Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : M01.142 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:29231006
[Au] Autor:Sun ZW; Shi TT; Fu PX
[Ad] Endereço:Beijing Ankang Hospital, Beijing 101300, China.
[Ti] Título:[Characteristics of Schizophrenia Patients' Homicide Behaviors and Their Correlations with Criminal Capacity].
[So] Source:Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi;33(1):32-35, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1004-5619
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To explore the characteristics of schizophrenia patients' homicide behaviors and the influences of the assessments of criminal capacity. METHODS: Indicators such as demographic and clinical data, characteristics of criminal behaviors and criminal capacity from the suspects whom were diagnosed by forensic psychiatry as schizophrenia ( =110) and normal mental ( =70) with homicide behavior, were collected by self-made investigation form and compared. The influences of the assessments of criminal capacity on the suspects diagnosed as schizophrenia were also analyzed using logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: There were no significant statistical differences between the schizophrenic group and the normal mental group concerning age, gender, education and marital status ( >0.05). There were significant statistical differences between the two groups concerning thought disorder, emotion state and social function before crime ( <0.05) and there were significant statistical differences in some characteristics of the case such as aggressive history ( <0.05), cue, trigger, plan, criminal incentives, object of crime, circumstance cognition and self-protection ( <0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis suggested that thought disorder, emotion state, social function, criminal incentives, plan and self-protection before crime of the schizophrenic group were positively correlated with the criminal capacity ( <0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The relevant influences of psychopathology and crime characteristics should be considered comprehensively for improving the accuracy of the criminal capacity evaluation on the suspects diagnosed as schizophrenia with homicide behavior.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agressão/psicologia
Crime
Homicídio/psicologia
Esquizofrenia/diagnóstico
Psicologia do Esquizofrênico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criminosos
Psiquiatria Legal
Seres Humanos
Motivação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171213
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2017.01.008


  2 / 2225 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27776683
[Au] Autor:Davis JP; Dumas TM; Wagner EF; Merrin GJ
[Ad] Endereço:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA. Electronic address: jdavis37@illinois.edu.
[Ti] Título:Social Ecological Determinants of Substance Use Treatment Entry Among Serious Juvenile Offenders From Adolescence Through Emerging Adulthood.
[So] Source:J Subst Abuse Treat;71:8-15, 2016 12.
[Is] ISSN:1873-6483
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE: To examine the social-ecological determinants of substance use treatment entry among serious juvenile offenders over a 7 year period. Using the social-ecological framework, relevant predictors of substance use from the literature were used to assess risk (and protective) factors at the individual, parental, peer and neighborhood level. METHOD: Serious juvenile offenders (N=1354, M =16.0 years, SD=1.14) were prospectively followed over 7 years (M =23.0 years, SD=1.15). Cox regression with time invariant and time varying predictors was used to predict time to first substance use treatment entry. RESULTS: Results for each dimension, separately, varied slightly from the full model. In the full model peer delinquency, peer arrests, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), impulse control, temperament, and emotional regulation remained salient risk (and protective) factors for treatment entry. CONCLUSION: Associating with more deviant peers and having more of your peers arrested over the 7 year study period was associated with substantial increase in time to treatment entry. Furthermore, one of the strongest risk factors for treatment entry was a PTSD diagnosis. Treatment implications are discussed regarding peer affiliation and PTSD symptomology as well as potential neurological and biological contributors to increased risk for treatment entry.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Criminosos/estatística & dados numéricos
Delinquência Juvenil/estatística & dados numéricos
Meio Social
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/terapia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Pais
Grupo Associado
Fatores de Proteção
Fatores de Risco
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161026
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 2225 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27776674
[Au] Autor:Dugosh KL; Festinger DS; Lipkin JL
[Ad] Endereço:Treatment Research Institute, 600 Public Ledger Building, 150 S. Independence Mall West, Philadelphia, PA 19106, United States. Electronic address: kdugosh@tresearch.org.
[Ti] Título:Identifying and Addressing the Unmet Health Care Needs of Drug Court Clients.
[So] Source:J Subst Abuse Treat;71:30-35, 2016 12.
[Is] ISSN:1873-6483
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Drug courts address issues such as employment and housing but largely miss the opportunity to address important health care issues. The current study examined the prevalence and correlates of chronic medical conditions among a sample of drug court clients who were participating in a clinical trial of an intervention to reduce HIV risk. A total of 256 clients completed a health survey at entry into the drug court program and 9 months post-entry. The baseline health survey included a comprehensive list of chronic medical conditions, and participants were asked to indicate which, if any, they had ever been diagnosed as having. They were also asked to indicate whether or not they were currently receiving treatment for each chronic condition that they endorsed. The follow-up survey was identical to the baseline survey, with the exception that it contained items reflecting (1) whether or not any member of the drug court team engaged in discussion with the client about each of the chronic conditions reported and (2) whether the client received a referral to medical care for endorsed conditions while in the drug court program. Results indicated that over 50% of clients reported at least one chronic condition and 21% reported more than one condition. Among those with chronic conditions, 71% reported having chronic conditions for which they were not currently receiving treatment. Unfortunately, drug court clients reported that the drug court team did little to address these unmet health needs. Findings from this study suggest that clients could benefit if drug court programs began to widen their focus to include addressing health-related issues.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doença Crônica/terapia
Satisfação do Paciente
Centros de Tratamento de Abuso de Substâncias/normas
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/terapia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Doença Crônica/epidemiologia
Comorbidade
Criminosos
Feminino
Seguimentos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Prevalência
Centros de Tratamento de Abuso de Substâncias/legislação & jurisprudência
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161026
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 2225 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29343485
[Au] Autor:Rees RN
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, UCL, London, UK.
[Ti] Título:Criminal and professional sanctions impede honesty and improvement.
[So] Source:BMJ;360:k172, 2018 01 17.
[Is] ISSN:1756-1833
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Direito Penal
Criminosos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Controle Social Formal
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180212
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180212
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180119
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bmj.k172


  5 / 2225 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29189236
[Au] Autor:Sofer D
[Ti] Título:When Parents Disappear Behind Bars.
[So] Source:Am J Nurs;117(12):19-20, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1538-7488
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Life can be challenging for the millions of children left behind.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desenvolvimento Infantil
Criminosos
Pais
Trauma Psicológico/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Seres Humanos
Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171211
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171211
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM; N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/01.NAJ.0000527479.63621.8a


  6 / 2225 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28817578
[Au] Autor:Laporte N; Ozolins A; Westling S; Westrin Å; Billstedt E; Hofvander B; Wallinius M
[Ad] Endereço:Lund University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences Lund, Unit for Clinical Suicide Research, Lund, Sweden.
[Ti] Título:Deliberate self-harm behavior among young violent offenders.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(8):e0182258, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Deliberate self-harm behavior (DSH) can have profound effects on a person's quality of life, and challenges the health care system. Even though DSH has been associated with aggressive interpersonal behaviors, the knowledge on DSH in persons exhibiting such behaviors is scarce. This study aims to (1) specify the prevalence and character of DSH, (2) identify clinical, neurocognitive, psychosocial, and criminological characteristics associated with DSH, and (3) determine predictors of DSH among young violent offenders. Data were collected from a nationally representative cohort of 270 male violent offenders, 18-25 years old, imprisoned in Sweden. Participants were interviewed and investigated neuropsychologically, and their files were reviewed for psychosocial background, criminal history, mental disorders, lifetime aggressive antisocial behaviors, and DSH. A total of 62 offenders (23%) had engaged in DSH at some point during their lifetime, many on repeated occasions, yet without suicidal intent. DSH was significantly associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, mood disorders, anxiety disorders, various substance use disorders, being bullied at school, and repeated exposure to violence at home during childhood. Mood disorders, anxiety disorders, and being bullied at school remained significant predictors of DSH in a total regression model. Violent offenders direct aggressive behaviors not only toward other people, but also toward themselves. Thus, DSH must be assessed and prevented in correctional institutions as early as possible, and more knowledge is needed of the function of DSH among offenders.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Criminosos/psicologia
Criminosos/estatística & dados numéricos
Comportamento Autodestrutivo/epidemiologia
Comportamento Autodestrutivo/psicologia
Violência/psicologia
Violência/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Cognição
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia
Transtornos Mentais/psicologia
Prevalência
Qualidade de Vida
Fatores de Risco
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171018
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171018
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170818
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0182258


  7 / 2225 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28800604
[Au] Autor:Oliveira M; Bastos-Filho C; Menezes R
[Ad] Endereço:BioComplex Laboratory, Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, Florida, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:The scaling of crime concentration in cities.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(8):e0183110, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Crime is a major threat to society's well-being but lacks a statistical characterization that could lead to uncovering some of its underlying mechanisms. Evidence of nonlinear scaling of urban indicators in cities, such as wages and serious crime, has motivated the understanding of cities as complex systems-a perspective that offers insights into resources limits and sustainability, but that usually neglects details of the indicators themselves. Notably, since the nineteenth century, criminal activities have been known to occur unevenly within a city; crime concentrates in such way that most of the offenses take place in few regions of the city. Though confirmed by different studies, this concentration lacks broad analyses on its characteristics, which hinders not only the comprehension of crime dynamics but also the proposal of sounding counter-measures. Here, we developed a framework to characterize crime concentration which divides cities into regions with the same population size. We used disaggregated criminal data from 25 locations in the U.S. and the U.K., spanning from 2 to 15 years of longitudinal data. Our results confirmed that crime concentrates regardless of city and revealed that the level of concentration does not scale with city size. We found that the distribution of crime in a city can be approximated by a power-law distribution with exponent α that depends on the type of crime. In particular, our results showed that thefts tend to concentrate more than robberies, and robberies more than burglaries. Though criminal activities present regularities of concentration, we found that criminal ranks have the tendency to change continuously over time-features that support the perspective of crime as a complex system and demand analyses and evolving urban policies covering the city as a whole.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Crime/estatística & dados numéricos
Psicologia Criminal/tendências
Criminosos/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cidades
Crime/classificação
Crime/psicologia
Criminosos/psicologia
Criminologia/métodos
Seres Humanos
Densidade Demográfica
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Reino Unido
Estados Unidos
População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171006
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171006
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170812
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0183110


  8 / 2225 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28759531
[Au] Autor:Sowden JN; Olver ME
[Ad] Endereço:Author Affiliations: 1Regional Psychiatric Centre, Correctional Service of Canada; and 2Department of Psychology, University of Saskatchewan.
[Ti] Título:Sexual Offender Treatment Readiness, Responsivity, and Change: Linkages to Treatment Completion and Recidivism.
[So] Source:J Forensic Nurs;13(3):97-108, 2017 Jul/Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1939-3938
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study examined the interrelationship of treatment readiness, responsivity variables, and treatment change to sexual offender treatment outcome, featuring the Treatment Readiness, Responsivity, and Gain Scale: Short Version (TRRG:SV). The sample was composed of 185 Canadian federal offenders who attended a high-intensity sexual offender treatment program and were followed up an average of 9.3 years postrelease. Men with higher levels of education, employment history, and cognitive ability and who were married or equivalent, did not have a serious mental illness or intellectual disability, and were not actuarially high risk tended to show higher levels of treatment engagement across the TRRG:SV subscales. Significant pre-post changes, denoting improvement, were observed on the TRRG:SV. In turn, positive treatment engagement assessed by the TRRG:SV was associated with increased risk-relevant treatment change, decreased program attrition, and reductions in sexual and violent recidivism, even after controlling for baseline risk. The role of attention to responsivity variables and treatment readiness to promote client engagement and maximize therapeutic benefit is underscored.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Criminosos
Prisioneiros
Medição de Risco
Delitos Sexuais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Cognição
Criminosos/psicologia
Escolaridade
Emprego
Seres Humanos
Modelos Logísticos
Masculino
Prevenção Secundária
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171018
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171018
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170801
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/JFN.0000000000000160


  9 / 2225 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28734198
[Au] Autor:Renner M; Newark C; Bartos BJ; McCleary R; Scurich N
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Criminology, Law & Society, University of California - Irvine, Social Ecology II 3358, Irvine, CA, 92697-7080, USA. Electronic address: mlrenner@uci.edu.
[Ti] Título:Length of stay for 25,791 California patients found incompetent to stand trial.
[So] Source:J Forensic Leg Med;51:22-26, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1878-7487
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Referrals and admissions to state psychiatric hospitals of criminal defendants found Incompetent to Stand Trial (IST) are on the rise in the state of California and other parts of the country. Studies of treatment outcomes of this population have primarily focused on factors that determine competency and/or restorability. However, as IST patients place an increasing resource burden on state psychiatric hospital systems, other outcomes such as length of stay (LOS) are becoming increasingly important for practitioners and policy makers to understand. This study employs the largest sample of IST patients in the literature; it includes all IST patients admitted to California's state psychiatric hospitals between 2003 and 2016. This study analyzes demographics, clinical diagnoses, and hospital placement as predictors of LOS. Results suggest that demographics, with the exception of age, are poor predictors of LOS. However, diagnoses, especially of severe mental disorders (e.g., schizophrenia) were strongly related to LOS. Hospital placement was the strongest predictor of LOS. Explanations of these results and implications for forensic practitioners are discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Internação Compulsória de Doente Mental/legislação & jurisprudência
Criminosos
Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos
Competência Mental/legislação & jurisprudência
Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
California
Feminino
Psiquiatria Legal
Hospitais Psiquiátricos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171011
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171011
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170723
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 2225 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28683266
[Au] Autor:Hosking JG; Kastman EK; Dorfman HM; Samanez-Larkin GR; Baskin-Sommers A; Kiehl KA; Newman JP; Buckholtz JW
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 52 Oxford St., Cambridge, MA 02138, USA. Electronic address: jhosking@fas.harvard.edu.
[Ti] Título:Disrupted Prefrontal Regulation of Striatal Subjective Value Signals in Psychopathy.
[So] Source:Neuron;95(1):221-231.e4, 2017 Jul 05.
[Is] ISSN:1097-4199
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Psychopathy is a personality disorder with strong links to criminal behavior. While research on psychopathy has focused largely on socio-affective dysfunction, recent data suggest that aberrant decision making may also play an important role. Yet, the circuit-level mechanisms underlying maladaptive decision making in psychopathy remain unclear. Here, we used a multi-modality functional imaging approach to identify these mechanisms in a population of adult male incarcerated offenders. Psychopathy was associated with stronger subjective value-related activity within the nucleus accumbens (NAcc) during inter-temporal choice and with weaker intrinsic functional connectivity between NAcc and ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC). NAcc-vmPFC connectivity strength was negatively correlated with NAcc subjective value-related activity; however, this putative regulatory pattern was abolished as psychopathy severity increased. Finally, weaker cortico-striatal regulation predicted more frequent criminal convictions. These data suggest that cortico-striatal circuit dysregulation drives maladaptive decision making in psychopathy, supporting the notion that reward system dysfunction comprises an important neurobiological risk factor.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/fisiopatologia
Criminosos
Núcleo Accumbens/fisiopatologia
Córtex Pré-Frontal/fisiopatologia
Prisioneiros
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/psicologia
Tomada de Decisões
Neuroimagem Funcional
Seres Humanos
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Vias Neurais/diagnóstico por imagem
Vias Neurais/fisiopatologia
Núcleo Accumbens/diagnóstico por imagem
Córtex Pré-Frontal/diagnóstico por imagem
Índice de Gravidade de Doença
Estriado Ventral/diagnóstico por imagem
Estriado Ventral/fisiopatologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170801
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170801
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170707
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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