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  1 / 3201 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28453057
[Au] Autor:Benjumea-Rincón MV; Parra-Sánchez JH; Ocampo-Téllez PR
[Ad] Endereço:Universidad de Caldas, Manizales, Colombia.
[Ti] Título:[Correlation of size and age in Colombian indigenous children based on WHO and NCHS references].
[Ti] Título:Concordancia en la talla para la edad entre referencias NCHS y OMS en indígenas colombianos..
[So] Source:Rev Salud Publica (Bogota);18(4):503-515, 2016 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:0124-0064
[Cp] País de publicação:Colombia
[La] Idioma:spa
[Ab] Resumo:Objective To evaluate the correlation of size, according to age, of the anthropometric growth references of Colombian indigenous children studied in Encuesta Nacional de la Situación Nutricional de Colombia 2010 -ENSIN 2010 (National Survey of Nutrition in Colombia - 2010). Method A secondary analysis of 2598 data of indigenous Colombian children under five years of age, evaluated by ENSIN in 2010, was performed. The considered variables were size according to age, gender, height, place of residence, department and socioeconomic position. The classification of the deficit in size, based on the references of the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) and the World Health Organization (WHO), was made by using the Z <-2 score and the Anthro software. The Kappa coefficient was estimated to assess the correlation between anthropometric categories and was classified taking into account the proposal of Altman DG. Results One in four children had a deficit in size in the light of both anthropometric references. The prevalence of the deficit was higher when using the WHO standard, increased with age and was higher in children who resided in low altitude (m). The correlation between the two references was good (kappa ≥0,688, p=0,000) for children of both genders and all ages; the exception corresponded to children of age two, since it was moderate (kappa=0,601, p=0,000). The greatest disagreement in the classification was observed in the category "tall". Conclusion According to the statistical correlation found between the two anthropometric references (WHO vs. NCHS), any reference could be used for assessment of size according to for age.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fatores Etários
Estatura/etnologia
Índios Sul-Americanos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Pré-Escolar
Colômbia
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Masculino
National Center for Health Statistics (U.S.)
Estado Nutricional
Valores de Referência
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Estudos Retrospectivos
Fatores Sexuais
Estados Unidos
Organização Mundial da Saúde
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180216
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180216
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 3201 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28464262
[Au] Autor:Reales G; Rovaris DL; Jacovas VC; Hünemeier T; Sandoval JR; Salazar-Granara A; Demarchi DA; Tarazona-Santos E; Felkl AB; Serafini MA; Salzano FM; Bisso-Machado R; Comas D; Paixão-Côrtes VR; Bortolini MC
[Ad] Endereço:Departamento de Genética, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
[Ti] Título:A tale of agriculturalists and hunter-gatherers: Exploring the thrifty genotype hypothesis in native South Americans.
[So] Source:Am J Phys Anthropol;163(3):591-601, 2017 07.
[Is] ISSN:1096-8644
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To determine genetic differences between agriculturalist and hunter-gatherer southern Native American populations for selected metabolism-related markers and to test whether Neel's thrifty genotype hypothesis (TGH) could explain the genetic patterns observed in these populations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 375 Native South American individuals from 17 populations were genotyped using six markers (APOE rs429358 and rs7412; APOA2 rs5082; CD36 rs3211883; TCF7L2 rs11196205; and IGF2BP2 rs11705701). Additionally, APOE genotypes from 39 individuals were obtained from the literature. AMOVA, main effects, and gene-gene interaction tests were performed. RESULTS: We observed differences in allele distribution patterns between agriculturalists and hunter-gatherers for some markers. For instance, between-groups component of genetic variance (F ) for APOE rs429358 showed strong differences in allelic distributions between hunter-gatherers and agriculturalists (p = 0.00196). Gene-gene interaction analysis indicated that the APOE E4/CD36 TT and APOE E4/IGF2BP2 A carrier combinations occur at a higher frequency in hunter-gatherers, but this combination is not replicated in archaic (Neanderthal and Denisovan) and ancient (Anzick, Saqqaq, Ust-Ishim, Mal'ta) hunter-gatherer individuals. DISCUSSION: A complex scenario explains the observed frequencies of the tested markers in hunter-gatherers. Different factors, such as pleotropic alleles, rainforest selective pressures, and population dynamics, may be collectively shaping the observed genetic patterns. We conclude that although TGH seems a plausible hypothesis to explain part of the data, other factors may be important in our tested populations.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agricultura/história
Índios Sul-Americanos/genética
Índios Sul-Americanos/história
Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antropologia Física
Apolipoproteínas E/genética
Antígenos CD36/genética
Genótipo
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (ApoE protein, human); 0 (Apolipoproteins E); 0 (CD36 Antigens); 0 (IGF2BP2 protein, human); 0 (RNA-Binding Proteins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180214
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180214
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170503
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ajpa.23233


  3 / 3201 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29182201
[Au] Autor:Morong R G; Brangier P V
[Ad] Endereço:Centro de Estudios Históricos, Dirección de Investigación, Universidad Bernardo O'Higgins, Santiago, Chile.
[Ti] Título:[Indian 'humor' in medical knowledge during the 16th and 17th centuries].
[Ti] Título:El 'humor' de los indios en el saber médico de los siglos XVI-XVII..
[So] Source:Rev Med Chil;145(7):920-925, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:0717-6163
[Cp] País de publicação:Chile
[La] Idioma:spa
[Ab] Resumo:During the first Modern Era (15th-17th c.), bodily health and expressions of physiognomy were explained under the doctrine of humors. This doctrine -based on Corpus Hipocraticum-established a close relation between humors (blood, yellow bile, phlegm, and black bile), qualities (dry, moist, warm, and cold) and the elements (water, air, earth, and fire). One of these humors -black bile-, commonly a hallmark of the melancholic temperament, was associated to the complexion and nature of American Indians. This accusation was legitimized by the empirical examination of the physiognomy of a subject that was melancholic, sad and pusillanimous. In this article, we describe, based on the analysis of colonial texts (16th-17th c.), how the essential premises of the humor theory were transferred to the New World and in particular and how the Indian complexion was defined through the examination of subjects plagued by black humor and phlegm. With this, we determine the way these individuals -referred as 'Indians'- were inscribed in medical knowledge, during the global spread of the Hippocratic-Galenic postulates.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Teoria Humoral
Índios Sul-Americanos/história
Fisiognomia
Temperamento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Transtorno Depressivo/história
História do Século XV
História do Século XVI
História do Século XVII
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171214
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171214
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171129
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 3201 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29028167
[Ti] Título:Progress towards eliminating onchocerciasis in the WHO Region of the Americas: elimination of transmission in the north-east focus of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.
[Ti] Título:Progrès vers l'élimination de l'onchocercose dans la Région OMS des Amériques: élimination de la transmission dans le foyer du nord-est de la République bolivarienne du Venezuela..
[So] Source:Wkly Epidemiol Rec;92(41):617-23, 2017 10 13.
[Is] ISSN:0049-8114
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng; fre
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Erradicação de Doenças/tendências
Onchocerca volvulus
Oncocercose/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Antiparasitários/uso terapêutico
Erradicação de Doenças/métodos
Vetores de Doenças
Seres Humanos
Índios Sul-Americanos
Ivermectina/uso terapêutico
Microfilárias/efeitos dos fármacos
Onchocerca volvulus/efeitos dos fármacos
Oncocercose/transmissão
Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde
Fatores de Tempo
Venezuela
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antiparasitic Agents); 70288-86-7 (Ivermectin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171016
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171016
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171015
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 3201 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28767986
[Au] Autor:Mauro Secco J; Elias S; Valletta de Carvalho C; Dale Cotrim Guerreiro da Silva I; Jung de Campos K; Facina G; Celso Pinto Nazário A
[Ad] Endereço:MD, PhD. Researcher, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (Unifesp), São Paulo (SP), and Adjunct Professor, Universidade Federal do Amapá (Unifap), Amapá (AP), Brazil.
[Ti] Título:Mammographic density among indigenous women in forested areas in the state of Amapá, Brazil: a cross-sectional study.
[So] Source:Sao Paulo Med J;135(4):355-362, 2017 Jul-Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1806-9460
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE:: There is no register of breast cancer cases among indigenous populations in Brazil. The objective here was to evaluate the association of clinical and demographic characteristics with mammographic density among indigenous women. DESIGN AND SETTING:: Cross-sectional analytical study conducted in indigenous territories in the state of Amapá, Brazil. METHODS:: Women were recruited from three indigenous territories and underwent bilateral mammography and blood collection for hormonal analysis. They were interviewed with the aid of an interpreter. Mammographic density was calculated using computer assistance, and was expressed as dense or non-dense. RESULTS:: A total of 137 indigenous women were included in this study, with an average age of 50.4 years, and an average age at the menarche of 12.8 years. Half (50.3%) of the 137 participants had not reached the menopause at the time of this study. The women had had an average of 8.7 children, and only two had never breastfed. The average body mass index of the population as a whole was 25.1 kg/m2. The mammographic evaluation showed that 82% of women had non-dense breasts. The clinical characteristics associated with mammographic density were age (P = 0.0001), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) (P < 0.001) and estrogen levels (P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS:: The majority of the indigenous women had non-dense breasts. Age, menopausal status and FSH and estrogen levels were associated with mammographic density.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Densidade da Mama/fisiologia
Índios Sul-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Brasil
Estudos Transversais
Estrogênios/sangue
Feminino
Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/sangue
Florestas
Seres Humanos
Mamografia
Meia-Idade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Estrogens); 9002-68-0 (Follicle Stimulating Hormone)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171005
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171005
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170803
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 3201 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28752513
[Au] Autor:Masterson EE; Fitzpatrick AL; Enquobahrie DA; Mancl LA; Conde E; Hujoel PP
[Ad] Endereço:School of Dentistry, Department of Oral Health Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, DC, 98119.
[Ti] Título:Malnutrition-related early childhood exposures and enamel defects in the permanent dentition: A longitudinal study from the Bolivian Amazon.
[So] Source:Am J Phys Anthropol;164(2):416-423, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1096-8644
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: We investigated the relationship between early childhood malnutrition-related measures and subsequent enamel defects in the permanent dentition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cohort study included 349 Amerindian adolescents (10-17 years, 52% male) from the Bolivian Amazon. Exposures included: stunted growth (height-for-age z-scores), underweight (weight-for-age z-scores), anemia (hemoglobin), acute inflammation (C-reactive protein) and parasitic infection (hookworm). We measured the occurrence (no/yes) and extent (<1/3, 1/3-2/3, >2/3) of enamel defects. We estimated associations between childhood exposures and enamel defect measures using log-binomial and multinomial logistic regression. RESULTS: The prevalence of an enamel defect characterized by an orange peel texture on a large central depression on the labial surface of the central maxillary incisors was 92.3%. During childhood (1-4 years), participants had a high prevalence of stunted growth (75.2%), anemia (56.9%), acute inflammation (39.1%), and hookworm infection (49.6%). We observed associations between childhood height-for-age (OR = 0.65; P = 0.028 for >2/3 extent vs. no EH) and gastrointestinal hookworm infection (OR = 3.43; P = 0.035 for >2/3 extent vs. no defects or <1/3 extent) with enamel defects. DISCUSSION: The study describes a possibly novel form of enamel hypoplasia and provides evidence for associations of malnutrition-related measures in early childhood, including stunted growth and parasitic helminth infection, with the observed enamel defects.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hipoplasia do Esmalte Dentário
Desnutrição
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Antropologia Física
Bolívia/epidemiologia
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Hipoplasia do Esmalte Dentário/epidemiologia
Hipoplasia do Esmalte Dentário/etiologia
Hipoplasia do Esmalte Dentário/patologia
Dentição Permanente
Feminino
Transtornos do Crescimento
Seres Humanos
Índios Sul-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos
Lactente
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Desnutrição/complicações
Desnutrição/epidemiologia
Dente/patologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171002
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171002
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170729
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ajpa.23283


  7 / 3201 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28614451
[Au] Autor:Gomes SC; Esperidião MA
[Ad] Endereço:Secretaria de Estado de Saúde de Mato Grosso, Cuiabá, Brasil.
[Ti] Título:[Indigenous peoples' access to health services in Cuiabá, Mato Grosso State, Brazil].
[Ti] Título:Acesso dos usuários indígenas aos serviços de saúde de Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, Brasil..
[So] Source:Cad Saude Publica;33(5):e00132215, 2017 Jun 12.
[Is] ISSN:1678-4464
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:por
[Ab] Resumo:This study aimed to evaluate indigenous peoples' access to medium and high-complexity health services in the municipality of Cuiabá, Mato Grosso State, Brazil, through the Casa de Saúde Indígena or Indigenous Peoples' Clinic (CASAI Cuiabá). A single case study with a qualitative approach was conducted at CASAI Cuiabá. Data were obtained from observation of the work routines at CASAI Cuiabá, semi-structured interviews with health professionals and administrators from the Cuiabá Special Indigenous Health District (DSEI) and CASAI Cuiabá, and document analysis. Data analysis used a matrix derived from the theoretical and logical model of accessibility, validated by the Delphi method with a group of experts on indigenous peoples' health. Despite advances achieved by CASAI in improving indigenous peoples' access, there are persistent social, organizational, cultural, and geographic barriers in access to medium and high-complexity health services in Cuiabá. The study highlights the need for specific strategies to improve access to health services by indigenous peoples in Mato Grosso State.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/organização & administração
Serviços de Saúde do Indígena/organização & administração
Serviços de Saúde do Indígena/utilização
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Brasil
Política de Saúde
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
Serviços de Saúde do Indígena/estatística & dados numéricos
Seres Humanos
Índios Sul-Americanos
Entrevistas como Assunto
Modelos Teóricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170705
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170705
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170615
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 3201 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28614445
[Au] Autor:Campos MB; Borges GM; Queiroz BL; Santos RV
[Ad] Endereço:Departamento de Sociologia, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brasil.
[Ti] Título:[Differences in mortality between indigenous and non-indigenous persons in Brazil based on the 2010 Population Census].
[Ti] Título:Diferenciais de mortalidade entre indígenas e não indígenas no Brasil com base no Censo Demográfico de 2010..
[So] Source:Cad Saude Publica;33(5):e00015017, 2017 Jun 12.
[Is] ISSN:1678-4464
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:por
[Ab] Resumo:There have been no previous estimates on differences in adult or overall mortality in indigenous peoples in Brazil, although such indicators are extremely important for reducing social iniquities in health in this population segment. Brazil has made significant strides in recent decades to fill the gaps in data on indigenous peoples in the national statistics. The aim of this paper is to present estimated mortality rates for indigenous and non-indigenous persons in different age groups, based on data from the 2010 Population Census. The estimates used the question on deaths from specific household surveys. The results indicate important differences in mortality rates between indigenous and non-indigenous persons in all the selected age groups and in both sexes. These differences are more pronounced in childhood, especially in girls. The indicators corroborate the fact that indigenous peoples in Brazil are in a situation of extreme vulnerability in terms of their health, based on these unprecedented estimates of the size of these differences.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Censos
Índios Sul-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos
Mortalidade
Grupos Populacionais/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Fatores Etários
Brasil/epidemiologia
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Fatores Sexuais
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170705
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170705
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170615
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 3201 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28591308
[Au] Autor:Aguirre S; Cuellar CM; Herrero MB; Cortesi GC; Romero NG; Alvarez M; Braga JU
[Ad] Endereço:Ministry of Public Health and Social Welfare of Paraguay, Tuberculosis Control Program, Asunción, Paraguay.
[Ti] Título:Prevalence of tuberculosis respiratory symptoms and associated factors in the indigenous populations of Paraguay (2012).
[So] Source:Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz;112(7):474-484, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1678-8060
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The prevalence of respiratory symptoms and confirmed tuberculosis (TB) among indigenous groups in Paraguay is unknown. METHODS: This study assessed the prevalence of respiratory symptoms, confirmed pulmonary TB, and associated socio-economic factors among indigenous Paraguayan populations. Indigenous persons residing in selected communities were included in the study. A total of 24,352 participants were interviewed at home between October and December 2012. Respiratory symptomatic individuals were defined as those with respiratory symptoms of TB. A hierarchical Poisson regression analysis was performed with four levels: individual characteristics, living conditions and environmental characteristics, source of food, and type of nutrition. FINDINGS: In this study, 1,383 participants had respiratory symptoms (5.7%), but only 10 had culture-confirmed TB (41/100,000 inhabitants). The small number of cases did not allow evaluation of the risk factors for TB. Age older than 37 years was associated with a two-fold increased risk of symptoms. Female sex; family history of TB; type of housing; home heating; a lack of hunting, fishing, or purchasing food; and a lack of vegetable consumption were also associated with the presence of symptoms. A lack of cereal consumption had a protective effect. Members of the Ayoreo or Manjui ethnic groups had a three-fold increased risk of symptoms. MAIN CONCLUSION: Individual characteristics, dietary habits, and belonging to specific ethnic groups were associated with respiratory symptoms.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Índios Sul-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos
Transtornos Respiratórios/epidemiologia
Tuberculose Pulmonar/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Paraguai/epidemiologia
Prevalência
Fatores de Risco
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170824
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170824
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170608
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 3201 MEDLINE  
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Victora, Cesar Gomes
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[PMID]:28582437
[Au] Autor:França GVA; De Lucia Rolfe E; Horta BL; Gigante DP; Yudkin JS; Ong KK; Victora CG
[Ad] Endereço:Post-graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil, Rua Marechal Deodoro, 1160-3° Piso, Bairro Centro-Pelotas, RS.
[Ti] Título:Genomic ancestry and education level independently influence abdominal fat distributions in a Brazilian admixed population.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(6):e0179085, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We aimed to identify the independent associations of genomic ancestry and education level with abdominal fat distributions in the 1982 Pelotas birth cohort study, Brazil. In 2,890 participants (1,409 men and 1,481 women), genomic ancestry was assessed using genotype data on 370,539 genome-wide variants to quantify ancestral proportions in each individual. Years of completed education was used to indicate socio-economic position. Visceral fat depth and subcutaneous abdominal fat thickness were measured by ultrasound at age 29-31y; these measures were adjusted for BMI to indicate abdominal fat distributions. Linear regression models were performed, separately by sex. Admixture was observed between European (median proportion 85.3), African (6.6), and Native American (6.3) ancestries, with a strong inverse correlation between the African and European ancestry scores (ρ = -0.93; p<0.001). Independent of education level, African ancestry was inversely associated with both visceral and subcutaneous abdominal fat distributions in men (both P = 0.001), and inversely associated with subcutaneous abdominal fat distribution in women (p = 0.009). Independent of genomic ancestry, higher education level was associated with lower visceral fat, but higher subcutaneous fat, in both men and women (all p<0.001). Our findings, from an admixed population, indicate that both genomic ancestry and education level were independently associated with abdominal fat distribution in adults. African ancestry appeared to lower abdominal fat distributions, particularly in men.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Escolaridade
Padrões de Herança
Gordura Intra-Abdominal/fisiologia
Gordura Subcutânea Abdominal/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano
Índice de Massa Corporal
Brasil
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Índios Sul-Americanos
Modelos Lineares
Masculino
Fatores Sexuais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170919
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170919
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170606
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0179085



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