Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : M01.097 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 485 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Detalhado]

página 1 de 49 ir para página                         

  1 / 485 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28006677
[Au] Autor:Dai Q; Yang G; Hu C; Wang L; Liu K; Guang Y; Zhang R; Xu S; Liu B; Yang Y; Feng Z
[Ad] Endereço:The Third Military Medical University, Department of nursing, 400038 Chong qing, China.
[Ti] Título:The alienation of affection toward parents and influential factors in Chinese left-behind children.
[So] Source:Eur Psychiatry;39:114-122, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1778-3585
[Cp] País de publicação:France
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: Although alienation toward parents is important for children (for current mental health status or later interpersonal relationships in adulthood), it is undervalued and even lacks a standardized tool of assessment. Moreover, the large number of left-behind children in China is a cause of public concern. However, their experienced alienation toward their parents remains unclear, which may be important for early detection or intervention for behavioral problems in this population. Hence, the current study aimed to develop an alienation inventory for children and then use it to investigate the experienced alienation toward parents in Chinese left-behind children. METHODS: Two studies were carried out. Study 1 was designed to develop a standard inventory of alienation toward parents (IAP). In study 2, 8361 children and adolescents (6704 of them were left-behind status) of the Chongqing area, aged between 8 and 19 years old, were recruited for investigation. All participants were surveyed with a standard sociodemographic questionnaire, children's cognitive style questionnaire, children's depression inventory, adolescent self-rating life events checklist, and newly built IAP in study 1. RESULTS: In study 1, we developed a two-component (communication and emotional distance) and 18-item (9 items for maternal or paternal form, respectively) IAP questionnaire. In study 2, exploratory factor analysis indicated an expected two-factor structure of IAP, which was confirmed by confirmatory factor analysis. The Cronbach's alpha coefficients showed a good reliability (0.887 and 0.821 for maternal and paternal form, respectively). Children with absent mother experienced the highest alienation toward parents. Boys as well as children aged 8-10 years old experienced higher alienation toward parents. Poor communication with parents (sparse or no connection), level of left-behind condition (parents divorced, been far away from parents), and psychosocial vulnerability (stressful life events, negative cognitive style) were risk factors of alienation toward parents. CONCLUSIONS: The current study develops a two-factor (communication and emotional distance) IAP, which offers a reliable tool to assess experienced alienation of affection toward parents in children aged between 8 and 19 years old. Our result is the first investigation of experienced alienation and potential influential factors in Chinese left-behind children. The findings that children with absent mother experience higher alienation toward parents, as well as three recognized risk factors for alienation of affection toward parents (poor communication with absent parents, worse left-behind condition, and psychosocial vulnerability), give valuable guidance for parents who intend to leave or who are already leaving as well as for government policymaking.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bem-Estar da Criança/psicologia
Criança Abandonada/psicologia
Depressão/psicologia
Relações Pais-Filho
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Bem-Estar da Criança/estatística & dados numéricos
China
Depressão/epidemiologia
Análise Fatorial
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida
Masculino
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Fatores de Risco
Autoimagem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171013
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171013
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161223
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 485 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:27855427
[Au] Autor:Loncar I; Loncar M
[Ad] Endereço:University Hospital Centre Zagreb, Department of Psychiatry, National Centre for Psychotrauma, Kispaticeva 12, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia.
[Ti] Título:Anger in Adulthood in Participants Who Lost Their Father During the War in Croatia When They Were in Their Formative Age.
[So] Source:Psychiatr Danub;28(4):363-371, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:0353-5053
[Cp] País de publicação:Croatia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Loss of parents in early childhood can have serious long-term psychological consequences. Abandoned by a close figure of attachment, many persons have developed the emotion of anger, even though the separation was caused by death. The traumatic experience of the loss of a parent is particularly hard in war, because most often it does not occur as an individual trauma. Our aim is to research anger as a personality trait in persons whose father had died in war at a time when they were children, and to compare it with an appropriate civilian control group of subjects. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study comprised 155 persons of both sexes. The target group consisted of persons (N=98) whose father had died in the Homeland War and who had just been born at the time of their father's death, or were children or adolescents, and had since their father's death grown up in a single-parent family with their mother, while the control group of subjects (N=57) had not suffered any war losses in the family in the war time from 1991 to 1995. The examined variables were: sex, age, loss of father due to civilian or war causes, marital status, age when the subject lost their father, anger as a state and as a personality trait. STAXI is used in this study; it is frequently used in studies of experiencing, expressing and controlling anger in persons suffering from PTSD. RESULTS: Statistically significant differences were demonstrated in some of the scales and subscales of anger as a state and anger as a personality trait between the abovementioned subject groups, with higher scores in persons who had suffered a civilian loss of father. CONCLUSIONS: The study supports the opinion that the social context in which the grieving person is before, during and after the loss of a close person has an important role in the process of grieving, and eventually defines the social and personal meaning of death.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ira
Relações Pai-Filho
Pesar
Privação Paterna
Desenvolvimento da Personalidade
Veteranos/psicologia
Guerra
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Fatores Etários
Atitude Frente à Morte
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Criança
Criança Abandonada
Pré-Escolar
Croácia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Controle Interno-Externo
Entrevista Psicológica
Masculino
Família de Pais Solteiros/psicologia
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/diagnóstico
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia
Temperamento
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170621
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170621
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161118
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 485 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:27735141
[Au] Autor:Nirestean T; Lukacs E; Nirestean A; Gabos Grecu I
[Ad] Endereço:Psychiatric Clinic No.2, UMF Tg.Mures, Tg.Mures, Romania.
[Ti] Título:Dependent personality features in a complex case of borderline personality disorder.
[So] Source:Personal Ment Health;10(4):317-322, 2016 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1932-863X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Borderline personality disorder is a complex disease model as it encompasses a diversity of pathological personality traits and psychopathological symptoms. It is not surprising, therefore, that it is often manifested by personality disorders across all three clusters and accompanied by other mental (Axis I) disorders. This melange makes both psychological treatment and pharmacotherapy especially challenging, and this paper describes the case of a particularly complex case of a 33-year-old Romanian patient, who has a history of severe deprivation in childhood, mood and substance use disorder in association with borderline pathology. In the course of treatment from many sources and interventions, it has become clear that dependence is a key component of the pathology and has been rewarded with a degree of success in management. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adultos Sobreviventes de Eventos Adversos na Infância/psicologia
Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/psicologia
Criança Abandonada/psicologia
Transtorno da Personalidade Dependente/psicologia
Orfanatos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Seres Humanos
Recém-Nascido
Masculino
Romênia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171013
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171013
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161014
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/pmh.1360


  4 / 485 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:27652438
[Au] Autor:Tighe SM; Lalor J
[Ti] Título:Concealed pregnancy and newborn abandonment: a contemporary 21st century issue Part 2.
[So] Source:Pract Midwife;19(7):14-6, 2016 Jul-Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1461-3123
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This second of a two-part article explores the consequences of concealed pregnancy and the association with newborn abandonment, with reference to recent cases of public interest. Concealed pregnancy is a complex process which involves hiding a pregnancy, and can lead to tragic consequences, such as maternal or neonatal morbidity or mortality (Murphy Tighe and Lalor 2016; Chen et al 2007).The psychosocial issues involved will also be explored and points for midwifery practice are presented and considered (Murphy Tighe and Lalor 2016).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Criança Abandonada
Decepção
Gravidez não Planejada
Gravidez não Desejada
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Recém-Nascido
Gravidez
Gravidez não Planejada/psicologia
Gravidez não Desejada/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170113
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170113
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160923
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 485 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:27498470
[Au] Autor:Glen S
[Ti] Título:Research request.
[So] Source:Midwives;19:26, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1479-2915
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Criança Abandonada
Bem-Estar do Lactente
Pesquisa em Enfermagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Recém-Nascido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; LETTER
[Em] Mês de entrada:1609
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160808
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160808
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160809
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 485 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:27451485
[Au] Autor:Tighe SM; Lalor J
[Ti] Título:Concealed pregnancy and newborn abandonment: a contemporary 21st century issue. Part 1.
[So] Source:Pract Midwife;19(6):12-5, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1461-3123
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This two-part series explores the phenomenon of concealed pregnancy and the association with newborn abandonment, with reference to recent cases of public interest. In Part 1 we focus on defining concealed pregnancy as a complex process which involves hiding a pregnancy, that can lead to tragic consequences such as maternal or neonatal morbidity or mortality (Murphy Tighe and Lalor 2016; Chen et al 2007).The psychosocial issues involved will also be presented (Murphy Tighe and Lalor 2016).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Criança Abandonada
Decepção
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
História do Século XXI
Seres Humanos
Recém-Nascido
Gravidez
Resultado da Gravidez
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1608
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160725
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160725
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160726
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 485 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
PubMed Central Texto completo
Texto completo
[PMID]:27115771
[Au] Autor:Abrahams N; Mathews S; Martin LJ; Lombard C; Nannan N; Jewkes R
[Ad] Endereço:Gender and Health Research Unit, South African Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa.
[Ti] Título:Gender Differences in Homicide of Neonates, Infants, and Children under 5 y in South Africa: Results from the Cross-Sectional 2009 National Child Homicide Study.
[So] Source:PLoS Med;13(4):e1002003, 2016 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1549-1676
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Homicide of children is a global problem. The under-5-y age group is the second largest homicide age group after 15-19 y olds, but has received little research attention. Understanding age and gender patterns is important for assisting with developing prevention interventions. Here we present an age and gender analysis of homicides among children under 5 y in South Africa from a national study that included a focus on neonaticide and infanticide. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A retrospective national cross-sectional study was conducted using a random sample of 38 medico-legal laboratories operating in 2009 to identify homicides of children under 5 y. Child data were abstracted from the mortuary files and autopsy reports, and both child and perpetrator data data were collected from police interviews. We erred towards applying a conservative definition of homicide and excluded sudden infant death syndrome cases. We estimated that 454 (95% CI 366, 541) children under the age of 5 y were killed in South Africa in 2009. More than half (53.2%; 95% CI 46.7%, 59.5%) were neonates (0-28 d), and 74.4% (95% CI 69.3%, 78.9%) were infants (under 1 y), giving a neonaticide rate of 19.6 per 100,000 live births and an infanticide rate of 28.4 per 100,000 live births. The majority of the neonates died in the early neonatal period (0-6 d), and abandonment accounted for 84.9% (95% CI 81.5%, 87.8%) of all the neonates killed. Distinct age and gender patterns were found, with significantly fewer boy children killed in rural settings compared to urban settings (odds ratio 0.6; 95% CI 0.4, 0.9; p = 0.015). Abuse-related killings and evidence of sexual assault were more common among older girls than in all other age and gender groups. Mothers were identified as the perpetrators in all of the neonaticides and were the most common perpetrators overall (71.0%; 95% CI 63.9%, 77.2%). Abandoned neonates were mainly term babies, with a mean gestational age of 38 wk. We did not have information on abandonment motives for all newborns and did not know if babies were abandoned with the intention that they would die or with the hope that they would be found alive. We therefore considered all abandoned babies as homicides. CONCLUSIONS: Homicide of children is an extreme form or consequence of violence against children. This national study provides one of the first analyses of neonaticide and infanticide by age and gender and shows the failure of reproductive and mental health and social services to identify and help vulnerable mothers. Multi-sectoral prevention strategies are needed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Vítimas de Crime
Homicídio/tendências
Infanticídio/tendências
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Distribuição por Idade
Autopsia
Maus-Tratos Infantis/tendências
Abuso Sexual na Infância/tendências
Criança Abandonada
Pré-Escolar
Estudos Transversais
Pai
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Masculino
Mães
Razão de Chances
Estudos Retrospectivos
Fatores de Risco
Distribuição por Sexo
África do Sul
Fatores de Tempo
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1608
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160427
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pmed.1002003


  8 / 485 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:27101351
[Au] Autor:Reza MH
[Ad] Endereço:Indiana University School of Social Work, South Bend, Wiekamp Hall, 2219, 1800 Mishawaka Ave, PO Box 7111, South Bend, IN 46634, USA. Electronic address: rezam@iusb.edu.
[Ti] Título:Poverty, violence, and family disorganization: Three "Hydras" and their role in children's street movement in Bangladesh.
[So] Source:Child Abuse Negl;55:62-72, 2016 May.
[Is] ISSN:1873-7757
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The increasing number of children running away from home in Bangladesh is a major concern, and in need of critical attention. This yearlong study explores why children leave home with a sample of street children in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Purposive sampling from three locations in Dhaka yielded a sample of 75 homeless children aged 10-17. For each participant, a 60-90min in-depth qualitative interview was conducted multiple times. While the dominant explanations rely on poverty or abuse, the findings of this study reveal that the cause is actually three heads of a Hydra monster: poverty, abuse, and family disorganization and their interactions. It shows that the primary reasons for children breaking from their family are all interrelated. The findings from this study are likely to add knowledge regarding the issues and may lead to preventative interventions for street children and their families.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Maus-Tratos Infantis/estatística & dados numéricos
Jovens em Situação de Rua/estatística & dados numéricos
Pobreza/estatística & dados numéricos
Violência/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bangladesh/epidemiologia
Criança
Maus-Tratos Infantis/psicologia
Criança Abandonada/psicologia
Criança Abandonada/estatística & dados numéricos
Relações Familiares
Feminino
Jovens em Situação de Rua/psicologia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Motivação
Violência/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170313
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170313
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160422
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 485 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:27092828
[Au] Autor:Walden J
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Family Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.
[Ti] Título:A PIECE OF MY MIND. Sins of the Fathers.
[So] Source:JAMA;315(15):1569-70, 2016 Apr 19.
[Is] ISSN:1538-3598
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Maus-Tratos Infantis/diagnóstico
Anamnese
Exame Físico/métodos
Imigrantes Indocumentados
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fatores Etários
Criança
Maus-Tratos Infantis/psicologia
Criança Abandonada/psicologia
Honduras
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Comportamento Paterno/psicologia
Relações Médico-Paciente
Violência/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; PERSONAL NARRATIVES
[Em] Mês de entrada:1605
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161017
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161017
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160420
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jama.2016.0024


  10 / 485 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:26975693
[Au] Autor:Shi J; Chen Z; Yin F; Zhao J; Zhao X; Yao Y
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China shijingyu2005@126.com.
[Ti] Título:Resilience as moderator of the relationship between left-behind experience and mental health of Chinese adolescents.
[So] Source:Int J Soc Psychiatry;62(4):386-93, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1741-2854
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: In China, since the rural labor, leaving their children in the hometown to other caregivers is a trend that has been increasing, and the impact of parental absence on the well-being of left-behind children is increasingly drawing attention in the Chinese society. However, there is a lack of study on the potential impacts of being left behind on later psychosocial outcomes in adolescence and associated protective factors. AIM: This study was conducted on a large sample of Chinese college students to test the moderating effect of resilience between left-behind experience and mental health problems. METHODS: The Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale and Symptom Checklist as well as a self-reported questionnaire about left-behind experience designed by the authors were adopted for a survey with 2,968 Chinese college students as respondents. RESULTS: Totally, 1,063 students (35.8%) had 1 year or more left-behind experience. Compared to those who had no left-behind experience, the students who had left-behind experience were rated lower on resilience score and higher on mental health problem score. Mental health problems had a negative correlation with resilience. Regression analysis showed that resilience moderated left-behind experience and mental health problems. CONCLUSION: Individuals with left-behind experience are more vulnerable to mental health problems. Promoting resilience may be helpful for prevention of mental health problems in college students with left-behind experience.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Criança Abandonada/psicologia
Solidão/psicologia
Saúde Mental
Relações Pais-Filho
Resiliência Psicológica
Apoio Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Lista de Checagem
China
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Modelos Lineares
Masculino
Poder Familiar/tendências
Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica
População Rural
Autorrelato
Estudantes
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160316
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/0020764016636910



página 1 de 49 ir para página                         
   


Refinar a pesquisa
  Base de dados : MEDLINE Formulário avançado   

    Pesquisar no campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde