Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : M01.975.825 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 4957 [refinar]
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[PMID]:29315326
[Au] Autor:Verniers C; Vala J
[Ad] Endereço:Paris Descartes University, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France.
[Ti] Título:Justifying gender discrimination in the workplace: The mediating role of motherhood myths.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190657, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The issue of gender equality in employment has given rise to numerous policies in advanced industrial countries, all aimed at tackling gender discrimination regarding recruitment, salary and promotion. Yet gender inequalities in the workplace persist. The purpose of this research is to document the psychosocial process involved in the persistence of gender discrimination against working women. Drawing on the literature on the justification of discrimination, we hypothesized that the myths according to which women's work threatens children and family life mediates the relationship between sexism and opposition to a mother's career. We tested this hypothesis using the Family and Changing Gender Roles module of the International Social Survey Programme. The dataset contained data collected in 1994 and 2012 from 51632 respondents from 18 countries. Structural equation modellings confirmed the hypothesised mediation. Overall, the findings shed light on how motherhood myths justify the gender structure in countries promoting gender equality.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mães
Sexismo
Mulheres Trabalhadoras
Local de Trabalho
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Análise Fatorial
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Análise de Regressão
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180110
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190657


  2 / 4957 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27773528
[Au] Autor:Goodman JM; Guendelman S; Kjerulff KH
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Public Administration, Mark O. Hatfield School of Government, Portland State University, Portland, Oregon. Electronic address: julia.goodman@pdx.edu.
[Ti] Título:Antenatal Maternity Leave and Childbirth Using the First Baby Study: A Propensity Score Analysis.
[So] Source:Womens Health Issues;27(1):50-59, 2017 Jan - Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1878-4321
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Most employed American women work during pregnancy and continue working through the month they deliver. Yet, few studies estimate the relationship between maternity leave taken during pregnancy and maternal health. We evaluate the association of antenatal leave (ANL) uptake with obstetric outcomes, assessing the potential role of protective and adverse selection pathways on this relationship. METHODS: We sample 1,740 employed women who delivered at term from the First Baby Study, a prospective cohort of nulliparous women in Pennsylvania. We use propensity scores to estimate the relationship between ANL and negative delivery outcomes (labor induction, long labor duration, unplanned cesarean delivery, and self-reported negative birth experience). We estimated propensity scores using a range of employment, health, and sociodemographic variables. RESULTS: One-half of the sampled women worked until the day before or day of delivery. Women who stopped working at least 2 days before delivery experienced 16% more negative delivery outcomes, on average, than women who worked until delivery, driven largely by a 25% higher predicted probability of unplanned cesarean section deliveries. These robust findings hold up to a range of sensitivity analyses and demonstrate selective mechanisms operating in ANL uptake. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that, even after controlling for an extensive set of observable employment, health, and sociodemographic characteristics, women who take ANL continue to differ in unobserved characteristics that lead to negative delivery outcomes. Like most U.S. states, Pennsylvania does not grant paid maternity leave. In a context of limited maternity leave availability, only relatively unhealthy women take ANL.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Parto Obstétrico/métodos
Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos
Licença Parental/estatística & dados numéricos
Parto
Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia
Saúde da Mulher
Mulheres Trabalhadoras/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Trabalho de Parto Induzido/estatística & dados numéricos
Bem-Estar Materno
Gravidez
Cuidado Pré-Natal/métodos
Pontuação de Propensão
Estudos Prospectivos
Fatores de Tempo
Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180124
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180124
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161025
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 4957 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29211385
[Au] Autor:Smith J; Javanparast S; Craig L
[Ti] Título:Bringing babies and breasts into workplaces: Support for breastfeeding mothers in workplaces and childcare services at the Australian National University.
[So] Source:Breastfeed Rev;25(1):45-56, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:0729-2759
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In 1999, two leading Australian academics challenged Australian universities to lead moves to better manage employees' maternity and breastfeeding needs, and 'bring babies and breasts into workplaces'. This paper addresses the question of how universities cope with the need for women to breastfeed, by exploring barriers facing women who combine breastfeeding and paid work at the Australian National University (ANU). Data were collected through online surveys in 2013 using mixed method, case study design, nested within a larger national study. Participants were 64 working mothers of children aged 0-2 years from the ANU community of employees and users of on-campus child care. Responses highlighted the ad hoc nature of support for breastfeeding at ANU. Lack of organisational support for breastfeeding resulted in adverse consequences for some ANU staff. These included high work-related stresses and premature cessation of breastfeeding among women who had intended to breastfeed their infants in line with health recommendations.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aleitamento Materno/estatística & dados numéricos
Cuidado da Criança/organização & administração
Cultura Organizacional
Política Organizacional
Mulheres Trabalhadoras/estatística & dados numéricos
Local de Trabalho/organização & administração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Atitude Frente à Saúde
Austrália
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171227
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171227
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:K
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171207
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 4957 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28468815
[Au] Autor:Kmietowicz Z
[Ad] Endereço:The BMJ.
[Ti] Título:Five minutes with . . . Susie Perks-Baker.
[So] Source:BMJ;357:j2114, 2017 05 03.
[Is] ISSN:1756-1833
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Pessoal de Saúde/educação
Liderança
Mulheres Trabalhadoras
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Entrevistas como Assunto
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:NEWS
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171128
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171128
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bmj.j2114


  5 / 4957 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28938047
[Au] Autor:Aberg JA; Blankson J; Marrazzo J; Adimora AA
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York.
[Ti] Título:Diversity in the US Infectious Diseases Workforce: Challenges for Women and Underrepresented Minorities.
[So] Source:J Infect Dis;216(suppl_5):S606-S610, 2017 Sep 15.
[Is] ISSN:1537-6613
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Research documents significant gender-based salary inequities among physicians and ongoing inadequacies in recruitment and promotion of physicians from underrepresented minority groups. Given the complexity of the social forces that promote these disparities, their elimination will likely require quantitative and qualitative research to understand the pathways that lead to them and to develop effective solutions. Interventions to combat implicit bias will be required, and structural interventions that hold medical school leadership accountable are needed to achieve and maintain salary equity and racial and gender diversity at all levels.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infectologia/recursos humanos
Infectologia/estatística & dados numéricos
Grupos Minoritários/estatística & dados numéricos
Discriminação Social/estatística & dados numéricos
Mulheres Trabalhadoras/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171005
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171005
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170923
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/infdis/jix332


  6 / 4957 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28895676
[Au] Autor:Dobrzynska MM
[Ad] Endereço:National Institute of Public Health ­ National Institute of Hygiene, Department of Radiation Hygiene and Radiobiology, Warsaw, Poland
[Ti] Título:Maria Sklodowska-Curie, her life and work - the 150 anniversary of her birthday
[So] Source:Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig;68(3):309-312, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0035-7715
[Cp] País de publicação:Poland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Maria Sklodowska was born on November 7, 1867 in Warsaw (Poland). Her parents were teachers. Maria's mother has died in 1878 of tuberculosis. In 1893 and 1894, respectively, Maria was awarded master's degrees in physics and in mathematics from the Sorbonne University. In 1895 Maria married Pierre Curie. In 1897 their daughter Irene was born. Maria investigated rays emitted by uranium salts. She hypothesized that the radiation come from atom and called this phenomenon "radioactivity". In 1898, Maria and Pierre discovered new radioactive elements polonium and radium. In 1902 she isolated pure radium chloride and defined radium atomic mass. In June 1903, Maria supervised by Professor Lippmann was awarded her doctorate in physics from the Sorbonne University of Paris after presentation of the thesis "Investigation of radioactive bodies". In December 1903, Maria was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics, along with her husband Pierre and Henri Becquerel, for their work on radioactivity. In 1904, the daughter Eve was born. On 19 April 1906, Pierre was killed in a road accident in Paris. In 1910 Maria isolated radium as a pure metal. She also defined an international standard for radioactive emissions (curie), published her fundamental results on radioactivity and textbook of radiology. She also defined the international pattern of radium. In 1911, she won her second Nobel Prize, this time in Chemistry, for her discovery of radium and polonium. In 1914 she was appointed director in the Radium Institute in Paris. During World War I, Maria became the director of the Red Cross Radiology Service and set up France's first military radiology centre. In May 1932 she has attended the official opening ceremony of the Radium Institute in Warsaw. On 4 July 1934, Maria Sklodowska-Curie has died aged 66 years in Sancellemoz sanatorium (France) of aplastic anemia.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Química Analítica/história
Pessoal de Laboratório/história
Radiologia/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aniversários e Eventos Especiais
Feminino
França
História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Prêmio Nobel
Polônia
Mulheres Trabalhadoras/história
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; PORTRAITS
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Sklodowska-Curie M
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171103
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171103
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170913
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 4957 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28850585
[Au] Autor:Park C; Kang MY; Kim D; Park J; Eom H; Kim EA
[Ad] Endereço:Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute, Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency, Ulsan, Korea.
[Ti] Título:Prevalence of abortion and adverse pregnancy outcomes among working women in Korea: A cross-sectional study.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(8):e0182341, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To investigate incidence and distribution of major adverse reproductive health problems related to various kinds of industries in Korea and to compare risks for major reproductive outcomes to assess maternal health in working and non-working women. METHODS: We requested claim data from the Korean National Health Insurance. We defined reference groups as (1) non-working women and (2) workers in the education field. Women working in each industry were compared with reference groups regarding rates of miscarriage, threatened abortion, preterm labor, and intrauterine growth restriction. Logistic regression was used for multivariate analysis, and age and income adjustment was performed. RESULTS: The percentages of all adverse obstetric outcomes were higher in working women than in non-working women. Working women had higher and statistically significant adjusted odds ratios (ORs) for miscarriage in 18 of the 21 industries. The age and income-adjusted OR for miscarriage for all working women was 1.26 (95% confidence interval, 1.23-1.28). Business facilities management and business support services, manufacturing, human health and social work activities, wholesale and retail trade, and professional, scientific, and technical activities were major industries with higher adjusted ORs for adverse obstetric outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: We confirmed that compared to non-working women, working women have a higher risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes. Thus, adverse pregnancy outcomes such as threatened abortion, preterm labor, and intrauterine growth restriction may be associated with working status. This exploratory study identified several industries where in-depth studies are required in future to improve occupational safety in women of reproductive age.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aborto Induzido/estatística & dados numéricos
Aborto Espontâneo/epidemiologia
Trabalho de Parto Prematuro/epidemiologia
Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia
Mulheres Trabalhadoras
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Saúde do Trabalhador
Gravidez
Prevalência
República da Coreia/epidemiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171120
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171120
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170830
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0182341


  8 / 4957 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28767533
[Au] Autor:Dwyer KM; Clark CJ; MacDonald K; Paraskeva MA; Rogers N; Ryan J; Webster AC; Wong G
[Ad] Endereço:1 School of Medicine, Faculty of Health, Deakin University, Geelong, VIC, Australia. 2 Capital and Coast District Health Board, Wellington, New Zealand. 3 University of Otago, Wellington, New Zealand. 4 QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Brisbane, QLD, Australia. 5 Lung Transplant Service, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, VIC, Australia. 6 School of Medicine, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, Australia. 7 Centre for Transplant and Renal Research, Westmead Institute for Medical Research, Westmead, NSW, Australia. 8 Starzl Transplant Institute, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA. 9 Department of Nephrology, Monash Medical Centre, VIC, Australia. 10 Department of Medicine, Monash University, VIC, Australia. 11 Sydney School of Public Health, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Gender Equity in Transplantation: A Report from the Women in Transplantation Workshop of The Transplantation Society of Australia and New Zealand.
[So] Source:Transplantation;101(10):2266-2270, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1534-6080
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The exponential growth of young talented women choosing science and medicine as their professional career over the past decade is substantial. Currently, more than half of the Australian medical doctoral graduates and early career researchers are comprised of women, but less than 20% of all academic professorial staff are women. The loss of female talent in the hierarchical ladder of Australian academia is a considerable waste of government investment, productivity, and scientific innovation. Gender disparity in the professional workforce composition is even more striking within the field of transplantation. Women are grossly underrepresented in leadership roles, with currently no female heads of unit in any of the Australian and New Zealand transplanting centers. At the same time, there is also gender segregation with a greater concentration of women in lower-status academic position compared with their male counterparts. Given the extent and magnitude of the disparity, the Women in Transplantation Committee, a subcommittee of The Transplantation Society of Australia and New Zealand established a workshop comprising 8 female clinicians/scientists in transplantation. The key objectives were to (i) identify potential gender equity issues within the transplantation workforce; (ii) devise and implement potential strategies and interventions to address some of these challenges at a societal level; (iii) set realistic and achievable goals to enhance and facility gender equality, equity, and diversity in transplantation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Escolha da Profissão
Transplante de Órgãos/tendências
Médicas/tendências
Cirurgiões/tendências
Mulheres Trabalhadoras
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde
Pesquisa Biomédica/tendências
Mobilidade Ocupacional
Características Culturais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Mentores
Transplante de Órgãos/economia
Médicas/economia
Médicas/psicologia
Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto/tendências
Salários e Benefícios/tendências
Fatores Sexuais
Sexismo
Especialização/tendências
Cirurgiões/economia
Cirurgiões/psicologia
Mulheres Trabalhadoras/psicologia
Local de Trabalho
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CONGRESSES
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171016
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171016
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170803
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/TP.0000000000001900


  9 / 4957 MEDLINE  
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Venancio, Sonia I
Texto completo
[PMID]:28734689
[Au] Autor:Monteiro FR; Buccini GDS; Venâncio SI; da Costa THM
[Ad] Endereço:Universidade de Brasília (UnB), Faculdade de Ciências da Saúde, Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Saúde, Brasília, DF, Brazil. Electronic address: fernanda.nutricao@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Influence of maternity leave on exclusive breastfeeding.
[So] Source:J Pediatr (Rio J);93(5):475-481, 2017 Sep - Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1678-4782
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To describe the profile of women with children aged under 4 months living in the Brazilian state capitals and in the Federal District according to their working status and to analyze the influence of maternity leave on exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) among working women. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study with data extracted from the II National Maternal Breastfeeding Prevalence Survey carried out in 2008. Initially, a descriptive analysis of the profile of 12,794 women was performed, according to their working status and maternity leave and the frequency of maternity leave in the Brazilian regions and capitals. The study used a multiple model to identify the influence of maternity leave on EBF interruption, including 3766 women who declared they were working and were on maternity leave at the time of the interview. The outcome assessed in the study was the interruption of the EBF, classified by the WHO. RESULTS: Regarding the working status of the mothers, 63.4% did not work outside of their homes and among those who worked, 69.8% were on maternity leave. The largest prevalence among workers was of women older than 35 years of age, with more than 12 years of schooling, primiparous and from the Southeast and South regions. The lack of maternity leave increased by 23% the chance of EBF interruption. CONCLUSION: Maternity leave contributed to increase the prevalence of EBF in the Brazilian states capitals, supporting the importance of increasing the maternity leave period from four to six months.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aleitamento Materno/estatística & dados numéricos
Licença Parental/estatística & dados numéricos
Mulheres Trabalhadoras
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Fatores Socioeconômicos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171113
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171113
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170724
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 4957 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28592711
[Au] Autor:Turatti BO; Moretti-Pires RO
[Ad] Endereço:PhD Student in Collective Health at the Federal University of Santa Catarina.
[Ti] Título:Occupational violence in pregnant women in Brazil: a sample of cases in the Labor Court.
[So] Source:J Occup Health;59(4):361-363, 2017 Jul 27.
[Is] ISSN:1348-9585
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Brazilian women are still a recurring target of discrimination in the workplace, facing violence related to gender relations and moral harassment, especially when they are pregnant. When the worker perceives discriminatory acts and attitudes or any violation of the rights guaranteed by law, she may appeal to the Labor Court to initiate legal action. This in turn exposes the worker to a number of issues, such as workplace persecution and future dismissal. The rights of pregnant women to temporary stability, free time for medical examinations, change of duties and maternity leave contrast with the usurpation of the administration's workforce. The rights of pregnant women to temporary stability, free time for medical examinations, change of duties and maternity leave contrast with the growing power of labor administration.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Gestantes
Preconceito
Direitos da Mulher
Mulheres Trabalhadoras
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Brasil
Emprego
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Gravidez
Preconceito/legislação & jurisprudência
Violência
Direitos da Mulher/legislação & jurisprudência
Mulheres Trabalhadoras/legislação & jurisprudência
Mulheres Trabalhadoras/psicologia
Local de Trabalho
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170908
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170908
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170609
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1539/joh.17-0029-OP



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