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[PMID]:29219994
[Ti] Título:Gene-drive technology needs thorough scrutiny.
[So] Source:Nature;552(7683):6, 2017 12 07.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Tecnologia de Impulso Genético/efeitos adversos
Tecnologia de Impulso Genético/legislação & jurisprudência
Edição de Genes/legislação & jurisprudência
Medição de Risco
Nações Unidas/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Biodiversidade
Canadá
Congressos como Assunto
Correio Eletrônico
Cooperação Internacional
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171209
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/d41586-017-08214-4


  2 / 6539 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29246987
[Ti] Título:Environment's role in global antibiotic resistance 'overlooked' until now.
[So] Source:Vet Rec;181(24):643, 2017 12 16.
[Is] ISSN:2042-7670
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos
Meio Ambiente
Saúde Global
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Agricultura
Animais
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico
Seres Humanos
Nações Unidas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:NEWS
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-Bacterial Agents)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180307
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180307
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171217
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 6539 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29206829
[Au] Autor:Urbina-Fuentes M; Jasso-Gutiérrez L; Schiavon-Ermani R; Lozano R; Finkelman J
[Ad] Endereço:Coordinador del Comité Permanente para el Estudio de los Determinantes Sociales de la Salud, Academia Nacional de Medicina, México.
[Ti] Título:[Transition from Millennium Development Goals to Sustainable Development Goals from the perspective of the social determinants of health and health equity].
[Ti] Título:La transición de los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio a los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible desde la perspectiva de los determinantes sociales de la salud y la equidad en salud..
[So] Source:Gac Med Mex;153(6):697-730, 2017 Nov-Dec.
[Is] ISSN:0016-3813
[Cp] País de publicação:Mexico
[La] Idioma:spa
[Ab] Resumo:The United Nations Declaration of 2000 agreed on eight millennium development goals (MDGs) to be met in 2015. The results show that poverty continues through population growth and advances in both rich and poor countries are threatened by economic crises and inequities in geographic areas and population groups within countries. In a globalized world with great social and economic inequalities, from the perspective of the social determinants of health (SDH), the relevance of the new 17 sustainable development goals (SDGs) is greater. Faced with the health challenges in our country to achieve SDGs, the symposium "The transition from MDGs to SDGs from the perspective of SDH and health equity" was presented at the XLIV Congress of the National Academy of Medicine. The presentations dealt with five important aspects of the transition in Mexico: background and context; the current state of the MDGs in childhood; the impact on gender equity and adolescent fertility; the health system and the theme of environmental health and were presented by Dr. Raffaela Schiavon, Jacobo Finkelman, Luis Jasso and Rafael Lozano.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Saúde Global
Equidade em Saúde
Determinantes Sociais da Saúde
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Conservação dos Recursos Naturais
Países em Desenvolvimento
Metas
Seres Humanos
México
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Nações Unidas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.24875/GMM.M17000017


  4 / 6539 MEDLINE  
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Texto completo SciELO Colômbia
Texto completo SciELO Saúde Pública
[PMID]:28453065
[Au] Autor:Agudelo-Calderón CA; García-Ubaque JC; Robledo-Martínez R; García-Ubaque CA; Vaca-Bohórquez ML
[Ad] Endereço:Instituto de Salud Pública, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia, caagudeloc@unal.edu.co.
[Ti] Título:[Identification of capacities in environmental health from environmental authorities in Colombia].
[Ti] Título:Identificación de capacidades en salud ambiental de las autoridades ambientales en Colombia..
[So] Source:Rev Salud Publica (Bogota);18(4):605-616, 2016 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:0124-0064
[Cp] País de publicação:Colombia
[La] Idioma:spa
[Ab] Resumo:Objectives To diagnose the capabilities that environmental authorities and the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development have to assume their role in environmental health, based on the capacity model of the United Nations Program for Development UNDP. Method Document review, interviews on key issues and a commented survey were conducted. 84 entities were selected for a tailored survey; complete information was obtained from 76 institutions. Results The valuation of environment favorability was within the acceptable and unfavorable categories; knowledge management capabilities were found to be precarious and assessment of functional capabilities ranged between appropriate and acceptable. The assessment of specific capabilities had a rating of poor or barely acceptable. Conclusions Two major problems were found: a. The environmental authorities do not conceive or implement these capabilities based on the UNDP model but on the conventional model of the Ministry of Environment, Housing and Territorial Development; b. Environmental authorities show an incipient level of incorporation of environmental health policies in their field of action.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fortalecimento Institucional
Saúde Ambiental/organização & administração
Órgãos Governamentais/organização & administração
Modelos Teóricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Colômbia
Meio Ambiente
Saúde Ambiental/legislação & jurisprudência
Saúde Ambiental/normas
Órgãos Governamentais/normas
Política de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Nações Unidas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180216
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180216
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29326264
[Au] Autor:Acuto M
[Ad] Endereço:Melbourne School of Design, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3010, Australia. m.acuto@ucl.ac.uk.
[Ti] Título:Global science for city policy.
[So] Source:Science;359(6372):165-166, 2018 Jan 12.
[Is] ISSN:1095-9203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cidades
Governo Local
Política Pública
Ciência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Nações Unidas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180207
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180207
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180113
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1126/science.aao2728


  6 / 6539 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29250942
[Au] Autor:Neal B
[Ti] Título:TACKLING GLOBAL ISSUES FOR A BETTER WORLD.
[So] Source:Aust Nurs Midwifery J;24(5):13, 2016 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:2202-7114
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:It's almost one year since the United Nations General Assembly launched the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to tackle a range of global issues from gender inequality to climate change.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conservação dos Recursos Naturais
Saúde Global
Metas
Nações Unidas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180118
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180118
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171219
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29216192
[Au] Autor:Halpaap B; Vahedi M; Certain E; Alvarado T; Saint Martin C; Merle C; Mihut M; Launois P
[Ad] Endereço:UNICEF/UNDP/World Bank/WHO Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR), World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.
[Ti] Título:Tracking the career development of scientists in low- and middle-income countries trained through TDR's research capacity strengthening programmes: Learning from monitoring and impact evaluation.
[So] Source:PLoS Negl Trop Dis;11(12):e0006112, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1935-2735
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR) co-sponsored by UNICEF, UNDP, World Bank and WHO has been supporting research capacity strengthening in low- and middle-income countries for over 40 years. In order to assess and continuously optimize its capacity strengthening approaches, an evaluation of the influence of TDR training grants on research career development was undertaken. The assessment was part of a larger evaluation conducted by the European Science Foundation. A comprehensive survey questionnaire was developed and sent to a group of 117 trainees supported by TDR who had completed their degree (masters or PhD) between 2000 and 2012; of these, seventy seven (77) responded. Most of the respondents (80%) rated TDR support as a very important factor that influenced their professional career achievements. The "brain drain" phenomenon towards high-income countries was particularly low amongst TDR grantees: the rate of return to their region of origin upon completion of their degree was 96%. A vast majority of respondents are still working in research (89%), with 81% of respondents having participated in multidisciplinary research activities; women engaged in multidisciplinary collaboration to a higher extent than men. However, only a minority of all have engaged in intersectoral collaboration, an aspect that would require further study. The post-degree career choices made by the respondents were strongly influenced by academic considerations. At the time of the survey, 92% of all respondents hold full-time positions, mainly in the public sector. Almost 25% of the respondents reported that they had influenced policy and practice changes. Some of the challenges and opportunities faced by trainees at various stages of their research career have been identified. Modalities to overcome these will require further investigation. The survey evidenced how TDR's research capacity grant programmes made a difference on researchers' career development and on south-south collaborations, by strengthening and localizing research capacity in lower income regions, and also showed there is more that needs to be done. The factors involved, challenges and lessons learnt may help donors and policy makers improve their future interventions with regard to designing capacity strengthening programmes and setting funding priorities.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Pesquisa Biomédica
Escolha da Profissão
Países em Desenvolvimento
Pesquisadores/estatística & dados numéricos
Medicina Tropical/educação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Mobilidade Ocupacional
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Renda
Masculino
Inquéritos e Questionários
Nações Unidas
Organização Mundial da Saúde
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171226
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171226
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171208
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pntd.0006112


  8 / 6539 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28945792
[Au] Autor:Plummer R; Dzyundzyak A; Baird J; Bodin Ö; Armitage D; Schultz L
[Ad] Endereço:Environmental Sustainability Research Centre, Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada.
[Ti] Título:How do environmental governance processes shape evaluation of outcomes by stakeholders? A causal pathways approach.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(9):e0185375, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Multi-stakeholder environmental management and governance processes are essential to realize social and ecological outcomes. Participation, collaboration, and learning are emphasized in these processes; to gain insights into how they influence stakeholders' evaluations of outcomes in relation to management and governance interventions we use a path analysis approach to examine their relationships in individuals in four UNESCO Biosphere Reserves. We confirm a model showing that participation in more activities leads to greater ratings of process, and in turn, better evaluations of outcomes. We show the effects of participation in activities on evaluation of outcomes appear to be driven by learning more than collaboration. Original insights are offered as to how the evaluations of outcomes by stakeholders are shaped by their participation in activities and their experiences in management and governance processes. Understanding stakeholder perceptions about the processes in which they are involved and their evaluation of outcomes is imperative, and influences current and future levels of engagement. As such, the evaluation of outcomes themselves are an important tangible product from initiatives. Our research contributes to a future research agenda aimed at better understanding these pathways and their implications for engagement in stewardship and ultimately social and ecological outcomes, and to developing recommendations for practitioners engaged in environmental management and governance.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/legislação & jurisprudência
Política Ambiental/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ecologia/educação
Ecologia/legislação & jurisprudência
Ecologia/organização & administração
Ecossistema
Governo
Seres Humanos
Colaboração Intersetorial
Aprendizagem
Modelos Teóricos
Nações Unidas/legislação & jurisprudência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171016
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171016
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170926
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0185375


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[PMID]:28838177
[Au] Autor:Bahl S; Hasman A; Eltayeb AO; James Noble D; Thapa A
[Ad] Endereço:World Health Organization, Regional Office for South-East Asia, New Delhi, India.
[Ti] Título:The Switch From Trivalent to Bivalent Oral Poliovirus Vaccine in the South-East Asia Region.
[So] Source:J Infect Dis;216(suppl_1):S94-S100, 2017 Jul 01.
[Is] ISSN:1537-6613
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This analysis describes an innovative and successful approach to risk identification and mitigation in relation to the switch from trivalent to bivalent oral polio vaccine (OPV) in the 11 countries of the World Health Organization's (WHO's) South-East Asia Region (SEAR) in April 2016.The strong commitment of governments and immunization professionals to polio eradication and an exemplary partnership between the WHO, United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), and other partners and stakeholders in the region and globally were significant contributors to the success of the OPV switch in the SEAR. Robust national switch plans were developed and country-specific innovations were planned and implemented by the country teams. Close monitoring and tracking of the activities and milestones through dashboards and review meetings were undertaken at the regional level to ensure that implementation time lines were met, barriers identified, and solutions for overcoming challenges were discussed and implemented.The SEAR was the first WHO Region globally to complete the switch and declare the successful withdrawal of trivalent OPV from all countries on 17 May 2016.A number of activities implemented during the switch process are likely to contribute positively to existing immunization practices and to similar initiatives in the future. These activities include better vaccine supply chain management, improved mechanisms for disposal of vaccination-related waste materials, and a closer collaboration with drug regulators, vaccine manufacturers, and the private sector for immunization-related initiatives.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Erradicação de Doenças/métodos
Erradicação de Doenças/organização & administração
Programas de Imunização/métodos
Programas de Imunização/organização & administração
Poliomielite/prevenção & controle
Vacina Antipólio Oral
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ásia Sudeste
Saúde Global
Seres Humanos
Vacina Antipólio Oral/administração & dosagem
Vacina Antipólio Oral/uso terapêutico
Nações Unidas
Organização Mundial da Saúde
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Poliovirus Vaccine, Oral)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170911
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170911
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170826
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/infdis/jiw602


  10 / 6539 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28838155
[Au] Autor:Ongwae KM; Bawa SB; Shuaib F; Braka F; Corkum M; Isa HK
[Ad] Endereço:Health, United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), Islamabad, Pakistan.
[Ti] Título:Use of Dedicated Mobile Teams and Polio Volunteer Community Mobilizers to Increase Access to Zero-Dose Oral Poliovirus Vaccine and Routine Childhood Immunizations in Settlements at High Risk for Polio Transmission in Northern Nigeria.
[So] Source:J Infect Dis;216(suppl_1):S267-S272, 2017 Jul 01.
[Is] ISSN:1537-6613
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Background: The Polio Eradication Initiative in Nigeria, which started >20 years ago, faced many challenges, including initial denial, resistance from communities, and prolonged regional safety concerns. These challenges led into the structuring of the response including the development of the National Emergency Action Plan, improved partner coordination and government engagement, and the establishment of a Polio Emergency Operations Centre. Although monthly supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) continued, the targeting of settlements at high risk for polio transmission with routine immunization (RI) and other selected primary healthcare (PHC) services using dedicated mobile teams and volunteer community mobilizers (VCMs) became a key strategy for interrupting polio transmission in the high-risk areas. These efforts could have contributed to the wild poliovirus-free 2-year period between 24 July 2014 and 11 August 2016, when 2 cases of the virus were reported from Borno State, Northern Nigeria. Methods: A narrative analysis of polio-related program and other official documents was conducted to identify the relevant human resources and their role in the Polio Eradication Initiative and in RI. The data used in the article was obtained from United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and World Health Organization project reports and a draft evaluation report of the dedicated mobile teams approach in Northern Nigeria. Results: The data from 6 of the states that commenced the provision of polio, RI, and other selected PHC services using the dedicated mobile teams approach in 2014 showed an overall increase in the percentage of children aged 12-23 months in the settlements at high risk for polio transmission with a RI card seen, from 23% to 56%, and an overall increase in fully immunized children aged 12-23 months, from 19% to 55%. The number of newborns given the first dose of oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) according to the RI schedule and the number of children given zero-dose OPV with the assistance of the VCMs similarly increased between 2013 and 2015. In 2015, VCMs helped track 167 092 newborns and also linked 156 537 infants aged <1 year to RI services in the 6 states. Conclusions: The analysis illustrates that polio personnel in Northern Nigeria are used in increasing access to zero-dose OPV, RI, and selected PHC services. The increase in the services generated represented the increasing role of the dedicated mobile teams and polio VCMs in strengthening RI.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agentes Comunitários de Saúde/organização & administração
Erradicação de Doenças/métodos
Erradicação de Doenças/organização & administração
Programas de Imunização/organização & administração
Poliomielite/prevenção & controle
Vacina Antipólio Oral/administração & dosagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Pré-Escolar
Seres Humanos
Esquemas de Imunização
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Nigéria
Nações Unidas
Voluntários
Organização Mundial da Saúde
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Poliovirus Vaccine, Oral)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170906
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170906
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170826
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/infdis/jiw520



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