Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : M01.427 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 332 [refinar]
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[PMID]:29214769
[Au] Autor:Choi JK
[Ad] Endereço:Center for Yonsei Studies, Institute of Korean Studies, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea. jaikeunc@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Preeminent Medical Missionary in the 20th Century: Oliver R. Avison.
[So] Source:Yonsei Med J;59(1):1-3, 2018 01.
[Is] ISSN:1976-2437
[Cp] País de publicação:Korea (South)
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Missões Médicas Oficiais/história
Missões Religiosas/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
Missionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; EDITORIAL; HISTORICAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Avison OR
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171208
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3349/ymj.2018.59.1.1


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[PMID]:29283038
[Au] Autor:Sykes IJ
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Archaeology and History , University of Latrobe , Melbourne , Australia.
[Ti] Título:Humanitarian quarantine in practice: medicine, religion and leprosy in New Caledonia.
[So] Source:Anthropol Med;24(3):301-318, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1469-2910
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Medicine and religion worked in close synchronisation during the leprosy outbreak of New Caledonia (1890-1950). Once isolation of leprosy-affected people became mandatory doctors and missionaries came together to promote a particular form of medical practice that tied charitable zeal with cutting-edge medical research, developing a sophisticated set of medical practices that catered for the soul as well as the body. Such practices went hand-in-hand with ideas developed by doctors in the earlier stages of the epidemic about the way in which the disease had entered the Kanak (local Melanesian) population. Doctors and missionaries admitted that immoral colonial channels had upset the delicate balance of local social and biological rhythms. Yet they also believed that the highly contagious nature of the outbreak was linked to the inferior state of Kanak. This paper aims to highlight the way in which the leprosaria system in New Caledonia represented a double-edged moral high-ground within the French medical colonial narrative. It tracks the complex way in which emotionally charged arguments about contagion, science and spirituality constructed an ideology of humanitarian quarantine which was used to justify a highly aggressive form of medical biocontrol.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Altruísmo
Hospitais de Dermatologia Sanitária de Patologia Tropical/história
Hanseníase
Quarentena
Religião e Medicina
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: França
História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
História do Século XXI
Seres Humanos
Hanseníase/história
Hanseníase/prevenção & controle
Hanseníase/terapia
Missionários
Nova Caledônia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171229
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/13648470.2017.1389170


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[PMID]:27797692
[Au] Autor:Jachens L; Houdmont J; Thomas R
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Psychiatry and Applied Psychology, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, England.
[Ti] Título:Effort-Reward Imbalance and Heavy Alcohol Consumption Among Humanitarian Aid Workers.
[So] Source:J Stud Alcohol Drugs;77(6):904-913, 2016 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1938-4114
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to explore the prevalence of heavy alcohol consumption and its association with stress-related working conditions-defined in terms of effort-reward imbalance (ERI)-among a large sample of humanitarian aid workers operating across four continents. Research has shown employee alcohol consumption has potential detrimental implications for health and work outcomes and is associated with exposure to work stressors. Research to identify links between stressful aspects of work and heavy alcohol consumption among humanitarian aid workers could usefully inform the design of sector-specific interventions concerned with the reduction of alcohol consumption. METHOD: Questionnaire data were obtained from 1,063 women and 917 men working in an international humanitarian agency. Logistic regression analyses were conducted separately for men and women (with different cutoff points to identify heavy drinking) to investigate the relationship between ERI and the risk of heavy alcohol consumption while controlling for a host of sociodemographic and occupational variables. RESULTS: The prevalence of heavy alcohol consumption among women (18%) was higher than the corresponding rate for men (10%). Results lent support for the effort-reward perspective among women only: intermediate and high ERI in women was associated with a tripling of risk for heavy alcohol consumption. CONCLUSIONS: Interventions to reduce ERI among female humanitarian aid workers might help to reduce heavy drinking within this population.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/psicologia
Missionários/psicologia
Doenças Profissionais/psicologia
Recompensa
Estresse Psicológico
Carga de Trabalho
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/prevenção & controle
Feminino
Saúde Global
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Missões Médicas Oficiais/estatística & dados numéricos
Meia-Idade
Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle
Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica
Fatores Sexuais
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170803
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170803
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161101
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27336998
[Ti] Título:The Nurse as a Moral Missionary.
[So] Source:Am J Nurs;116(7):66-8, 2016 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1538-7488
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:: Editor's note: From its first issue in 1900 through to the present day, AJN has unparalleled archives detailing nurses' work and lives over the last century. These articles not only chronicle nursing's growth as a profession within the context of the events of the day, but they also reveal prevailing societal attitudes about women, health care, and human rights. Today's nursing school curricula rarely include nursing's history, but it's a history worth knowing. To this end, From the AJN Archives will be a frequent column, containing articles selected to fit today's topics and times.This month's article, from the December 1912 issue, shares a nurse's struggles with the limitations of her role (and with the "morals" of the household) while caring for a seriously ill toddler. Her nursing assessment points to a diagnosis that is ultimately proven accurate, but her concerns are brushed off by the attending physician, delaying the child's treatment. As the story unfolds, it becomes clear that this nurse is grappling with "moral distress" of a kind still encountered in health care today. In this issue, Cynda Hylton Rushton and colleagues offer a new perspective on these dilemmas in "Moral Distress: A Catalyst in Building Moral Resilience."
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ética em Enfermagem
Missionários/psicologia
Princípios Morais
Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia
Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia
Estresse Psicológico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CLASSICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; PERSONAL NARRATIVES
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM; N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160624
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/01.NAJ.0000484945.09089.22


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[PMID]:27100985
[Au] Autor:Olivier-Toledo C; Viesca-Treviño C
[Ad] Endereço:Posgrado en Ciencias Médicas, Odontológicas y de la Salud, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de México, México. oliviertcarlos@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:[Doctor Levi B. Salmans, founder of The Good Samaritan sanitarium in Guanajuato].
[Ti] Título:El Dr. Levi B. Salmans, fundador del sanatorio "El Buen Samaritano" en Guanajuato..
[So] Source:Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc;54(3):380-5, 2016 May-Jun.
[Is] ISSN:0443-5117
[Cp] País de publicação:Mexico
[La] Idioma:spa
[Ab] Resumo:In this research we focus on the medical evangelist Levi B. Salmans, and The Good Samaritan sanitarium. Doctor Salmans lived in Mexico for about 50 years (1885-1935). During the first part of his stay, he was devoted to found churches and Methodist schools. However, from 1891 he took a turn in his career by founding dispensaries in different towns of Guanajuato to create, in 1899, the private charity association for the sick and infirm The Good Samaritan. His intense, intellectual, and practical work led him to create health journals, to train nurses, and to promote physiotherapies in accordance with the science advances of that time. By itself, this research shows that the history of medicine in Mexico still has long way to go and that Protestant communities, in favor of modernity and scientific knowledge, took a big part in shaping the history of this discipline in Mexico.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Instituições de Caridade/história
Hospitais Religiosos/história
Missionários/história
Protestantismo/história
Religião e Medicina
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
México
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; PORTRAITS
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Salmans LB
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170228
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170228
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160422
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27040024
[Au] Autor:Pearson QT
[Ti] Título:"Womb with a View": The Introduction of Western Obstetrics in Nineteenth-Century Siam.
[So] Source:Bull Hist Med;90(1):1-31, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1086-3176
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This article focuses on the historical confrontation between Western obstetrical medicine and indigenous midwifery in nineteenth-century Siam (Thailand). Beginning with the campaign of medical missionaries to reform Siamese obstetrical care, it explores the types of arguments that were employed in the contest between these two forms of expert knowledge. Missionary-physicians used their anatomical knowledge to contest both particular indigenous obstetrical practices and more generalized notions concerning its moral and metaphysical foundations. At the same time, by appealing to the health and well-being of the consorts and children of the Siamese elite, they gained access to the intimate spaces of Siamese political life. The article contends that the medical missionary campaign intersected with imperial desires to make the sequestered spaces of Siamese political life more visible and accessible to Western scrutiny. It therefore reveals the imbrication of contests over obstetrical medicine and trade diplomacy in the imperial world.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Tocologia/história
Missionários/história
Obstetrícia/história
Médicos/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Colonialismo/história
História do Século XIX
Medicina Tradicional/história
Tailândia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170110
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170110
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160405
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1353/bhm.2016.0005


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[PMID]:26964373
[Au] Autor:Takano Y; Ito G
[Ti] Título:[Did a 16th century Christian missionary observe that the Japanese were collectivists?].
[So] Source:Shinrigaku Kenkyu;86(6):584-8, 2016 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:0021-5236
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:jpn
[Ab] Resumo:Volpi (2004) pointed out that Alessandro Valignano, a 16th century Christian missionary, had considered the Japanese extreme collectivists. According to Volpi, his remark was based on Valignano's reports (1583, 1592) edited by Alvares-Taladriz (1954). However, it is highly questionable whether Volpi examined these texts directly because the information about them provided by Volpi involved many serious errors. A thorough inspection of Valignano's translated reports found no mention of Japanese collectivism. On the contrary, he had actually reported exceedingly individualistic behaviors of Japanese warriors. Such behaviors are consistent with what is widely known about the 16th century Civil Wars in Japan. It has thus turned out that no reliable evidence is present for the alleged observation by Valignano.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/história
Missionários
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia
Cristianismo
História do Século XVI
Seres Humanos
Missionários/história
Missionários/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1604
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160311
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160311
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160312
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26869565
[Au] Autor:McAdam D
[Ad] Endereço:Chitokoloki Mission Hospital, Chitokoloki, Northwestern Province, Zambia. Electronic address: mcadam@zamsat.com.
[Ti] Título:Faith-based health care.
[So] Source:Lancet;387(10017):429-30, 2016 Jan 30.
[Is] ISSN:1474-547X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cristianismo
Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração
Missionários
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Assistência à Saúde/economia
Governo Federal
Gastos em Saúde
Seres Humanos
Malásia
Corpo Clínico/economia
Salários e Benefícios
Zimbábue
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER
[Em] Mês de entrada:1602
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160212
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160212
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26025843
[Au] Autor:Hawgood BJ
[Ad] Endereço:King's College, London, UK barbara@hawgood.com.
[Ti] Título:Alexander Falconer Sr Seamen's missionary in New Zealand, son Alexander Falconer medical superintendent for mentally ill, grandson Murray Falconer neurosurgeon.
[So] Source:J Med Biogr;24(3):418-26, 2016 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1758-1087
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Alexander Falconer Sr (1843-1915) came from Scotland to New Zealand. A practical Christian, he set up places of relaxation for miners, sailors and soldiers; he became the Seamen's Missionary. Son, Dr Alexander Falconer (1874-1955) trained at Otago University Medical School. As medical superintendent for the mentally ill, he urged the early introduction of psychotherapy. His son, Murray Falconer (1910-1977) was the first Nuffield Dominions Clinical Fellow, training in neurosurgery in Oxford. He was the first director of the Guy's-Maudsley Neurosurgical Unit in London and was internationally known for the surgical management of temporal lobe epilepsy in adults and children.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Missionários/história
Neurocirurgiões/história
Psicoterapia/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
Neurocirurgia/história
Nova Zelândia
Reino Unido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; PORTRAITS
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Falconer AR; Falconer AR; Falconer MA
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170421
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170421
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150531
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/0967772015583440


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[PMID]:24906404
[Au] Autor:Conacher ID
[Ad] Endereço:Aldham House, Barmoor Lane, Ryton, UK i.d.conacher@btinternet.com.
[Ti] Título:Dr John Dickinson (1832-1863): The man behind the bird.
[So] Source:J Med Biogr;24(3):339-50, 2016 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1758-1087
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The surgeon/naturalists Dr John Kirk, Dr Charles Meller and Dr John Dickinson, associated with the Zambezi Expedition (1857-1864) under the leadership of Dr David Livingstone are, like him, credited with the discovery of new species' of birds. A raptor, Falco dickinsoni, is named after Dr John Dickinson. Dickinson, born in the north east of England, trained in medicine in Newcastle upon Tyne. He volunteered to join the Universities' Mission to Central Africa and arrived as part of a second group to join Bishop Frederick Mackenzie, then attempting to build a Mission in Magomero, on the Shire Mountain Plateau in modern Malawi. Livingstone and Mackenzie had sown the seeds of disaster for the first UMCA venture while Dickinson was on his way to Central Africa, and his one meeting with Livingstone was trigger to a chain of events that threatened the whole expedition. Shortly after Dickinson's arrival in Magomero, Bishop Mackenzie and a fellow traveller, Reverend Henry de Wint Burrup, died. Magomero was abandoned and the remaining missionaries retrenched in Chibisa's Village on the River Shire. There, where Dickinson did most of his bird collecting, on 17 March 1863, he died of blackwater fever. Livingstone and Kirk were present at the burial. A marble cross at Chikwawa in Malawi is marker to the event that occurred on the day of Dr John Dickinson's 32nd birthday.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Expedições/história
Missionários/história
História Natural/história
Missões Religiosas/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Inglaterra
Falconiformes
História do Século XIX
Malaui
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; PORTRAITS
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Dickinson J
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170421
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170421
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140608
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/0967772014532892



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