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Pesquisa : L01.559.598.400.556.536 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 1345 [refinar]
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  1 / 1345 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28374706
[Au] Autor:Damulin IV
[Ad] Endereço:Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russia.
[Ti] Título:[Eponyms related to Nazism neurosciences].
[Ti] Título:Cvyazannye s natsizmom eponimy v neironaukakh..
[So] Source:Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova;117(2):174-177, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1997-7298
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The author considers eponymous names of CNS diseases related to physicians who had actively cooperated with Nazis during the Second World War. The data on the activity of some specialists in the field of neurosciences whose activity did not correspond to ethical values of the physician and the scientist are presented. The author suggests excluding a number of eponymous terms associated with the names of physicians, former Nazis or those who actively cooperated with Nazis.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Central/história
Epônimos
Nacional-Socialismo/história
Neurociências/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alemanha
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Médicos/história
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170810
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170810
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170405
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.17116/jnevro201711721174-177


  2 / 1345 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28069709
[Au] Autor:Roehr B
[Ti] Título:Henry Heimlich.
[So] Source:BMJ;356:j118, 2017 Jan 09.
[Is] ISSN:1756-1833
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Obstrução das Vias Respiratórias/terapia
Epônimos
Manobra de Heimlich/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XX
História do Século XXI
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; PORTRAITS
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Heimlich HJ
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170111
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bmj.j118


  3 / 1345 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28011108
[Au] Autor:Opotowsky AR; Webb GD
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Cardiology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
[Ti] Título:Evolving Understanding of Shone Complex Through the Lifespan: What's in an Eponym?
[So] Source:Can J Cardiol;33(2):214-215, 2017 02.
[Is] ISSN:1916-7075
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Epônimos
Estenose da Valva Mitral
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161225
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 1345 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27715487
[Au] Autor:Toodayan N; Boes CJ
[Ad] Endereço:a University of Queensland School of Medicine , Brisbane , Queensland , Australia.
[Ti] Título:The eponymous legacy of Sir William Richard Gowers (1845-1915): A revealing letter.
[So] Source:J Hist Neurosci;26(2):169-192, 2017 Apr-Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1744-5213
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The eponymous legacy of Sir William Richard Gowers (1845-1915) was the subject of a comprehensive appraisal first written for this journal late last year. Since the completion of that work, a revealing February 1903 letter has come to light recording, amongst other things, Gowers' firsthand and somewhat private opinions concerning some of his own eponymous contributions to medicine. This addendum to the primary author's original article will review and contextualize this very interesting find as it relates to Gowers' eponymous legacy. Gowers' "ataxic paraplegia" (referred to as "Gowers' disease" in the letter) and "syringal hemorrhage" are specially considered, and his broader neological contributions are also briefly addressed. For completion, a number of other previously unnoticed eponyms are added to the already impressive list of medical entities named in Gowers' honor, and a more complete collection of eponyms found in Gowers' Manual are tabulated for consideration.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Epônimos
Neurologia/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Redação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; LETTER; PORTRAITS
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Gowers W
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171016
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171016
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161008
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/0964704X.2016.1201950


  5 / 1345 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26927541
[Au] Autor:Chvátal A; Kachlík D
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Cellular Neurophysiology , Institute of Experimental Medicine, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic , Prague , Czech Republic.
[Ti] Título:Vincenc Alexandr Bohdálek (1801-1883): Czech anatomist and neuroscientist of the nineteenth century.
[So] Source:J Hist Neurosci;26(2):125-139, 2017 Apr-Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1744-5213
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Vincenc Alexandr Bohdálek (Vincenz Alexander Bochdalek) was a well-known anatomist and pathologist in the nineteenth century. Today, however, his name is all but forgotten. Bohdálek described a number of anatomical structures; some of them became eponyms. Unfortunately, his findings concerning the innervation of the eye, upper jaw, hard palate, auditory system, and meninges are little known today. This current overview is based on available archival sources and provides an insight into his results in the field of nervous system research, which account for almost half his work. Bohdálek can clearly be considered a pioneer in the field we now call functional anatomy, as he tried to find a physiological explanation for the anatomical and pathological findings he observed. The work and results of this truly outstanding neuroscientist of his time are thus again available to current and future generations of neuroscientists and neuroanatomists.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anatomia/história
Sistema Nervoso
Neurociências/história
Patologistas/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: República Tcheca
Epônimos
História do Século XIX
Seres Humanos
Ilustração Médica
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; PORTRAITS
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Bohdálek V
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171016
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171016
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160302
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/0964704X.2016.1150671


  6 / 1345 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26666300
[Au] Autor:Toodayan N
[Ad] Endereço:a University of Queensland School of Medicine , Brisbane , Australia.
[Ti] Título:A convenient "inconvenience": The eponymous legacy of Sir William Richard Gowers (1845-1915).
[So] Source:J Hist Neurosci;26(1):50-82, 2017 Jan-Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1744-5213
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A century since his passing, the legacy of the great Victorian clinical neurologist, Sir William Richard Gowers (1845-1915), remains traceable to students and practitioners of medicine worldwide through eponymous medical terms named in his honor. Popular designations like "Gowers' sign" continue to lead curious minds to learn more about the pioneering neurologist's lifework and influence, and yet Gowers himself was not fond of medical eponyms. Memorably remarking that eponyms were an educational "inconvenience" in medicine, Gowers was apt to disfavor the system in the very same lecture in which he reportedly first referred to the spinal cord fasciculus that later took his name. This article will examine Gowers' own use of eponyms alongside the eponymous medical terms named for him, and, in the process, will show how Gowers' "inconvenience" may be of great service to the historically inclined modern clinician today.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Epônimos
Neurologistas/história
Neurologia/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Autoria
História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Sistema Nervoso
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; PORTRAITS
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Gowers W
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170822
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170822
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151216
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 1345 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27443132
[Au] Autor:Gershen BJ
[Ti] Título:Eponymic Gems.
[So] Source:Md Med;17(1):40-1, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1538-2656
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Epônimos
Terminologia como Assunto
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História
Seres Humanos
Medicina
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1608
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160722
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160722
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160723
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 1345 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27325248
[Au] Autor:Martin M; Fangerau H; Karenberg A
[Ad] Endereço:Institut für Geschichte, Theorie und Ethik der Medizin, Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Deutschland.
[Ti] Título:[German neurology and neurologists during the Third Reich: the aftermath].
[Ti] Título:Neurologie und Neurologen in der NS-Zeit: Auswirkungen und Folgen von 1945 bis heute..
[So] Source:Nervenarzt;87 Suppl 1:42-52, 2016 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1433-0407
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Ab] Resumo:The article discusses the consequences for neurology as a discipline which resulted from neurologists' participation in the crimes committed under National Socialism (NS). Chronologically, the current literature distinguishes mainly four overlapping stages: (1) a first phase was characterized by legal persecution and "denazification", which was also the time of the Nuremberg doctors' trial in which no neurologists were on trial. A detailed documentation of the trial for the German medical profession was published by Alexander Mitscherlich. (2) In the subsequent practice of wide amnestying and reintegration of former Nazi followers during the 1950s, neurologists were no exception as its elite continued in their positions. The year 1953 was the year of the Lisbon scandal, when chiefly Dutch representatives protested against the participation of Julius Hallervorden in the International Congress of Neurology. The newly founded societies, the German Society for Neurology (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Neurologie, DGN) and the German Society for Psychiatry and Neurology (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Psychiatrie und Neurologie, DGPN), unanimously supported their member. (3) The next period was characterized by a nascent criticism of the prevailing attitude of covering up the crimes committed by physicians during the Nazi period. The discovery of incriminating brain sections at various Max Planck Institutes brought neurology to the focus of the debate. (4) Since the 1980s and 1990s historians (of medicine) have been systematically examining medicine's Nazi past in a professional way, which resulted in a noticeable increase of knowledge. Additionally, a new generation of scholars provoked a change of mind insofar as they recognized medicine's responsibility for the crimes committed between 1933 and 1945. We expect that future historical research will further elucidate the history of neurology during the NS regime and have consequences for our current understanding of research ethics.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Pesquisa Biomédica/história
Epônimos
Ética em Pesquisa/história
Nacional-Socialismo/história
Neurologistas/história
Neurologia/história
Sociedades Médicas/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alemanha
História do Século XX
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170922
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170922
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160622
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00115-016-0144-7


  9 / 1345 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27315310
[Au] Autor:Hwang K
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Korea.
[Ti] Título:Eponym of Naso-Jugal Fold and Tear Trough.
[So] Source:J Craniofac Surg;27(5):1350-3, 2016 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1536-3732
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The aim of this study is to find out the eponym of the naso-jugal fold and tear trough and to make a suggestion to standardize the terminology.In a PubMed search, the search terms (naso-jugal) and (fold OR groove); (tear trough) and (anatomy) were used, which resulted in 48 and 37 titles, respectively. Eliminating duplicated titles, 80 abstracts were reviewed. Among them, 18 full papers were reviewed. Two papers were excluded and 3 mined papers were added. Finally, 19 papers were reviewed.In a paper published by an ophthalmologist Dr David Miller, "tear trough" was first used for designating the circular trough carved into a scleral contact in 1969. In the remaining 18 papers including 1 conference presentation, 6 terms were used for the same structure; naso-jugal fold (4), naso-jugal groove (4), naso-jugal ditch (1), tear trough (5), tear trough deformity (6), and tear trough depression (1). Whitnall first used "naso-jugal" and 10 other papers stated "naso-jugal." Eight papers cited Whitnall (2), Duke-Elder (2), and Loeb (4) in the origin of the term "naso-jugal." Flowers adapted "tear trough" for the cheek groove and 12 other papers wrote "tear trough." Eleven papers cited Flowers (9), Le Louarn (1), Mendelson (1) when referring to the origin of the term "tear trough."The name of the structure should contain "naso-jugal" rather than "tear trough" because "naso-jugal" was coined earlier and expresses the location of the structure. The recommended term should be "the deepened naso-jugal groove" since it deepens with age.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bochecha/anatomia & histologia
Epônimos
Boca/anatomia & histologia
Nariz/anatomia & histologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160618
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/SCS.0000000000002750


  10 / 1345 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27283070
[Au] Autor:Bunch PM
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Radiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 75 Francis Street, Boston, MA 02115. Electronic address: paul.m.bunch@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Anatomic Eponyms in Neuroradiology: Head and Neck.
[So] Source:Acad Radiol;23(10):1319-32, 2016 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1878-4046
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In medicine, an eponym is a word-typically referring to an anatomic structure, disease, or syndrome-that is derived from a person's name. Medical eponyms are ubiquitous and numerous. They are also at times controversial. Eponyms reflect medicine's rich and colorful history and can be useful for concisely conveying complex concepts. Familiarity with eponyms facilitates correct usage and accurate communication. In this article, 22 eponyms used to describe anatomic structures of the head and neck are discussed. For each structure, the author first provides a biographical account of the individual for whom the structure is named. An anatomic description and brief discussion of the structure's clinical relevance follow.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Epônimos
Cabeça/anatomia & histologia
Cabeça/diagnóstico por imagem
Pescoço/anatomia & histologia
Pescoço/diagnóstico por imagem
Radiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160611
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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