Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : N01.400.075 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:29424212
[Au] Autor:Kuchma VR; Makarova AY
[Ti] Título:[Hygiene of the life activity of children and adolescents is the basis of welfare of young generation of Russians (to the 90th anniversary of the Department of hygiene of education - hygiene of children and adolescents of the Imperial Moscow University - 1st Moscow State University - 1st Moscow State Medical University - Moscow Medical Academy - First Moscow State Medical University named after I.M. Sechenov)].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(5):491-6, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Saúde do Adolescente/história
Saúde da Criança/história
Higiene/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Aniversários e Eventos Especiais
Criança
Bem-Estar da Criança/história
História do Século XX
História do Século XXI
Seres Humanos
Federação Russa
Universidades/história
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180210
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29424206
[Au] Autor:Melnik VA; Kozakevich NV
[Ti] Título:[Changes in morphologic indices of physical development of urban schoolchildren].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(5):460-5, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The aim of the research was to assess the age variability of anthropometric parameters in schoolchildren of the city of Gomel examined with a 40-year interval. The authors of the article examined schoolchildren of secondary schools in Gomel. Over 2010-2012 the complex cross-sectional morphometrical examination was carried out on schoolchildren aged of 8-16 years without any significant health problems in the city of Gomel (a total of 3105, out of them there were 1452 boys and 1653 girls). The somatometrical program included body length and mass, chest circumference parameters. The absolute and relative parameters of their annual increases were calculated in schoolchildren, which made it possible to determine the periods of their relative acceleration and deceleration indices. The anthropometric data on schoolchildren of the city of Gomel obtained by V.Ya.Leontyev in 1973 and A.I. Kienya, V.A. Melnik over 1994-1996 were used for comparison. The comparative analysis of the gender and age dynamics of morphometric indices in schoolchildren of the city of Gomel aged of 8-16 years in 1973 and over 2010-2012 revealed the processes of acceleration (increase of body length and mass) in boys and asthenization (increase of body length and decrease of body mass) in girls at the beginning of the XXI century. The indices of the chest circumference before and after puberty period in the contemporary school boys and girls were lower, but in the puberty period being higher than in schoolchildren of the same age examined forty years ago. The authors developed, published and put into both practical public health of Belarus and educational process the Tables for the assessment of physical development of schoolchildren of the city of Gomel.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desenvolvimento do Adolescente
Desenvolvimento Infantil
Serviços de Saúde Escolar/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Saúde do Adolescente/tendências
Antropometria/métodos
Criança
Saúde da Criança/tendências
Feminino
Indicadores Básicos de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
População
República da Bielorrússia/epidemiologia
População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180210
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28470441
[Au] Autor:Stallknecht SE; Strandberg-Larsen K; Hestbæk L; Andersen AN
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Public Health, Section of Social Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Øster Farimagsgade 5, 1014, Copenhagen, Denmark. stallknecht.se@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Spinal pain and co-occurrence with stress and general well-being among young adolescents: a study within the Danish National Birth Cohort.
[So] Source:Eur J Pediatr;176(6):807-814, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1432-1076
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study aims to describe the patterns in low back, mid back, and neck pain complaints in young adolescents from the Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC) and to investigate the co-occurrence of spinal pain and stress and general well-being, respectively. Cross-sectional data from the 11-year follow-up of DNBC were used. As part of a web-based survey, a total of 45,371 young adolescents between 10 and 14 years old completed the Young Spine Questionnaire, the Stress in Children Questionnaire, and a one-item question on general well-being. Associations between spinal pain and, respectively, stress and general well-being were estimated by means of multiple logistic regression models. Almost one fifth of boys and one quarter of girls reported spinal pain. Compared with adolescents who reported no stress, adolescents reporting medium and high values of stress had odds ratios (OR) of 2.19 (95% CI 2.08-2.30) and 4.73 (95% CI 4.28-5.23), respectively, of reporting spinal pain (adjusted for age, gender, and maternal education). Adolescents who reported poor general well-being had an OR of 2.50 (95% CI 2.31-2.72) for reporting spinal pain compared to adolescents with good general well-being. CONCLUSION: Spinal pain is a common complaint among young adolescents and co-occurs with stress and poor general well-being. The mutual dependency between the factors remained to be explained. What is Known: • The prevalence of spinal pain increases rapidly during childhood and adolescence, but different measurement instruments result in great variation in the estimates of spinal pain in children and adolescents. • Some studies have shown that different psychosocial measures are associated with spinal pain in children and adolescents. What is New: • Spinal pain, as measured by the newly developed and validated Young Spine Questionnaire, is a common complaint in young adolescents aged 10-14 years. • Spinal pain in young adolescents co-occurs with stress and poor general well-being.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Saúde do Adolescente/estatística & dados numéricos
Dor nas Costas/epidemiologia
Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Dor nas Costas/complicações
Dor nas Costas/diagnóstico
Dor nas Costas/psicologia
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Criança
Estudos de Coortes
Estudos Transversais
Dinamarca/epidemiologia
Feminino
Inquéritos Epidemiológicos
Seres Humanos
Modelos Logísticos
Masculino
Razão de Chances
Prevalência
Estresse Psicológico/complicações
Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00431-017-2915-y


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[PMID]:29390416
[Au] Autor:Jemni M; Zaman MJ; La Rocca D; Tabacchi G
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Sport Science, College of Arts and Sciences, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
[Ti] Título:Southern Italian teenagers: the older they get, the unfit they become with girls worse than boys: a cohort epidemiological study: The adolescents surveillance system for the obesity prevention project (ASSO).
[So] Source:Medicine (Baltimore);96(51):e8810, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1536-5964
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Italy comprises a high proportion of people who never exercised. Low physical activity levels in adolescents is a risk factor for several disorders. The aim of this cohort epidemiological study was to compare physical fitness profiles between boys and girls with regard to age and gender and to identify health and fitness-related markers that contribute to the make-up of Southern Italian teenagers.Eight hundred eleven teenagers were assessed for anthropometric measurements and completed the 5 ASSO-fitness tests battery. Data were analyzed with a 2-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) for repeated measures to compare the effect of both age and gender on the fitness components.The boys' anthropometric measurements were superior than the girls as expected [weight, height, body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference]; the overall BMI was found in the normality range. The overall teenagers' fitness markers were found to be quite poor with the boys outperforming the girls in all fitness tests. The weak cardiorespiratory performance of the female teenagers was remarkable. The under 16 years old (-16 yrs) girls outperformed the over 16 years old (+16yrs) girls. There were less significant differences when comparing (-16) and (+16) yrs old mixed-gender groups. There were no correlations between the (-16) and (+16) yrs when both genders were considered. The trend analysis showed the younger teenagers might be "catching up" the older ones in both contexts.Gender significantly influenced all variables. Although age did not influence cardiorespiratory fitness, the older the teenagers the worse their health and fitness markers become with the older girls worse than their younger peers.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Saúde do Adolescente
Obesidade Pediátrica/epidemiologia
Aptidão Física/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Fatores Etários
Antropometria
Índice de Massa Corporal
Estudos de Coortes
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Itália/epidemiologia
Masculino
Obesidade Pediátrica/etiologia
Obesidade Pediátrica/prevenção & controle
Vigilância da População
Fatores de Risco
Instituições Acadêmicas
Fatores Sexuais
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180203
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000008810


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[PMID]:27773711
[Au] Autor:Gorukanti A; Delucchi K; Ling P; Fisher-Travis R; Halpern-Felsher B
[Ad] Endereço:Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA.
[Ti] Título:Adolescents' attitudes towards e-cigarette ingredients, safety, addictive properties, social norms, and regulation.
[So] Source:Prev Med;94:65-71, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1096-0260
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:E-cigarette use has dramatically increased. While studies have examined adolescents' attitudes towards smoking, few have extended this research to adolescents' attitudes towards e-cigarettes. The goal of this study was to examine adolescents' attitudes regarding e-cigarette ingredients, safety, addictive properties, social norms, accessibility, price, and regulation; and determine whether attitudes differ by past cigarette/e-cigarette use. Participants were 786 9th and 12th graders from California (63.21% females; mean age=16.10years [SD=1.6]; 26.61% White, 21.98% Asian/Pacific Islander, 29.82% Hispanic, and 21.59% other). Results indicated that 19.05% of participants believed smoke from e-cigarettes is water; 23.03% believed e-cigarettes aren't a tobacco product; 40.36% considered e-cigarettes to be for cessation, and 43.13% felt they were safer than cigarettes. Participants felt it was more acceptable to use e-cigarettes indoors and outdoors compared to cigarettes (p<0.0001), 23.13% felt raising e-cigarette taxes is a bad idea, 63.95% thought e-cigarettes were easier to get than cigarettes, 54.42% felt e-cigarettes cost too much, 64.33% felt the age for buying e-cigarettes should be raised, and 64.37% favored e-cigarette regulation. Adolescents who used e-cigarettes and/or cigarettes had significantly more favorable e-cigarette attitudes than non-users. This study indicates that adolescents are aware of some of the risks of e-cigarettes, although many harbor misperceptions and hold more favorable attitudes towards e-cigarettes than cigarettes. Of concern is the relationship between favorable e-cigarette attitudes and use. Findings suggest the need to provide adolescents with correct information about e-cigarette ingredients, risks, and the insufficient evidence of their role in cigarette cessation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Aditivo/psicologia
Sistemas Eletrônicos de Liberação de Nicotina/psicologia
Regulamentação Governamental
Normas Sociais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Saúde do Adolescente
California
Sistemas Eletrônicos de Liberação de Nicotina/economia
Sistemas Eletrônicos de Liberação de Nicotina/utilização
Feminino
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Nicotina/efeitos adversos
Fatores de Risco
Segurança
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
6M3C89ZY6R (Nicotine)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180101
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180101
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161025
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29182644
[Au] Autor:Potrebny T; Wiium N; Lundegård MM
[Ad] Endereço:Centre for Evidence-Based Practice, Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, Bergen, Hordaland, Norway.
[Ti] Título:Temporal trends in adolescents' self-reported psychosomatic health complaints from 1980-2016: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(11):e0188374, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: There is increasing concern that mental health may be deteriorating in recent generations of adolescents. It is unclear whether this is the case for self-reported psychosomatic health complaints (PSHC). METHOD: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of published primary studies on PSHC in the general adolescent population over time. The primary databases were MEDLINE, Embase and PsycINFO, which were searched from inception to November 2016. Studies were included if they involved an observational design, presented self-reported data from participants aged 10-19 years and included data from at least two time points, five years apart. Inclusion and study quality were assessed by two independent reviewers. RESULTS: Twenty-one studies were included; 18 reported trends on the prevalence of PSHC in a single country, while three studies reported on multiple countries. In total, over seven million adolescents from 36 countries in Europe, North America, Israel and New Zealand were represented, covering the period 1982-2013. In the descriptive analysis, 10 studies indicated a trend of increasing PSHC, eight showed a stable trend and three showed a decreasing trend at certain points in time. The results from the meta-analysis showed a mean odds ratio (OR) of 1.04 (K = 139, 95% CI 1.01-1.08) for PSHC from 1982 to 2013, thus indicating a minor increase in general. In the subgroup analysis, this minor increase was observed mainly between the 1980s and 2000s, while the trend appeared to be more stable between the 2000s and 2010s. Some differences were also found between multinational subregions. Findings from subgroup analysis, however, only supported a significant increasing trend in Northern Europe. CONCLUSION: There may have been a minor increasing trend in adolescent self-rated PSHC between the 1980 and 2000s, but has become more stable since the 2010s, from a multinational perspective. Northern Europe was the only region to show a clearly significant minor increasing trend, without being the region with the highest total prevalence of PSHC at the present time. The discrepant trends regarding PSHC between regions and the reliance on self-reported data may reflect true changes in the occurrence of PSHC in the adolescent population. However, they may also reflect changes in how adolescents perceive and report health complaints. OTHER: PROSPERO registration 2016: CRD42016048300.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos Psicofisiológicos/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Saúde do Adolescente
Animais
Feminino
História do Século XX
História do Século XXI
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; META-ANALYSIS; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171226
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171226
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171129
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0188374


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[PMID]:28951440
[Au] Autor:Ho FKW; Louie LHT; Wong WH; Chan KL; Tiwari A; Chow CB; Ho W; Wong W; Chan M; Chen EYH; Cheung YF; Ip P
[Ad] Endereço:Departments of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine.
[Ti] Título:A Sports-Based Youth Development Program, Teen Mental Health, and Physical Fitness: An RCT.
[So] Source:Pediatrics;140(4), 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1098-4275
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of a positive youth development (PYD)-based sports mentorship program on the physical and mental well-being of adolescents recruited in a community setting. METHODS: This is a randomized controlled trial in which we recruited students from 12 secondary schools in Hong Kong, China. Participants were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to an intervention or a control arm after stratification for school from October 2013 to June 2014. Participants were not blinded to allocation because of the nature of the intervention. Students in the intervention arm received an after-school, PYD-based sports mentorship for 18 weeks. Each weekly session lasted 90 minutes. Students in the control arm received exclusive access to a health education Web site. RESULTS: Six hundred and sixty-four students (mean age 12.3 years [SD 0.76]; 386 girls [58.1%]) completed baseline and postintervention assessments. The intervention improved students' mental well-being (Cohen's , 0.25; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.10 to 0.40; = .001), self-efficacy (Cohen's , 0.22; 95% CI, 0.07 to 0.37; = .01), resilience (Cohen's , 0.19; 95% CI, 0.03 to 0.34; = .02), physical fitness (flexibility [Cohen's , 0.28; 95% CI, 0.13 to 0.43; = .02], lower limb muscle strength [Cohen's , 0.18; 95% CI, 0.03 to 0.33; = .03], and dynamic balance [Cohen's , 0.21; 95% CI, 0.06 to 0.37; = .01]), and physical activity levels (Cohen's , 0.39; 95% CI, 0.24 to 0.55; < .0001). The intervention did not significantly improve physical well-being (Cohen's , -0.01; 95% CI, -0.17 to 0.14; = .86), BMI scores (Cohen's , -0.03; 95% CI, -0.18 to 0.12; = .69), body fat proportion (Cohen's , -0.15; 95% CI, -0.31 to 0.00; = .051), and social connectedness (Cohen's , -0.03; 95% CI, -0.18 to 0.12; = .72). CONCLUSIONS: A PYD-based sports mentorship intervention improved healthy adolescents' mental well-being, psychological assets, physical fitness, and physical activity levels.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desenvolvimento do Adolescente
Saúde do Adolescente
Promoção da Saúde/métodos
Saúde Mental
Tutoria/métodos
Aptidão Física
Esportes
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde)
Esportes/fisiologia
Esportes/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171012
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171012
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170928
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28803635
[Au] Autor:Jacobson DL; Johnson EK
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Pediatric Urology, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois; Department of Urology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois.
[Ti] Título:Varicoceles in the pediatric and adolescent population: threat to future fertility?
[So] Source:Fertil Steril;108(3):370-377, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1556-5653
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Determining the effect of varicoceles on future fertility is challenging owing to multiple issues in children/adolescents, including: limitations in obtaining and interpreting semen analyses; potential for unequal differential testicular growth during puberty regardless of varicocele presence; and the potential for a lengthy interval between surgical intervention for varicocele in adolescence and attempts at paternity. This review presents a summary and evaluation of the available evidence relating to future fertility among children and adolescents with varicoceles. Data relating to proxy fertility measures in children/adolescents, including testicular size asymmetry and semen analysis abnormalities, demonstrate that these proxy measures are imperfect predictors of future fertility. Two large, recently published series of adolescents undergoing varicocele treatment showed conflicting paternity outcomes. Pediatric and adolescent varicocele will remain a clinical conundrum, subject to both over- and under-treatment, until more definitive prospective data are available.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Saúde do Adolescente/estatística & dados numéricos
Infertilidade Masculina/epidemiologia
Infertilidade Masculina/prevenção & controle
Varicocele/epidemiologia
Varicocele/terapia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Causalidade
Comorbidade
Medicina Baseada em Evidências
Seres Humanos
Incidência
Infertilidade Masculina/diagnóstico
Masculino
Fatores de Risco
Resultado do Tratamento
Varicocele/diagnóstico
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170929
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170929
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170815
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28727775
[Au] Autor:Alicke M; Boakye-Appiah JK; Abdul-Jalil I; Henze A; van der Giet M; Schulze MB; Schweigert FJ; Mockenhaupt FP; Bedu-Addo G; Danquah I
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Tropical Medicine and International Health, Charité - Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.
[Ti] Título:Adolescent health in rural Ghana: A cross-sectional study on the co-occurrence of infectious diseases, malnutrition and cardio-metabolic risk factors.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(7):e0180436, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In sub-Saharan Africa, infectious diseases and malnutrition constitute the main health problems in children, while adolescents and adults are increasingly facing cardio-metabolic conditions. Among adolescents as the largest population group in this region, we investigated the co-occurrence of infectious diseases, malnutrition and cardio-metabolic risk factors (CRFs), and evaluated demographic, socio-economic and medical risk factors for these entities. In a cross-sectional study among 188 adolescents in rural Ghana, malarial infection, common infectious diseases and Body Mass Index were assessed. We measured ferritin, C-reactive protein, retinol, fasting glucose and blood pressure. Socio-demographic data were documented. We analyzed the proportions (95% confidence interval, CI) and the co-occurrence of infectious diseases (malaria, other common diseases), malnutrition (underweight, stunting, iron deficiency, vitamin A deficiency [VAD]), and CRFs (overweight, obesity, impaired fasting glucose, hypertension). In logistic regression, odds ratios (OR) and 95% CIs were calculated for the associations with socio-demographic factors. In this Ghanaian population (age range, 14.4-15.5 years; males, 50%), the proportions were for infectious diseases 45% (95% CI: 38-52%), for malnutrition 50% (43-57%) and for CRFs 16% (11-21%). Infectious diseases and malnutrition frequently co-existed (28%; 21-34%). Specifically, VAD increased the odds of non-malarial infectious diseases 3-fold (95% CI: 1.03, 10.19). Overlap of CRFs with infectious diseases (6%; 2-9%) or with malnutrition (7%; 3-11%) was also present. Male gender and low socio-economic status increased the odds of infectious diseases and malnutrition, respectively. Malarial infection, chronic malnutrition and VAD remain the predominant health problems among these Ghanaian adolescents. Investigating the relationships with evolving CRFs is warranted.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças Transmissíveis/epidemiologia
Hipertensão/epidemiologia
Desnutrição/epidemiologia
Sobrepeso/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Saúde do Adolescente
Glicemia
Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia
Índice de Massa Corporal
Comorbidade
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Gana/epidemiologia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Prevalência
Fatores de Risco
População Rural
Fatores Sexuais
Fatores Socioeconômicos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Blood Glucose)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170928
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170928
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170721
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0180436


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[PMID]:28727523
[Au] Autor:Winter AS; Sampson RJ
[Ad] Endereço:Both authors are with the Department of Sociology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.
[Ti] Título:From Lead Exposure in Early Childhood to Adolescent Health: A Chicago Birth Cohort.
[So] Source:Am J Public Health;107(9):1496-1501, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1541-0048
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To assess the relationships between childhood lead exposure and 3 domains of later adolescent health: mental, physical, and behavioral. METHODS: We followed a random sample of birth cohort members from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods, recruited in 1995 to 1997, to age 17 years and matched to childhood blood test results from the Department of Public Health. We used ordinary least squares regression, coarsened exact matching, and instrumental variables to assess the relationship between average blood lead levels in childhood and impulsivity, anxiety or depression, and body mass index in adolescence. All models adjusted for relevant individual, household, and neighborhood characteristics. RESULTS: After adjustment, a 1 microgram per deciliter increase in average childhood blood lead level significantly predicts 0.06 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.01, 0.12) and 0.09 (95% CI = 0.03, 0.16) SD increases and a 0.37 (95% CI = 0.11, 0.64) point increase in adolescent impulsivity, anxiety or depression, and body mass index, respectively, following ordinary least squares regression. Results following matching and instrumental variable strategies are very similar. CONCLUSIONS: Childhood lead exposure undermines adolescent well-being, with implications for the persistence of racial and class inequalities, considering structural patterns of initial exposure.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Saúde do Adolescente/etnologia
Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Intoxicação por Chumbo/complicações
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Ansiedade/etiologia
Índice de Massa Corporal
Chicago
Criança
Bem-Estar da Criança/etnologia
Pré-Escolar
Estudos de Coortes
Depressão/etiologia
Grupos Étnicos
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Chumbo/sangue
Intoxicação por Chumbo/sangue
Intoxicação por Chumbo/etnologia
Fatores de Risco
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
2P299V784P (Lead)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170822
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170822
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170721
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2017.303903



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