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[PMID]:28982484
[Au] Autor:Dyrbye LN; West CP; Sinsky CA; Goeders LE; Satele DV; Shanafelt TD
[Ad] Endereço:Mayo Clinic Program on Physician Well-Being, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN. Electronic address: Dyrbye.liselotte@mayo.edu.
[Ti] Título:Medical Licensure Questions and Physician Reluctance to Seek Care for Mental Health Conditions.
[So] Source:Mayo Clin Proc;92(10):1486-1493, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1942-5546
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To determine whether state medical licensure application questions (MLAQs) about mental health are related to physicians' reluctance to seek help for a mental health condition because of concerns about repercussions to their medical licensure. METHODS: In 2016, we collected initial and renewal medical licensure application forms from 50 states and the District of Columbia. We coded MLAQs related to physicians' mental health as "consistent" if they inquired only about current impairment from a mental health condition or did not ask about mental health conditions. We obtained data on care-seeking attitudes for a mental health problem from a nationally representative convenience sample of 5829 physicians who completed a survey between August 28, 2014, and October 6, 2014. Analyses explored relationships between state of employment, MLAQs, and physicians' reluctance to seek formal medical care for treatment of a mental health condition because of concerns about repercussions to their medical licensure. RESULTS: We obtained initial licensure applications from 51 of 51 (100%) and renewal applications from 48 of 51 (94.1%) medical licensing boards. Only one-third of states currently have MLAQs about mental health on their initial and renewal application forms that are considered consistent. Nearly 40% of physicians (2325 of 5829) reported that they would be reluctant to seek formal medical care for treatment of a mental health condition because of concerns about repercussions to their medical licensure. Physicians working in a state in which neither the initial nor the renewal application was consistent were more likely to be reluctant to seek help (odds ratio, 1.21; 95% CI, 1.07-1.37; P=.002 vs both applications consistent). CONCLUSION: Our findings support that MLAQs regarding mental health conditions present a barrier to physicians seeking help.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento de Busca de Ajuda
Candidatura a Emprego
Licenciamento em Medicina
Saúde Mental
Médicos/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde
Atitude Frente à Saúde
Barreiras de Comunicação
Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171024
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171024
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171007
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 2341 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28973625
[Au] Autor:Frush BW
[Ad] Endereço:University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine, Chapel Hill.
[Ti] Título:To Those "Out There".
[So] Source:JAMA;318(12):1107-1108, 2017 Sep 26.
[Is] ISSN:1538-3598
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Internato e Residência
Transtornos Mentais
Estereotipagem
Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia
Revelação da Verdade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Candidatura a Emprego
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; PERSONAL NARRATIVES
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171019
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171019
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171004
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jama.2017.10823


  3 / 2341 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28542682
[Au] Autor:Ward M; Pingree C; Laury AM; Bowe SN
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, San Antonio Uniformed Services Health Education Consortium, Ft Sam Houston, Texas.
[Ti] Título:Applicant Perspectives on the Otolaryngology Residency Application Process.
[So] Source:JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg;143(8):782-787, 2017 Aug 01.
[Is] ISSN:2168-619X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Importance: It has been nearly 25 years since medical students were queried regarding their perspectives on otolaryngology-head and neck surgery (OHNS) residency selection. Understanding this viewpoint is critical to improving the current application process. Objective: To evaluate the perceptions of 2016 OHNS residency applicants regarding the application process and offer suggestions for reform. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this cross-sectional study of anonymous online survey data, a 14-question survey was designed based on resources obtained from a computerized PubMed, Ovid, and GoogleScholar database search of the English language from January 1, 1990, through December 31, 2015, was conducted using the following search terms: (medical student OR applicant) AND (application OR match) AND otolaryngology. The survey was administered to 2016 OHNS residency applicants to examine 4 primary areas: current attitudes toward the match, effect of the new Otolaryngology Program Directors Organization personal statement mandate, sources of advice and information, and suggestions for improvement. In January 2016, an email was sent to 100 program directors asking them to distribute the survey to current OHNS applicants at their institution. One follow-up reminder email was sent in February 2016. A link to the survey was posted on the Otomatch.com homepage on January 28, 2016, with the last response received on March 28, 2016. Main Outcome and Measures: Survey responses regarding the residency application process. Results: A total of 150 of 370 residency applicants (40.5%) responded to the survey. Of these, 125 respondents (90.6%) noted applying to programs in which they had no specific interest simply to improve their chances of matching. Applicants intended to apply to more programs than they actually did (63.6 vs 60.8; r = 0.19; 95% CI, -0.03 to 0.40). Program directors advised fewer applications than other sources; however, 58 respondents (38.7%) did not receive advice from a program director. A total of 121 respondents (80.7%) found online program information to be insufficient. Finally, 90 of 140 respondents (64.3%) noted that they would agree to a hard cap on applications, among other suggestions for improvement. Conclusions and Relevance: Several main themes emerged from the data, providing a foundation for process improvement opportunities: careful consideration to applicant mentorship, including peers; uniform set of criteria for residency program websites; and investigating alternative match platforms, which may allow hard caps, flagging programs of higher interest, or wave application cycles. Overall, the otolaryngology applicant provides a unique perspective regarding the current state of the match and potential opportunities for system-wide improvement.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina
Candidatura a Emprego
Otolaringologia/educação
Seleção de Pessoal
Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Internato e Residência
Masculino
Inquéritos e Questionários
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170911
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170911
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170526
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.0231


  4 / 2341 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28365672
[Au] Autor:Prorokovic A; Nikolic M; Simic N
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, University of Zadar, Zadar.
[Ti] Título:Moral reasoning and its correlates in job applicants.
[So] Source:Arh Hig Rada Toksikol;68(1):59-65, 2017 Mar 01.
[Is] ISSN:1848-6312
[Cp] País de publicação:Croatia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The aim of this study was to verify the applicability of the Test of Moral Reasoning (TMR) in the selection of job applicants and to see how it correlated with education, intelligence, and the "big five" personality traits. The study included 210 participants (132 women and 78 men) who applied for various positions in the banking sector. Our findings have confirmed the applicability of TMR for recruitment because they showed that TMR did not allow the candidates to fake their responses. Furthermore, they have confirmed Kohlberg's views that general intelligence and education are the main determinants of moral development (positive correlation), whereas tendency towards socially desirable responding showed a negative correlation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Emprego/psicologia
Candidatura a Emprego
Princípios Morais
Determinação da Personalidade
Seleção de Pessoal/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Conta Bancária
Croácia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170403
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 2341 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28277771
[Au] Autor:Mathew RK
[Ad] Endereço:Cancer Research UK Clinical Research Fellow, Department of Neurosurgery, Leeds General Infirmary, Leeds LS1 3EX, and Leeds Institute of Cancer and Pathology, St James's University Hospital, Leeds.
[Ti] Título:Becoming a brain surgeon.
[So] Source:Br J Hosp Med (Lond);78(3):C45-C48, 2017 Mar 02.
[Is] ISSN:1750-8460
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Escolha da Profissão
Neurocirurgia/educação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Pesquisa Biomédica
Seres Humanos
Internato e Residência
Entrevistas como Assunto
Candidatura a Emprego
Reino Unido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170615
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170615
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170310
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.12968/hmed.2017.78.3.C45


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[PMID]:28231461
[Au] Autor:Martin KC
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Biological Chemistry and Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, University of California, Los Angeles, Suite 400, Geffen Hall, 885 Tiverton Dr., Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA. Electronic address: kcmartin@mednet.ucla.edu.
[Ti] Título:Tips for Young Scientists on the Junior Faculty/Independent Investigator Job Search.
[So] Source:Neuron;93(4):731-736, 2017 Feb 22.
[Is] ISSN:1097-4199
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Landing a job as an assistant professor or independent investigator in neuroscience in an academic institution or research institute depends on the accomplishments young scientists make during years of training as graduate students and postdoctoral fellows. This training prepares scientists for an array of exciting job opportunities, one of which is as a faculty member or independent investigator. My goal in this NeuroView is to provide tips about the job search for young scientists who have decided to enter the junior faculty/independent investigator job market. Rather than serving as a "protocol for getting a job," these tips are aimed at providing information that will make each candidate better prepared for her or his job search.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Escolha da Profissão
Docentes
Candidatura a Emprego
Neurociências
Pesquisadores/educação
Estudantes
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170916
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170916
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170224
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28207482
[Ti] Título:Innovative Strategies to Develop Caring Nurses.
[So] Source:Nurse Educ;42(2):90, 2017 Mar/Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1538-9855
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde
Currículo
Educação em Enfermagem/organização & administração
Empatia
Entrevistas como Assunto
Candidatura a Emprego
Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente
Pesquisa em Educação de Enfermagem
Inovação Organizacional
Grupo Associado
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170703
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170703
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170217
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/NNE.0000000000000311


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[PMID]:28109613
[Au] Autor:Nakayama DK; Hendren WH
[Ad] Endereço:Departments of Surgery, Florida International University, Sacred Heart Medical Group, Pensacola, FL. Electronic address: nakayama.don@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:The 1951 Harvard student uprising against the intern match.
[So] Source:Surgery;161(6):1728-1734, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1532-7361
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In the fall of 1951, a group of Harvard medical students led by W. Hardy Hendren, III organized a national movement against the newly instituted match that would assign graduating seniors to hospital internship programs. Before then, hospitals with intern positions to fill rushed to secure commitments from students, who in turn accepted the first decent offer that came their way. Knowing that students could not risk waiting for a better offer, hospitals pushed them into making early commitments. When some students began getting offers in their junior and sophomore years, medical schools, professional groups, and hospitals organized the National Inter-association Committee on Internships to deal with the issue. The intern match was thus organized and scheduled to take place in 1952. When the plan was announced in mid-October 1951, Hendren recognized that the proposed algorithm placed students at a disadvantage if they did not get their first choice of hospitals. Facing resistance at every step from the National Inter-association Committee on Internships and putting his standing at Harvard Medical School at risk, Hendren led a nationwide movement of medical students to change the procedure to one that favored students' choices. Their success <1 month later established in the inaugural match the fundamental ethic of today's National Resident Matching Program to favor students' preferences at every step of the process.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Escolha da Profissão
Internato e Residência/organização & administração
Candidatura a Emprego
Faculdades de Medicina/ética
Estudantes de Medicina/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Centros Médicos Acadêmicos/ética
Boston
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Viés de Seleção
Especialização
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170901
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170901
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170123
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 2341 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28089054
[Au] Autor:Clark JR
[Ti] Título:The Perfect Resume.
[So] Source:Air Med J;36(1):13-15, 2017 Jan - Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1532-6497
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Auxiliares de Emergência/legislação & jurisprudência
Fraude/legislação & jurisprudência
Candidatura a Emprego
Seleção de Pessoal/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Auxiliares de Emergência/organização & administração
Seres Humanos
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:H
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170117
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28018543
[Au] Autor:Hern HG; Wills CP; Alter HJ; Bowman SH; Burns BD; Loyd J; Schneider JI; Yarris LM
[Ti] Título:Residency Applicant Preferences of Online Systems for Scheduling Interviews.
[So] Source:J Grad Med Educ;8(5):759-762, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1949-8357
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND : Residency applicants often have difficulty coordinating interviews with multiple programs. An online scheduling system might improve this process. OBJECTIVE : The authors sought to determine applicant mean time to schedule interviews and satisfaction using online scheduling compared with manual scheduling. METHODS : An electronic survey was sent to US graduates applying to any of 6 emergency medicine programs in the 2014-2015 application cycle. Of the participant programs, 3 used an online system and 3 did not. Applicants were asked to report estimated time to schedule with the online system compared to their average time using other methods, and to rate their satisfaction with the scheduling process. RESULTS : Of 1720 applicants to at least 1 of the 6 programs, 856 completed the survey (49.8%). Respondents reported spending less time scheduling interviews using the online system compared to other systems (median of 5 minutes [IQR 3-10] versus 60 minutes [IQR 15-240], respectively, < .0001). In addition, applicants preferred using the online system (93.6% versus 1.4%, < .0001.) Applicants were also more satisfied with the ease of scheduling their interviews using the online system (91.5% versus 11.0%, < .0001) and felt that the online system aided them in coordinating travel arrangements (74.7% versus 41.5%, < .01.). CONCLUSIONS : An online interview scheduling system is associated with time savings for applicants as well as higher satisfaction among applicants, both in ease of scheduling and in coordinating travel arrangements. The results likely are generalizable to other medical and surgical specialties.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Internato e Residência
Entrevistas como Assunto
Candidatura a Emprego
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Medicina de Emergência
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Sistemas On-Line
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170824
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170824
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161227
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4300/JGME-D-16-00072.1



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