Base de dados : MEDLINE
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[PMID]:29235832
[Au] Autor:River J
[Ti] Título:Expanding our understanding of suicidal men's help-seeking practices.
[So] Source:Aust Nurs Midwifery J;22(5):34, 2014 11.
[Is] ISSN:2202-7114
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:There is a striking gender difference in suicide rates in Australia and worldwide with men accounting for approximately 80% of all deaths (World Health Organization (WHO), 2011; Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), 2012). Yet research data suggests suicidal men are less likely than women to access professional help (Booth & Owens, 2,000).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Homens/psicologia
Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde
Ideação Suicida
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Austrália
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180118
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180118
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171214
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28873087
[Au] Autor:Jewkes R; Fulu E; Tabassam Naved R; Chirwa E; Dunkle K; Haardörfer R; Garcia-Moreno C; UN Multi-country Study on Men and Violence Study Team
[Ad] Endereço:Gender & Health Research Unit, Medical Research Council and School of Public Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Pretoria, South Africa.
[Ti] Título:Women's and men's reports of past-year prevalence of intimate partner violence and rape and women's risk factors for intimate partner violence: A multicountry cross-sectional study in Asia and the Pacific.
[So] Source:PLoS Med;14(9):e1002381, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1549-1676
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Understanding the past-year prevalence of male-perpetrated intimate partner violence (IPV) and risk factors is essential for building evidence-based prevention and monitoring progress to Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 5.2, but so far, population-based research on this remains very limited. The objective of this study is to compare the population prevalence rates of past-year male-perpetrated IPV and nonpartner rape from women's and men's reports across 4 countries in Asia and the Pacific. A further objective is to describe the risk factors associated with women's experience of past-year physical or sexual IPV from women's reports and factors driving women's past-year experience of partner violence. METHODS AND FINDINGS: This paper presents findings from the United Nations Multi-country Study on Men and Violence in Asia and the Pacific. In the course of this study, in population-based cross-sectional surveys, 5,206 men and 3,106 women aged 18-49 years were interviewed from 4 countries: Cambodia, China, Papua New Guinea (PNG), and Sri Lanka. To measure risk factors, we use logistic regression and structural equation modelling to show pathways and mediators. The analysis was not based on a written plan, and following a reviewer's comments, some material was moved to supplementary files and the regression was performed without variable elimination. Men reported more lifetime perpetration of IPV (physical or sexual IPV range 32.5%-80%) than women did experience (physical or sexual IPV range 27.5%-67.4%), but women's reports of past-year experience (physical or sexual IPV range 8.2%-32.1%) were not very clearly different from men's (physical or sexual IPV range 10.1%-34.0%). Women reported much more emotional/economic abuse (past-year ranges 1.4%-5.7% for men and 4.1%-27.7% for women). Reports of nonpartner rape were similar for men (range 0.8%-1.9% in the past year) and women (range 0.4%-2.3% in past year), except in Bougainville, where they were higher for men (11.7% versus 5.7%). The risk factor modelling shows 4 groups of variables to be important in experience of past-year sexual and/or physical IPV: (1) poverty, (2) all childhood trauma, (3) quarrelling and women's limited control in relationships, and (4) partner factors (substance abuse, unemployment, and infidelity). The population attributable fraction (PAF) was largest for quarrelling often, but the second greatest PAF was for the group related to exposure to violence in childhood. The relationship control variable group had the third highest PAF, followed by other partner factors. Currently married women were also more at risk. In the structural model, a resilience pathway showed less poverty, higher education, and more gender-equitable ideas were connected and conveyed protection from IPV. These are all amenable risk factors. This research was cross-sectional, so we cannot be sure of the temporal sequence of exposure, but the outcome being a past-year measure to some extent mitigates this problem. CONCLUSIONS: Past-year IPV indicators based on women's reported experience that were developed to track SDG 5 are probably reasonably reliable but will not always give the same prevalence as may be reported by men. Report validity requires further research. Interviews with men to track past-year nonpartner rape perpetration are feasible and important. The findings suggest a range of factors are associated with past-year physical and/or sexual IPV exposure; of particular interest is the resilience pathway suggested by the structural model, which is highly amenable to intervention and explains why combining economic empowerment of women and gender empowerment/relationship skills training has been successful. This study provides additional rationale for scaling up violence prevention interventions that combine economic and gender empowerment/relationship skills building of women, as well as the value of investing in girls' education with a view to long-term violence reduction.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/estatística & dados numéricos
Estupro/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Mulheres Agredidas/estatística & dados numéricos
Camboja/epidemiologia
China/epidemiologia
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Homens
Meia-Idade
Papua Nova Guiné/epidemiologia
Prevalência
Fatores de Risco
Autorrelato
Sri Lanka/epidemiologia
Mulheres
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170917
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170917
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170906
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pmed.1002381


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[PMID]:28527730
[Au] Autor:Pettersson M; Hansson A; Brodersen J; Kumlien C
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Health and Care Sciences, University of Gotenburgh, Göteborg; Department of Vascular Surgery, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden. Electronic address: Monica.e.pettersson@vgregion.se.
[Ti] Título:Experiences of the screening process and the diagnosis abdominal aortic aneurysm among 65-year-old men from invitation to a 1-year surveillance.
[So] Source:J Vasc Nurs;35(2):70-77, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1532-6578
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The prevalence of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is reported to be 2.2%-8% among men >65 years. During recent years, screening programs have been developed to detect AAA, prevent ruptures, and thereby saving lives. Therefore, most men with the diagnosis are monitored conservatively with regular reviews. The objective of the study was to describe how men diagnosed with abdominal aortic aneurysm <55 mm discovered by screening experience the process and diagnosis from invitation to 1 year after screening. A total of eleven 65-year-old men were included in three focus groups performed in a University Hospital in Sweden. These were qualitatively analyzed using manifest and latent content analysis. The experience of the screening process and having an abdominal aortic aneurysm in a long-term perspective revealed three categories: "trusting the health care system," emphasizing the need for continual follow-ups to ensure feelings of security; "the importance size," meaning that the measure was abstract and hard to understand; and "coping with the knowledge of abdominal aortic aneurysm," denoting how everyday life was based mostly on beliefs, since a majority lacked understanding about the meaning of the condition. The men want regular surveillance and surrendered to the health care system, but simultaneously experienced a lack of support thereof. Knowing the size of the aorta was important. The men expressed insecurity about how lifestyle might influence the abdominal aortic aneurysm and what they could do to improve their health condition. This highlights the importance of communicating knowledge about the abdominal aortic aneurysm to promote men's feelings of security and giving space to discuss the size of the aneurysm and lifestyle changes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/epidemiologia
Programas de Rastreamento
Homens/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia
Grupos Focais
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Programas de Rastreamento/métodos
Prevalência
Pesquisa Qualitativa
Fatores de Risco
Comportamento de Redução do Risco
Apoio Social
Suécia/epidemiologia
Ultrassonografia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170822
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170822
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170522
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28414738
[Au] Autor:Yeganeh N; Simon M; Mindry D; Nielsen-Saines K; Chaves MC; Santos B; Melo M; Mendoza B; Gorbach P
[Ad] Endereço:Dept of Pediatrics, Division of Infectious Diseases, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, United States.
[Ti] Título:Barriers and facilitators for men to attend prenatal care and obtain HIV voluntary counseling and testing in Brazil.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(4):e0175505, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Providing HIV voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) to men who attend their partner's prenatal care is an intervention with potential to reduce HIV transmission to women and infants during the vulnerable period of pregnancy. Little is known about the acceptability of this intervention in global settings outside of Africa. METHODS: We conducted in-depth qualitative interviews to evaluate potential barriers and facilitators to prenatal care attendance for HIV VCT with 20 men who did and 15 men who did not attend prenatal care with their partners at Hospital Conceiçao in Porto Alegre, Brazil. Men were recruited at the labor and delivery unit at Hospital Conceiçao via a scripted invitation while visiting their newborn infant. Interviews lasted from 35-55 minutes and were conducted in Portuguese by a local resident trained extensively in qualitative methods. All interviews were transcribed verbatim, translated, and then analyzed using Atlast.ti software. An analysis of themes was then conducted using direct quotes and statements. We applied and adapted the AIDS Risk Reduction Theoretical Model and HIV Testing Decisions Model to the qualitative data to identify themes in the 35 interviews. RESULTS: If offered HIV testing during prenatal care, all men in both groups stated they would accept this intervention. Yet, individual, relationship and systemic factors were identified that affect these Brazilian men's decision to attend prenatal care, informing our final conceptual model. The men interviewed had a general understanding of the value of HIV prevention of mother to child transmission. They also described open and communicative relationships with their significant others and displayed a high level of enthusiasm towards optimizing the health of their expanding family. The major barriers to attending prenatal care included perceived stigma against HIV infected individuals, men's lack of involvement in planning of the pregnancy as well as inconvenient scheduling of prenatal care, due to conflicting work schedules. CONCLUSIONS: Brazilian men displayed high levels of HIV-related knowledge as well as open communication about HIV testing; especially when compared to findings from African studies. Future efforts should reorient prenatal care towards providing care to the entire family with a clear focus on protecting the infant from preventable diseases. Formally inviting men to prenatal care and providing them an acceptable medical excuse from work may enhance male involvement.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle
Programas de Rastreamento/psicologia
Homens/psicologia
Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia
Cuidado Pré-Natal/psicologia
Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Brasil
Aconselhamento/métodos
Feminino
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Seres Humanos
Transmissão Vertical de Doença Infecciosa/prevenção & controle
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Gravidez
Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/prevenção & controle
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170505
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170505
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170418
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0175505


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[PMID]:28350264
[Au] Autor:Quarshie EN; Osafo J; Akotia CS; Peprah J; Andoh-Arthur J
[Ad] Endereço:a School of Psychology, Faculty of Medicine and Health , University of Leeds , Leeds , United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Some Epidemiological Characteristics of Perpetrators and Victims of Incest in Contemporary Ghana: Analysis of Media Reports.
[So] Source:J Child Sex Abus;26(2):121-139, 2017 Feb-Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1547-0679
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In Ghana, incest is considered sinful, taboo, and illegal. However, recent media reports show that incest has become a daily reality in Ghana. This study is a situational analysis of the pattern of incest in Ghana as reported in the media from January 2008 through July 2015. Qualitative content analysis was conducted on 48 incest news reports in Ghana. The findings showed that father-daughter incest was most frequent across the study period. Forty-seven females aged 3 to 25 years and a male aged 3 years were identified as victims. Generally, the incest lasted between 1 day and 13 years before disclosure. Perpetrators employed psychological and/or physical methods to coerce their victims. Marital difficulties, diabolical control, and seduction by victim featured prominently as alleged motives behind the abuse. The study observes that the recent increase in father-daughter incest warrants an immediate shift of research attention onto men's mental health in Ghana.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Abuso Sexual na Infância/psicologia
Pai/psicologia
Incesto/psicologia
Homens/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Coerção
Feminino
Gana
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Saúde Mental
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170724
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170724
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170329
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/10538712.2016.1277573


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[PMID]:28345972
[Au] Autor:Peate I
[Ad] Endereço:Editor in Chief, British Journal of Nursing.
[Ti] Título:Domestic violence against men.
[So] Source:Br J Nurs;26(6):309, 2017 03 23.
[Is] ISSN:0966-0461
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Vítimas de Crime
Homens
Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem
Maus-Tratos Conjugais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Violência Doméstica
Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência
Medicina Geral
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170731
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170731
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170328
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.12968/bjon.2017.26.6.309


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[PMID]:28333354
[Au] Autor:Hammarberg K; Collins V; Holden C; Young K; McLachlan R
[Ad] Endereço:Jean Hailes Research Unit, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Level 2, 553 St Kilda Road, Melbourne 3004, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Men's knowledge, attitudes and behaviours relating to fertility.
[So] Source:Hum Reprod Update;23(4):458-480, 2017 Jul 01.
[Is] ISSN:1460-2369
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The increasingly common practice in high-income countries to delay childbearing to the fourth and fifth decades of life increases the risk of involuntary childlessness or having fewer children than desired. Older age also increases the risk of age-related infertility, the need for ART to conceive, and obstetric and neonatal complications. Existing research relating to childbearing focusses almost exclusively on women, and in public discourse declining fertility rates are often assumed to be the result of women delaying childbearing to pursue other life goals such as a career and travel. However, evidence suggests that the lack of a partner or a partner willing to commit to parenthood is the main reason for later childbearing. OBJECTIVE AND RATIONALE: To better understand men's contributions to childbearing decisions and outcomes, the literature pertaining to men's fertility-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviours was reviewed. SEARCH METHODS: The electronic databases of Medline, Embase and PsycINFO were searched to identify investigations of men's knowledge, attitudes and behaviours relating to fertility, infertility, reproductive health or childbearing using relevant fertility keyword search terms. Studies were included if they had investigated factors associated with men's fertility-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviours, had been conducted in a high-income country and were published in an English language peer-reviewed journal between January 2005 and August 2016. OUTCOMES: The search yielded 1349 citations. Of these, 47 papers representing 43 unique studies were included in the review. Where response rate was reported, it ranged between 13 and 94%. Studies varied in terms of research design; inclusion and exclusion criteria; recruitment strategies; adequacy of sample size; recruitment and retention rates and data collection tools. However, findings were consistent and indicate that men almost universally value parenthood, want and expect to become fathers, and aspire to have at least two children. Yet most men have inadequate knowledge about the limitations of female and male fertility and overestimate the chance of spontaneous and assisted conception. Perceptions of ideal circumstances in which to have children included being in a stable and loving relationship, having completed studies, secured a permanent job and a dependable income, having achieved personal maturity, and having a partner who desires children and is 'suitable' as a potential co-parent. Although all studies were conducted in high-income countries, between-country social and cultural differences may have influenced the findings relating to attitudes. WIDER IMPLICATIONS: Men aspire to parenthood as much as women do but have limited knowledge about the factors that influence fertility. The gap between ideal biological and ideal social age for having children appears to be widening, narrowing the time frame in which parenthood can be achieved. This may lead to unfulfilled parenthood aspirations. The findings can inform government policies and public education strategies aimed to support childbearing during the most fertile years, reduce the personal and societal cost of infertility and ART use, and allow people to fulfil their parenthood goals.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fertilidade
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Infertilidade/psicologia
Homens/psicologia
Comportamento Reprodutivo/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Tomada de Decisões
Feminino
Alfabetização em Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Pais/psicologia
Saúde Reprodutiva/educação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171025
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171025
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170324
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/humupd/dmx005


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[PMID]:28277747
[Au] Autor:Han C; Kandrik M; Hahn AC; Fisher CI; Feinberg DR; Holzleitner IJ; DeBruine LM; Jones BC
[Ad] Endereço:1 Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland, UK.
[Ti] Título:Interrelationships Among Men's Threat Potential, Facial Dominance, and Vocal Dominance.
[So] Source:Evol Psychol;15(1):1474704917697332, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1474-7049
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The benefits of minimizing the costs of engaging in violent conflict are thought to have shaped adaptations for the rapid assessment of others' capacity to inflict physical harm. Although studies have suggested that men's faces and voices both contain information about their threat potential, one recent study suggested that men's faces are a more valid cue of their threat potential than their voices are. Consequently, the current study investigated the interrelationships among a composite measure of men's actual threat potential (derived from the measures of their upper-body strength, height, and weight) and composite measures of these men's perceived facial and vocal threat potential (derived from dominance, strength, and weight ratings of their faces and voices, respectively). Although men's perceived facial and vocal threat potential were positively correlated, men's actual threat potential was related to their perceived facial, but not vocal, threat potential. These results present new evidence that men's faces may be a more valid cue of these aspects of threat potential than their voices are.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Face
Medo
Homens
Percepção Social
Voz
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170630
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170630
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170310
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/1474704917697332


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[PMID]:28234443
[Au] Autor:Kaplan M
[Ad] Endereço:Rutgers Law School, USA.
[Ti] Título:Rape Beyond Crime.
[So] Source:Duke Law J;66(5):1045-111, 2017 02.
[Is] ISSN:0012-7086
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Public health experts agree that sexual violence constitutes a significant public health issue. Yet criminal law dominates rape law almost completely, with public health law playing at best a small supporting role. Recent civil law developments, such as university disciplinary proceedings, similarly fixate on how best to find and penalize perpetrators. As a result, rape law continues to spin its wheels in the same arguments and obstacles. This Article argues that, without broader cultural changes, criminal law faces a double bind: rape laws will either be ineffective or neglect the importance of individual culpability. Public health law provides more promising terrain for rape prevention because it is a strong legal framework that can engage the complex causes of rape, including the social norms that promote sexual aggression. While criminal law can only punish bad behavior, public health interventions can use the more effective prevention strategy of promoting positive behaviors and relationships. They can also address the myriad sexual behaviors and social determinants that increase the risk of rape but are outside the scope of criminal law. Perhaps most importantly, public health law relies on evidence-based interventions and the expertise of public health authorities to ensure that laws and policies are effective. Transforming rape law in this way provides a framework for legal feminism to undertake the unmet challenge of "theorizing yes," that is, moving beyond how to protect women's right to refuse sex and toward promoting and exploring positive models of sex. Criminal law is simply incapable of meeting this challenge because it concerns only what sex should not be. A public health framework can give the law a richer role in addressing the full spectrum of sexual attitudes and behaviors.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Direito Penal
Saúde Pública/legislação & jurisprudência
Estupro/legislação & jurisprudência
Estupro/prevenção & controle
Delitos Sexuais/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Agressão
Cultura
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Homens/psicologia
Estupro/psicologia
Comportamento Sexual
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170419
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170419
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:T
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170226
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28222735
[Au] Autor:Ovseiko PV; Chapple A; Edmunds LD; Ziebland S
[Ad] Endereço:Radcliffe Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, OX3 9DU, United Kingdom. pavel.ovseiko@medsci.ox.ac.uk.
[Ti] Título:Advancing gender equality through the Athena SWAN Charter for Women in Science: an exploratory study of women's and men's perceptions.
[So] Source:Health Res Policy Syst;15(1):12, 2017 Feb 21.
[Is] ISSN:1478-4505
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: While in the United Kingdom, Ireland, and Australia, higher education and research institutions are widely engaged with the Athena SWAN Charter for Women in Science to advance gender equality, empirical research on this process and its impact is rare. This study combined two data sets (free- text comments from a survey and qualitative interviews) to explore the range of experiences and perceptions of participation in Athena SWAN in medical science departments of a research-intensive university in Oxford, United Kingdom. METHODS: The study is based on the secondary analysis of data from two projects: 59 respondents to an anonymous online survey (42 women, 17 men) provided relevant free-text comments and, separately, 37 women participated in face-to-face narrative interviews. Free-text survey comments and narrative interviews were analysed thematically using constant comparison. RESULTS: Both women and men said that participation in Athena SWAN had brought about important structural and cultural changes, including increased support for women's careers, greater appreciation of caring responsibilities, and efforts to challenge discrimination and bias. Many said that these positive changes would not have happened without linkage of Athena SWAN to government research funding, while others thought there were unintended consequences. Concerns about the programme design and implementation included a perception that Athena SWAN has limited ability to address longstanding and entrenched power and pay imbalances, persisting lack of work-life balance in academic medicine, questions about the sustainability of positive changes, belief that achieving the award could become an end in itself, resentment about perceived positive discrimination, and perceptions that further structural and cultural changes were needed in the university and wider society. CONCLUSIONS: The findings from this study suggest that Athena SWAN has a positive impact in advancing gender equality, but there may be limits to how much it can improve gender equality without wider institutional and societal changes. To address the fundamental causes of gender inequality would require cultural change and welfare state policies incentivising men to increase their participation in unpaid work in the family, which is beyond the scope of higher education and research policy.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Homens/psicologia
Ciência
Sexismo
Direitos da Mulher
Mulheres/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Atitude
Mobilidade Ocupacional
Comunicação
Inglaterra
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Percepção
Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto
Salários e Benefícios
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170606
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170606
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170223
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12961-017-0177-9



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BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde