Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : N03.540.162 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 9 [refinar]
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  1 / 9 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26990512
[Au] Autor:Goldsberry J; Moore L; MacMillan D; Butler S
[Ad] Endereço:School of Nursing, Georgia College & State University, Milledgeville, Georgia.
[Ti] Título:Assessing the effects of a sexually transmitted disease educational intervention on fraternity and sorority members' knowledge and attitudes toward safe sex behaviors.
[So] Source:J Am Assoc Nurse Pract;28(4):188-95, 2016 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:2327-6924
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: College years are a time young adults examine high-risk sexual behaviors, increasing their risk for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Fraternity/sorority membership has been identified as one factor contributing to increased risky sexual behavior in college students. This study measured the effectiveness of an educational intervention targeting STD prevention in fraternity and sorority members, and examined relationships between STD knowledge, attitudes, and demographics. METHODS: A descriptive, correlational design was used. Pre- and posttest data were collected from fraternity and sorority members (N = 132). Instruments measured demographic characteristics, STD knowledge, and attitudes toward safe sex behaviors. CONCLUSIONS: There was a significant increase in STD knowledge from baseline (M = 13.03, SD = 6.5) to 1 week (M = 20.27, SD = 4.9) t (131) = -13.53, p = .000. Males were more likely to report attitudes toward risky sexual behavior rs(132) = .323, p = .000, and as knowledge increased, attitudes became more favorable to safe sex behaviors (pre-STD knowledge and preintervention attitudes, r(132) = -.249, p = .004; post-STD knowledge and postintervention attitudes, rs(132) = -.307, p = .000). IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Results support that brief STD educational interventions can increase STD knowledge. College health centers must aim to provide sexual health education to all students at every visit.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Educação em Saúde/normas
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Comportamento Sexual/psicologia
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Fraternidades e Irmandades Universitárias/tendências
Feminino
Educação em Saúde/métodos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Sexo Seguro/psicologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160319
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/2327-6924.12353


  2 / 9 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26220561
[Au] Autor:Mann L; Feddes AR; Doosje B; Fischer AH
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Social Psychology , University of Amsterdam , Amsterdam , The Netherlands .
[Ti] Título:Withdraw or affiliate? The role of humiliation during initiation rituals.
[So] Source:Cogn Emot;30(1):80-100, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1464-0600
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Initiation rituals can take different forms and empirical evidence is inconsistent as to whether these rituals promote affiliation among novices. We argue that experienced humiliation during initiations leads to less affiliation among novices, in particular when one is initiated as sole group member rather than as part of the group. We examined this hypothesis in three studies, using different paradigms. In Study 1 (N = 123), perceived severity of an initiation in the past was associated with lower affiliation with other novices; this relationship was mediated by experienced humiliation. Study 2 (N = 64) showed that public derogation in the lab led to more humiliation when participants were the only victim than when they were derogated as a group. Study 3 (N = 248), a vignette study, showed that a similar effect of social context was mediated by expected support from other novices. We conclude that severe initiations may, due to experienced humiliation, result in less rather than more affiliation with fellow novices.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Ritualístico
Emoções
Comportamento Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Fraternidades e Irmandades Universitárias
Feminino
Processos Grupais
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1609
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151030
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151030
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150730
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/02699931.2015.1050358


  3 / 9 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26168228
[Au] Autor:Haas AL; Wickham R; Macia K; Shields M; Macher R; Schulte T
[Ad] Endereço:Palo Alto University.
[Ti] Título:Identifying classes of conjoint alcohol and marijuana use in entering freshmen.
[So] Source:Psychol Addict Behav;29(3):620-6, 2015 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1939-1501
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The current study identified classes of conjoint marijuana and alcohol use in entering college freshmen using latent profile analysis (N = 772; 53% male, 60% White; Mage = 18). Results yielded 4 distinct groups: Class 1 (moderate drinking with recent marijuana use: 22% of sample), Class 2 (moderate drinking with no recent marijuana use: 25%), Class 3 (light drinking with no recent marijuana use: 40%) and Class 4 (heavy drinking with recent marijuana use: 14%). Separate pairwise contrasts examined cross-class differences in demographics and drinking behaviors, comparing differences in drinking when current marijuana use was controlled (Class 1 vs. 4) and differences in marijuana use when drinking was held relatively constant (Class 1 vs. 2). Among moderate drinkers, recent marijuana users were more likely to drink more than intended, drink to get drunk, and had more problems (including higher rates of blackouts, physical injury, and DUI) relative to peers who refrained from marijuana. No cross-class differences were found for alcohol expectancies or behavioral motives. Findings from these analyses show the presence of distinct groups of conjoint users with different drinking behaviors and consequence profiles, and suggest that conjoint alcohol-marijuana use may be more problematic overall than single substance involvement and highlight the need for developing campus prevention and intervention programs that address the increased risk from polysubstance involvement.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Consumo de Álcool na Faculdade
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia
Alcoolismo/epidemiologia
Abuso de Maconha/epidemiologia
Fumar Maconha/epidemiologia
Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Intoxicação Alcoólica
Alcoolismo/classificação
Classificação
Estudos de Coortes
Fraternidades e Irmandades Universitárias
Comorbidade
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Abuso de Maconha/classificação
Motivação
Grupo Associado
Risco
Universidades
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Em] Mês de entrada:1605
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150929
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150929
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150714
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1037/adb0000089


  4 / 9 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25976418
[Au] Autor:Marzell M; Bavarian N; Paschall MJ; Mair C; Saltz RF
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Community and Behavioral Health, College of Public Health, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA.
[Ti] Título:Party Characteristics, Drinking Settings, and College Students' Risk of Intoxication: A Multi-Campus Study.
[So] Source:J Prim Prev;36(4):247-58, 2015 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1573-6547
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We examined party characteristics across different college drinking settings, associations between party characteristics and likelihood of drinking to intoxication, and the mediating role of perceived prevalence of intoxicated partygoers. Students (N = 6903) attending 14 public universities in California during the 2010 and 2011 fall semesters completed surveys on individual and party characteristics in six unique settings (e.g., residence hall). We used descriptive statistics to examine party characteristics by setting. We estimated multilevel logistic regression models to identify party characteristics associated with drinking to intoxication, and we used RMediation to determine significance of mediating effects. Individual and party characteristics varied by drinking context. Greater time at a party was associated with drinking to intoxication at five of six settings, while larger party size was significant only for outdoor settings. Enforcing the legal drinking age and refusing to serve intoxicated patrons were associated with lower likelihood of intoxication at Greek and off-campus parties. The presence of a keg was associated with drinking to intoxication at Greek, off-campus and outdoor parties; at bars, cover charges and drink promotions were positively associated with drinking to intoxication. In four of six settings, we found evidence of significant mediating effects through perceived prevalence of intoxicated partygoers. Findings highlight risk and protective characteristics of parties by drinking setting, and have prevention implications.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Consumo de Álcool na Faculdade/psicologia
Intoxicação Alcoólica/epidemiologia
Comportamento Social
Meio Social
Estudantes/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Intoxicação Alcoólica/prevenção & controle
Intoxicação Alcoólica/psicologia
California/epidemiologia
Fraternidades e Irmandades Universitárias/estatística & dados numéricos
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Modelos Logísticos
Masculino
Fatores de Proteção
Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
Fatores de Risco
Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1604
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150516
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10935-015-0393-4


  5 / 9 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25575768
[Au] Autor:Benson K; Flory K; Humphreys KL; Lee SS
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, Barnwell College, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, 29208, USA.
[Ti] Título:Misuse of stimulant medication among college students: a comprehensive review and meta-analysis.
[So] Source:Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev;18(1):50-76, 2015 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1573-2827
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The misuse of stimulant medication among college students is a prevalent and growing problem. The purpose of this review and meta-analysis is to summarize the current research on rates and demographic and psychosocial correlates of stimulant medication misuse among college students, to provide methodological guidance and other ideas for future research, and to provide some preliminary suggestions for preventing and reducing misuse on college campuses. Random-effects meta-analysis found that the rate of stimulant medication misuse among college students was estimated at 17 % (95 % CI [0.13, 0.23], p < .001) and identified several psychological variables that differentiated misusers and nonusers, including symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, problems associated with alcohol use, and marijuana use. A qualitative review of the literature also revealed that Greek organization membership, academic performance, and other substance use were associated with misuse. Students are misusing primarily for academic reasons, and the most common source for obtaining stimulant medication is peers with prescriptions. Interpretation of findings is complicated by the lack of a standard misuse definition as well as validated tools for measuring stimulant misuse. The relation between stimulant medication misuse and extra curricular participation, academic outcomes, depression, and eating disorders requires further investigation, as do the reasons why students divert or misuse and whether policies on college campuses contribute to the high rates of misuse among students. Future research should also work to develop and implement effective prevention strategies for reducing the diversion and misuse of stimulant medication on college campuses.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Estimulantes do Sistema Nervoso Central
Uso Indevido de Medicamentos sob Prescrição/estatística & dados numéricos
Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Logro
Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/tratamento farmacológico
Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/epidemiologia
Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/psicologia
Fraternidades e Irmandades Universitárias/estatística & dados numéricos
Seres Humanos
Motivação
Grupo Associado
Uso Indevido de Medicamentos sob Prescrição/psicologia
Prevalência
Fatores de Risco
Estudantes/psicologia
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia
Universidades
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; META-ANALYSIS; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Central Nervous System Stimulants)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1611
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171018
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171018
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150111
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10567-014-0177-z


  6 / 9 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25462654
[Au] Autor:Kilmer JR; Geisner IM; Gasser ML; Lindgren KP
[Ad] Endereço:Center for the Study of Health and Risk Behaviors, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, 1100 NE 45th Street, Suite 300, Seattle, WA 98105, United States.
[Ti] Título:Normative perceptions of non-medical stimulant use: associations with actual use and hazardous drinking.
[So] Source:Addict Behav;42:51-6, 2015 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1873-6327
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:UNLABELLED: Approximately 10% of US college students are engaged in non-medical use of prescription stimulants (NMUPS) and that use is linked to concerning health, educational, and societal consequences. Few studies have assessed normative perceptions surrounding NMUPS. Accordingly, we examined self-reported use and normative perceptions for NMUPS and demographic factors that may be associated with them. We also investigated whether higher normative perceptions for NMUPS were related to the most commonly used and abused substance among college students (alcohol). METHOD: 1106 undergraduates participated in an online survey of normative perceptions of NMUPS and students' own drinking and stimulant use habits. RESULTS: Students overestimated NMUPS by other students and those normative estimates were associated with higher NMUPS. Living in a fraternity or sorority was related to higher NMUPS and perceived norms. Finally, higher normative perceptions of NMUPS were associated with higher hazardous drinking. CONCLUSION: The large discrepancy between actual use (generally low) and students' perceptions (generally high), and the relationship of these perceptions to both one's own use of NMUPS and alcohol suggests that interventions aimed at correcting norms may be useful.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Alcoolismo/epidemiologia
Atitude Frente à Saúde
Estimulantes do Sistema Nervoso Central
Uso Indevido de Medicamentos sob Prescrição/psicologia
Estudantes/psicologia
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia
Fraternidades e Irmandades Universitárias/estatística & dados numéricos
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Uso Indevido de Medicamentos sob Prescrição/estatística & dados numéricos
Meio Social
Normas Sociais
Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Central Nervous System Stimulants)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1508
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161019
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161019
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:141203
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 9 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:24945636
[Au] Autor:Reno JE; McNamee LG
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Communication , University of Kentucky.
[Ti] Título:Do sororities promote members' health? A study of memorable messages regarding weight and appearance.
[So] Source:Health Commun;30(4):385-97, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:1532-7027
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study examines the relationship between sorority communication practices and members' body images through the lens of organizational socialization and identification. Specifically, we analyzed 210 sorority members' memorable messages concerning weight and physical appearance using an inductive coding method. While many of the messages examined were affirming or complimentary in nature, the results of the analysis suggest that these types of messages may positively as well as negatively influence members' body images, behaviors regarding physical appearance, and social identities. These findings contribute to scholarly and practical understandings of the influences on college women's body image and health and the potentially powerful role that organizations play in shaping members' attitudes and actions concerning their eating, exercise, and other aspects of their appearance. Implications for future health communication research in other organizational contexts outside of sororities are also discussed. Additionally, the findings of the current study indicate the broad utility of a memorable messages approach and suggest the need for further examination of the ways in which differing organizational dynamics may demonstrate divergence from traditional sources of memorable messages.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Imagem Corporal/psicologia
Fraternidades e Irmandades Universitárias
Comunicação
Promoção da Saúde
Estudantes/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Peso Corporal
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Aparência Física
Estudos Prospectivos
Identificação Social
Socialização
Sudoeste dos Estados Unidos
Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos
Universidades
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1610
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170103
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170103
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140620
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/10410236.2013.863702


  8 / 9 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:24923889
[Au] Autor:Gardella JH; Nichols-Hadeed CA; Mastrocinque JM; Stone JT; Coates CA; Sly CJ; Cerulli C
[Ad] Endereço:University of Rochester, NY, USA Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA joseph.h.gardella@vanderbilt.edu.
[Ti] Título:Beyond Clery Act statistics: a closer look at college victimization based on self-report data.
[So] Source:J Interpers Violence;30(4):640-58, 2015 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1552-6518
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study examined the relationships among victimization, demographic characteristics, and activity choices in a cross-sectional sample of 479 undergraduate students. In the sample, 74% was female and 65% was Caucasian, with an even distribution of ages ranging from 18 to 22+ years; all participants completed an online survey. Using survey feedback, the study team performed multivariate regression analysis and reported quantity and type of victimization experiences in relation to factors that may contribute to identifying groups at risk for experiencing violence. Findings suggest that gender, grade point average, and membership in student organizations or Greek-letter organizations influence students' potential for different types of victimization. Furthermore, alcohol use and household income did not have a statistically significant relationship with any victimization types. Finally, rates reported indicate student underreporting and illustrate difficulty implementing the Clery Act. Policy recommendations, future research, and limitations are discussed. With accurate victimization data, resources and services may be more efficiently allocated to meet the needs of students at greater risk for victimization.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Vítimas de Crime/legislação & jurisprudência
Vítimas de Crime/psicologia
Notificação Compulsória
Violência/legislação & jurisprudência
Violência/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Fraternidades e Irmandades Universitárias
Vítimas de Crime/estatística & dados numéricos
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Autorrelato
Delitos Sexuais/legislação & jurisprudência
Delitos Sexuais/psicologia
Delitos Sexuais/estatística & dados numéricos
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Universidades
Violência/estatística & dados numéricos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1508
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150106
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150106
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140614
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/0886260514535257


  9 / 9 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:24527968
[Au] Autor:Cheney MK; Harris LW; Gowin MJ; Huber J
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Health and Exercise Science , University of Oklahoma , Norman , Oklahoma.
[Ti] Título:Smoking and membership in a fraternity or sorority: a systematic review of the literature.
[So] Source:J Am Coll Health;62(4):264-76, 2014.
[Is] ISSN:1940-3208
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: Fraternity and sorority members have higher rates of smoking than other college students. This systematic review examines studies that included fraternity/sorority membership in their investigation of smoking behaviors. PARTICIPANTS/METHODS: Studies identified in MEDLINE, PsychInfo, JSTOR, CINAHL, ERIC, and Google Scholar published between 2003 and 2013 were included if they included fraternity and/or sorority membership, were written in English, published in a peer-reviewed journal, and had smoking as an outcome variable. Nineteen studies were identified for the review. RESULTS: Fraternity/sorority members were more likely to be nondaily smokers. Members who lived in the fraternity/sorority house had higher rates of smoking than members who lived elsewhere. Fraternity/sorority member smoking was associated with alcohol and other substance use. The influence of no-smoking policies on fraternity/sorority member smoking was also examined. CONCLUSIONS: Fraternity/sorority membership was associated with higher rates of smoking, but this association was influenced by other substance use and environmental factors.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fraternidades e Irmandades Universitárias
Fumar/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia
Feminino
Habitação
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Fumar Maconha/epidemiologia
Política Antifumo/legislação & jurisprudência
Socialização
Estudantes/psicologia
Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos
Universidades/legislação & jurisprudência
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1507
[Cu] Atualização por classe:140509
[Lr] Data última revisão:
140509
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140218
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/07448481.2014.891595



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