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[PMID]:29447192
[Au] Autor:Abbasi A; Sadeghi-Niaraki A; Jalili M; Choi SM
[Ad] Endereço:School of Engineering and IT, University of New South Wales (UNSW), Canberra, ACT, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Enhancing response coordination through the assessment of response network structural dynamics.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(2):e0191130, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Preparing for intensifying threats of emergencies in unexpected, dangerous, and serious natural or man-made events, and consequent management of the situation, is highly demanding in terms of coordinating the personnel and resources to support human lives and the environment. This necessitates prompt action to manage the uncertainties and risks imposed by such extreme events, which requires collaborative operation among different stakeholders (i.e., the personnel from both the state and local communities). This research aims to find a way to enhance the coordination of multi-organizational response operations. To do so, this manuscript investigates the role of participants in the formed coordination response network and also the emergence and temporal dynamics of the network. By analyzing an inter-personal response coordination operation to an extreme bushfire event, the networks' and participants' structural change is evaluated during the evolution of the operation network over four time durations. The results reveal that the coordination response network becomes more decentralized over time due to the high volume of communication required to exchange information. New emerging communication structures often do not fit the developed plans, which stress the need for coordination by feedback in addition to by plan. In addition, we find that the participant's brokering role in the response operation network identifies a formal and informal coordination role. This is useful for comparison of network structures to examine whether what really happens during response operations complies with the initial policy.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Administração de Recursos Humanos/métodos
Alocação de Recursos/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Austrália
Comunicação
Socorristas
Bombeiros
Seres Humanos
Organizações/organização & administração
Incêndios Florestais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191130


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[PMID]:29446573
[Au] Autor:Rukavishnikov VS; Kolycheva IV; Lakhman OL
[Ti] Título:[Modern aspects of the conservation and promotion of health of firefighters].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(12):1175-9, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:On the basis of complex hygienic studies there were determined conditions of the work of firefighters in liquidation of foci of fires at the incipient stage, identified the complex of toxic substances, their quantitative content in the area of the smoke of fires. The analysis of the etiological role of occupational factors in the shaping of the morbidity and the physiological and clinical manifestations, established indices of the risk for occupational and industrial-caused pathology have allowed to substantiate the relationship of a number of nosological forms associated with working conditions of firefighters. There was developed a system of preventive activities for the promotion and preservation of the health of firefighters, as well as a conceptual model for monitoring of working conditions and state of health.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bombeiros
Doenças Profissionais
Serviços Preventivos de Saúde/organização & administração
Lesão por Inalação de Fumaça
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Doenças Profissionais/etiologia
Doenças Profissionais/fisiopatologia
Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle
Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos
Exposição Ocupacional/análise
Exposição Ocupacional/prevenção & controle
Saúde do Trabalhador/normas
Medição de Risco
Sibéria/epidemiologia
Lesão por Inalação de Fumaça/etiologia
Lesão por Inalação de Fumaça/fisiopatologia
Lesão por Inalação de Fumaça/prevenção & controle
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28449365
[Au] Autor:Lee JH; Lee D; Kim J; Jeon K; Sim M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychiatry, National Center for Mental Health, Seoul, South Korea.
[Ti] Título:Duty-Related Trauma Exposure and Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms in Professional Firefighters.
[So] Source:J Trauma Stress;30(2):133-141, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1573-6598
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Firefighters commonly encounter traumatic events during duty hours. The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of duty-related trauma as risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder in professional firefighters. A sample of 212 firefighters participated in the study and completed self-reported questionnaires. Potentially traumatic events (PTE) were assessed using a list of 17 traumatic event types. The posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) were measured by the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (Lim et al., 2009; Weiss, 2007). A higher score for the composite index, which reflects both multiple PTE and peritraumatic suffering, increased the odds for significant PTSS after adjusting for age, sex, marital status, education, numbers of years worked, childhood trauma, and depressive symptoms (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 2.26, p = .001, Cohen's d = 0.20). Furthermore, indirect (AOR = 1.93, p = .009, Cohen's d = .16) and colleague-related PTE (AOR = 1.97, p = .037, Cohen's d = .16) showed significant associations with PTSS. It is noteworthy that the combination of multiple PTE and peritraumatic suffering was more predictive of PTSS than either factor alone. Our findings also suggest that daily work exposure to indirect PTE may contribute to the occurrence of PTSS among professional firefighters.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bombeiros/psicologia
Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Depressão/diagnóstico
Depressão/psicologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida
Modelos Logísticos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Fatores de Risco
Autorrelato
Índice de Gravidade de Doença
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/diagnóstico
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/etiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170428
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/jts.22180


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[PMID]:29304155
[Au] Autor:Kim JE; Dager SR; Jeong HS; Ma J; Park S; Kim J; Choi Y; Lee SL; Kang I; Ha E; Cho HB; Lee S; Kim EJ; Yoon S; Lyoo IK
[Ad] Endereço:Ewha Brain Institute, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, South Korea.
[Ti] Título:Firefighters, posttraumatic stress disorder, and barriers to treatment: Results from a nationwide total population survey.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190630, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Repeated exposure to traumatic experiences may put professional firefighters at increased risk of developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). To date, however, the rate of PTSD symptoms, unmet need for mental health treatment, and barriers to treatment have only been investigated in subsamples rather than the total population of firefighters. We conducted a nationwide, total population-based survey of all currently employed South Korean firefighters (n = 39,562). The overall response rate was 93.8% (n = 37,093), with 68.0% (n = 26,887) complete responses for all variables. The rate of current probable PTSD was estimated as 5.4%. Among those with current probable PTSD (n = 1,995), only a small proportion (9.7%) had received mental health treatment during the past month. For those who had not received treatment, perceived barriers of accessibility to treatment (29.3%) and concerns about potential stigma (33.8%) were reasons for not receiving treatment. Although those with higher PTSD symptom severity and functional impairment were more likely to seek treatment, greater symptom severity and functional impairment were most strongly associated with increased concerns about potential stigma. This nationwide study points to the need for new approaches to promote access to mental health treatment in professional firefighters.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bombeiros/psicologia
Serviços de Saúde Mental/utilização
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/terapia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde
República da Coreia
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180106
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190630


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[PMID]:29248007
[Au] Autor:McCarthy A
[Ti] Título:YET ANOTHER ATTACK ON WAGES AND CONDITIONS.
[So] Source:Aust Nurs Midwifery J;24(4):16, 2016 10.
[Is] ISSN:2202-7114
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:An unobjectionable-sounding title obscures the real intent of the latest in a series of Bills which the federal Coalition government is attempting to legislate in its ongoing attempts to undermine employee wages and conditions and attack unions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bombeiros/legislação & jurisprudência
Sindicatos/legislação & jurisprudência
Salários e Benefícios/legislação & jurisprudência
Voluntários/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Austrália
Negociação Coletiva
Seres Humanos
Política
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180118
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180118
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171218
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27770645
[Au] Autor:Chu C; Hom MA; Rogers ML; Stanley IH; Ringer-Moberg FB; Podlogar MC; Hirsch JK; Joiner TE
[Ad] Endereço:Florida State University, Department of Psychology, 1107 West Call St., Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA. Electronic address: chu@psy.fsu.edu.
[Ti] Título:Insomnia and suicide-related behaviors: A multi-study investigation of thwarted belongingness as a distinct explanatory factor.
[So] Source:J Affect Disord;208:153-162, 2017 Jan 15.
[Is] ISSN:1573-2517
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Insomnia is a robust correlate of suicidal ideation and behavior. Preliminary research has identified thwarted belongingness (c.f. social disconnection) as an explanatory link between insomnia and suicidal ideation. OBJECTIVES: This study replicates and extends previous findings using both cross-sectional and longitudinal designs in four demographically diverse samples. Additionally, the specificity of thwarted belongingness was evaluated by testing anxiety as a rival mediator. METHOD: Self-report measures of insomnia symptoms, thwarted belongingness, suicidal ideation and behavior, and anxiety were administered in four adult samples: 469 undergraduate students, 352 psychiatric outpatients, 858 firefighters, and 217 primary care patients. RESULTS: More severe insomnia was associated with more severe thwarted belongingness and suicidality. Thwarted belongingness significantly accounted for the association between insomnia and suicidality, cross-sectionally and longitudinally, beyond anxiety. Notably, findings supported the specificity of thwarted belongingness: anxiety did not significantly mediate the association between insomnia and suicidality, and insomnia did not mediate the relation between thwarted belongingness and suicidality. LIMITATIONS: This study relied solely on self-report measures. Future studies incorporating objective sleep measurements are needed. CONCLUSION: Findings underscore the utility of assessing and addressing sleep disturbances and social disconnection to reduce suicide risk.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/psicologia
Comportamento Social
Ideação Suicida
Tentativa de Suicídio/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Ansiedade/psicologia
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Bombeiros/psicologia
Seres Humanos
Relações Interpessoais
Masculino
Transtornos Mentais/psicologia
Meia-Idade
Atenção Primária à Saúde
Fatores de Risco
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180115
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180115
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161023
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29284237
[Au] Autor:Tomczak A; Bertrandt J; Klos A; Szymanska W; Stankiewicz W
[Ad] Endereço:Faculty of Tourism and Recreation, Warsaw School of Tourism and Hospitality Management, Poland. a.tomczak@vistula.edu.pl.
[Ti] Título:Effect of 3-year education in the Main Fire Service School on the fitness level of students.
[So] Source:Ann Agric Environ Med;24(4):628-631, 2017 Dec 23.
[Is] ISSN:1898-2263
[Cp] País de publicação:Poland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine changes in the fitness level among students of the Main Fire Service School during 3-year's education. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 75 male and 5 female students took part in the study. Fitness level measurements were carried out before beginning the studies (Measurement 0) and after the 1st, 2nd and 3rd years at the school (Measurement 1, 2, 3). The following tests were performed to estimate level of physical fitness for men: pull-ups on a bar, a 50 m sprint and 1,000 m run, and for women: sit-ups, medical ball (2 kg) throw from above the head and a 4 x10 m shuttle run. RESULTS: General fitness level (average number of points from 3 attempts) of the male and female students improved. Improvement of fitness level between Measurement 0 (male students 60.3p.±7.58; female students 61.60p.±3.08), and Measurements 1, 2, 3 (men 64.59p.±6.87; 64.41p.±7.17; 64.03p.±7.65 and women 68.40p.±1.99; 66.67p.±2.36; 68.87±1.87 respectively), was found. The same relationship was found while analysing results of individual competitions. Only speed endurance (anaerobic-aerobic) assessed during Measurement 0 at 64.03p.±10.23, decreased after the 1st year at the school (Measurement 1 - 59.29p.±14.14) and remained on the same level during Measurements 2 and 3 (60.25p.±11.20 and 58.56p. ±12.80, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Speed endurance (anaerobic-aerobic) is a capability which decreased among the students in the subsequent years. Because this capability highly correlates with activities that a fire-fighter will perform during rescue operations, it should be treated as a matter of priority during physical education classes in the Main Fire Service School.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bombeiros/educação
Aptidão Física
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Exercício
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Resistência Física
Estudantes
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180105
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180105
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171230
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28466066
[Au] Autor:Huang D; He S
[Ad] Endereço:College of Quality and Safety Engineering, China Jiliang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310018, China.
[Ti] Título:Influence of Initial Moisture Content on Heat and Moisture Transfer in Firefighters' Protective Clothing.
[So] Source:ScientificWorldJournal;2017:9365814, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1537-744X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper presents a model for heat and moisture transfer through firefighters' protective clothing (FPC) during radiation exposure. The model, which accounts for air gaps in the FPC as well as heat transfer through human skin, investigates the effect of different initial moisture contents on the thermal insulation performance of FPC. Temperature, water vapor density, and the volume fraction of liquid water profiles were monitored during the simulation, and the heat quantity absorbed by water evaporation was calculated. Then the maximum durations of heat before the wearer acquires first- and second-degree burns were calculated based on the bioheat transfer equation and the Henriques equation. The results show that both the moisture weight in each layer and the total moisture weight increase linearly within a given environmental humidity level. The initial moisture content in FPC samples significantly influenced the maximum water vapor density. The first- and second-degree burn injury time increase 16 sec and 18 sec when the RH increases from 0% to 90%. The total quantity of heat accounted for by water evaporation was about 10% when the relative humidity (RH) is 80%. Finally, a linear relationship was identified between initial moisture content and the human skin burn injury time before suffering first- and second-degree burn injuries.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Queimaduras/prevenção & controle
Bombeiros
Temperatura Alta
Umidade
Roupa de Proteção
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180102
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180102
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170504
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1155/2017/9365814


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[PMID]:29175006
[Au] Autor:Viner BJ; Jannik T; Hepworth A; Adetona O; Naeher L; Eddy T; Doman E; Blake J
[Ad] Endereço:Savannah River National Laboratory, USA. Electronic address: brian.viner@srnl.doe.gov.
[Ti] Título:Predicted cumulative dose to firefighters and the offsite public from natural and anthropogenic radionuclides in smoke from wildland fires at the Savannah River Site, South Carolina USA.
[So] Source:J Environ Radioact;182:1-11, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1879-1700
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The contaminated ground surface at Savannah River Site (SRS) is a result of the decades of work that has been performed maintaining the country's nuclear stockpile and performing research and development on nuclear materials. The volatilization of radionuclides during wildfire results in airborne particles that are dispersed within the smoke plume and may result in doses to downwind firefighters and the public. To better understand the risk that these smoke plumes present, we have characterized four regions at SRS in terms of their fuel characteristics and radiological contamination on the ground. Combined with general meteorological conditions describing typical and extreme burn conditions, we have simulated potential fires in these regions and predicted the potential radiological dose that could be received by firefighting personnel and the public surrounding the SRS. In all cases, the predicted cumulative dose was a small percent of the US Department of Energy regulatory limit (0.25 mSv). These predictions were conservative and assumed that firefighters would be exposed for the duration of their shift and the public would be exposed for the entire day over the duration of the burn. Realistically, firefighters routinely rotate off the firefront during their shift and the public would likely remain indoors much of the day. However, we show that even under worst-case conditions the regulatory limits are not exceeded. We can infer that the risks associated with wildfires would not be expected to cause cumulative doses above the level of concern to either responding personnel or the offsite public.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluentes Ocupacionais do Ar/análise
Poluentes Radioativos do Ar/análise
Contaminação Radioativa do Ar/estatística & dados numéricos
Exposição Ocupacional/estatística & dados numéricos
Incêndios Florestais/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bombeiros
Radioisótopos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Air Pollutants, Occupational); 0 (Air Pollutants, Radioactive); 0 (Radioisotopes)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171228
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171228
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171128
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29045469
[Au] Autor:Ly V; Roijendijk L; Hazebroek H; Tonnaer C; Hagenaars MA
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Clinical Psychology, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:Incident experience predicts freezing-like responses in firefighters.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(10):e0186648, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Freezing is a defensive response to acute stress that is associated with coping and alterations in attentional processing. However, it remains unclear whether individuals in high risk professions, who are skilled at making rapid decisions in emergency situations, show altered threat-induced freezing. Here we investigated the effect of incident experience in a high risk profession on freezing. Additionally, we explored whether any effect of incident experience on freezing would be different for profession-related and -unrelated threat. Forty experienced and inexperienced firefighters were presented neutral, pleasant, related-unpleasant, and unrelated-unpleasant pictures in a passive viewing task. Postural sway and heart rate were assessed to determine freezing. Both postural and heart rate data evidenced reduced freezing upon unpleasant pictures in the experienced versus the inexperienced group. Relatedness of the unpleasant pictures did not modulate these effects. These findings indicate that higher incident experience relates to decreased threat-induced freezing, at least in a passive task context. This might suggest that primary defense responses are malleable through experience. Finally, these findings demonstrate the potential of using animal to human translational approaches to investigate defensive behaviors in relation to incident experience in high risk professions and stimulate future research on the role of freezing in resilience and coping.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bombeiros
Reação de Congelamento Cataléptica/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Nível de Alerta/fisiologia
Demografia
Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia
Seres Humanos
Resposta de Imobilidade Tônica/fisiologia
Masculino
Equilíbrio Postural/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171019
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0186648



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