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Pesquisa : M01.526.485.353 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:28727537
[Au] Autor:Beck AJ; Leider JP; Coronado F; Harper E
[Ad] Endereço:Angela J. Beck is with the Center of Excellence in Public Health Workforce Studies, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor. Jonathon P. Leider is with JP Leider Research and Consulting, Minneapolis, MN. Fatima Coronado is with Center for Surveillance Epidemiology and Laboratory Se
[Ti] Título:State Health Agency and Local Health Department Workforce: Identifying Top Development Needs.
[So] Source:Am J Public Health;107(9):1418-1424, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1541-0048
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To identify occupations with high-priority workforce development needs at public health departments in the United States. METHODS: We surveyed 46 state health agencies (SHAs) and 112 local health departments (LHDs). We asked respondents to prioritize workforce needs for 29 occupations and identify whether more positions, more qualified candidates, more competitive salaries for recruitment or retention, or new or different staff skills were needed. RESULTS: Forty-one SHAs (89%) and 36 LHDs (32%) participated. The SHAs reported having high-priority workforce needs for epidemiologists and laboratory workers; LHDs for disease intervention specialists, nurses, and administrative support, management, and leadership positions. Overall, the most frequently reported SHA workforce needs were more qualified candidates and more competitive salaries. The LHDs most frequently reported a need for more positions across occupations and more competitive salaries. Workforce priorities for respondents included strengthening epidemiology workforce capacity, adding administrative positions, and improving compensation to recruit and retain qualified employees. CONCLUSIONS: Strategies for addressing workforce development concerns of health agencies include providing additional training and workforce development resources, and identifying best practices for recruitment and retention of qualified candidates.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Recursos Humanos em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
Governo Local
Administração em Saúde Pública/recursos humanos
Saúde Pública/recursos humanos
Governo Estadual
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Epidemiologistas/economia
Epidemiologistas/provisão & distribuição
Seres Humanos
Liderança
Lealdade ao Trabalho
Administração em Saúde Pública/economia
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170822
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170822
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170721
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2017.303875


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[PMID]:27893987
[Au] Autor:Ciesielski TH; Aldrich MC; Marsit CJ; Hiatt RA; Williams SM
[Ad] Endereço:Institute for Quantitative Biomedical Sciences, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH; Department of Genetics, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Hanover, NH; Public Health Program, Regis College, Weston, Mass. Electronic address: timothyhciesielski@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Transdisciplinary approaches enhance the production of translational knowledge.
[So] Source:Transl Res;182:123-134, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1878-1810
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The primary goal of translational research is to generate and apply knowledge that can improve human health. Although research conducted within the confines of a single discipline has helped us to achieve this goal in many settings, this unidisciplinary approach may not be optimal when disease causation is complex and health decisions are pressing. To address these issues, we suggest that transdisciplinary approaches can facilitate the progress of translational research, and we review publications that demonstrate what these approaches can look like. These examples serve to (1) demonstrate why transdisciplinary research is useful, and (2) stimulate a conversation about how it can be further promoted. While we note that open-minded communication is a prerequisite for germinating any transdisciplinary work and that epidemiologists can play a key role in promoting it, we do not propose a rigid protocol for conducting transdisciplinary research, as one really does not exist. These achievements were developed in settings where typical disciplinary and institutional barriers were surmountable, but they were not accomplished with a single predetermined plan. The benefits of cross-disciplinary communication are hard to predict a priori and a detailed research protocol or process may impede the realization of novel and important insights. Overall, these examples demonstrate that enhanced cross-disciplinary information exchange can serve as a starting point that helps researchers frame better questions, integrate more relevant evidence, and advance translational knowledge more effectively. Specifically, we discuss examples where transdisciplinary approaches are helping us to better explore, assess, and intervene to improve human health.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comunicação Interdisciplinar
Pesquisa Médica Translacional
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Tomada de Decisões
Epidemiologistas
Seres Humanos
Modelos Biológicos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170626
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170626
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161129
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27550989
[Au] Autor:McGowan JE
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health of Emory University Department of Medicine (Infectious Diseases), Emory University School of Medicine, 1518 Clifton Rd NE, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA jmcgowa@emory.edu.
[Ti] Título:The 2016 Garrod Lecture: The role of the healthcare epidemiologist in antimicrobial chemotherapy-a view from the USA.
[So] Source:J Antimicrob Chemother;71(9):2370-8, 2016 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1460-2091
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Antimicrobial chemotherapy now spans 80 years and four generations. The healthcare epidemiologist has an important role to play in this field. Efforts focus in three areas: (i) minimizing the transmission of antimicrobial-resistant bacteria in healthcare settings (infection control); (ii) optimizing use of currently available antibacterial drugs (antibiotic stewardship); and (iii) recognizing and responding to opportunities for new drug development. For each area, the epidemiologist provides data that address four practical questions-'What is the problem?', 'What should be done?', 'Is it being done?' and 'Is it working?'. A team approach is crucial to acting on the epidemiological data. Examples are presented to illustrate different roles of the epidemiologist, and tools and measures that have been developed to address some problems of current importance. Monitoring of quality, integrity and security of data remains a major focus. The epidemiologist will continue to have a key role in antimicrobial chemotherapy.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anti-Infecciosos/uso terapêutico
Doenças Transmissíveis/tratamento farmacológico
Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa/prevenção & controle
Uso de Medicamentos/normas
Instalações de Saúde
Controle de Infecções/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Doenças Transmissíveis/transmissão
Epidemiologistas
Seres Humanos
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-Infective Agents)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170815
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170815
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160824
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/jac/dkw292


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[PMID]:26990610
[Au] Autor:Gansefort D; Jahn I
[Ad] Endereço:Leibniz-Institut für Präventionsforschung und Epidemiologie - BIPS, Abteilung Prävention und Evaluation, Bremen.
[Ti] Título:[Sex/Gender-sensitive Research - A Survey of Epidemiologists in Germany].
[Ti] Título:Geschlechtersensible Forschung - ein Survey unter Epidemiologinnen und Epidemiologen in Deutschland..
[So] Source:Gesundheitswesen;78(7):460-6, 2016 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1439-4421
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Epidemiology is the basic science of Public Health and has to provide high-quality scientific evidence for disease prevention and health care. Sex/Gender, as social and biological structure categories of population, play a central role in the analysis of epidemiological data. Whether and how epidemiologists incorporate sex/gender aspects in their research, their attitudes, needs and requirements they have in this context have hardly been investigated. These questions were addressed in a survey of epidemiologists in Germany. METHODS: With the support of the respective scientific societies, an online survey was conducted of German epidemiologists, and the data subjected to descriptive analysis. RESULTS: Approximately 64% of the 276 participants (response rate 25%) were female and 75% worked in the academic field. 70% reported having had experience in sex/gender-sensitive research and 83% expressed future interest in this topic. Issues mentioned as important were interaction of gender aspects and other factors of social inequality as well as the inclusion of sex and gender in all phases of the research process. Women and younger participants reported more experience and more needs concerning sex/gender sensitive research. To facilitate further incorporation of sex/gender-sensitive research in epidemiology, special workshops/tutorials at the respective scientific societies' annual meetings and online information materials were rated as important. CONCLUSION: Due to the low response rate, a positive selection of participants cannot be ruled out. The results show that, while a large group of epidemiologists had experience and interest in gender-sensitive research, there are some with less interest. Possible starting points for the strengthening of sex/gender-sensitivity research include further training and involvement of scientific societies in the process.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Definição da Elegibilidade/estatística & dados numéricos
Projetos de Pesquisa Epidemiológica
Epidemiologistas/estatística & dados numéricos
Identidade de Gênero
Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
Sexismo/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde
Feminino
Alemanha
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Seleção de Pacientes
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170524
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170524
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160319
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1055/s-0042-100619



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