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[PMID]:27334639
[Au] Autor:Suanet B; Antonucci TC
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social Sciences, VU University Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:Cohort Differences in Received Social Support in Later Life: The Role of Network Type.
[So] Source:J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci;72(4):706-715, 2017 Jul 01.
[Is] ISSN:1758-5368
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Objectives: The objective is to assess cohort differences in received emotional and instrumental support in relation to network types. The main guiding hypothesis is that due to increased salience of non-kin with recent social change, those in friend-focused and diverse network types receive more support in later birth cohorts than earlier birth cohorts. Method: Data from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam are employed. We investigate cohort differences in total received emotional and instrumental support in a series of linear regression models comparing birth cohorts aged 55-64, 65-74, 75-84, and 85-94 across three time periods (1992, 2002, and 2012). Results: Four network types (friend, family, restricted, and diverse) are identified. Friend-focused networks are more common in later birth cohorts, restrictive networks less common. Those in friend-focused networks in later cohorts report receiving more emotional and instrumental support. No differences in received support are evident upon diverse networks. Discussion: The increased salience of non-kin is reflected in an increase in received emotional and instrumental support in friend-focused networks in later birth cohorts. The preponderance of non-kin in networks should not be perceived as a deficit model for social relationships as restrictive networks are declining across birth cohorts.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Envelhecimento
Inteligência Emocional
Relações Interpessoais
Isolamento Social/psicologia
Apoio Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Envelhecimento/fisiologia
Envelhecimento/psicologia
Demografia
Características da Família
Feminino
Amigos/psicologia
Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Países Baixos/epidemiologia
Assistência a Idosos/organização & administração
Fatores de Risco
Fatores Socioeconômicos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170921
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170921
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160624
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/geronb/gbw075


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[PMID]:27912855
[Au] Autor:Hagemann S; Scherger S
[Ad] Endereço:University of Bremen, SOCIUM - Research Center on Inequality and Social Policy, Postfach 330440, 28334 Bremen, Germany. Electronic address: steffen.hagemann@uni-bremen.de.
[Ti] Título:Increasing pension age - Inevitable or unfeasible? Analysing the ideas underlying experts' arguments in the UK and Germany.
[So] Source:J Aging Stud;39:54-65, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1879-193X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Based on interviews with German and British experts from major political parties, government departments, employer confederations, trade unions and special interest organisations, we investigate the chains of arguments that these experts advance in favour of or against increases in state pension age. In this way, we add to the explanation why very similar reforms could be enforced in the very different pension systems of Germany and the UK. The chains of arguments deployed are surprisingly similar between the two countries: Whereas the proponents of reform stress its necessity in the context of pension spending and see older people as being able to work longer, opponents and sceptics of the increase doubt most older people's ability to work longer and thus the feasibility of the reform. The proponents prioritise ideas of intergenerational justice and meritocratic justice based on individual performance, and underline pension-related interest oppositions between age groups and cohorts. By contrast, opponents and sceptics tend to focus on needs-based justice and social inequalities within age groups. Concomitantly, the actors have different ideas on how a flexible transition to retirement could be organised, with country differences being more pronounced here.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fatores Etários
Envelhecimento
Definição da Elegibilidade
Assistência a Idosos
Política Pública
Justiça Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Alemanha
Seres Humanos
Relação entre Gerações
Reino Unido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170322
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170322
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161204
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27526215
[Au] Autor:McIntyre L; Kwok C; Emery JC; Dutton DJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Community Health Sciences, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB. lmcintyr@ucalgary.ca.
[Ti] Título:Impact of a guaranteed annual income program on Canadian seniors' physical, mental and functional health.
[So] Source:Can J Public Health;107(2):e176-82, 2016 08 15.
[Is] ISSN:1920-7476
[Cp] País de publicação:Canada
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: Although there is widespread recognition that poverty is a key determinant of health, there has been less research on the impact of poverty reduction on health. Recent calls for a guaranteed annual income (GAI), defined as regular income provided to citizens by the state regardless of work status, raise questions about the impact, relative to the costs, of such a population health intervention. The objective of this study was to determine the impact of Canadian seniors' benefits (Old Age Security/Guaranteed Income Supplement, analogous to a GAI program) on the self-reported health, self-reported mental health and functional health of age-eligible, low-income seniors. METHODS: We used the 2009-2010 Canadian Community Health Survey to examine unattached adult respondents with an annual income of $20,000 or less, stratified by seniors' benefits/GAI eligibility (55-64 years: ineligible; 65-74 years: eligible). Using regression, we assessed self-reported health, selfreported mental health and functional health as measured by the Health Utilities Index, as outcomes for seniors' benefits/GAI-eligible and -ineligible groups. RESULTS: We found that individuals age-eligible for seniors' benefits/GAI had better health outcomes than recipients of conditional income assistance programs. Eligibility for seniors' benefits/GAI after age 64 was associated with better self-reported health, functional health and self-reported mental health outcomes, and these effects were observed until age 74. CONCLUSION: Using seniors' benefits as an example, a GAI leads to significantly better mental health and improved health overall. These improvements are likely to yield reduced health care costs, which may offset the costs associated with program expansion.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Nível de Saúde
Renda/estatística & dados numéricos
Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos
Assistência a Idosos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Canadá
Definição da Elegibilidade
Feminino
Inquéritos Epidemiológicos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Pobreza
Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170216
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170216
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160816
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.17269/cjph.107.5372


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[PMID]:27282412
[Au] Autor:Parr N; Li J; Tickle L
[Ad] Endereço:a Macquarie University.
[Ti] Título:A cost of living longer: Projections of the effects of prospective mortality improvement on economic support ratios for 14 advanced economies.
[So] Source:Popul Stud (Camb);70(2):181-200, 2016 07.
[Is] ISSN:1477-4747
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The economic implications of increasing life expectancy are important concerns for governments in developed countries. The aims of this study were as follows: (i) to forecast mortality for 14 developed countries from 2010 to 2050, using the Poisson Common Factor Model; (ii) to project the effects of the forecast mortality patterns on support ratios; and (iii) to calculate labour force participation increases which could offset these effects. The forecast gains in life expectancy correlate negatively with current fertility. Pre-2050 support ratios are projected to fall most in Japan and east-central and southern Europe, and least in Sweden and Australia. A post-2050 recovery is projected for most east-central and southern European countries. The increases in labour force participation needed to counterbalance the effects of mortality improvement are greatest for Japan, Poland, and the Czech Republic, and least for the USA, Canada, Netherlands, and Sweden. The policy implications are discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Países Desenvolvidos/estatística & dados numéricos
Expectativa de Vida/tendências
Mortalidade/tendências
Assistência a Idosos/economia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Países Desenvolvidos/economia
Emprego/economia
Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos
Emprego/tendências
Feminino
Previsões
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Assistência a Idosos/estatística & dados numéricos
Assistência a Idosos/tendências
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170726
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170726
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160611
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/00324728.2016.1190029


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[PMID]:25350715
[Au] Autor:Chen T; Turner JA
[Ad] Endereço:a Doctoral Candidate, Center for Social Security Studies , Wuhan University , Wuhan , China.
[Ti] Título:Fragmentation in social security old-age benefit provision in China.
[So] Source:J Aging Soc Policy;27(2):107-22, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:1545-0821
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Currently, in many countries most workers are covered by a national social security benefits program that applies equally in all parts of the country. In China, however, social security old-age benefits are provided in a highly fragmented manner. This article documents the high degree of fragmentation. It discusses both why that has occurred and the effects of the fragmentation on participants. It examines effects of the fragmentation on benefit levels, focusing on variations in the generosity of benefit formulas but also considering other measures of benefit adequacy. Fragmentation is seen to cause differences in benefit levels even within a single city. While the new National Rural Pension Scheme is a major improvement in the provision of retirement security for rural workers, important differences still exist in the social security programs for urban and rural workers.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Assistência a Idosos/organização & administração
Aposentadoria/economia
Previdência Social/organização & administração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Agroquímicos
China
Definição da Elegibilidade
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
População Rural
Previdência Social/economia
População Urbana
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Agrochemicals)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1604
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150519
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150519
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:T
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:141029
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/08959420.2014.977647


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[PMID]:25373257
[Au] Autor:Mauduit L
[Ti] Título:[The dependence of the aging population - budget reform].
[Ti] Título:Dépendance, un projet de réforme á budgeter..
[So] Source:Soins Gerontol;(109):5, 2014 Sep-Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1268-6034
[Cp] País de publicação:France
[La] Idioma:fre
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Orçamentos/legislação & jurisprudência
Reforma dos Serviços de Saúde
Dinâmica Populacional
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
França
Habitação para Idosos/economia
Habitação para Idosos/legislação & jurisprudência
Seres Humanos
Casas de Saúde/economia
Casas de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência
Assistência a Idosos/economia
Assistência a Idosos/legislação & jurisprudência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1412
[Cu] Atualização por classe:141106
[Lr] Data última revisão:
141106
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:141107
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:24384809
[Au] Autor:Gustafson K; Baofeng H
[Ad] Endereço:Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA, kigustaf@jhsph.edu.
[Ti] Título:Elderly care and the one-child policy: concerns, expectations and preparations for elderly life in a rural Chinese township.
[So] Source:J Cross Cult Gerontol;29(1):25-36, 2014 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1573-0719
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Several studies have looked at the effect of the one-child policy on elderly care in China. This study compares the differences in concerns, expectations and preparations for elderly life of parents of reproductive age between one- and two-child families in a rural Chinese village. With support from the Bill and Melinda Gates Institute for Population and Reproductive Health, 800 one- and two-child families were surveyed from 2009 to 2010. The data showed that the parents of one-child families were significantly more concerned about being abandoned in old age. There was a discrepancy between parents' preferences and expectations for elderly care: while many parents "preferred" to live with their children in old age, only a small percentage "expected" to co-reside with their adult children. Some elders even preferred to live in elderly care institutions, indicating a change in the perception and accessibility of these institutions, which have historically been stigmatized and heavily restricted. As China's population ages, there is increased need for expanded services and alternatives to the traditional model of co-residence for the rural elderly.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Características da Família
Política de Planejamento Familiar
Política Pública
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Criança
China
Inquéritos Epidemiológicos
Seres Humanos
Entrevistas como Assunto
Masculino
Assistência a Idosos
Análise de Regressão
População Rural
Apoio Social
Fatores Socioeconômicos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1406
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171021
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171021
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140104
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10823-013-9218-1


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[PMID]:24300066
[Au] Autor:Matthews SH; Dunkle RE
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Sociology, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, OH 44115, United States. Electronic address: s.matthews@csuohio.edu.
[Ti] Título:Lessons from history: Surviving old age during The Great Depression in the United States.
[So] Source:J Aging Stud;27(4):464-75, 2013 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1879-193X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper focuses on 30 couples who received a pension and other services from two private trusts in Detroit, Michigan beginning in 1929 or 1930. Results of the qualitative analysis of case files, which contain notes recorded chronologically for 17 of the couples and then surviving spouses, provide a portrait of older couples' lives prior to a partner's death, circumstances surrounding the death, and changes in the social support systems of widows and widowers until their deaths. Close examination of the experiences of these couples is a reminder of how old age and widowhood were experienced prior to the enactment of public pensions and health insurance in the United States.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Recessão Econômica/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Características da Família/história
Feminino
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Assistência a Idosos/história
Pensões/história
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1407
[Cu] Atualização por classe:131204
[Lr] Data última revisão:
131204
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:131205
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:24300055
[Au] Autor:Moor N; de Graaf PM; Komter A
[Ad] Endereço:Tilburg School of Social and Behavioural Sciences, Department of Sociology, P.O. Box 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands. Electronic address: J.A.Moor@tilburguniversity.edu.
[Ti] Título:Family, welfare state generosity and the vulnerability of older adults: A cross-national study.
[So] Source:J Aging Stud;27(4):347-57, 2013 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1879-193X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The availability of family can be considered a protective factor for aging well. In this article, we examine to what extent the family situation of older people creates vulnerability with respect to their quality of life. Because not everyone is vulnerable to the same degree, we try to identify the conditions under which older people benefit more from having family resources. Based on the resources perspective, we argue that the impact of family resources on life satisfaction is stronger for older people with fewer resources at both the individual level (material, physical and non-familial social resources) and the country level (welfare state services targeted at older adults). To test our hypotheses we make use of the fourth wave of the European Values Study, and the MULTILINKS Social Policy Indicators database. In general our data offer support for the idea that the presence of intimate family ties (with partner and children) can be considered an important resource for achieving psychological well-being, whereas their absence or loss may act as a constraint. Our vulnerability argument is partly supported by the findings. Partner resources are more important for the life satisfaction of older people with a low education and health problems. Similarly, having children only improves the life-satisfaction of lower educated older adults. However, family resources are not more important for older people with fewer material resources or for older people living in countries with low services levels targeted at older adults.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Relações Familiares
Satisfação Pessoal
Seguridade Social/estatística & dados numéricos
Populações Vulneráveis/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Escolaridade
Europa (Continente)
Saúde da Família
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Relações Interpessoais
Masculino
Assistência a Idosos/estatística & dados numéricos
Qualidade de Vida
Análise de Regressão
Apoio Social
Seguridade Social/psicologia
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Populações Vulneráveis/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1407
[Cu] Atualização por classe:131204
[Lr] Data última revisão:
131204
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:131205
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:24238527
[Au] Autor:Dai BZ; Zhou LL; Mei YJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Health Security, School of Management, Jiangsu University; Research Institute for New Rural Development of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu 212013, China.
[Ti] Título:Old age security in rural China: there is a long way to go.
[So] Source:Chin Med J (Engl);126(22):4348-53, 2013 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:0366-6999
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the current developments and challenges confronted by old age security in rural China. DATA SOURCES: This study is based on the data from PubMed, Elsevier, Wiley, EBSCO, EMBASE, SCI Expanded, ProQuest, Google, and CNKI which is the most informative database in Chinese. STUDY SELECTION: Articles were selected with the search terms "rural", "China", "old", "older", or "elder", "elderly", or "aged", "aging", "security", "culture", "value", "medical insurance" or "community based medical insurance" or "cooperative medical scheme". Related websites and yearbooks were searched as well. RESULTS: The socio-economic development has made the burden of traditional care for the rural elderly heavier than ever, and new challenges are emerging in rural communities, such as poor economic, deteriorating natural environment and health crisis. CONCLUSIONS: The governments should improve the scale and caliber of rural old age security and strengthen regulations with great efforts in developing the rural economy and protecting the natural environment of rural communities.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Assistência a Idosos/legislação & jurisprudência
Assistência a Idosos/estatística & dados numéricos
População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
China
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Assistência a Idosos/tendências
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1405
[Cu] Atualização por classe:131118
[Lr] Data última revisão:
131118
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:131119
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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