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[PMID]:29267420
[Au] Autor:Corbière M; Lecomte T; Lachance JP; Coutu MF; Negrini A; Laberon S
[Ad] Endereço:Département d'éducation et pédagogie, Université du Québec à Montréal; Centre de recherche de l'Institut universitaire en santé mentale de Montréal (CR-IUSMM); Chaire de recherche en santé mentale et travail, Fondation de l'IUSMM.
[Ti] Título:[Return to Work Strategies of Employees who Experienced Depression: Employers and HR's Perspectives].
[Ti] Título:Stratégies de retour au travail d'employés ayant fait l'expérience d'une dépression : perspectives des employeurs et des cadres des ressources humaines..
[So] Source:Sante Ment Que;42(2):173-196, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0383-6320
[Cp] País de publicação:Canada
[La] Idioma:fre
[Ab] Resumo:Major depression is one of the leading causes of work disability across the world. In Canada, the lifetime prevalence of depression varies from 10 to 12%. Depression impacts not only the employee who is often stigmatized and can lose his professional identity, but also has consequences on colleagues and supervisors in organizations. In the literature, four models are described from which employers and managers use in their organizations to make decisions regarding the work disability of employees on sick leave: biomedical, financial management, personnel management, and organizational development. These models can also be supported by economic, legal and ethical interests. Even though these models are essential to better understand the decision of employers and HR regarding work disability, information remains scarce regarding the concrete strategies used by these stakeholders to facilitate the return to work for employees on sick leave due to depression.Objectives the aim of this paper is to document, considering employers' and human resources' perspectives, the best strategies to put in place to facilitate the return to work of employees on sick leave due to depression.Method This study was part of a larger study carried out in Canada to assess factors influencing the return to work after a depression-related sick leave, taking into account the viewpoint of four types of stakeholders: employers/human resources, supervisors, unions and people diagnosed with depression. 219 employers (68.5%) and human resources directors (31.5%) from 82.6% organizations having more than 100 employees accepted to answer a telephone semi-structured interview. The question of interest in this study is: In your opinion, what are the best strategies to help an employee who has had a depression to return to work? Coding was influenced by empirical findings and theories related to psychosocial risk factors that the authors use in their respective disciplines as well as return to work principles/steps mentioned in the literature. The main objective was to keep all the strategies mentioned by participants, and analyzing them with major principles of return to work.Results 24 return to work strategies spread on six principles emerged: 1) Contact with the employee during his sick leave (10 strategies); 2) Evaluate and plan the return to work without precipitating it (6); 3) Training for managers and colleagues regarding mental health in the workplace (4); 4) Concertation between key return to work stakeholders (4); 5) Progressive return to work with work accommodations (4); 6) Health and work follow-up regarding the employee (6).Conclusion These six principles including 34 strategies are usually related to the timeframe process of the return to work, though they can be implemented sometimes in parallel. This possible overlap reinforces the idea to consider the return to work as sustainable in order to prevent potential relapses and improve the performance at work. Next steps will be to systematically implement these principles and strategies in organizations in order to evaluate their impact on return to work of employees on sick leave due to depression.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atitude Frente à Saúde
Depressão
Emprego
Retorno ao Trabalho
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171222
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29267418
[Au] Autor:Laberon S; Scordato N; Corbière M
[Ad] Endereço:Faculté de psychologie, Laboratoire de psychologie EA4139, Université de Bordeaux, France.
[Ti] Título:[Representations of Mental Disorders and Employment Fit Perceived by Employers of the Regular Labour Market in France].
[Ti] Título:Représentations du « trouble psychique ¼ et adéquation à l'emploi perçue par des employeurs du milieu ordinaire de travail en France..
[So] Source:Sante Ment Que;42(2):133-153, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0383-6320
[Cp] País de publicação:Canada
[La] Idioma:fre
[Ab] Resumo:Introduction People with mental disorders face stigma and discriminatory hiring practices in the competitive labour market. This study on employers' representations of mental disorders provides knowledge regarding the specifics of their negative perceptions for this population, which appears to be an important barrier to their inclusion in the workplace. Heilman's lack of fit model (1983) enabled to show that recruiters seek to match the characteristics they perceive in candidates with those they deem necessary to succeed in the organization. A lack of fit between the two components-candidates and the selection criteria-would explain the non-selection of the applicant. This psychological process can be applied to the recruitment of people with psychiatric disabilities.Objectives The goal of this study was to identify employers' representations towards mental disorder in general and in the workplace particularly, as well as to determine the prerequisites for hiring this population. As such, this would allow to better understand the psychological processes involved in the exclusion of people with psychiatric disabilities.Method In a qualitative study, 29 semi-structured interviews were conducted with employers and HR Department representatives of organizations in France that were under the French legal obligation to hire people with a disability (organizations having more than 20 employees). We used the free association technique to identify representational contents concerning mental disorder. Qualitative data on the essential prerequisites for recruitment were collected through open-ended questions. The data were processed by a categorical content analysis conducted independently by three researchers. The structure of the representation was identified by distinguishing the components of the central nucleus from those of the peripheral nucleus according to the two criteria of the method of Moliner (1994): the index of popularity of each element and the co-occurrence between each element of the representation.Results Results revealed negative representations of people with mental disorders, focusing on social deviance and harm to society, believing that people with mental disorders would have non-standard skills and behaviours and would be socially disruptive and burdensome, particularly in the workplace. The analysis of the prerequisites for hiring persons with psychiatric disabilities showed how these representations towards mental disorders are barriers for their recruitment, mainly linked to a perceived lack of employment fit.Conclusion Future avenues of research and actions are suggested. They are as follows: learning, education on mental disorders, training and specific techniques to reduce organizational stakeholders' stereotypes and prejudice. Also, supporting stakeholders for the inclusion of people with mental disorders in the workplace appears fundamental, especially by improving recruitment and integration practises.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atitude Frente à Saúde
Emprego
Transtornos Mentais
Seleção de Pessoal
Estigma Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
França
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171222
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29267416
[Au] Autor:Couhet G; Dupérier JP; Maysonnave I; Merceron K
[Ad] Endereço:Centre de Réhabilitation Psychosociale de la Tour de Gassies. Bruges (33).
[Ti] Título:[A Model of Support System for the Professional Insertion of People with Psychological Disability].
[Ti] Título:Présentation d'un dispositif d'accompagnement vers l'insertion professionnelle de personnes présentant un handicap psychique..
[So] Source:Sante Ment Que;42(2):105-118, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0383-6320
[Cp] País de publicação:Canada
[La] Idioma:fre
[Ab] Resumo:Objectives Psychosocial rehabilitation, particularly work integration, is currently a public health preoccupation, as evidenced by recent publications on this topic and the development of new professional insertion program. This article aims to present a French health facility focused on psychosocial rehabilitation of persons in state of psychic disability, in order to highlight its specific programs of professional insertion.Methods After a brief remind about the theoretical foundations of psychosocial rehabilitation, psychic disability and recovery, we present the means used by our healthcare facility, illustrating our remarks with 2 case studies.Results Our rehabilitation programs demonstrate the need of a multidisciplinary in interventions, the need for multiplicity in proposals of activities, the importance of self-determination, of healthcare professionals in management of the public admitted in our healthcare facility, and the importance of fighting the stigma caused by mental disorders.Conclusion Our programs need to be placed in the French context, in which persist stigmatization towards persons with psychiatric disorders, and huge barriers to employment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Emprego
Transtornos Mentais/reabilitação
Pessoas com Deficiência Mental
Reabilitação Vocacional
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Emprego/organização & administração
Seres Humanos
Modelos Organizacionais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171222
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 40817 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29267414
[Au] Autor:Zanon D; Merceron K
[Ad] Endereço:Centre de Postcure Psychiatrique de l'association Psy'Activ, service Briords, Carquefou (44).
[Ti] Título:[Cognitive Functioning and Work Outcome Among People with Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorder: The Contribution of the International Classification of Functioning].
[Ti] Título:Le fonctionnement cognitif et le travail chez les personnes souffrant de troubles du spectre schizophrénique : l'apport de la Classification internationale du fonctionnement..
[So] Source:Sante Ment Que;42(2):71-85, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0383-6320
[Cp] País de publicação:Canada
[La] Idioma:fre
[Ab] Resumo:Objectives Cognitive impairment can be a barrier to employment of people with a schizophrenia spectrum disorder (SSD). However, other factors have also been identified as potentially hindering work integration and job tenure. But the links between all these factors remain unknown. The objective of this article is to propound an integrative model, using the International Classification of Functioning (ICF), of how cognitive impairment associated with SSD is related to other factors involved in difficulties in work integration and job tenure.Methods The description of the theoretical framework of the ICF enables to organize these factors in a comprehensive model. Then, a review of recent literature allows us to identify factors associated with employment of people with SSD, and to see the link between cognitive functioning and other factors.Results Most of reviewed studies find moderate correlations or no correlation between cognitive impairments and work integration or job tenure. Stronger correlations were nevertheless found between cognitive factors and work behavior or performance. Considering other factors, like personal or environmental factors, and the framework of the ICF, a comprehensive view of the vocational rehabilitation for people with SSD is developed. Interactions between some personal (e.g. self-efficacy or self esteem) and environmental (e.g. job coach or layout of workstation) factors may influence the translation of cognitive difficulties into work participation restrictions.Conclusion Vocational rehabilitation programs should further consider the complexity of interactions between cognitive, personal and environmental factors, and how they impact work functioning. As defined in ICF, activity limitations may represent an interesting mediator between cognitive variables and work functioning. Future research should be conducted to bring a better understanding of these patterns of interactions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cognição/classificação
Emprego
Reabilitação Vocacional
Esquizofrenia/classificação
Esquizofrenia/reabilitação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Classificação Internacional de Funcionalidade, Incapacidade e Saúde
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171222
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 40817 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29267413
[Au] Autor:Pachoud B
[Ad] Endereço:Université Paris Diderot, CRPMS (Centre de Recherche Psychanalyse, Médecine et Société).
[Ti] Título:[Employment and Recovery Process].
[Ti] Título:Activité professionnelle et processus de rétablissement..
[So] Source:Sante Ment Que;42(2):57-70, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0383-6320
[Cp] País de publicação:Canada
[La] Idioma:fre
[Ab] Resumo:Objectives It is widely acknowledged and confirmed by research that there is a close relationship between work and recovery from a mental illness. The aim of this article is to discuss different aspects of the relationship between these two concepts.Methods The discussion is based on a synthesis of the relevant literature in two domains: the benefits of employment for people living with a mental illness and their contributions to the recovery process, and the specification of the recovery paradigm and of the recovery-oriented practices.Results The recovery paradigm may be characterized by some main shifts in the vision of people living with a mental illness and of their future, with consequences on how to support these people, and in particular how to conceive their vocational rehabilitation. One of the first shifts is that it is possible for a large majority of these people to recover, to return to active and social life, to consider a favourable future. This possibility, which gives rise to hope and a high expectation, should now be the priority objective of supporting practices, which implies a renewal of these practices. A second shift is that this possibility of recovery does not necessarily require a complete and prior reduction of the mental disorders. The recovery approach, by giving priority to commitment to an active and social life, supports vocational reintegration as a priority. This new approach to practices and services should be considered at two levels: in the design and organization of services, which must be redefined according to the primary objectives and the values of recovery, but also at the individual level, in the accompanying posture, which should be based on the values of recovery. In vocational rehabilitation, Individual Placement and Support (IPS) is recognized as an evidence-based practice and its principles are well defined. There is a striking convergence between the underlying principles of IPS programs and the principles of the recovery-oriented practices, but the shift in the accompanying individual posture is better specified by the recovery-oriented practice literature.A number of research focuses on the different ways by which employment contribute to the recovery process. We rely on existing qualitative meta-synthesis of these studies, to present the factors contributing to the recovery process according to the relevant main dimensions.Conclusion In the current French context of development of effective professional integration practices, based on the Place and train model, it is important to stress that these practices must be also recovery-oriented, which implies not only a new design of vocational services but also to adopt a new attitude for supporting people in the process of work integration.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Emprego
Transtornos Mentais/reabilitação
Reabilitação Vocacional
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171222
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 40817 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29267412
[Au] Autor:Laflamme AM
[Ad] Endereço:Faculté de droit, Université Laval; Centre de recherche interuniversitaire sur la mondialisation et le travail (CRIMT).
[Ti] Título:[Mental Disorders and Reasonable Accommodation at Work: The Potential of Quebec Law].
[Ti] Título:Troubles mentaux et accommodement raisonnable au travail : les potentialités du droit québécois..
[So] Source:Sante Ment Que;42(2):39-56, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0383-6320
[Cp] País de publicação:Canada
[La] Idioma:fre
[Ab] Resumo:Objectives Being able to work constitutes a powerful social integration vector for those suffering from mental health disorders, while also providing therapeutic benefits for them. Yet, despite some advances in this regard, such persons are still denied employment. The obstacles to their full workforce integration reside in the prejudices surrounding the disorders affecting them and the need to adapt tasks to their needs and abilities. The International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, adopted by the United Nations in 2006, points out that disability results from the interaction between persons with impairments and attitudinal and environmental barriers that hinder their full and effective participation in society on the basis of equality with others. It stresses the importance of the right to work of persons with disabilities and, in particular, the implementation of reasonable accommodation for these persons in all workplaces. From this perspective, this article aims to explore the impacts of the legal obligation of accommodation.Methods In Canada, the fundamental rights approach and, in particular, the obligation for reasonable accommodation with regard to handicapped workers, has been well established in case law since the mid 1980s. This obligation is of a constitutional nature and its extended range is limited only by the proof of undue hardship. It thus forcefully prompts labour markets to take into consideration the needs and capacities of disabled workers. Through a study of Quebec case law, this article looks at the potential of the duty to accommodate with regard to promoting access to and retention of employment among people with mental disorders.Results The study found that the duty to accommodate imposes an innovative approach that takes into account the particular situation of the disabled person and involves the participation of all stakeholders. Accommodation allows employees to maintain an employment relationship despite repeated absences caused by illness, thus enabling them to do their work. Employers must provide adjustments relating to working time and allow gradual return when necessary. Moreover, the accommodation may involve changing the work itself or its psychosocial aspects.Conclusion By implementing measures to change the psychosocial work environment, accommodation not only promotes access to and retention of employment among people with mental disorders, but also opens the way to first stage prevention for the benefit of all.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Emprego/legislação & jurisprudência
Transtornos Mentais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Emprego/normas
Seres Humanos
Pessoas com Deficiência Mental
Quebeque
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171222
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 40817 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29267410
[Au] Autor:Joly L
[Ad] Endereço:Université de Bordeaux, COMPTRASEC - UMR CNRS 5114.
[Ti] Título:[Employment of People with Mental Disorders in Terms of the Policies Developed by the European and International Institutions].
[Ti] Título:L'emploi des personnes atteintes de troubles psychiques à l'aune des politiques développées par les institutions européennes et internationales..
[So] Source:Sante Ment Que;42(2):17-30, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0383-6320
[Cp] País de publicação:Canada
[La] Idioma:fre
[Ab] Resumo:Objectives The aim of this article is to present an overview of the reflections led by various European and international organizations on the employment of people with mental disorders.Methods This study is based on data from websites of international organizations and interviews taken place with a disability specialist at the International Labour Organisation (ILO) and members of the European Commission.Results Unlike the French law of 11 February 2005 which refers expressly to psychic disability, this notion is not explicitly dedicated by various European and international legal rules. However, these standards like the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities have adopted the contemporary model which presents disability as the result of an interaction between person and environment. Thus they acknowledge that disabled people include people suffering from mental disorders because in the person's environment, a psychiatric impairment could lead to limitations of activities or restrictions of social participation that constitute a situation of disability of psychiatric origin. Therefore, the legal mechanisms often do not provide appropriate answers to the characteristics of psychiatric disability.Besides, negative attitudes, stereotypes and discrimination towards people with a psychiatric disability are still observed in the workplace, in spite of intensified anti-discrimination legislation.This study inventories the different proposals to remedy to substantial barriers to the employment of people with a psychiatric condition. In the European Union's strategy for increasing the employment of these persons, particular consideration is given to put forward a series of key recommendations to improve practices of reasonable accommodation in the workplace. Nonetheless, it must be emphasized that it is necessary to conceive adequate measures in order to take into account the changeability and the unpredictability of mental disorders. Indeed, situations of psychiatric disability require flexibility and reactivity more than any other situation of disability. The discrimination experienced by people with a psychiatric disability is likely to continue as long as specific responses are not implemented. In this perspective, ILO highlights a number of best practices addressing the challenges of psychiatric disabled people's employment. That is why a disability network was created to share knowledge. The great added value of this network is the opportunity to share best practices between companies, best practices between countries in order to increase the ability to include people with mental disorders. Focus is put on strategies to combat discrimination in employment, by raising awareness, exploring measures and good practices to improve mental health in the workplace.Conclusion Finally, this study shows similar challenges in the prevention of the mental health and the issue of the psychiatric handicap, including to remedy to the insufficient attention paid to provide reasonable accommodation to persons with mental disorders.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Emprego/legislação & jurisprudência
Transtornos Mentais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Europa (Continente)
Seres Humanos
Agências Internacionais
Pessoas com Deficiência Mental
Políticas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171222
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29480876
[Au] Autor:Tsuda K; Tanimoto T; Sakaue S; Sato T; Kouno K; Hamaki T; Hosoda K; Ohnishi M; Komatsu T; Kami M; Kusumi E
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Hematology and Rheumatology, Teikyo University Chiba Medical Center, Chiba.
[Ti] Título:Patients' demographics of a convenient clinic located in a large railway station in metropolitan Tokyo area.
[So] Source:Medicine (Baltimore);97(2):e9646, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1536-5964
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Hidden barriers to visit a medical facility especially for young busy workers have been neglected in the aging society. The aim of this cross-sectional study is to analyze demographics of patients who had visited the first known convenient clinic located inside a railway station, which is adjusted to the lifestyle of working generations.We analyzed de-identified data of patients who had visited the department of internal medicine of a clinic, which is located inside a railway station building and offers primary care with after-hours accessibility in Tokyo, between August 2013 and June 2016. Data were collected on patients' sex, age, time of visit, waiting time, presence or absence of an appointment, diagnosis, and patients' addresses using the electronic health and billing records.Overall, 28,001 patients visited 87,126 times. Number of visits increased in winter season compared with the other seasons. Sixty-one percent were women and the median age of all patients was 38 years (range, 0-102). The number of visits on Mondays was the highest in a week and the most frequent visiting time was between 6 and 7 p.m. The number of visits of working generations (from 15 to 65 years old) and men increased after 6 p.m. and on weekends. The 3 most common diagnoses were upper respiratory tract infection (22,457), allergic rhinitis (20,916), and hypertension (4869). The number of individuals who were referred to other medical institutions was 1022 (1.2%). The median waiting time was 748 seconds (range, 2-5344). The number of visits from within 2-, 5-, and 10-mile radius from our clinic was 41,696 (50.6%), 63,190 (76.7%), and 75,015 (91.1%), respectively, and patients' addresses were mainly located along the railway network.The locational and temporal convenience of our clinic has attracted the unmet medical demands especially for young workers who have difficulty in visiting conventional medical institutions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial/utilização
Atenção Primária à Saúde
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Estudos Transversais
Emprego
Feminino
Geografia Médica
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Ferrovias
Fatores Sexuais
Fatores de Tempo
Tóquio
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180227
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000009646


  9 / 40817 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29466579
[Au] Autor:Carroll AE
[Ad] Endereço:professor of pediatrics at Indiana University School of Medicine.
[Ti] Título:The Problem With Work Requirements for Medicaid.
[So] Source:JAMA;319(7):646-647, 2018 Feb 20.
[Is] ISSN:1538-3598
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Definição da Elegibilidade
Emprego
Política de Saúde
Medicaid
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Doença Crônica
Redução de Custos
Pessoas com Deficiência
Seres Humanos
Medicaid/economia
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180302
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180302
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180222
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jama.2018.0420


  10 / 40817 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29430901
[Au] Autor:Ivanov VY
[Ti] Título:[The work and health of adolescents: the gender aspects].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(8):754-9, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The purpose of the research is to study the gender aspects of the employment of adolescents, working in the time free from their study, and its impact on the livestyle and health, to assess the risks to health of students. There was studied the employment of senior pupils and students of vocational schools (1.2 thousand persons at the age from 14 till 18 years) in 5 regions of the Russian Federation. The results indicate to a prevalence of illegal employment of the minors. Among young men 62% work part time, among young women - 37%. Violations of hygienic requirements for working conditions and labor law violations are more common in young men employment. The first experience of work can render negative impact on the lifestyle and the state of health. In the working adolescents there is observed the higher prevalence of the behavioral risk factors (smoking, alcohol, drugs, sleep deprivation and others). Adolescents with work experience have lower health status. The analysis of odds ratio (OR), relative risk (RR), etiological fraction (EF) showed that to the higher health risk there are exposed teenagers working constantly throughout the year. In this group among girls there is a high prevalence of chronic diseases (RR = 2; OR = 3.9), of complaints of indigestion (RR = 2; OR = 2.5). In the group of young men, working continuously, the percentage of frequently ill with acute respiratory infections is higher (RR = 3.3; OR = 3.7), there is a higher number of complaints of heartburn (RR = 2.1; OR = 2.6), back pain (RR = 1.8; OR = 2.2). Working young men have higher health risk by comparison with working young women.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Emprego
Doenças Profissionais
Exposição Ocupacional/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Emprego/métodos
Emprego/normas
Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos
Feminino
Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia
Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle
Exposição Ocupacional/análise
Exposição Ocupacional/prevenção & controle
Saúde do Trabalhador/estatística & dados numéricos
População
Federação Russa/epidemiologia
Fatores Sexuais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde