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[PMID]:28453767
[Au] Autor:Chu TPC; Moran GW; Card TR
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK.
[Ti] Título:The Pattern of Underlying Cause of Death in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease in England: A Record Linkage Study.
[So] Source:J Crohns Colitis;11(5):578-585, 2017 May 01.
[Is] ISSN:1876-4479
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Background and Aims: Numerous studies have established that mortality risk in inflammatory bowel disease [IBD] patients is higher than in the general population, but the causes of death have seldom been examined. We aimed to describe causes of death in IBD. Methods: A matched cohort study using UK general practice data from Clinical Practice Research Datalink linked to death registration records. We described the distribution of causes of death among IBD patients by age at death and time since IBD diagnosis. We estimated age-specific mortality rates and hazard ratios of death in multivariable Cox proportional hazards models. Results: 20293 IBD patients were matched to 83261 non IBD patients. The mortality rate was 40% higher in IBD patients [2005 deaths] than in non IBD patients [6024 deaths] (adjusted overall hazard ratio: = 1.4, 95% confidence interval [CI]: = 1.4-1.5], with greater risk of death in Crohn's disease [hazard ratio: = 1.6, 1.5-1.7] than in ulcerative colitis [1.3, 1.3-1.4]. Causes attributable to IBD constituted 3.7% of all deaths in ulcerative colitis and 8.3% in Crohn's disease. Among IBD patients, death was less likely to be due to circulatory, respiratory or neoplastic diseases than among non IBD patients. In both IBD and non IBD patients all these causes became more clinically important with advancing age, with the commonest neoplastic cause of death being lung cancer rather than gastrointestinal cancers. Conclusions: IBD patients have an additional risk of death. Most IBD patients die of circulatory or respiratory causes, and the contribution to mortality from long-term complications of IBD is clinically less important.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Causas de Morte
Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/mortalidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Fatores Etários
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Colite Ulcerativa/mortalidade
Doença de Crohn/mortalidade
Atestado de Óbito
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação
Masculino
Registros Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos
Meia-Idade
Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais
Reino Unido/epidemiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjw192


  2 / 18415 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29220454
[Au] Autor:Scerri A; Kuriakose J; Deshmane AA; Stanger M; Cotroneo P; Moore R; Naik R; de Waard A
[Ad] Endereço:Elsevier Ltd, The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford OX5 1GB, UK.
[Ti] Título:Elsevier's approach to the bioCADDIE 2016 Dataset Retrieval Challenge.
[So] Source:Database (Oxford);2017, 2017 Jan 01.
[Is] ISSN:1758-0463
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Database URL : https://data.mendeley.com/datasets/zd9dxpyybg/1.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Sistemas de Gerenciamento de Base de Dados
Bases de Dados Factuais
Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação
Ferramenta de Busca
Semântica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Ontologias Biológicas
Seres Humanos
Camundongos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171209
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/database/bax056


  3 / 18415 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29406627
[Au] Autor:Geckle J
[Ti] Título:Use of Multimedia or Mobile Devices By Adolescents for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention: A Literature Review.
[So] Source:Pediatr Nurs;42(4):163-7, 2016 Jul-Aug.
[Is] ISSN:0097-9805
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The purpose of this literature review is to summarize studies of the use of multimedia technology by adolescents to engage in their healthcare promotion and disease prevention. A systematic literature review of relevant peer-reviewed research published between 2009 and 2014 was performed. The 16 articles reviewed were a combination of quantitative and mixed-method methodology based on the efficacy of multimedia, mobile technology, Short Messaging Services (SMS) texting, and social networking (e.g., Facebook®), to engage adolescents ages 10 to 20 years in health promotion and disease prevention. Although adolescents have high attrition rates in the studies, they demonstrated advantages in using SMS texting features and social networking, especially the chat function, in relation to health promotion and disease prevention. Some small gains were noticed in health promotion and disease prevention in the majority of the studies, though some were not significant due to attrition. Additional research, especially nursing research, is necessary. Mobile and multimedia technology allows for a promising correlation between adolescents and increased healthcare knowledge, health promotion, and disease prevention.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Promoção da Saúde/métodos
Promoção da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação/métodos
Multimídia/utilização
Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem/educação
Prevenção Primária/métodos
Mensagem de Texto/utilização
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Educação Continuada em Enfermagem/métodos
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Multimídia/estatística & dados numéricos
Mensagem de Texto/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180207
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 18415 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29351553
[Au] Autor:Sun M; Xue Y; Bogdan P; Tang J; Wang Y; Lin X
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Hierarchical and hybrid energy storage devices in data centers: Architecture, control and provisioning.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191450, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Recently, a new approach has been introduced that leverages and over-provisions energy storage devices (ESDs) in data centers for performing power capping and facilitating capex/opex reductions, without performance overhead. To fully realize the potential benefits of the hierarchical ESD structure, we propose a comprehensive design, control, and provisioning framework including (i) designing power delivery architecture supporting hierarchical ESD structure and hybrid ESDs for some levels, as well as (ii) control and provisioning of the hierarchical ESD structure including run-time ESD charging/discharging control and design-time determination of ESD types, homogeneous/hybrid options, ESD provisioning at each level. Experiments have been conducted using real Google data center workloads based on realistic data center specifications.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fontes de Energia Elétrica
Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Algoritmos
Sistemas de Computação/estatística & dados numéricos
Fontes de Energia Elétrica/estatística & dados numéricos
Desenho de Equipamento
Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180120
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191450


  5 / 18415 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29348493
[Au] Autor:Song Y; Kim S; Heller MJ; Huang X
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Bioengineering, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA, 92093, USA. yjunsong@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:DNA multi-bit non-volatile memory and bit-shifting operations using addressable electrode arrays and electric field-induced hybridization.
[So] Source:Nat Commun;9(1):281, 2018 01 18.
[Is] ISSN:2041-1723
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:DNA has been employed to either store digital information or to perform parallel molecular computing. Relatively unexplored is the ability to combine DNA-based memory and logical operations in a single platform. Here, we show a DNA tri-level cell non-volatile memory system capable of parallel random-access writing of memory and bit shifting operations. A microchip with an array of individually addressable electrodes was employed to enable random access of the memory cells using electric fields. Three segments on a DNA template molecule were used to encode three data bits. Rapid writing of data bits was enabled by electric field-induced hybridization of fluorescently labeled complementary probes and the data bits were read by fluorescence imaging. We demonstrated the rapid parallel writing and reading of 8 (2 ) combinations of 3-bit memory data and bit shifting operations by electric field-induced strand displacement. Our system may find potential applications in DNA-based memory and computations.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Computadores Moleculares
DNA/química
Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Biomimética
DNA/genética
Desenho de Equipamento
Hibridização Genética
Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos
Processamento de Sinais Assistido por Computador
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Nm] Nome de substância:
9007-49-2 (DNA)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180120
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/s41467-017-02705-8


  6 / 18415 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29425001
[Au] Autor:Butler M
[Ti] Título:Solving the Health IT Interoperability Quagmire.
[So] Source:J AHIMA;87(8):14-8, 2016 08.
[Is] ISSN:1060-5487
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Sistemas de Informação em Saúde/organização & administração
Registro Médico Coordenado/métodos
Integração de Sistemas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Segurança Computacional
Seres Humanos
Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação/métodos
Privacidade
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:H
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180210
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 18415 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29351341
[Au] Autor:Bibault JE; Zapletal E; Rance B; Giraud P; Burgun A
[Ad] Endereço:Radiation Oncology Department, Georges Pompidou European Hospital, Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Paris Descartes University, Paris Sorbonne Cité, Paris, France.
[Ti] Título:Labeling for Big Data in radiation oncology: The Radiation Oncology Structures ontology.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191263, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE: Leveraging Electronic Health Records (EHR) and Oncology Information Systems (OIS) has great potential to generate hypotheses for cancer treatment, since they directly provide medical data on a large scale. In order to gather a significant amount of patients with a high level of clinical details, multicenter studies are necessary. A challenge in creating high quality Big Data studies involving several treatment centers is the lack of semantic interoperability between data sources. We present the ontology we developed to address this issue. METHODS: Radiation Oncology anatomical and target volumes were categorized in anatomical and treatment planning classes. International delineation guidelines specific to radiation oncology were used for lymph nodes areas and target volumes. Hierarchical classes were created to generate The Radiation Oncology Structures (ROS) Ontology. The ROS was then applied to the data from our institution. RESULTS: Four hundred and seventeen classes were created with a maximum of 14 children classes (average = 5). The ontology was then converted into a Web Ontology Language (.owl) format and made available online on Bioportal and GitHub under an Apache 2.0 License. We extracted all structures delineated in our department since the opening in 2001. 20,758 structures were exported from our "record-and-verify" system, demonstrating a significant heterogeneity within a single center. All structures were matched to the ROS ontology before integration into our clinical data warehouse (CDW). CONCLUSION: In this study we describe a new ontology, specific to radiation oncology, that reports all anatomical and treatment planning structures that can be delineated. This ontology will be used to integrate dosimetric data in the Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris CDW that stores data from 6.5 million patients (as of February 2017).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ontologias Biológicas/estatística & dados numéricos
Radioterapia (Especialidade)/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação
Sistemas de Informação
Modelos Anatômicos
Neoplasias/radioterapia
Paris
Planejamento da Radioterapia Assistida por Computador/estatística & dados numéricos
Software
Integração de Sistemas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180120
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191263


  8 / 18415 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29346410
[Au] Autor:Cormode G; Dasgupta A; Goyal A; Lee CH
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Computer Science, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:An evaluation of multi-probe locality sensitive hashing for computing similarities over web-scale query logs.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191175, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Many modern applications of AI such as web search, mobile browsing, image processing, and natural language processing rely on finding similar items from a large database of complex objects. Due to the very large scale of data involved (e.g., users' queries from commercial search engines), computing such near or nearest neighbors is a non-trivial task, as the computational cost grows significantly with the number of items. To address this challenge, we adopt Locality Sensitive Hashing (a.k.a, LSH) methods and evaluate four variants in a distributed computing environment (specifically, Hadoop). We identify several optimizations which improve performance, suitable for deployment in very large scale settings. The experimental results demonstrate our variants of LSH achieve the robust performance with better recall compared with "vanilla" LSH, even when using the same amount of space.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Algoritmos
Ferramenta de Busca
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Inteligência Artificial
Bases de Dados Factuais
Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador
Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação
Internet
Processamento de Linguagem Natural
Reconhecimento Automatizado de Padrão
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EVALUATION STUDIES; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180119
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191175


  9 / 18415 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29235962
[Au] Autor:Gephart SM; Davis M; Shea K
[Ad] Endereço:1 The University of Arizona College of Nursing, Tucson, AZ, USA.
[Ti] Título:Perspectives on Policy and the Value of Nursing Science in a Big Data Era.
[So] Source:Nurs Sci Q;31(1):78-81, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1552-7409
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:As data volume explodes, nurse scientists grapple with ways to adapt to the big data movement without jeopardizing its epistemic values and theoretical focus that celebrate while acknowledging the authority and unity of its body of knowledge. In this article, the authors describe big data and emphasize ways that nursing science brings value to its study. Collective nursing voices that call for more nursing engagement in the big data era are answered with ways to adapt and integrate theoretical and domain expertise from nursing into data science.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Política de Saúde/tendências
Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação/tendências
Conhecimento
Enfermagem/tendências
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação/métodos
Enfermagem/métodos
Teoria de Enfermagem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171214
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/0894318417741122


  10 / 18415 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27779316
[Au] Autor:Kucera KL; Roos KG; Hootman JM; Lipscomb HJ; Dement JM; Silverstein BA
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Occupational & Environmental Medicine, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina.
[Ti] Título:Work-related illness and injury claims among nationally certified athletic trainers reported to Washington and California from 2001 to 2011.
[So] Source:Am J Ind Med;59(12):1156-1168, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1097-0274
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Little is known about the work-related injury and illnesses experienced by certified athletic trainers (AT). METHODS: The incidence and characteristics of injury/illness claims filed in two workers' compensation systems were described from 2001 to 2011. Yearly populations at risk were estimated from National Athletic Trainers' Association membership statistics. Incidence rate ratios (IRR) were reported by job setting. RESULTS: Claims were predominantly for traumatic injuries and disorders (82.7%: 45.7% sprains/strains, 12.0% open wounds, 6.5% bruises) and at these body sites (back 17.2%, fingers 12.3%, and knee 9.6%) and over half were caused by body motion and overexertion (51.5%). Compared with school settings, clinic/hospital settings had modestly higher claim rates (IRR = 1.29, 95% CI: 1.06-1.52) while other settings (e.g., professional or youth sport, nursing home) had lower claim rates (IRR = 0.63, 95% CI: 0.44-0.70). CONCLUSIONS: These first known estimates of work-related injuries/illnesses among a growing healthcare profession help identify occupational tasks and settings imposing injury risk for ATs. Am. J. Ind. Med. 59:1156-1168, 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Revisão da Utilização de Seguros/estatística & dados numéricos
Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia
Traumatismos Ocupacionais/epidemiologia
Esportes/estatística & dados numéricos
Indenização aos Trabalhadores/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
California/epidemiologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Doenças Profissionais/etiologia
Traumatismos Ocupacionais/etiologia
Washington/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180124
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180124
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161026
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ajim.22648



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