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[PMID]:29447192
[Au] Autor:Abbasi A; Sadeghi-Niaraki A; Jalili M; Choi SM
[Ad] Endereço:School of Engineering and IT, University of New South Wales (UNSW), Canberra, ACT, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Enhancing response coordination through the assessment of response network structural dynamics.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(2):e0191130, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Preparing for intensifying threats of emergencies in unexpected, dangerous, and serious natural or man-made events, and consequent management of the situation, is highly demanding in terms of coordinating the personnel and resources to support human lives and the environment. This necessitates prompt action to manage the uncertainties and risks imposed by such extreme events, which requires collaborative operation among different stakeholders (i.e., the personnel from both the state and local communities). This research aims to find a way to enhance the coordination of multi-organizational response operations. To do so, this manuscript investigates the role of participants in the formed coordination response network and also the emergence and temporal dynamics of the network. By analyzing an inter-personal response coordination operation to an extreme bushfire event, the networks' and participants' structural change is evaluated during the evolution of the operation network over four time durations. The results reveal that the coordination response network becomes more decentralized over time due to the high volume of communication required to exchange information. New emerging communication structures often do not fit the developed plans, which stress the need for coordination by feedback in addition to by plan. In addition, we find that the participant's brokering role in the response operation network identifies a formal and informal coordination role. This is useful for comparison of network structures to examine whether what really happens during response operations complies with the initial policy.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Administração de Recursos Humanos/métodos
Alocação de Recursos/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Austrália
Comunicação
Socorristas
Bombeiros
Seres Humanos
Organizações/organização & administração
Incêndios Florestais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191130


  2 / 6790 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29364979
[Au] Autor:Thomson KA; Telfer B; Opondo Awiti P; Munge J; Ngunga M; Reid A
[Ad] Endereço:Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) Operational Centre Brussels, Nairobi, Kenya.
[Ti] Título:Navigating the risks of prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV services in Kibera, Kenya: Barriers to engaging and remaining in care.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191463, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Within the first year of implementation, 43% of women who tested HIV positive at their first antenatal care visit were no longer retained and being followed in the free prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV program offered by the Kenyan Ministry of Health and Médecins Sans Frontières in the informal settlement of Kibera, Nairobi. This study aimed to explore barriers to enrolling and remaining engaged in PMTCT services throughout the pregnancy and postpartum periods. Qualitative data from 31 focus group discussions and 35 in-depth interviews across six stakeholder groups that included women, men, and PMTCT service providers were analyzed. Using an inductive exploratory approach, four researchers coded the data and identified key themes. Five themes emerged from the data that may influence attrition from PMTCT service in this setting: 1) HIV in the context of Kibera, 2) knowledge of HIV status, 3) knowledge of PMTCT, 4) disclosure of HIV status, and 5) male partner support for PMTCT services. A new HIV diagnosis during pregnancy immediately triggered an ongoing risk assessment of perceived hazards in the home, community, and clinic environments that could occur as a result of female participation in PMTCT services. Male partners were a major influence in this risk assessment, but were generally unaware of PMTCT services. To preserve relationships with male partners, meet community expectations of womanhood, and maintain confidentiality while following recommendations of healthcare providers, women had to continuously weigh the risks and benefits of PMTCT services and interventions. Community-based HIV testing and PMTCT education, male involvement in antenatal care, and counseling customized to assist each woman in her own unique risk assessment, may improve uptake of and retention in care and optimize the HIV prevention benefit of PMTCT interventions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle
Infecções por HIV/transmissão
Transmissão Vertical de Doença Infecciosa/prevenção & controle
Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Feminino
Infecções por HIV/complicações
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Seres Humanos
Recém-Nascido
Quênia
Masculino
Organizações
Participação do Paciente
Gravidez
Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/terapia
Cuidado Pré-Natal
Medição de Risco
Gestão de Riscos
Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia
Revelação da Verdade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180226
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180226
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180125
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191463


  3 / 6790 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29261767
[Au] Autor:Psylla I; Sapiezynski P; Mones E; Lehmann S
[Ad] Endereço:DTU Compute, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lygby, Denmark.
[Ti] Título:The role of gender in social network organization.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(12):e0189873, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The digital traces we leave behind when engaging with the modern world offer an interesting lens through which we study behavioral patterns as expression of gender. Although gender differentiation has been observed in a number of settings, the majority of studies focus on a single data stream in isolation. Here we use a dataset of high resolution data collected using mobile phones, as well as detailed questionnaires, to study gender differences in a large cohort. We consider mobility behavior and individual personality traits among a group of more than 800 university students. We also investigate interactions among them expressed via person-to-person contacts, interactions on online social networks, and telecommunication. Thus, we are able to study the differences between male and female behavior captured through a multitude of channels for a single cohort. We find that while the two genders are similar in a number of aspects, there are robust deviations that include multiple facets of social interactions, suggesting the existence of inherent behavioral differences. Finally, we quantify how aspects of an individual's characteristics and social behavior reveals their gender by posing it as a classification problem. We ask: How well can we distinguish between male and female study participants based on behavior alone? Which behavioral features are most predictive?
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Organizações
Caracteres Sexuais
Apoio Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Algoritmos
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Relações Interpessoais
Masculino
Personalidade
Mídias Sociais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171221
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0189873


  4 / 6790 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28846027
[Au] Autor:Widmar NJO; Morgan CJ; Croney CC
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Agricultural Economics , Purdue University.
[Ti] Título:Perceptions of Social Responsibility of Prominent Animal Welfare Groups.
[So] Source:J Appl Anim Welf Sci;21(1):27-39, 2018 Jan-Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1532-7604
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Nonhuman animal welfare is an increasingly important component of consumer expectations of corporate social responsibility (CSR). The extent to which prominent animal welfare or protection organizations may influence people's perceptions of food industry CSR may be related to an organization's perceived social responsibility. Data from an online survey of 300 U.S. residents were used to explore relationships between demographics/lifestyle choices and perceptions of prominent animal welfare organizations (using best-worst scaling methodology). Overall, the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals was perceived to be the most socially responsible organization analyzed, followed by the Humane Society of the United States and the American Humane Association (AHA). Results suggest that the perceived social responsibility of animal protection organizations in this study was not strongly linked to personally (financially) supporting them, with 2 exceptions: the perceptions of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals and AHA. Improved understanding of the perception of animal welfare or protection organizations can inform decision making by organizations interested in furthering animal welfare causes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bem-Estar do Animal
Comportamento do Consumidor
Percepção
Responsabilidade Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Bem-Estar do Animal/organização & administração
Animais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Modelos Logísticos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Organizações
Sociedades Científicas
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Inquéritos e Questionários
Estados Unidos
Médicos Veterinários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170829
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/10888705.2017.1365000


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[PMID]:28748949
[Au] Autor:Pagano M
[Ad] Endereço:chair of the department of biochemistry and molecular pharmacology at the New York University School of Medicine, and a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator.
[Ti] Título:Don't run biomedical science as a business.
[So] Source:Nature;547(7664):381, 2017 07 25.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comércio
Organizações
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171128
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171128
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170728
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/547381a


  6 / 6790 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28837574
[Au] Autor:Scott K; George AS; Harvey SA; Mondal S; Patel G; Ved R; Garimella S; Sheikh K
[Ad] Endereço:Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Beyond form and functioning: Understanding how contextual factors influence village health committees in northern India.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(8):e0182982, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Health committees are a common strategy to foster community participation in health. Efforts to strengthen committees often focus on technical inputs to improve committee form (e.g. representative membership) and functioning (e.g. meeting procedures). However, porous and interconnected contextual spheres also mediate committee effectiveness. Using a framework for contextual analysis, we explored the contextual features that facilitated or hindered Village Health, Sanitation and Nutrition Committee (VHSNC) functionality in rural north India. We conducted interviews (n = 74), focus groups (n = 18) and observation over 1.5 years. Thematic content analysis enabled the identification and grouping of themes, and detailed exploration of sub-themes. While the intervention succeeded in strengthening committee form and functioning, participant accounts illuminated the different ways in which contextual influences impinged on VHSNC efficacy. Women and marginalized groups navigated social hierarchies that curtailed their ability to assert themselves in the presence of men and powerful local families. These dynamics were not static and unchanging, illustrated by pre-existing cross-caste problem solving, and the committee's creation of opportunities for the careful violation of social norms. Resource and capacity deficits in government services limited opportunities to build relationships between health system actors and committee members and engendered mistrust of government institutions. Fragmented administrative accountability left committee members bearing responsibility for improving local health without access to stakeholders who could support or respond to their efforts. The committee's narrow authority was at odds with widespread community needs, and committee members struggled to involve diverse government services across the health, sanitation, and nutrition sectors. Multiple parallel systems (political decentralization, media and other village groups) presented opportunities to create more enabling VHSNC contexts, although the potential to harness these opportunities was largely unmet. This study highlights the urgent need for supportive contexts in which people can not only participate in health committees, but also access the power and resources needed to bring about actual improvements to their health and wellbeing.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Participação da Comunidade
Serviços de Saúde
População Rural
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Grupos Focais
Seres Humanos
Índia
Masculino
Estado Nutricional
Organizações
Saneamento
Saúde da Mulher
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171019
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171019
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170825
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0182982


  7 / 6790 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28827314
[Au] Autor:Hainline B; Derman W; Vernec A; Budgett R; Deie M; Dvorák J; Harle C; Herring SA; McNamee M; Meeuwisse W; Lorimer Moseley G; Omololu B; Orchard J; Pipe A; Pluim BM; Ræder J; Siebert C; Stewart M; Stuart M; Turner JA; Ware M; Zideman D; Engebretsen L
[Ad] Endereço:National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), Indianapolis, Indiana, USA.
[Ti] Título:International Olympic Committee consensus statement on pain management in elite athletes.
[So] Source:Br J Sports Med;51(17):1245-1258, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1473-0480
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Pain is a common problem among elite athletes and is frequently associated with sport injury. Both pain and injury interfere with the performance of elite athletes. There are currently no evidence-based or consensus-based guidelines for the management of pain in elite athletes. Typically, pain management consists of the provision of analgesics, rest and physical therapy. More appropriately, a treatment strategy should address all contributors to pain including underlying pathophysiology, biomechanical abnormalities and psychosocial issues, and should employ therapies providing optimal benefit and minimal harm. To advance the development of a more standardised, evidence-informed approach to pain management in elite athletes, an IOC Consensus Group critically evaluated the current state of the science and practice of pain management in sport and prepared recommendations for a more unified approach to this important topic.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Traumatismos em Atletas/terapia
Manejo da Dor/métodos
Manejo da Dor/normas
Medicina Esportiva/normas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Analgésicos/normas
Analgésicos/uso terapêutico
Atletas
Consenso
Seres Humanos
Organizações
Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto
Volta ao Esporte
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Analgesics)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170824
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170824
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170823
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bjsports-2017-097884


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[PMID]:28783017
[Au] Autor:Peterson St-Laurent G; Hagerman S; Hoberg G
[Ad] Endereço:Institute for Resources, Environment, and Sustainability, University of British Columbia, 2202 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4, Canada. Electronic address: peterson.guil@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Barriers to the development of forest carbon offsetting: Insights from British Columbia, Canada.
[So] Source:J Environ Manage;203(Pt 1):208-217, 2017 Dec 01.
[Is] ISSN:1095-8630
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In recent years, the provision of economic incentives through carbon financing and carbon offsetting has been central to efforts at forest carbon mitigation. However, notwithstanding their potentially important roles in climate policy, forest carbon offsets face numerous barriers which have limited widespread implementation worldwide. This paper uses the case study of the Canadian province of British Columbia to explore the barriers associated with achieving widespread implementation of forest carbon offsets in the next several decades. Drawing on interviews with experts from government, non-governmental organizations, the private sector and First Nations, six main barriers are identified and discussed: (1) deficiencies of carbon markets, (2) limited economic benefits, (3) uncertain climate effectiveness, (4) negative public opinion, (5) limited and uncertain property rights, and (6) governance issues. While respondents from different sectors agreed on various points, divergence was also observed, notably on the trade-off between generating environmentally sound offsets and promoting cost-effective ways to achieve mitigation. We discuss these differences in the context of the goals and objectives of different actors, and offer insights for understanding the uptake (or not) of carbon offset policies.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Carbono
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais
Florestas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Colúmbia Britânica
Organizações
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
7440-44-0 (Carbon)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171113
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171113
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170808
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28770849
[Au] Autor:Dietz J; Epstein L; Abel SW
[Ad] Endereço:FDA, Silver Spring, Maryland, USA.
[Ti] Título:GM-food regulations: US agencies respond.
[So] Source:Nature;548(7665):31, 2017 08 02.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Alimentos
Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Organizações
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171008
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171008
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170804
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/548031c


  10 / 6790 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28686618
[Au] Autor:Aydin CI; Ozkaynak B; Rodríguez-Labajos B; Yenilmez T
[Ad] Endereço:REEDS-Centre for Research in Ecological Economics, Eco-Innovation and Tool Development for Sustainability, UVSQ-Universite Paris Saclay, Guyancourt, France.
[Ti] Título:Network effects in environmental justice struggles: An investigation of conflicts between mining companies and civil society organizations from a network perspective.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(7):e0180494, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper examines conflicts that occur between mining companies and civil society organizations (CSOs) around the world and offers an innovative analysis of mining conflicts from a social network perspective. The analysis showed that, as the number of CSOs involved in a conflict increased, its outcome was more likely to be perceived as a success in terms of environmental justice (EJ); if a CSO was connected to other central CSOs, the average perception of EJ success was likely to increase; and as network distance between two conflicts increased (or decreased), they were more likely to lead to different (or similar) EJ outcomes. Such network effects in mining conflicts have policy implications for EJ movements. It would be a strategic move on the part of successful CSOs to become involved in other major conflicts and disseminate information about how they achieved greater EJ success.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mineração/economia
Política Pública
Justiça Social
Apoio Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Algoritmos
Meio Ambiente
Seres Humanos
Organizações
Análise de Regressão
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171006
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171006
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170708
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0180494



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