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Pesquisa : N03.219.463.030.100 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 44 [refinar]
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[PMID]:28658299
[Au] Autor:Bijleveld E; Baalbergen J
[Ad] Endereço:Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:Prenatal exposure to testosterone (2D:4D) and social hierarchy together predict voice behavior in bankers.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(6):e0180008, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Prohibitive voice behaviors are employees' expressions of concern about practices, incidents, or behaviors that may potentially harm the organization. In this study, we examined a potential biological correlate of prohibitive voice: prenatal exposure to testosterone. In a sample of bankers, we used 2D:4D (i.e., the ratio of the length of the index finger to the length of the ring finger) as a marker for prenatal exposure to testosterone (lower 2D:4D suggests higher prenatal exposure to testosterone). We used a self-report scale to measure prohibitive voice. For low-ranked employees, lower 2D:4D was related to using less voice. No such relation was found for high-ranked employees. Conclusions should be drawn with caution, because the findings only applied to voice regarding the organization as a whole (and not to voice regarding the own team), and because of methodological limitations. However, the findings are consistent with the ideas that (a) people low in 2D:4D tend to strive to attain and maintain social status and that (b) remaining silent about perceived problems in the organization is-at least for low-ranked employees-a means to achieve this goal.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Administração Financeira
Dedos/anatomia & histologia
Hierarquia Social
Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/psicologia
Testosterona/farmacologia
Denúncia de Irregularidades
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Conta Bancária
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Gravidez
Fatores Sexuais
Denúncia de Irregularidades/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
3XMK78S47O (Testosterone)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170922
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170922
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170629
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0180008


  2 / 44 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28617482
[Au] Autor:Abbott A
[Ti] Título:The 'time machine' reconstructing ancient Venice's social networks.
[So] Source:Nature;546(7658):341-344, 2017 06 14.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Arquivos/história
Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto
Aprendizado de Máquina/tendências
Manuscritos como Assunto/história
Mapas como Assunto
Mudança Social/história
Rede Social/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Automação
Conta Bancária/história
Livros/história
Comércio/história
Democracia
Pessoas Famosas
Escrita Manual
História do Século XV
História do Século XVI
História do Século XVII
História do Século XVIII
História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
História do Século XXI
História Medieval
Seres Humanos
Itália/epidemiologia
Peste/epidemiologia
Peste/história
Peste/transmissão
Leitura
Robótica
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; VIDEO-AUDIO MEDIA
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171012
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171012
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170616
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/546341a


  3 / 44 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28541332
[Au] Autor:Chapron G
[Ad] Endereço:Grimsö Wildlife Research Station, Department of Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Riddarhyttan, Sweden; and senior research associate at the Wildlife Conservation Research Unit, Recanati-Kaplan Centre, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Tubney, UK.
[Ti] Título:The environment needs cryptogovernance.
[So] Source:Nature;545(7655):403-405, 2017 05 22.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Política Ambiental/economia
Política Ambiental/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Conta Bancária
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/economia
Peixes
Florestas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171030
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171030
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170526
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/545403a


  4 / 44 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28486548
[Au] Autor:Noman AHM; Gee CS; Isa CR
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Finance and Banking, Faculty of Business and Accountancy, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
[Ti] Título:Does competition improve financial stability of the banking sector in ASEAN countries? An empirical analysis.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(5):e0176546, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study examines the influence of competition on the financial stability of the commercial banks of Association of Southeast Asian Nation (ASEAN) over the 1990 to 2014 period. Panzar-Rosse H-statistic, Lerner index and Herfindahl-Hirschman Index (HHI) are used as measures of competition, while Z-score, non-performing loan (NPL) ratio and equity ratio are used as measures of financial stability. Two-step system Generalized Method of Moments (GMM) estimates demonstrate that competition measured by H-statistic is positively related to Z-score and equity ratio, and negatively related to non-performing loan ratio. Conversely, market power measured by Lerner index is negatively related to Z-score and equity ratio and positively related to NPL ratio. These results strongly support the competition-stability view for ASEAN banks. We also capture the non-linear relationship between competition and financial stability by incorporating a quadratic term of competition in our models. The results show that the coefficient of the quadratic term of H-statistic is negative for the Z-score model given a positive coefficient of the linear term in the same model. These results support the non-linear relationship between competition and financial stability of the banking sector. The study contains significant policy implications for improving the financial stability of the commercial banks.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conta Bancária
Competição Econômica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ásia Sudeste
Pesquisa Empírica
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170915
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170915
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170510
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0176546


  5 / 44 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28365672
[Au] Autor:Prorokovic A; Nikolic M; Simic N
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, University of Zadar, Zadar.
[Ti] Título:Moral reasoning and its correlates in job applicants.
[So] Source:Arh Hig Rada Toksikol;68(1):59-65, 2017 Mar 01.
[Is] ISSN:1848-6312
[Cp] País de publicação:Croatia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The aim of this study was to verify the applicability of the Test of Moral Reasoning (TMR) in the selection of job applicants and to see how it correlated with education, intelligence, and the "big five" personality traits. The study included 210 participants (132 women and 78 men) who applied for various positions in the banking sector. Our findings have confirmed the applicability of TMR for recruitment because they showed that TMR did not allow the candidates to fake their responses. Furthermore, they have confirmed Kohlberg's views that general intelligence and education are the main determinants of moral development (positive correlation), whereas tendency towards socially desirable responding showed a negative correlation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Emprego/psicologia
Candidatura a Emprego
Princípios Morais
Determinação da Personalidade
Seleção de Pessoal/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Conta Bancária
Croácia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170403
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28231324
[Au] Autor:Hurd TR; Gleeson JP; Melnik S
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Mathematics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
[Ti] Título:A framework for analyzing contagion in assortative banking networks.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(2):e0170579, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We introduce a probabilistic framework that represents stylized banking networks with the aim of predicting the size of contagion events. Most previous work on random financial networks assumes independent connections between banks, whereas our framework explicitly allows for (dis)assortative edge probabilities (i.e., a tendency for small banks to link to large banks). We analyze default cascades triggered by shocking the network and find that the cascade can be understood as an explicit iterated mapping on a set of edge probabilities that converges to a fixed point. We derive a cascade condition, analogous to the basic reproduction number R0 in epidemic modelling, that characterizes whether or not a single initially defaulted bank can trigger a cascade that extends to a finite fraction of the infinite network. This cascade condition is an easily computed measure of the systemic risk inherent in a given banking network topology. We use percolation theory for random networks to derive a formula for the frequency of global cascades. These analytical results are shown to provide limited quantitative agreement with Monte Carlo simulation studies of finite-sized networks. We show that edge-assortativity, the propensity of nodes to connect to similar nodes, can have a strong effect on the level of systemic risk as measured by the cascade condition. However, the effect of assortativity on systemic risk is subtle, and we propose a simple graph theoretic quantity, which we call the graph-assortativity coefficient, that can be used to assess systemic risk.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conta Bancária
Risco
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Algoritmos
Conta Bancária/métodos
Simulação por Computador
Seres Humanos
Modelos Econômicos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170816
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170816
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170224
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0170579


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[PMID]:28144951
[Au] Autor:Friedline T; West S; Rosell N; Serido J; Shim S
[Ad] Endereço:School of Social Welfare, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, USA.
[Ti] Título:Do Community Characteristics Relate to Young Adult College Students' Credit Card Debt? The Hypothesized Role of Collective Institutional Efficacy.
[So] Source:Am J Community Psychol;59(1-2):80-93, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1573-2770
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study examines the extent of emergent, outstanding credit card debt among young adult college students and investigates whether any associations existed between this credit card debt and the characteristics of the communities in which these students grew up or lived. Using data (N = 748) from a longitudinal survey and merging community characteristics measured at the zip code level, we confirmed that a community's unemployment rate, average total debt, average credit score, and number of bank branch offices were associated with a young adult college student's acquisition and accumulation of credit card debt. For example, a community's higher unemployment rate and lower number of bank branches were associated with a young adult college student's greater accumulated debt. Community characteristics had the strongest associations with credit card debt, especially after controlling for individual characteristics (i.e., a young adult college student's race and financial independence) and familial characteristics (i.e., their parents' income and parents' discussions of financial matters while growing up at home). The findings may help to understand the unique roles that communities play in shaping children and young adults' financial capability, and how communities can be better capacitated to support the financial goals of their residents.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Administração Financeira
Distribuição Espacial da População/estatística & dados numéricos
Estudantes
Desemprego/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Conta Bancária
Grupos Étnicos/estatística & dados numéricos
Características da Família
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Renda/estatística & dados numéricos
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Inquéritos e Questionários
Universidades
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171024
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171024
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170202
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ajcp.12116


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[PMID]:28002445
[Au] Autor:Pecora N; Rovira Kaltwasser P; Spelta A
[Ad] Endereço:Dept. of Economics and Social Sciences, Catholic University, Piacenza, Italy.
[Ti] Título:Discovering SIFIs in Interbank Communities.
[So] Source:PLoS One;11(12):e0167781, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper proposes a new methodology based on non-negative matrix factorization to detect communities and to identify central nodes in a network as well as within communities. The method is specifically designed for directed weighted networks and, consequently, it has been applied to the interbank network derived from the e-MID interbank market. In an interbank network indeed links are directed, representing flows of funds between lenders and borrowers. Besides distinguishing between Systemically Important Borrowers and Lenders, the technique complements the detection of systemically important banks, revealing the community structure of the network, that proxies the most plausible areas of contagion of institutions' distress.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conta Bancária/economia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Algoritmos
Redes Comunitárias/economia
Internet
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170703
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170703
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161222
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0167781


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[PMID]:27851796
[Au] Autor:Sun O; Liu Z
[Ad] Endereço:School of Economics and Management, Beihang University, Beijing, China.
[Ti] Título:Comparison of Monetary Policy Actions and Central Bank Communication on Tackling Asset Price Bubbles-Evidence from China's Stock Market.
[So] Source:PLoS One;11(11):e0166526, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We examine the different effects of monetary policy actions and central bank communication on China's stock market bubbles with a Time-varying Parameter SVAR model. We find that with negative responses of fundamental component and positive responses of bubble component of asset prices, contractionary monetary policy induces the observed stock prices to rise during periods of large bubbles. By contrast, central bank communication acts on the market through expectation guidance and has more significant effects on stock prices in the long run, which implies that central bank communication be used as an effective long-term instrument for the central bank's policymaking.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conta Bancária/economia
Comércio/economia
Comunicação
Investimentos em Saúde/economia
Políticas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: China
Modelos Econômicos
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170626
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170626
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161117
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0166526


  10 / 44 MEDLINE  
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Registro de Ensaios Clínicos
[PMID]:27793147
[Au] Autor:Tsai LC; Carlson CE; Aira T; Norcini Pala A; Riedel M; Witte SS
[Ad] Endereço:George Mason University College of Health and Human Services, MSN 1F8, Fairfax, VA, 22030, USA. lcordisc@gmu.edu.
[Ti] Título:The impact of a microsavings intervention on reducing violence against women engaged in sex work: a randomized controlled study.
[So] Source:BMC Int Health Hum Rights;16(1):27, 2016 Oct 28.
[Is] ISSN:1472-698X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Women who engage in sex work are at risk for experiencing violence from numerous perpetrators, including paying partners. Empirical evidence has shown mixed results regarding the impact of participation in microfinance interventions on women's experiences of violence, with some studies demonstrating reductions in intimate partner violence (IPV) and others showing heightened risk for IPV. The current study reports on the impact of participation in a microsavings intervention on experiences of paying partner violence among women engaged in sex work in Mongolia. METHODS: Between 2011 and 2013, we conducted a two-arm, non-blinded randomized controlled trial (RCT) comparing an HIV/STI risk reduction intervention (HIVSRR) (control condition) to a combined microsavings and HIVSRR intervention (treatment condition). Eligible women (aged 18 or older, reported having engaged in unprotected sex with paying partner in past 90 days, expressed interest in microsavings intervention) were invited to participate. One hundred seven were randomized, including 50 in the control and 57 in the treatment condition. Participants completed assessments at baseline, immediate post-test following HIVSRR, and at 3-months and 6-months after completion of the treatment group intervention. Outcomes for the current study include any violence (physical and/or sexual), sexual violence, and physical violence from paying partners in the past 90 days. RESULTS: An intention-to-treat approach was utilized. Linear growth models revealed significant reductions over time in both conditions for any violence (ß = -0.867, p < 0.001), physical violence (ß = -0.0923, p < 0.001), and sexual violence (ß = -1.639, p = 0.001) from paying partners. No significant differences between groups were found for any violence (ß = 0.118, p = 0.389), physical violence (ß = 0.091, p = 0.792), or sexual violence (ß = 0.379, p = 0.114) from paying partners. CONCLUSIONS: Microsavings participation did not significantly impact women's risk for paying partner violence. Qualitative research is recommended to understand the cause for reductions in paying partner violence in both study conditions. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Evaluating a Microfinance Intervention for High Risk Women in Mongolia; NCT01861431 ; May 20, 2013.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Renda
Trabalho Sexual
Profissionais do Sexo
Violência/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Conta Bancária
Comércio
Feminino
Infecções por HIV
Seres Humanos
Violência por Parceiro Íntimo
Meia-Idade
Mongólia
Parceiros Sexuais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171004
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171004
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161030
[Cl] Clinical Trial:ClinicalTrial
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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