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[PMID]:29220732
[Au] Autor:Hosseininejad SM; Aminiahidashti H; Goli Khatir I; Ghasempouri SK; Jabbari A; Khandashpour M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.
[Ti] Título:Carbon monoxide poisoning in Iran during 1999-2016: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
[So] Source:J Forensic Leg Med;53:87-96, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1878-7487
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning is a common cause of emergency department (ED) visits worldwide with high levels of morbidity and mortality. No inclusive nationally statistics of CO poisoning in Iran is available. The present review aimed to describe and review the pattern of CO poisoning in Iran. METHODS: The search of Medline, SCOPUS, Cochrane library, Google Scholar, Magiran, IranDoc and SID (Scientific Information Database) yielded only 10 studies discussing the epidemiology of CO poisoning in Iran. Outcomes of interest were determining the demographic characteristics, prevalence and mortality rates, annual trends, main sources and mechanisms, location of incidents of CO poisoning as well as providing the safety awareness and precautions. RESULTS: Totally, 10 studies including 6372 victims of CO poisoning were reviewed. The estimated incidence rate of CO poisoning was 38.91 per 100,000, the proportionate mortality rate was 11.6 per 1000 death and the pooled case fatality rate of was 9.5% (95% CI 6.3%-14.30%). Of the total 5105 individuals with CO poisoning, 2048 (40.12%) were male and 3057 (59.88%) were female. In addition, of 5105 poisoned, 4620 (90.50%) were alive and 485 (9.50%) were dead. The number of fatal CO poisoning cases among men and women were 259 (5.07%) and 226 (4.43%) victims, respectively; while the number of non-fatal CO poisoning cases among men and women were 1790 (35.06%) and 2830 (55.44%) individuals, respectively. The mean age of victims was about 30 years. Most of the victims (36.37%) had the educational level of secondary school, marital status of single (52.74%), and occupational status of housekeeper (27.48%). CONCLUSION: The incidence, proportionate mortality and case fatality rates of CO poisoning is high in Iran, particularly in young individuals. It seems that preventive strategies should be taught by health care providers more thoroughly and implemented by policy makers more strictly as a mandatory law.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Intoxicação por Monóxido de Carbono/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Distribuição por Idade
Escolaridade
Seres Humanos
Incidência
Irã (Geográfico)/epidemiologia
Estado Civil
Ocupações
Distribuição por Sexo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; META-ANALYSIS; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171209
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 17722 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29390510
[Au] Autor:Ki M; Seong Sohn E; An B; Lim J
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul, Korea.
[Ti] Título:Differentiation of direct and indirect socioeconomic effects on suicide attempts in South Korea.
[So] Source:Medicine (Baltimore);96(51):e9331, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1536-5964
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Despite the wide recognition of the inverse association between socioeconomic position (SEP) and suicidal behaviors, its underlying process and potential mediators are little known. This study investigated the pathway from SEP to suicide attempts with attention to potential mediators.From the Korean Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2013, which is a nationwide cross-sectional survey of the health and nutritional status, a total of 34,565 participants (≥30 years) were included in the analysis. To unfold the pathways linking SEP to suicide attempts, the direct and indirect effects of 3 SEP measures (educational attainment, household income, and occupational group) and 3 mediators (physical illness, mental health problems, and problematic drinking) were differentiated using structured equation model (SEM).Most of direct and indirect effects of educational attainment, household income, and occupational group on suicide attempts were significant; Nonemployment status had the largest total (ß = 0.291, P < .01) and direct effects (ß = 0.212, P < .01), while educational attainment had the largest indirect effect (ß = -0.124, P < .01). Educational attainment was mainly mediated by physical illness and problem drinking, whereas household income and occupational group were mainly mediated by anxious or depressed mood and problem drinking. Physical illness played a major role in explaining suicide attempts, compared to mental health problem and problem drinking.Overall, experience of socioeconomic disadvantage increased suicide attempts independently of mental and physical problems. An extension of suicide prevention program is required for comprehensively targeting people with general problems such as physical illness and low SEP, complemented to narrowly targeting high risk group with, such as mental health problem.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Escolaridade
Renda/estatística & dados numéricos
Tentativa de Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos
Desemprego/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Alcoolismo/epidemiologia
Feminino
Nível de Saúde
Inquéritos Epidemiológicos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Saúde Mental
Meia-Idade
Ocupações/estatística & dados numéricos
República da Coreia/epidemiologia
Tentativa de Suicídio/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180203
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000009331


  3 / 17722 MEDLINE  
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Texto completo SciELO Colômbia
Texto completo SciELO Saúde Pública
[PMID]:28453033
[Au] Autor:Hormiga-Sánchez CM; Alzate-Posada ML; Borrell C; Palència L; Rodríguez-Villamizar LA; Otero-Wandurraga JA
[Ad] Endereço:Universidad Nacional de Colombia, , cmhormigas@unal.edu.co.
[Ti] Título:[Occupation-, transportation- and leisure-related physical activity: gender inequalities in Santander, Colombia].
[Ti] Título:Actividad física ocupacional, de transporte y de tiempo libre: Desigualdades según género en Santander, Colombia..
[So] Source:Rev Salud Publica (Bogota);18(2):201-213, 2016 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:0124-0064
[Cp] País de publicação:Colombia
[La] Idioma:spa
[Ab] Resumo:Objectives To estimate the prevalence of occupation-, transportation- and leisure-related physical activity, its compliance with recommendations, and to explore its association with demographic and socioeconomic variables in men and women of the Department of Santander (Colombia). Methods The sample consisted of 2421 people between 15 and 64 years of age, participants in the Risk Factors for Chronic Diseases of Santander cross-sectional study, developed in 2010. The Global Physical Activity Questionnaire was used for data collection. Age-adjusted prevalence ratios were calculated and multivariate analysis models were built by sex using robust Poisson regression. Results The prevalence of occupational and leisure physical activity and compliance with recommendations were lower in women. Sexual division of labor and a low socioeconomic level negatively influenced physical activity in women, limiting the possibility of practice of those principally engaged in unpaid work at home. Young or single men and those living in higher socioeconomic areas were more likely to practice physical activity in leisure time and meet recommendations. Conclusion Physical activity surveillance and related public policies should take into account the inequalities between the practice of men and women related to their socioeconomic conditions and the sexual division of labor.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Exercício
Atividades de Lazer
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Transportes/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fatores Etários
Colômbia
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Análise Multivariada
Ocupações/estatística & dados numéricos
Distribuição de Poisson
Fatores Sexuais
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 17722 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28453311
[Au] Autor:Bates L; Scott-Parker B; Darvell M; Watson B
[Ad] Endereço:a School of Criminology and Criminal Justice and Griffith Criminology Institute , Griffith University , Brisbane , Australia.
[Ti] Título:Provisional drivers' perceptions of the impact of displaying P plates.
[So] Source:Traffic Inj Prev;18(8):820-825, 2017 11 17.
[Is] ISSN:1538-957X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: P plates (or decals) identify a driver's license status to other road users. They are a compulsory part of the graduated driver licensing system in Queensland, Australia, for drivers on a P1 (provisional 1) or P2 (provisional 2) license. This study explored the perceptions of young drivers regarding the display of P plates (decals) in Queensland, Australia. METHODS: In this study, 226 young drivers with a provisional (intermediate/restricted) license completed a 30-min online survey between October 2013 and June 2014. t Tests were used to compare the opinions of people who displayed their plates nearly always with those who displayed them less frequently. RESULTS: Participants approved of the requirement to display P plates with 69% of those on a P1 license and 79% on a P2 license supporting the condition to display P1 (red) plates. Participants on a P1 license (62%) and a P2 license (68%) also approved the requirement to display P2 (green) plates. However, young drivers also perceived that the display of P plates (measured from 1 = never to 5 = nearly all the time) enabled newly licensed drivers to be targeted by police and other drivers (those who do not always display P plates: M = 3.72, SD = 0.94; those who nearly always display P plates: M = 3.43, SD = 1.09). CONCLUSIONS: The study findings suggest that participants who nearly always display their P plates are more likely to report that having to display their plates resulted in them driving more carefully.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atitude
Condução de Veículo/legislação & jurisprudência
Licenciamento/legislação & jurisprudência
Ocupações
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Condução de Veículo/psicologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Queensland
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180202
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180202
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/15389588.2017.1322697


  5 / 17722 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27777373
[Au] Autor:Kurth L; Doney B; Weinmann S
[Ad] Endereço:Respiratory Health Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Morgantown, West Virginia, USA.
[Ti] Título:Occupational exposures and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): comparison of a COPD-specific job exposure matrix and expert-evaluated occupational exposures.
[So] Source:Occup Environ Med;74(4):290-293, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1470-7926
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To compare the occupational exposure levels assigned by our National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-specific job exposure matrix (NIOSH COPD JEM) and by expert evaluation of detailed occupational information for various jobs held by members of an integrated health plan in the Northwest USA. METHODS: We analysed data from a prior study examining COPD and occupational exposures. Jobs were assigned exposure levels using 2 methods: (1) the COPD JEM and (2) expert evaluation. Agreement (Cohen's κ coefficients), sensitivity and specificity were calculated to compare exposure levels assigned by the 2 methods for 8 exposure categories. RESULTS: κ indicated slight to moderate agreement (0.19-0.51) between the 2 methods and was highest for organic dust and overall exposure. Sensitivity of the matrix ranged from 33.9% to 68.5% and was highest for sensitisers, diesel exhaust and overall exposure. Specificity ranged from 74.7% to 97.1% and was highest for fumes, organic dust and mineral dust. CONCLUSIONS: This COPD JEM was compared with exposures assigned by experts and offers a generalisable approach to assigning occupational exposure.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluentes Ocupacionais do Ar/análise
Exposição Ocupacional/análise
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Estudos de Casos e Controles
Poeira/análise
Gases/análise
Seres Humanos
Exposição por Inalação/análise
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (U.S.)
Ocupações/classificação
Oregon
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/etiologia
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Medição de Risco/métodos
Sensibilidade e Especificidade
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Air Pollutants, Occupational); 0 (Dust); 0 (Gases)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180124
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180124
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161026
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/oemed-2016-103753


  6 / 17722 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29346343
[Au] Autor:Patel O; Syamlal G; Wood J; Dodd KE; Mazurek JM
[Ti] Título:Asthma Mortality Among Persons Aged 15-64 Years, by Industry and Occupation - United States, 1999-2016.
[So] Source:MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep;67(2):60-65, 2018 Jan 19.
[Is] ISSN:1545-861X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In 2015, an estimated 18.4 million U.S. adults had current asthma, and 3,396 adult asthma deaths were reported (1). An estimated 11%-21% of asthma deaths might be attributable to occupational exposures (2). To describe asthma mortality among persons aged 15-64 years,* CDC analyzed multiple cause-of-death data for 1999-2016 and industry and occupation information collected from 26 states for the years 1999, 2003, 2004, and 2007-2012. Proportionate mortality ratios (PMRs) for asthma among persons aged 15-64 years were calculated. During 1999-2016, a total of 14,296 (42.9%) asthma deaths occurred among males and 19,011 (57.1%) occurred among females. Based on an estimate that 11%-21% of asthma deaths might be related to occupational exposures, during this 18-year period, 1,573-3,002 asthma deaths in males and 2,091-3,992 deaths in females might have resulted from occupational exposures. Some of these deaths might have been averted by instituting measures to prevent potential workplace exposures. The annual age-adjusted asthma death rate** per 1 million persons aged 15-64 years declined from 13.59 in 1999 to 9.34 in 2016 (p<0.001) among females, and from 9.14 (1999) to 7.78 (2016) (p<0.05) among males. The highest significantly elevated asthma PMRs for males were for those in the food, beverage, and tobacco products manufacturing industry (1.82) and for females were for those in the social assistance industry (1.35) and those in community and social services occupations (1.46). Elevated asthma mortality among workers in certain industries and occupations underscores the importance of optimal asthma management and identification and prevention of potential workplace exposures.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Asma/mortalidade
Indústrias/estatística & dados numéricos
Doenças Profissionais/mortalidade
Ocupações/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Distribuição por Sexo
Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180121
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180121
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180119
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.15585/mmwr.mm6702a2


  7 / 17722 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29324727
[Au] Autor:Shockey TM; Luckhaupt SE; Groenewold MR; Lu ML
[Ti] Título:Frequent Exertion and Frequent Standing at Work, by Industry and Occupation Group - United States, 2015.
[So] Source:MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep;67(1):1-6, 2018 Jan 12.
[Is] ISSN:1545-861X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Repeated exposure to occupational ergonomic hazards, such as frequent exertion (repetitive bending or twisting) and frequent standing, can lead to injuries, most commonly musculoskeletal disorders (1). Work-related musculoskeletal disorders have been estimated to cost the United States approximately $2.6 billion in annual direct and indirect costs (2). A recent literature review provided evidence that prolonged standing at work also leads to adverse health outcomes, such as back pain, physical fatigue, and muscle pain (3). To determine which industry and occupation groups currently have the highest prevalence rates of frequent exertion at work and frequent standing at work, CDC analyzed data from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) Occupational Health Supplement (OHS) regarding currently employed adults in the United States. By industry, the highest prevalence of both frequent exertion and frequent standing at work was among those in the agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting industry group (70.9%); by occupation, the highest prevalence was among those in the construction and extraction occupation group (76.9%). Large differences among industry and occupation groups were found with regard to these ergonomic hazards, suggesting a need for targeted interventions designed to reduce workplace exposure.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Indústrias/estatística & dados numéricos
Ocupações/estatística & dados numéricos
Esforço Físico
Postura
Trabalho
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Estados Unidos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180119
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180119
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180112
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.15585/mmwr.mm6701a1


  8 / 17722 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28740029
[Au] Autor:Jirathananuwat A; Pongpirul K
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University.
[Ti] Título:Promoting physical activity in the workplace: A systematic meta-review.
[So] Source:J Occup Health;59(5):385-393, 2017 Sep 28.
[Is] ISSN:1348-9585
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Physically active (PA) people have a lower risk of various diseases, compared to those with sedentary lifestyles. Evidence on the effects of PA promoting programs in the workplace is large, and several systematic reviews (SR) and/or meta-analyses (MA) have been published. However, they have failed to consider factors that could influence interventions. This paper aimed to classify and describe interventions to promote PA in the workplace based on evidence from SR/MA. METHOD: A literature search for SR/MA was done using PubMed, Web of Science, and Science Direct (January 2006-February 2015). Quality assessment of SR/MA was performed using AMSTAR. The PRECEDE-PROCEED model was used for classifying the interventions into predisposing, enabling, reinforcing, environment, and policy domains of focus. RESULTS: Eleven SR/MA included 220 primary studies, of which 139 (63%) were randomized controlled trials. Of 48 interventions identified, 22 (46%) and 17 (35%) focused on predisposing or enabling employees to have more PA, respectively. Of the 22 predisposing factors, 6 were information delivery, 5 were self-motivation, and 11 were program training. The enabling approaches were 12 instrument resources and 5 health service facilities. The reinforcing approaches were 4 incentive and 3 social support. The remaining interventions focused on the environmental development and policy regulation. CONCLUSIONS: This systematic meta-review classified interventions using appropriate framework and described the intervention pattern.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Exercício
Promoção da Saúde
Local de Trabalho
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Promoção da Saúde/métodos
Seres Humanos
Indústrias
Motivação
Saúde do Trabalhador
Ocupações
Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
Apoio Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180118
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180118
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170726
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1539/joh.16-0245-RA


  9 / 17722 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29186153
[Au] Autor:Tushingham S; Fulkerson T; Hill K
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Anthropology, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:The peer review gap: A longitudinal case study of gendered publishing and occupational patterns in a female-rich discipline, Western North America (1974-2016).
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(11):e0188403, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Researchers have repeatedly demonstrated that women continue to be underrepresented in publication output in the sciences. This is true even in female-rich fields such as archaeology. Since most gender-related publication studies rely on data from peer-reviewed journals, it would be instructive, though challenging, to also track publication output in non-refereed and professional or industry venues, which tend to be more accessible to those working in extra-academic settings. This comparison is important in fields such as archaeology in which the vast majority (approximately 90%) of practitioners in the USA work for private sector cultural resource management firms and federal and state agencies. To understand the dynamics of who publishes where, we compiled a new dataset tracking over 40 years of peer-reviewed versus non-peer-reviewed publications that publish articles on the archaeology of California (an American Indian cultural area including southwest Oregon, most of the state of California, and Baja Mexico) and the Great Basin culture area (spanning eight western USA states). Historic gender differences in the publishing output of authors identified as men versus those identified as women were revealed by articles published between 1974 and 2016 in two refereed journals, the Journal of California Anthropology/ Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology and California Archaeology, and in one un-refereed venue, the Society for California Archaeology Proceedings. Although multiple independent measures indicate that women are contributing and active members of the discipline, publishing records yield more variable results. Specifically, while women have historic and increasingly robust levels of participation in the non-peer-reviewed Proceedings, they remain vastly underrepresented in the two peer-reviewed journals, which are widely regarded as more prestigious and influential. We argue that this "peer review gap" is influenced by variation in the costs (largely time investment) and benefits of publication for people working in different professional roles (e.g., agency professionals, private/cultural resource management firm personnel, tenure-track faculty, adjunct faculty, etc.). We also argue that these cost and benefit variations may ultimately influence the decisions of people of all genders and backgrounds, but, because of the current structure of our discipline-including the fact that women and minorities lag in positions where costly peer-reviewed publication is a rewarded and supported activity-overwhelmingly affect these groups. We recognize that non-refereed publications such as Proceedings provide an important means of bridging the peer review gap and give voice to individuals from diverse backgrounds and perspectives.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Editoração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
História do Século XXI
Seres Humanos
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
América do Norte
Ocupações
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171226
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171226
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171130
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0188403


  10 / 17722 MEDLINE  
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Cordeiro, Ricardo
Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Texto completo SciELO Saúde Pública
[PMID]:29236880
[Au] Autor:Cordeiro R; Luz VG; Hennington ÉA; Martins ACA; Tófoli LF
[Ad] Endereço:Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Faculdade de Ciências Médicas. Departamento de Saúde Coletiva. Campinas, SP, Brasil.
[Ti] Título:Urban violence is the biggest cause of fatal work-related accidents in Brazil.
[So] Source:Rev Saude Publica;51:123, 2017 Dec 11.
[Is] ISSN:1518-8787
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:eng; por
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To quantify the occurrence of deaths directly associated with urban violence among fatal work-related accidents. METHODS: Verbal autopsies were performed with the relatives and coworkers of residents of Campinas, state of São Paulo, Brazil, who died from external causes in 2015. We have also analyzed police reports and reports of the Legal Medical Institute related to these deaths. RESULTS: We have identified 82 fatal work-related accidents in Campinas in 2015, of which 25 were murders, 35 were traffic accidents not directly related to work activities, and three were suicides at work. The proportional mortality rate for homicides, traffic accidents, and suicides among fatal work-related accidents was estimated at 30.5%, 42.7%, and 3.7%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Urban violence accounted for three-fourths of the fatal work-related accidents recorded in the period studied.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Acidentes de Trabalho/mortalidade
Acidentes de Trânsito/mortalidade
Condução de Veículo/estatística & dados numéricos
População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
Violência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Acidentes de Trânsito/classificação
Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Brasil/epidemiologia
Causas de Morte
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Ocupações/classificação
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171214
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde