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[PMID]:29496810
[Au] Autor:Shumway BS; Bernstein ML; Qian C; Kulkarni MY; Rai SN
[Ad] Endereço:Dr. Shumway is Associate Professor of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Department of Surgical and Hospital Dentistry, University of Louisville School of Dentistry; Dr. Bernstein is Professor of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Department of Surgical and Hospital Dentistry, University of Louisville
[Ti] Título:Effect of Lecture Attendance and Prerequisite Academic Outcomes on Dental Students' Oral Pathology Performance.
[So] Source:J Dent Educ;82(3):306-312, 2018 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1930-7837
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Decreased lecture attendance in undergraduate and health science professions education has been noted throughout the world. The limited study of the effect of lecture attendance on dental students' performance has yielded mixed results, with some studies finding a positive effect and others reporting no association. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of lecture attendance on dental students' final grades in an oral pathology course at one U.S. dental school. Due to a curriculum change, second- and third-year students (N=233) were concurrently enrolled in the spring 2016 oral pathology (OP) course. Students' course grades were compared to attendance percentage (Att), grades in prerequisite basic science (PBS) courses, and Academic Average and Total Science (TS) scores on the Dental Admission Test. The results showed that both Att (p=0.011) and TS score (p<0.001) were significant predictors of OP grade, while race, gender, and age were not. Students' grades in OP were moderately to strongly correlated with their grades in all PBS courses (p<0.001). These results suggest that lecture attendance in OP should be encouraged but viewed in light of the finding that it was not as strongly correlated as PBS course performance and was a weaker predictor than TS score. Students with lower TS scores and PBS course grades should be encouraged to use additional supports such as tutoring to improve their performance in OP.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Escolaridade
Patologia Bucal/educação
Estudantes de Odontologia/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Teste de Admissão Acadêmica
Currículo
Avaliação Educacional
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Patologia Bucal/normas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180303
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.21815/JDE.018.031


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[PMID]:29496805
[Au] Autor:Park SE; Price MD; Karimbux NY
[Ad] Endereço:Dr. Park is Associate Dean for Dental Education, Harvard School of Dental Medicine; Ms. Price is a DMD student, Harvard School of Dental Medicine; and Dr. Karimbux is Associate Dean for Academic Affairs and Professor, Tufts University School of Dental Medicine. sang_park@hsdm.harvard.edu.
[Ti] Título:The Dental School Interview As a Predictor of Dental Students' OSCE Performance.
[So] Source:J Dent Educ;82(3):269-276, 2018 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1930-7837
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of the dental school admissions interview score as a noncognitive indicator of performance in predoctoral dental education, with specific attention to whether a correlation existed between the admissions interview scores and performance on the objective structured clinical examination (OSCE). The study population consisted of all 175 students in the Harvard School of Dental Medicine (HSDM) DMD Classes of 2012 through 2016. Data on students' gender and age on entering dental school were self-reported using their applications for admission to the HSDM DMD program. Data on students' OSCE scores for three examination sessions were collected from the Office of Dental Education. The results showed that the students' interview scores did not significantly correlate with OSCE performance on any of the three exams. Performance on the first and second OSCEs did, however, correlate with performance on the third OSCE (p<0.05). Age on entering dental school was not significantly associated with performance on any of the three OSCEs; however, among male students, there was a significant negative correlation (p<0.05) between entering age and performance on the second and third OSCEs. There was no significant association between gender and OSCE or interview score. These results suggest that although the admissions interview scores can serve as an important resource in student selection, with the lack of association between interview and OSCE scores, it is possible that the communication skills required for the interview do not directly overlap with those required for OSCE success.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Entrevistas como Assunto
Critérios de Admissão Escolar
Estudantes de Odontologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Teste de Admissão Acadêmica
Educação em Odontologia/normas
Educação em Odontologia/estatística & dados numéricos
Escolaridade
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Entrevistas como Assunto/métodos
Masculino
Critérios de Admissão Escolar/estatística & dados numéricos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180303
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.21815/JDE.018.026


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[PMID]:29451886
[Au] Autor:Horn D; Kiss HJ
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary.
[Ti] Título:Which preferences associate with school performance?-Lessons from an exploratory study with university students.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(2):e0190163, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Success in life is determined to a large extent by school performance so it is important to understand the effect of the factors that influence it. In this exploratory study, in addition to cognitive abilities, we attempt to link measures of preferences with outcomes of school performance. We measured in an incentivized way risk, time, social and competitive preferences and cognitive abilities of university students to look for associations between these measures and two important academic outcome measures: exam results and GPA. We find consistently that cognitive abilities (proxied by the Cognitive Reflection Test) are very well correlated with school performance. Regarding non-cognitive skills, we report suggestive evidence for many of our measured preferences. We used two alternative measures of time preference: patience and present bias. Present bias explains exam grades better, while patience explains GPA relatively better. Both measures of time preferences have a non-linear relation to school performance. Competitiveness matters, as students, who opt for a more competitive payment scheme in our experimental task have a higher average GPA. We observe also that risk-averse students perform a little better than more risk-tolerant students. That makes sense in case of multiple choice exams, because more risk-tolerant students may want to try to pass the exam less prepared, as the possibility of passing an exam just by chance is not zero. Finally, we have also detected that cooperative preferences-the amount of money offered in a public good game-associates strongly with GPA in a non-linear way. Students who offered around half of their possible amounts had significantly higher GPAs than those, who offered none or all their money.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Escolaridade
Estudantes
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180217
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190163


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[PMID]:29400041
[Au] Autor:Woisard V; Galtier A; Baumann L; Delpierre C; Puech M; Balaguer M
[Ti] Título:[Therapeutic education of total laryngectomy patients: Influence of social factors].
[So] Source:Rev Laryngol Otol Rhinol (Bord);136(5):171-9, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:0035-1334
[Cp] País de publicação:France
[La] Idioma:fre
[Ab] Resumo:Current health policies promote patient education, parti­cu­lar­ly in oncology. Therapeutic education program must be tailo­red to the characteristics, needs and expectations of the population. In the ENT Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Larrey Hospital in Toulouse, a therapeutic education program for patient with total laryngectomy has been experienced since 2011. But its propagation remains difficult. The aim of this study is to determine if social factors are nfluencing the parti­cipation of the laryngectomized population in the program. The brochure explaining this program and a registration form coupled with a survey questionnaire were distributed to the regio­nal population of patient with total laryngectomy. After two months of investigation we collected 42 responses. It is clear from their analysis that social factors underlie partici­pa­tion, particularly educational level, available financial resources level and the socio-professional group.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Laringectomia
Educação de Pacientes como Assunto
Participação do Paciente
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Divórcio
Escolaridade
Feminino
França
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Fatores Socioeconômicos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180206
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28461066
[Au] Autor:Gilbert NL; Rotondo J; Shapiro J; Sherrard L; Fraser WD; Ward BJ
[Ad] Endereço:Centre for Immunization and Respiratory Infectious Diseases, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Canada; École de santé publique de l'Université de Montréal, Montreal, Canada. Electronic address: nicolas.gilbert@phac-aspc.gc.ca.
[Ti] Título:Seroprevalence of rubella antibodies and determinants of susceptibility to rubella in a cohort of pregnant women in Canada, 2008-2011.
[So] Source:Vaccine;35(23):3050-3055, 2017 05 25.
[Is] ISSN:1873-2518
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Long term control of rubella and congenital rubella syndrome relies on high population-level immunity against rubella, particularly among women of childbearing age. In Canada, all pregnant women should be screened so that susceptible new mothers can be offered vaccination for rubella before discharge. This study was undertaken to estimate rubella susceptibility in a cohort of pregnant women in Canada and to identify associated socio-economic and demographic factors. Biobanked plasma samples were obtained from the Maternal-Infant Research on Environmental Chemicals (MIREC) study, in which pregnant women were recruited between 2008 and 2011. Socio-demographic characteristics and obstetric histories were collected. Second trimester plasma samples (n=1,752) were tested for rubella-specific IgG using an in-house enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The percentage of women with IgG titers <5IU/mL, 5-10IU/mL, and ≥10IU/mL were 2.3%, 10.1%, and 87.6%, respectively. Rates of seronegativity, defined as <5IU/mL, were 3.1% in women who had no previous live birth and 1.6% in women who had given birth previously. Among the latter group, seronegativity was higher in women with high school education or less (adjusted OR (aOR) 5.93, 95% CI 2.08-16.96) or with a college or trade school diploma (aOR 3.82, 95% CI 1.45-10.12), compared to university graduates, and those born outside Canada (aOR 2.60, 95% CI 1.07-6.31). In conclusion, a large majority of pregnant women were found to be immune to rubella. Further research is needed to understand inequalities in vaccine uptake or access, and more effort is needed to promote catch-up measles-mumps-rubella vaccination among socioeconomically disadvantaged and immigrant women of childbearing age.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue
Suscetibilidade a Doenças
Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/imunologia
Rubéola (Sarampo Alemão)/epidemiologia
Rubéola (Sarampo Alemão)/imunologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Canadá/epidemiologia
Estudos de Coortes
Escolaridade
Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Imunoglobulina G/sangue
Meia-Idade
Gravidez
Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/prevenção & controle
Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/virologia
Rubéola (Sarampo Alemão)/virologia
Síndrome da Rubéola Congênita/prevenção & controle
Estudos Soroepidemiológicos
Vacinação
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antibodies, Viral); 0 (Immunoglobulin G); 0 (rubella antibodies)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170503
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28457673
[Au] Autor:Lu PJ; O'Halloran A; Kennedy ED; Williams WW; Kim D; Fiebelkorn AP; Donahue S; Bridges CB
[Ad] Endereço:Immunization Services Division, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA. Electronic address: lhp8@cdc.gov.
[Ti] Título:Awareness among adults of vaccine-preventable diseases and recommended vaccinations, United States, 2015.
[So] Source:Vaccine;35(23):3104-3115, 2017 05 25.
[Is] ISSN:1873-2518
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Adults are recommended to receive select vaccinations based on their age, underlying medical conditions, lifestyle, and other considerations. Factors associated with awareness of vaccine-preventable diseases and recommended vaccines among adults in the United States have not been explored. METHODS: Data from a 2015 internet panel survey of a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults aged ≥19years were analyzed to assess awareness of selected vaccine-preventable diseases and recommended vaccines for adults. A multivariable logistic regression model with a predictive marginal approach was used to identify factors independently associated with awareness of selected vaccine-preventable infections/diseases and corresponding vaccines. RESULTS: Among the surveyed population, from 24.6 to 72.1% reported vaccination for recommended vaccines. Awareness of vaccine-preventable diseases among adults aged ≥19years ranged from 63.4% to 94.0% (63.4% reported awareness of HPV, 71.5% reported awareness of tetanus, 72.0% reported awareness of pertussis, 75.4% reported awareness of HZ, 75.8% reported awareness of hepatitis B, 83.1% reported awareness of pneumonia, and 94.0% reported awareness of influenza). Awareness of the corresponding vaccines among adults aged ≥19years ranged from 59.3% to 94.1% (59.3% HZ vaccine, 59.6% HPV vaccine, 64.3% hepatitis B vaccine, 66.2% pneumococcal vaccine, 86.3% tetanus vaccines, and 94.1% influenza vaccine). In multivariable analysis, being female and being a college graduate were significantly associated with a higher level of awareness for majority of vaccine-preventable diseases, and being female, being a college graduate, and working as a health care provider were significantly associated with a higher level of awareness for majority of corresponding vaccines. CONCLUSIONS: Although adults in this survey reported high levels of awareness for most vaccines recommended for adults, self-reported vaccination coverage was not optimal. Combining interventions known to increase uptake of recommended vaccines, such as patient reminder/recall systems and other healthcare system-based interventions, and ensuring patients' vaccination needs are assessed, are needed to improve vaccination of adults.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/estatística & dados numéricos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Programas de Imunização
Vacinação/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Escolaridade
Feminino
Hepatite B/prevenção & controle
Vacinas contra Hepatite B/administração & dosagem
Seres Humanos
Vacinas contra Influenza/administração & dosagem
Modelos Logísticos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/administração & dosagem
Vacinas Pneumocócicas/administração & dosagem
Fatores Sexuais
Tétano/prevenção & controle
Estados Unidos
Vacinação/psicologia
Coqueluche/prevenção & controle
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Hepatitis B Vaccines); 0 (Influenza Vaccines); 0 (Papillomavirus Vaccines); 0 (Pneumococcal Vaccines)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28748341
[Au] Autor:David M; Borde T; Brenne S; Ramsauer B; Henrich W; Breckenkamp J; Razum O
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Gynecology, Charité University Medicine Berlin, Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353, Berlin, Germany. matthias.david@charite.de.
[Ti] Título:Obstetric and perinatal outcomes among immigrant and non-immigrant women in Berlin, Germany.
[So] Source:Arch Gynecol Obstet;296(4):745-762, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1432-0711
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: In Germany, regular immigrants and their descendants have legal and financial access to health care equal to the general citizenry. Nonetheless, some of their health outcomes are comparatively unfavorable, and that is only partially explained by their lower socioeconomic status (SES). The aim of this study was to assess whether this disparity exists also for obstetric and perinatal outcomes. METHODS: We compared obstetric and perinatal outcomes between immigrant women (first or second generation) and non-immigrant women, delivering at three maternity hospitals in Berlin, Germany, 2011-2012. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to assess immigrant status and other possible risk factors for the baby being delivered preterm, small for gestational age (SGA), or transferred to neonatal care. RESULTS: The final database retained 6702 women, of whom 53.1% were first- or second-generation immigrants. First-generation Turkish immigrant women had significantly lower odds of preterm birth (OR 0.37, P < 0.001), SGA (OR 0.60, P = 0.0079), and transfer of the newborn to neonatal care (OR 0.61, P = 0.0034). Second-generation immigrant women had significantly lower odds of preterm birth (OR 0.67, P = 0.0049) or transfer of the newborn to neonatal care (OR 0.76, P = 0.0312). Moreover, women with education below university level, age 35+, or smokers had higher odds for poor outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides strong evidence that health disparities for obstetric and perinatal health outcomes do not exist in immigrants relative to native Germans, but exist instead in women without post-secondary-level education compared to women with such education, regardless of ethnicity or migration history.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Emigrantes e Imigrantes/estatística & dados numéricos
Resultado da Gravidez/etnologia
Nascimento Prematuro/etnologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Berlim
Escolaridade
Feminino
Alemanha/epidemiologia
Seres Humanos
Recém-Nascido
Recém-Nascido Pequeno para a Idade Gestacional
Gravidez
Fatores de Risco
Turquia/etnologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170728
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00404-017-4450-5


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[PMID]:27770636
[Au] Autor:Mez J; Chung J; Jun G; Kriegel J; Bourlas AP; Sherva R; Logue MW; Barnes LL; Bennett DA; Buxbaum JD; Byrd GS; Crane PK; Ertekin-Taner N; Evans D; Fallin MD; Foroud T; Goate A; Graff-Radford NR; Hall KS; Kamboh MI; Kukull WA; Larson EB; Manly JJ; Haines JL; Mayeux R; Pericak-Vance MA; Schellenberg GD; Lunetta KL; Farrer LA; Alzheimer's Disease Genetics Consortium
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Neurology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA; Alzheimer's Disease and CTE Center, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address: jessemez@bu.edu.
[Ti] Título:Two novel loci, COBL and SLC10A2, for Alzheimer's disease in African Americans.
[So] Source:Alzheimers Dement;13(2):119-129, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1552-5279
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: African Americans' (AAs) late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD) genetic risk profile is incompletely understood. Including clinical covariates in genetic analyses using informed conditioning might improve study power. METHODS: We conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) in AAs employing informed conditioning in 1825 LOAD cases and 3784 cognitively normal controls. We derived a posterior liability conditioned on age, sex, diabetes status, current smoking status, educational attainment, and affection status, with parameters informed by external prevalence information. We assessed association between the posterior liability and a genome-wide set of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), controlling for APOE and ABCA7, identified previously in a LOAD GWAS of AAs. RESULTS: Two SNPs at novel loci, rs112404845 (P = 3.8 × 10 ), upstream of COBL, and rs16961023 (P = 4.6 × 10 ), downstream of SLC10A2, obtained genome-wide significant evidence of association with the posterior liability. DISCUSSION: An informed conditioning approach can detect LOAD genetic associations in AAs not identified by traditional GWAS.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Afroamericanos/genética
Doença de Alzheimer/etnologia
Doença de Alzheimer/genética
Loci Gênicos
Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/genética
Transportadores de Ânions Orgânicos Dependentes de Sódio/genética
Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
Simportadores/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Apolipoproteínas E/genética
Complicações do Diabetes/etnologia
Complicações do Diabetes/genética
Escolaridade
Feminino
Predisposição Genética para Doença
Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Prevalência
Fumar/etnologia
Fumar/genética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (ABCA7 protein, human); 0 (ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters); 0 (Apolipoproteins E); 0 (Cobl protein, human); 0 (Microfilament Proteins); 0 (Organic Anion Transporters, Sodium-Dependent); 0 (Symporters); 145420-23-1 (sodium-bile acid cotransporter)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180307
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180307
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161023
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29463523
[Au] Autor:Päkkilä F
[Ad] Endereço:University of Oulu and Oulu University Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology and Medical Research Centre, FI-90014 Oulu, Finland fanni.pakkila@oulu.fi.
[Ti] Título:Mild thyroid dysfunction in pregnancy and children's educational performance.
[So] Source:BMJ;360:k636, 2018 02 20.
[Is] ISSN:1756-1833
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desempenho Acadêmico
Doenças da Glândula Tireoide
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Escolaridade
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Gravidez
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180222
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bmj.k636


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[PMID]:29351568
[Au] Autor:Sirico F; Miressi S; Castaldo C; Spera R; Montagnani S; Di Meglio F; Nurzynska D
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Public Health, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy.
[Ti] Título:Habits and beliefs related to food supplements: Results of a survey among Italian students of different education fields and levels.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191424, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The increasing availability of food supplements, aggressive media advertising, and common beliefs that these substances have only positive effects on health and sport performance indicate a need for continuous monitoring of this phenomenon. The aim of this study was to investigate the habits and beliefs related to diet supplementation among medical, health professional, and other university/high school students by means of a cross-sectional anonymous survey online. Among the respondents aware of supplements, 37.4% were taking or had taken them in the past. Food supplement use was more common among university students (in particular, those in health professional graduate courses) than high school students. Individual sport practice, rather than team sport, was associated with higher likelihood of food supplement use. Multivitamins were most commonly used, while weight-loss formulations were the least popular. Strikingly, filling nutrient gaps was statistically not considered the main reason for taking food supplements. Instead, they were used to enhance mental performance or enhance well-being. There was statistical evidence that students not enrolled in health or medical professional studies strongly agreed more often than medical students that taking food supplements prevents illness. These results indicate a striking difference between the evidence-based and personal reasons for food supplement use. Arguably, it calls for an improvement in education about diet supplementation and a change in attitude of health care providers to its implementation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Suplementos Nutricionais
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde
Estudos Transversais
Escolaridade
Feminino
Hábitos
Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde
Pessoal de Saúde/educação
Seres Humanos
Itália
Masculino
Esportes
Estudantes/psicologia
Inquéritos e Questionários
Perda de Peso
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180120
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191424



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BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde