Base de dados : MEDLINE
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[PMID]:29187949
[Au] Autor:Sana A; De Brouwer C; Hien H
[Ad] Endereço:Centre Muraz, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso.
[Ti] Título:Knowledge and perceptions of health and environmental risks related to artisanal gold mining by the artisanal miners in Burkina Faso: a cross-sectional survey.
[So] Source:Pan Afr Med J;27:280, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1937-8688
[Cp] País de publicação:Uganda
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Introduction: Artisanal gold mining is an activity ensuring the survival of about 700,000 families in Burkina Faso with a considerable contribution to the national economy. Techniques and chemicals used in the operation, have adverse impacts on health and the environment. Our study aims to evaluate the perceptions and knowledge of these different impacts among artisanal gold miners. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in artisanal gold mines Bouda and Nagsene in the region of the North of Burkina Faso. Two hundred miners over 18 years of age were interviewed. Results: All the participants have recognized that gold mining has health impacts and 88.5% felt these impacts as important with a significantly higher proportion among those with more than 3 years' seniority (p = 0.001). The environmental impacts were perceived as important by 64.5% of miners, with a significant difference according to the position (p = 0.004). Sixty percent (60%) of respondents could identify at least 3 of the 5 health impacts of gold mining listed and 49.5% acknowledged at least 3 impacts on the environment. The diggers had significantly more knowledge about the symptoms (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Study highlights the lack of knowledge of the Stampeders on the health and environmental impacts of artisanal gold mining. Findings might be used to develop more effective awareness campaigns in the future. Communication with diggers must focus on the risk perception because it appears that raising risk perceptions from low to high would have a major effect on behavior.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Mineradores/estatística & dados numéricos
Mineração
Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Burkina Faso
Estudos Transversais
Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Monitoramento Ambiental
Feminino
Ouro
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Risco
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
7440-57-5 (Gold)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171219
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171219
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.11604/pamj.2017.27.280.12080


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[PMID]:28641716
[Au] Autor:Clark KA; Flynn JJ; Karmaus WJJ; Mohr LC
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina. Electronic address: clarkka2@mailbox.sc.edu.
[Ti] Título:The Effects of Pleural Plaques on Longitudinal Lung Function in Vermiculite Miners of Libby, Montana.
[So] Source:Am J Med Sci;353(6):533-542, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1538-2990
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to assess associations of pleural plaques (PP) and longitudinal lung function in vermiculite miners of Libby, Montana who are occupationally exposed to asbestos. High-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) was used to identify asbestos-related findings in former Libby vermiculite miners. We investigated annual lung function decline in miners with PP only and compared them to miners with normal HRCT findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HRCTs from 128 miners were categorized into the following 4 diagnostic groups: (1) normal computed tomography scan (n = 9); (2) PP only (n = 72); (3) PP and interstitial fibrosis (n = 26) and (4) additional HRCT abnormalities (n = 21) such as rounded atelectasis, diffuse pleural thickening, pleural effusions or pulmonary nodules or tumor >1cm in diameter. Random intercept and slope linear mixed-effect regression models identified differences in lung function decline between miners with asbestos-associated outcomes and those with normal HRCT. Models were adjusted for follow-up time, body mass index, smoking status, latent exposure period and employment years. Interactions for smoking status with age and smoking status with pleural plaque severity were examined. RESULTS: Miners with PP only did not have an accelerated decline in lung function between 40 and 80 years. Miners with PP and additional HRCT abnormalities displayed significantly accelerated declines in forced expiratory volume in 1 second and diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide (P = 0.05 and P < 0.01, respectively). Plaque severity did not affect lung function decline. However, smokers with extensive plaques displayed accelerated loss in diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide and forced expiratory volume in 1 second when compared to nonsmoking miners with mild plaque formation. CONCLUSIONS: PP alone did not significantly affect lung function decline in vermiculite miners of Libby, Montana.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Amiantos Anfibólicos
Pulmão/fisiopatologia
Mineradores
Exposição Ocupacional
Doenças Pleurais/fisiopatologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Silicatos de Alumínio
Amiantos Anfibólicos/toxicidade
Seres Humanos
Estudos Longitudinais
Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Montana
Doenças Pleurais/induzido quimicamente
Testes de Função Respiratória
Estudos Retrospectivos
Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Aluminum Silicates); 0 (Asbestos, Amphibole); 1318-00-9 (vermiculite)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170628
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170628
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170624
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28500804
[Au] Autor:Mosnier E; Niemetzky F; Stroot J; Pommier de Santi V; Brousse P; Guarmit B; Blanchet D; Ville M; Abboud P; Djossou F; Nacher M
[Ad] Endereço:Equipe EA3593, Ecosystèmes Amazoniens et Pathologie Tropicale, Université des Antilles et de la Guyane, Cayenne, French Guiana, France.
[Ti] Título:A Large Outbreak of Thiamine Deficiency Among Illegal Gold Miners in French Guiana.
[So] Source:Am J Trop Med Hyg;96(5):1248-1252, 2017 05.
[Is] ISSN:1476-1645
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:From September 2013 to July 2014, several gold miners working in the tropical forest consulted the Maripasoula Health Center in French Guiana for edema and findings consistent with right-sided cardiac failure. Of the 42 cases of beriberi that were diagnosed, one patient died. The laboratory and clinical investigation demonstrated vitamin B1 deficiency in most of the patients tested. Furthermore, 30 of 42 patients responded favorably to 500 mg of intravenous or intramuscular thiamine supplementation. In addition, dietary investigation showed insufficient thiamine intake in these patients. We concluded that patients had acquired beriberi because of diet restrictions, hard labor, and infectious diseases, notably malaria. In 2016, cases were still being reported. We recommend screening for compatible symptoms in gold miners, thiamine supplementation, and nutritional intervention.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Beriberi/dietoterapia
Beriberi/epidemiologia
Surtos de Doenças
Malária/epidemiologia
Mineradores
Tiamina/administração & dosagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Beriberi/complicações
Beriberi/fisiopatologia
Comportamento Criminoso
Feminino
Guiana Francesa/epidemiologia
Ouro
Seres Humanos
Malária/complicações
Malária/tratamento farmacológico
Malária/parasitologia
Masculino
Desnutrição/fisiopatologia
Meia-Idade
Estudos Retrospectivos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
7440-57-5 (Gold); X66NSO3N35 (Thiamine)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170803
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170803
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170514
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4269/ajtmh.15-0906


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[PMID]:28408654
[Au] Autor:Laney AS; Blackley DJ; Halldin CN
[Ad] Endereço:Respiratory Health Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, West Virginia, USA.
[Ti] Título:Radiographic disease progression in contemporary US coal miners with progressive massive fibrosis.
[So] Source:Occup Environ Med;74(7):517-520, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1470-7926
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Among contemporary US coal miners, there has been an increase in the prevalence and severity of pneumoconiosis, including its advanced form progressive massive fibrosis (PMF). We examine radiographic progression in Coal Workers' Health Surveillance Program (CWHSP) participants. METHODS: CWHSP participants with a final determination of PMF during 1 January 2000-1 October 2016 with at least one prior radiograph in the system were included. We characterised demographics, participation and progression patterns. RESULTS: A total of 192 miners with a PMF determination contributed at least one additional radiograph (total count: 2-10). Mean age at first radiograph was 28.8 years, 162 (84%) worked in Kentucky, Virginia or West Virginia and 169 (88%) worked exclusively underground. A total of 163 (85%) miners had a normal initial radiograph. Mean time from most recent normal radiograph to one with a PMF determination was 20.7 years (range: 1-43) and 27 (17%) progressed to PMF in less than 10 years. DISCUSSION: Dust exposure is the sole cause of this disease, and a substantial number of these miners progressed from normal to PMF in less than a decade. Participation in CWHSP is voluntary, and these findings are influenced by participation patterns, so for many miners it remains unclear how rapidly their disease progressed. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health recommends all working miners to participate in radiographic surveillance at 5-year intervals. Improved participation could allow more precise characterisation of the burden and characteristics of pneumoconiosis in US coal miners and provide an important early detection tool to prevent cases of severe disease.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antracose/diagnóstico por imagem
Antracose/patologia
Mineradores/estatística & dados numéricos
Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Antracose/epidemiologia
Minas de Carvão
Progressão da Doença
Poeira
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Mineração
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (U.S.)
Doenças Profissionais/diagnóstico por imagem
Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia
Doenças Profissionais/patologia
Radiografia
Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Dust)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170803
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170803
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170415
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/oemed-2016-104249


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[PMID]:28366955
[Au] Autor:Bose-O'Reilly S; Bernaudat L; Siebert U; Roider G; Nowak D; Drasch G
[Ad] Endereço:University Hospital Munich, Munich, Germany (Institute and Outpatient Clinic for Occupational, Social and Environmental Medicine, WHO Collaborating Centre for Occupational Health). stephan.boeseoreilly@med.uni-muenchen.de.
[Ti] Título:Signs and symptoms of mercury-exposed gold miners.
[So] Source:Int J Occup Med Environ Health;30(2):249-269, 2017 Mar 30.
[Is] ISSN:1896-494X
[Cp] País de publicação:Poland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: Gold miners use mercury to extract gold from ore adding liquid mercury to the milled gold-containing ore. This results in a mercury-gold compound, called amalgam. Miners smelt this amalgam to obtain gold, vaporizing it and finally inhaling the toxic mercury fumes. The objective was to merge and analyze data from different projects, to identify typical signs and symptoms of chronic inorganic mercury exposure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Miners and community members from various artisanal small-scale gold mining areas had been examined (Philippines, Mongolia, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Indonesia). Data of several health assessments were pooled. Urine, blood and hair samples were analyzed for mercury (N = 1252). Questionnaires, standardized medical examinations and neuropsychological tests were used. Participants were grouped into: Controls (N = 209), living in an exposed area (N = 408), working with mercury as panners (N = 181), working with mercury as amalgam burners (N = 454). Chi2 test, linear trend test, Mann-Whitney test, Kruskal-Wallis test, correlation coefficient, Spearman's rho, and analysis of variance tests were used. An algorithm was used to define participants with chronic mercury intoxication. RESULTS: Mean mercury concentrations in all exposed subgroups were elevated and above threshold limits, with amalgam burners showing highest levels. Typical symptoms of chronic metallic mercury intoxication were tremor, ataxia, coordination problems, excessive salivation and metallic taste. Participants from the exposed groups showed poorer results in different neuropsychological tests in comparison to the control group. Fifty-four percent of the high-exposed group (amalgam burners) were diagnosed as being mercury-intoxicated, compared to 0% within the control group (Chi2 p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Chronic mercury intoxication, with tremor, ataxia and other neurological symptoms together with a raised body burden of mercury was clinically diagnosed in exposed people in artisanal small-scale mining areas. The mercury exposure needs to be urgently reduced. Health care systems need to be prepared for this emerging problem of chronic mercury intoxication among exposed people. Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2017;30(2):249-269.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ouro
Intoxicação do Sistema Nervoso por Mercúrio/epidemiologia
Mercúrio/sangue
Mercúrio/urina
Mineradores
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ataxia/induzido quimicamente
Carga Corporal (Radioterapia)
Feminino
Cabelo/química
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Metalurgia
Testes Neuropsicológicos
Exposição Ocupacional
Tremor/induzido quimicamente
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
7440-57-5 (Gold); FXS1BY2PGL (Mercury)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170906
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170906
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170404
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28327542
[Au] Autor:Ayaaba E; Li Y; Yuan J; Ni C
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210000, China. lizerta1@yahoo.com.
[Ti] Título:Occupational Respiratory Diseases of Miners from Two Gold Mines in Ghana.
[So] Source:Int J Environ Res Public Health;14(3), 2017 Mar 22.
[Is] ISSN:1660-4601
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:n/a.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poeira/análise
Enfisema/epidemiologia
Ouro
Pneumopatias Obstrutivas/epidemiologia
Mineradores
Mineração
Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle
Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Estudos Transversais
Enfisema/induzido quimicamente
Gana/epidemiologia
Seres Humanos
Pneumopatias Obstrutivas/induzido quimicamente
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Doenças Profissionais/induzido quimicamente
Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia
Exposição Ocupacional/prevenção & controle
Exposição Ocupacional/estatística & dados numéricos
Equipamento de Proteção Individual/utilização
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Dust); 7440-57-5 (Gold)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171016
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171016
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170323
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28231659
[Au] Autor:Fu ZD; Wen DD; Wang B; Xue SL; Liu GS; Li XH; Zhao ZH; Wang J; Wei BG; Wang SP
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan 030000, China.
[Ti] Título:[Correlative factors on prevalence rate of dislipidemia among 1 337 coal miners in Shanxi province].
[So] Source:Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi;38(2):163-167, 2017 Feb 10.
[Is] ISSN:0254-6450
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:To understand the prevalence rate and correlative factors of dislipidemia among Shanxi coal miners and to provide evidence for the development of programs on dislipidemia prevention. We investigated 1 337 mine workers from a Coal Group in April 2016 and collected data related to their blood biochemistry. We then classified the types in accordance with the diagnostic criteria of " Guidelines for prevention and treatment of dyslipidemia in Chinese adults (2007)" , using (2) test and unconditional logistic regression model for analysis. The overall prevalence rate of Dislipidemia was 59.1% (790/1 337), with males as 60.4% (708/1 173) and females as 50.0%(82/164) while males appeared higher ( (2)=6.386, <0.05). Among the 20-34, 35-49, 50 and above year-old groups, the rates were 68.8%, 58.7%, 49.5%, respectively. Results from the (2) test showed that gender, age and body mass index were the influencing factors on dislipidemia ( (2)=7.117, <0.01; (2)=37.135, <0.01; (2)=7.009, <0.05), while logistic regression analysis showed that sex, age, body mass index level, systolic blood pressure were significantly associated with dislipidemia ( <0.05). Male miners appeared 1.501 times ( =1.501, 95 : 1.895-2.516) higher than female miners in suffering from the risk of dyslipidemia. In different age groups, risks of dyslipidemia in the 35-49, 20-34 year-old groups were 1.672 ( =1.672, 95 : 1.501-2.392) and 2.369 times ( = 2.369, 95 : 1.275-3.469) higher than the 50 year-old. Group that with high BMI, the risk of dyslipidemia was 1.443 times ( =1.443, 95 : 1.139-1.828) higher than the normal BMI group. Group with abnormal systolic pressure was 1.829 times ( =1.829, 95 : 1.152-2.906) higher than normal systolic pressure group. However, diastolic blood pressure, blood sugar, uric acid, and electrocardiogram findings did not seem to show statistically significant meanings on dislipidemia. Among the coal mine workers, those who were males, aged from 20 to 34, having high blood pressure (systolic blood pressure abnormalities) or with high BMI (≥24.0 kg/m(2)) need to be taken special attention on care and prevention of dislipidemia.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Minas de Carvão
Dislipidemias/epidemiologia
Mineradores/estatística & dados numéricos
Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Fatores Etários
Pressão Sanguínea
Índice de Massa Corporal
Carvão Mineral
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Hipertensão/epidemiologia
Modelos Logísticos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Prevalência
Fatores de Risco
Fatores Sexuais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Coal)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170630
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170630
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170224
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2017.02.006


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[PMID]:28148238
[Au] Autor:Zheng Y; Liang L; Qin T; Yang G; An S; Wang Y; Li Z; Shao Z; Zhu X; Yao T; Wu S; Cai J
[Ad] Endereço:Occupational Disease Prevention and Treatment Hospital of Kailuan Colliery Group, Tangshan, Hebei, China.
[Ti] Título:Cross-section analysis of coal workers' pneumoconiosis and higher brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity within Kailuan study.
[So] Source:BMC Public Health;17(1):148, 2017 Feb 02.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2458
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) is an independent predictor of cardiovascular events and mortality. However, there is no related data on the association of baPWVwith coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP). We explored the baPWV in subjects withCWP and the associated risk factors. METHODS: Thiscase-control study included 1,007 male CWP cases without a history of stroke and coronary heart disease and 1,007 matched controls from the Kailuan cohort study. All of the participants underwent assessment for baPWV and traditional cardiovascular risk factors. The cumulative silica dust exposure (work history linked to a job-exposure matrix) was estimated for the CWP cases. RESULTS: Compared with the controls, the CWP cases had higher baPWV (1762.0 ± 355 cm/s vs. 1718.6 ± 354 cm/s, P = 0.006) and a higher risk of increased baPWV (defined as more than the median baPWV of the population distribution; odds ratio 1.43, 95% confidence interval 1.11-1.83) after adjusting for traditional cardiovascular risk factors. Age ≥60 years, body mass index, heart rate, and hypertension were all significantly associated with increased baPWV in the CWP cases. Compared to non-CWP subjects without hypertension, the odds ratios for increased baPWV gradually increased (P for trend, 0.001) across the CWP subjects without hypertension (odds ratio 1.20, 95%confidence interval 0.90-1.61), subjects with hypertension alone (odds ratio 2.54, 95% confidence interval 1.95-3.30), and CWP subjects with hypertension (odds ratio 3.34, 95% confidence interval 2.56-4.37). We detected a significant positive exposure-response relationship between silica dust-exposure quartiles and increased baPWV in CWP cases (P for trend < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: For patients with CWP, increased baPWV was associated with traditional cardiovascular risk factors and long-term silica dust exposure.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Índice Tornozelo-Braço/estatística & dados numéricos
Antracose/epidemiologia
Antracose/fisiopatologia
Mineradores/estatística & dados numéricos
Análise de Onda de Pulso/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia
Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia
Estudos de Casos e Controles
China/epidemiologia
Estudos de Coortes
Comorbidade
Estudos Transversais
Seres Humanos
Hipertensão/epidemiologia
Hipertensão/fisiopatologia
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Razão de Chances
Fatores de Risco
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170913
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170913
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170203
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12889-017-4048-7


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[PMID]:28100372
[Au] Autor:Guo JY; Lei LJ; Qiao N; Fan GQ; Sun CM; Huang JJ; Wang T
[Ad] Endereço:School of Public Health, Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan 030001, China.
[Ti] Título:[Research on potential interaction between mitochondrial DNA copy number and related factors on risk of hypertension in coal miners].
[So] Source:Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi;38(1):26-31, 2017 Jan 10.
[Is] ISSN:0254-6450
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:To investigate the effects of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) copy number in peripheral blood and related factors on the risk of hypertension in coal miners. A case-control study was conducted in 378 coal miners with hypertension and 325 healthy coal miners recruited from Datong Coal Mine Group. A standard questionnaire was used to collect their general information, such as demographic characteristics, habits and occupational history. Fluorescence quantitative PCR was performed to detect the copy number of mtDNA. Logistic regression model was applied for identifying the related risk factors of hypertension and analyzing the interaction between mtDNA copy number and risk factors. The prevalence of hypertension of high mtDNA copy number was lower than mtDNA copy numberin 0-5.67 group, but the difference was not statistically significant ( =0.414). Alcohol drinking ( =1.80, 95 : 1.26-2.56), family history of hypertension ( =1.74, 95 : 1.20- 2.50), work shifts ( =0.69, 95 : 0.48-0.99), education level ( =0.012) and family monthly income level ( =0.001) were related to the prevalence of hypertension. There were potential interactions between mtDNA copy number and alcohol drinking, family monthly income level, family history of hypertension, respectively. Alcohol drinking was a risk factor for hypertension [1.77 (1.25-2.50)]. Potential interactions between mtDNA copy number and alcohol drinking reduced the risk of hypertension ( =1.20, 95 : 1.07-1.35). Family history of hypertension was a risk factor for hypertension [1.81(1.26-2.59)]. Potential interactions between mtDNA copy number and family history of hypertension reduced the risk of hypertension ( =1.24, 95 : 1.09-1.41). Family monthly income level was a protect factor for hypertension [0.55(0.46-0.66)]. Potential interactions between mtDNA copy number and family monthly income level increased the protection role of hypertension ( =0.90, 95 : 0.86-0.94). mtDNA copy number variation was not significantly associated with the prevalence of hypertension in coal miners, but mtDNA copy number showed multiplication interaction on the prevalence of hypertension with alcohol drinking, family monthly income level as well as family history of hypertension and made their influences weaken.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Minas de Carvão
Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA
DNA Mitocondrial
Mineradores
Saúde do Trabalhador
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Seres Humanos
Hipertensão/sangue
Hipertensão/epidemiologia
Hipertensão/genética
Modelos Logísticos
Prevalência
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
Fatores de Risco
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Mitochondrial)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170630
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170630
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170120
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2017.01.005


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[PMID]:27663462
[Au] Autor:Lu H; Chen H; Du W; Long R
[Ad] Endereço:School of Management, China University of Mining and Technology (CUMT), Room A521, Nanhu Campus, South Sanhuan Road, Xuzhou, 221116, China.
[Ti] Título:Moral Values Congruence and Miners' Policy Following Behavior: The Role of Supervisor Morality.
[So] Source:Sci Eng Ethics;23(3):769-791, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1471-5546
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Ethical culture construction is beneficial to maximize policy following behavior (PFB) and avoid accidents of coal miners in an economic downturn. This paper examines the congruence between coal mine ethical culture values (ECVs) and miners' moral values (MVs) and the relationship with PFB. To shed light on this relationship, supervisor moral values (SMVs) act as a key moderator. We build on the initial structure of values to measure ECVs, MVs, and SMVs. At the same time, available congruence was defined to describe the relationship between the two values. Drawing upon a survey of 267 miners in Chinese large state-owned coal mining enterprises, results revealed that ECVs-MVs congruence had a linear relationship with intrinsic PFB (IPFB) and a non-linear relationship with extrinsic PFB. These findings demonstrate that SMVs had a moderating effect on the relationship between ECVs-MVs congruence and extrinsic PFB. Thus, we continued to calculate the available congruence scope in tested enterprises. Furthermore, this study gives relative management proposals and suggestions to improve miners' moral standards and to reduce coal mine accidents.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Minas de Carvão/ética
Minas de Carvão/recursos humanos
Mineradores/psicologia
Princípios Morais
Organização e Administração/normas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Prevenção de Acidentes
China
Mineradores/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171107
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171107
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:E; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160925
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s11948-016-9812-z



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