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[PMID]:28168271
[Au] Autor:Baker T
[Ti] Título:The Oculist's Eye: Connections between Cataract Couching, Anatomy, and Visual Theory in the Renaissance.
[So] Source:J Hist Med Allied Sci;72(1):51-66, 2017 01 01.
[Is] ISSN:1468-4373
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We now know that cataract couching involves depressing an occluded crystalline lens to the bottom of the vitreous chamber, but from the time of Galen until the seventeenth-century cataracts were thought to be separate concretions arising between the crystalline lens and the pupil. From Antiquity through the Renaissance, the combination of visual theory in which the crystalline humor is the author of vision, and surgical experience­that couching cataracts restored some degree of sight­resulted in anatomists depicting a large space between the crystalline lens and the pupil. In the Renaissance, oculists­surgical specialists with little higher education or connections to learned surgery or medicine­overwhelmingly performed eye surgeries. This article examines how the experience and knowledge of oculists, of barber-surgeons, and of learned surgeons influenced one another on questions of anatomy, visual theory, and surgical experience. By analyzing the writings of the oculist George Bartisch (c. 1535­1607), the barber-surgeon Ambroise Paré (1510­1590), and the learned surgeon Hieronymus Fabricius ab Aquapendente (1533­1619), we see that the oculists' understanding of the eye­an eye constructed out of the probing, tactile experience of eye surgery­slowly lost currency among the learned toward the beginning of the seventeenth century.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cirurgiões Barbeiros/história
Extração de Catarata/história
Extração de Catarata/métodos
Catarata/história
Catarata/fisiopatologia
Olho/citologia
Oftalmologia/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Europa (Continente)
História do Século XV
História do Século XVI
História do Século XVII
História Medieval
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Bartisch G; Pare A; Fabricius ab Aquapendente H
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170821
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170821
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170208
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/jhmas/jrw040


  2 / 144 MEDLINE  
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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
[PMID]:26331660
[Au] Autor:Dantas RA
[Ad] Endereço:Casa de Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, BR, aragao02@hotmail.com.
[Ti] Título:[The trajectory of physicians and barber-surgeons in Rio de Janeiro during the second half of the nineteenth century].
[Ti] Título:A trajetória de médicos e barbeiros no Rio de Janeiro da segunda metade do século XIX..
[So] Source:Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos;22(3):1043-50, 2015 Jul-Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1678-4758
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:por
[Ab] Resumo:This work analyzes aspects of the healing work performed by doctors and barber- surgeons in Rio de Janeiro between 1840 and 1889, based on the names and addresses in the Laemmert Almanaque. This not only provided the geographic location of where these agents were active within the city, but also identified the advertisers who featured repeatedly and those who moved to other locations. By cross-referencing this data with notary public sources and church records, which identified objects used in therapeutic practices, such as fleams, cupping-glasses and lancets, one can to better understand the way these therapists worked in a context characterized by the disqualification of the popular arts of healing, the slavery crisis and changes in academic concepts about diseases.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cirurgiões Barbeiros/história
Médicos/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Brasil
História do Século XIX
Seres Humanos
Medicina Tradicional/história
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170515
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170515
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150903
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:25638227
[Au] Autor:Hill J
[Ad] Endereço:Maynooth University, Maynooth, Co. Kildare, Ireland, Jacqueline.Hill@nuim.ie.
[Ti] Título:Dublin and Irish politics in the age of Charles Lucas.
[So] Source:Ir J Med Sci;184(3):547-8, 2015 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1863-4362
[Cp] País de publicação:Ireland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: In addition to his contributions to medicine, Charles Lucas had a long career in politics, starting in the 1740s as a guild representative on the lower house of Dublin corporation, and culminating in his election to the Irish House of Commons in 1761. By examining the background in Dublin and Irish politics, this paper explores Lucas' impact on the electorate, and how it was that he was able to win a parliamentary seat in Dublin and retain it for a decade while he campaigned in support of a range of important Patriot issues. LUCAS' POLITICAL CAREER: Lucas had none of the qualifications that would normally be required for a successful politician. His father held some land, but as a younger son who had to make a living, Charles was apprenticed to a Dublin apothecary. Nor did he have the political connections that might have compensated for a lack of land, wealth, or status. But Lucas possessed other advantages, notably an education that enabled him to read the city's medieval charters, identifying areas where the Dublin freemen had lost 'ancient rights', and some experience of publishing, so that he could appeal to the electorate. CONCLUSION: Lucas' remarkable political success stemmed from both local circumstances and his own personal qualities.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Farmácia/história
Política
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cirurgiões Barbeiros/história
Cidades/história
História do Século XVIII
Irlanda
Editoração/história
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Lucas C
[Em] Mês de entrada:1603
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150824
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150824
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150202
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s11845-015-1252-2


  4 / 144 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25498439
[Au] Autor:Bartolini D
[Ti] Título:On the borders: surgeons and their activities in the Venetian State (1540-1640).
[So] Source:Med Hist;59(1):83-100, 2015 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:2048-8343
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Through the biographies of a dynasty of practitioners who were active in some of the mountainous villages of the Venetian Terraferma the article brings to light unknown aspects of the professional world of surgeons. Their activities were profoundly influenced by the economic and geographic peculiarities of the territory where they lived and worked. Provincial towns and their territories offered professional opportunities both to licensed and to non-university trained practitioners. However, it was generally in small villages, especially those situated in border areas and part of the main commercial networks, that surgeons preferred to establish their practices, thus supplementing the medical services supplied by the town. Normally their knowledge was largely empirical and was transmitted from father to son. The apprenticeship-based training does not appear alternative to the academic education typical of learned practitioners: much evidence points to the existence of 'scientific autodidacts', self-taught practitioners who possessed and read medical texts or had attended academic courses, even if only in part. Practising surgery in this area was a highly mobile activity, stretching from the village to the neighbouring valleys, and even to areas outside the boundaries of the city and across the border of the Venetian state. Surgeons, furthermore, were able to transfer their skills and knowledge across a range of different occupations such as shoemakers, leather workers and tailors, a fact that confirms their close ties with the local artisan milieu.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cirurgiões Barbeiros/história
Cirurgia Geral/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Educação Médica/história
Cirurgia Geral/educação
História do Século XVI
História do Século XVII
Seres Humanos
Itália
Licenciamento em Medicina/história
Cirurgiões/história
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1505
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160307
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160307
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:141216
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/mdh.2014.72


  5 / 144 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26591119
[Au] Autor:Zajaczkowski T
[Ti] Título:HISTORY OF MEDICINE, SURGERY AND UROLOGY IN BRESLAU/WROCLAW.
[So] Source:Ann Acad Med Stetin;60(2):113-26, 2014.
[Is] ISSN:1427-440X
[Cp] País de publicação:Poland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The development of medicine in Breslau from the 14th century has been described and its famous physicians, above all Silesians, are introduced. The aim of the study is to present the development history of hospital services and the teaching of medicine, and also the development of urology in Breslau. Well known Breslau surgeons who were interested in surgery of the genitourinary system are also presented. The aim of the study is to present a brief history of Breslau medicine and surgery from its beginning to the end of World War II. The development of urology and its separation from surgery after World War II is also briefly described. Professor Florian Nowacki, Breslaus's first urologist, is also introduced. Extensive research was undertaken for the collection of literature and documents in German and Polish archives and libraries to prepare this study.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Educação Médica/história
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/história
Urologia/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Centros Médicos Acadêmicos/história
Cirurgiões Barbeiros/história
História do Século XV
História do Século XVI
História do Século XVII
História do Século XVIII
História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
História do Século XXI
História Medieval
Polônia
Faculdades de Medicina/história
II Guerra Mundial
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; PORTRAITS
[Em] Mês de entrada:1601
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151120
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151120
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151124
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:25338406
[Au] Autor:Tsoucalas G; Karamanou M; Piagkou M; Skandalakis P; Androutsos G
[Ti] Título:Jean Falcon (1491-1541), a great surgeon and anatomist of the 16th century.
[So] Source:Ital J Anat Embryol;118(2):172-6, 2013.
[Is] ISSN:1122-6714
[Cp] País de publicação:Italy
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Jean Falcon, an Aragon native, became a famous surgeon at the Faculty of Montpellier. He was a Royal physician, wealthy enough to live a luxurious life and treat influential patients. His lectures were legendary, and his works gave him fame among the surgeons' class. Of all his manuscripts stands the "Guidon", which became an anatomical surgeons' handbook, worthy of reference from the scientific community for centuries.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anatomia/história
Cirurgiões Barbeiros/história
Docentes de Medicina/história
Livros de Texto como Assunto/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: França
História do Século XV
História do Século XVI
Espanha
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; PORTRAITS
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Falcon J
[Em] Mês de entrada:1412
[Cu] Atualização por classe:141023
[Lr] Data última revisão:
141023
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:141024
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:23722467
[Au] Autor:Tóth I; Rami-Porta R; Rendeki S; Molnár TF
[Ad] Endereço:Department of General and Thoracic Surgery, Semmelweis Teaching Hospital, Miskolc, Hungary. b.medorim@upcmail.hu
[Ti] Título:First steps in the management of pericardial effusion: who was first to relieve the pericardial sac--Larrey or Romero?
[So] Source:World J Surg;37(9):2242-5, 2013 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1432-2323
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Early reports told us that the first pericardiotomy was performed by Baron Dominique Jean Larrey, Napoleon's chief military surgeon. In this article, we reveal a previous operation of that kind and its publication by Francisco Romero, who had a 9-year head start over Larrey's performance. The aim of this article was to briefly review the two-century-old history of pericardial fenestration.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Derrame Pericárdico/história
Pericardiectomia/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cirurgiões Barbeiros/história
França
História do Século XIX
Seres Humanos
Medicina Militar/história
Derrame Pericárdico/cirurgia
Espanha
Toracoscopia/história
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Larrey DJ; Romero F
[Em] Mês de entrada:1405
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170926
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170926
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:130601
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00268-013-2115-5


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[PMID]:23717946
[Au] Autor:Hont G
[Ad] Endereço:gabor.hont@lakartidningen.se
[Ti] Título:[The list of army surgeons aboard the Swedish East Indiaman].
[Ti] Título:Listan på fältskärer ombord på svenska ostindiefarare..
[So] Source:Lakartidningen;110(17-18):898-900, 2013 Apr 24-May 6.
[Is] ISSN:0023-7205
[Cp] País de publicação:Sweden
[La] Idioma:swe
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cirurgiões Barbeiros/história
Medicina Naval/história
Navios/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: China
Cirurgia Geral/história
Cirurgia Geral/recursos humanos
História do Século XVIII
Seres Humanos
Medicina Naval/recursos humanos
Navios/recursos humanos
Suécia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1307
[Cu] Atualização por classe:130530
[Lr] Data última revisão:
130530
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:130531
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:23052981
[Au] Autor:Kraus P; Winckelmann HJ
[Ad] Endereço:Institut für Geschichte, Theorie und Ethik der Medizin, Universität Ulm, Deutschland.
[Ti] Título:[The lithotomist Johannes Palm from Ulm and his family: at the peak of the art of lithotomy].
[Ti] Título:Der Ulmer Steinschneider Johannes Palm und seine Familie: am Höhepunkt der Steinschnittkunst: ein Beitrag zur Urologie des 19. Jahrhunderts..
[So] Source:Urologe A;52(1):79-86, 2013 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1433-0563
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Ab] Resumo:In addition to the local barber surgeons, operations in Ulm were also carried out by travelling lithotomists, or wound physicians, who moved from town to town. The Ulm public medical officer Johannes Scultetus (1595-1645) was of nationwide medical historical importance and whose work"Wundartzneyisches Zeughauß" which was published posthumously was a milestone in surgical literature and included the technique for lithotomy. In the nineteenth century Ulm was the endemic region for urolithiasis and some physicians from the Ulm region were considered to be the most experienced lithotomists. At the end of the Ulm lithotomy period there were various physicians from the Palm family and amongst these Johannes Palm was particularly outstanding. The normal methods of lithotomy used in the nineteenth century varied mainly in the access route to the bladder. The only remaining evidence of the old lithotomists is the classical lithotomy position in the operating room.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cirurgiões Barbeiros/história
Litotripsia/história
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/história
Urologia/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alemanha
História do Século XVII
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; ENGLISH ABSTRACT; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Palm J
[Em] Mês de entrada:1308
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170916
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170916
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:121012
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00120-012-2996-1


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[PMID]:23249510
[Au] Autor:Keeman JN
[Ad] Endereço:jnkeeman@xs4all.nl
[Ti] Título:[A village fair. Beware of the travelling quack doctor].
[Ti] Título:Een dorpskermis. Een waarschuwing tegen de reizende heelmeester..
[So] Source:Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd;156(51):A5305, 2012.
[Is] ISSN:1876-8784
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:dut
[Ab] Resumo:What appears to be an image of a merry village fair is actually a warning against the practices of the travelling quack doctor. An iconological description reveals the hidden meaning of the imagery portrayed in a 17th-century genre painting.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cirurgiões Barbeiros/história
Pinturas/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XVII
Seres Humanos
Países Baixos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1302
[Cu] Atualização por classe:121219
[Lr] Data última revisão:
121219
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:121220
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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