologia
Luz/efeitos adversos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Terminais de Computador
Desenho de Equipamento
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Inquéritos e Questionários
Acuidade Visual
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170623
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170623
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170125
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1167/iovs.16-20663



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