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Pesquisa : N04.452.910 [Categoria DeCS]
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  1 / 5990 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29432435
[Au] Autor:Azbel-Jackson L; Heffernan C; Gunn G; Brownlie J
[Ad] Endereço:Livestock Development Group, School of Agriculture, Policy and Development, University of Reading, Reading, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Exploring the role of voluntary disease schemes on UK farmer bio-security behaviours: Findings from the Norfolk-Suffolk Bovine Viral Diarrhoea control scheme.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(2):e0179877, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The article describes the influence of a disease control scheme (the Norfolk-Suffolk Bovine Viral Diarrhoea Disease (BVD) Eradication scheme) on farmers' bio-security attitudes and behaviours. In 2010, a survey of 100 cattle farmers (53 scheme members vs. 47 out of scheme farmers) was undertaken among cattle farmers residing in Norfolk and Suffolk counties in the UK. A cross-sectional independent measures design was employed. The main analytical tool was content analysis. The following variables at the farmer-level were explored: the specific BVD control measures adopted, livestock disease priorities, motivation for scheme membership, wider knowledge acquisition, biosecurity behaviours employed and training course attendance. The findings suggest that participation in the BVD scheme improved farmers' perception of the scheme benefits and participation in training courses. However, no association was found between the taking part in the BVD scheme and livestock disease priorities or motivation for scheme participation, or knowledge about BVD bio-security measures employed. Equally importantly, scheme membership did appear to influence the importance accorded specific bio-security measures. Yet such ranking did not appear to reflect the actual behaviours undertaken. As such, disease control efforts alone while necessary, are insufficient. Rather, to enhance farmer bio-security behaviours significant effort must be made to address underlying attitudes to the specific disease threat involved.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doença das Mucosas por Vírus da Diarreia Viral Bovina/prevenção & controle
Medidas de Segurança
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Animais
Bovinos
Estudos Transversais
Seres Humanos
Meia-Idade
Reino Unido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0179877


  2 / 5990 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29381760
[Au] Autor:Yatabe T; More SJ; Geoghegan F; McManus C; Hill AE; Martínez-López B
[Ad] Endereço:Center for Animal Disease Modeling and Surveillance (CADMS), Department of Medicine & Epidemiology, School Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Can biosecurity and local network properties predict pathogen species richness in the salmonid industry?
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191680, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Salmonid farming in Ireland is mostly organic, which implies limited disease treatment options. This highlights the importance of biosecurity for preventing the introduction and spread of infectious agents. Similarly, the effect of local network properties on infection spread processes has rarely been evaluated. In this paper, we characterized the biosecurity of salmonid farms in Ireland using a survey, and then developed a score for benchmarking the disease risk of salmonid farms. The usefulness and validity of this score, together with farm indegree (dichotomized as ≤ 1 or > 1), were assessed through generalized Poisson regression models, in which the modeled outcome was pathogen richness, defined here as the number of different diseases affecting a farm during a year. Seawater salmon (SW salmon) farms had the highest biosecurity scores with a median (interquartile range) of 82.3 (5.4), followed by freshwater salmon (FW salmon) with 75.2 (8.2), and freshwater trout (FW trout) farms with 74.8 (4.5). For FW salmon and trout farms, the top ranked model (in terms of leave-one-out information criteria, looic) was the null model (looic = 46.1). For SW salmon farms, the best ranking model was the full model with both predictors and their interaction (looic = 33.3). Farms with a higher biosecurity score were associated with lower pathogen richness, and farms with indegree > 1 (i.e. more than one fish supplier) were associated with increased pathogen richness. The effect of the interaction between these variables was also important, showing an antagonistic effect. This would indicate that biosecurity effectiveness is achieved through a broader perspective on the subject, which includes a minimization in the number of suppliers and hence in the possibilities for infection to enter a farm. The work presented here could be used to elaborate indicators of a farm's disease risk based on its biosecurity score and indegree, to inform risk-based disease surveillance and control strategies for private and public stakeholders.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças dos Peixes/prevenção & controle
Salmonidae/microbiologia
Medidas de Segurança
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Doenças dos Peixes/microbiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180131
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191680


  3 / 5990 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29494568
[Au] Autor:Bolu O; Nnadi C; Damisa E; Braka F; Siddique A; Archer WR; Bammeke P; Banda R; Higgins J; Edukugo A; Nganda GW; Forbi JC; Liu H; Gidado S; Soghaier M; Franka R; Waziri N; Burns CC; Vertefeuille J; Wiesen E; Adamu U
[Ti] Título:Progress Toward Poliomyelitis Eradication - Nigeria, January-December 2017.
[So] Source:MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep;67(8):253-256, 2018 Mar 02.
[Is] ISSN:1545-861X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Nearly three decades after the World Health Assembly launched the Global Polio Eradication Initiative in 1988, four of the six World Health Organization (WHO) regions have been certified polio-free (1). Nigeria is one of three countries, including Pakistan and Afghanistan, where wild poliovirus (WPV) transmission has never been interrupted. In September 2015, after >1 year without any reported WPV cases, Nigeria was removed from WHO's list of countries with endemic WPV transmission (2); however, during August and September 2016, four type 1 WPV (WPV1) cases were reported from Borno State, a state in northeastern Nigeria experiencing a violent insurgency (3). The Nigerian government, in collaboration with partners, launched a large-scale coordinated response to the outbreak (3). This report describes progress in polio eradication activities in Nigeria during January-December 2017 and updates previous reports (3-5). No WPV cases have been reported in Nigeria since September 2016; the latest case had onset of paralysis on August 21, 2016 (3). However, polio surveillance has not been feasible in insurgent-controlled areas of Borno State. Implementation of new strategies has helped mitigate the challenges of reaching and vaccinating children living in security-compromised areas, and other strategies are planned. Despite these initiatives, however, approximately 130,000-210,000 (28%-45%) of the estimated 469,000 eligible children living in inaccessible areas in 2016 have not been vaccinated. Sustained efforts to optimize surveillance and improve immunization coverage, especially among children in inaccessible areas, are needed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Erradicação de Doenças
Poliomielite/prevenção & controle
Vacinas contra Poliovirus/administração & dosagem
Vigilância da População
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Seres Humanos
Programas de Imunização
Lactente
Nigéria/epidemiologia
Poliomielite/epidemiologia
Poliovirus/isolamento & purificação
Vacinas contra Poliovirus/efeitos adversos
Medidas de Segurança
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Poliovirus Vaccines)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180302
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.15585/mmwr.mm6708a5


  4 / 5990 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29412561
[Au] Autor:Primeau D
[Ti] Título:How Small Organizations Handle HIPAA Compliance.
[So] Source:J AHIMA;88(4):18-21, 2017 04.
[Is] ISSN:1060-5487
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
Administração da Prática Médica/organização & administração
Medição de Risco
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Conscientização
Segurança Computacional/legislação & jurisprudência
Fiscalização e Controle de Instalações
Fidelidade a Diretrizes
Técnicas de Planejamento
Privacidade/legislação & jurisprudência
Medidas de Segurança/legislação & jurisprudência
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:H
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180208
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 5990 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29210768
[Au] Autor:Keys Y; Stichler JF
[Ad] Endereço:College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi, Corpus Christi (Dr Keys); and Research Consultant, Sharp Memorial Hospital, San Diego, California (Dr Stichler); and Professor Emerita, San Diego State University School of Nursing, San Diego, California (Dr Stichler).
[Ti] Título:Safety and Security Concerns of Nurses Working in the Intensive Care Unit: A Qualitative Study.
[So] Source:Crit Care Nurs Q;41(1):68-75, 2018 Jan/Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1550-5111
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Intensive care units (ICUs) exist to serve as a safe place for critically ill patients to receive care from skilled practitioners. In this qualitative study, ICU nurses shared their perspectives on elements that promote safety and security on their units. After obtaining institutional review board approval, participants participated in telephone interviews with a nurse researcher who has experience as a bedside ICU nurse. Five categories and 14 themes were identified and then confirmed using member checking. Results indicate that participants prefer to provide care in ICUs with no more than 12 to 14 beds and provide the following: visibility of patients and coworkers; more than 1 way to exit; and can be locked in case of emergency or threat. Nearly all respondents mentioned adequate staffing as the most important attribute of a safe, secure care environment for patients and families. More research is needed to identify design features that make the most impact on providing a safe, secure ICU environment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Enfermagem de Cuidados Críticos/normas
Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia
Segurança do Paciente/normas
Medidas de Segurança/organização & administração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Arquitetura Hospitalar/métodos
Seres Humanos
Unidades de Terapia Intensiva
Entrevistas como Assunto
Masculino
Pesquisa Qualitativa
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180226
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180226
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171207
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/CNQ.0000000000000187


  6 / 5990 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29256579
[Au] Autor:Bryce J; Foley E; Reeves J
[Ti] Título:SAFETY AND SECURITY IS EVERYONE'S BUSINESS.
[So] Source:Aust Nurs Midwifery J;24(7):16, 2017 02.
[Is] ISSN:2202-7114
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Workplace safety and security should be a given but as we all know this is not always the case.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Medidas de Segurança
Violência no Trabalho/prevenção & controle
Local de Trabalho
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Comitês Consultivos
Austrália
Seres Humanos
Enfermeiras Obstétricas
Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem
Sociedades de Enfermagem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180118
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180118
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171220
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 5990 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29211735
[Au] Autor:Ariel B; Bland M; Sutherland A
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge, Sidgwick Avenue, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:'Lowering the threshold of effective deterrence'-Testing the effect of private security agents in public spaces on crime: A randomized controlled trial in a mass transit system.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(12):e0187392, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Supplementing local police forces is a burgeoning multibillion-dollar private security industry. Millions of formal surveillance agents in public settings are tasked to act as preventative guardians, as their high visibility presence is hypothesized to create a deterrent threat to potential offenders. Yet, rigorous evidence is lacking. We randomly assigned all train stations in the South West of England that experienced crime into treatment and controls conditions over a six-month period. Treatment consisted of directed patrol by uniformed, unarmed security agents. Hand-held trackers on every agent yielded precise measurements of all patrol time in the stations. Count-based regression models, estimated marginal means and odds-ratios are used to assess the effect of these patrols on crimes reported to the police by victims, as well as new crimes detected by police officers. Outcomes are measured at both specified target locations to which security guards were instructed to attend, as well as at the entire station complexes. Analyses show that 41% more patrol visits and 29% more minutes spent by security agents at treatment compared to control stations led to a significant 16% reduction in victim-generated crimes at the entirety of the stations' complexes, with a 49% increase in police-generated detections at the target locations. The findings illustrate the efficacy of private policing for crime prevention theory.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Crime
Setor Público
Medidas de Segurança
Transportes
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180110
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180110
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171207
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0187392


  8 / 5990 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29192316
[Au] Autor:Nuzzo JB; Cicero AJ; Inglesby TV
[Ad] Endereço:Center for Health Security, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland.
[Ti] Título:The Importance of Continued US Investment to Sustain Momentum Toward Global Health Security.
[So] Source:JAMA;318(24):2423-2424, 2017 Dec 26.
[Is] ISSN:1538-3598
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Surtos de Doenças/prevenção & controle
Apoio Financeiro
Saúde Global/economia
Medidas de Segurança/organização & administração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/organização & administração
Seres Humanos
Cooperação Internacional
Desenvolvimento de Programas
Estados Unidos
Organização Mundial da Saúde
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171202
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jama.2017.17188


  9 / 5990 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29281140
[Au] Autor:Tapscott R
[Ad] Endereço:Post-doctoral Research Fellow, Albert Hirschman Centre on Democracy, The Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Switzerland.
[Ti] Título:Policing men: militarised masculinity, youth livelihoods, and security in conflict-affected northern Uganda.
[So] Source:Disasters;42 Suppl 1:S119-S139, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1467-7717
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Relations between militaries and masculinities-and hegemonic masculinity and the state-are well-established in the literature on gender and development. However, there is less research on how militarised masculinities relate to state governance strategies. This paper, based on qualitative research conducted in northern Uganda between 2014 and 2017, offers a gender analysis of youths participating in informal security arrangements. Civilian male youths accept poorly paid or unpaid work in the informal security sector in the hope of gaining access to livelihoods that will enable them to fulfil masculine ideal-types. However, this arrangement denies them the resources necessary to achieve the ideal-type of civilian masculinity, as well as the state's military masculinity, which produces young men as subjects of the ruling regime. To reconfigure this relationship between civilian and militarised masculinities, one should understand informal security organisations in the context of alternative livelihood arrangements and take a long-term approach to the demilitarisation of the Ugandan state.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Masculinidade
Militares/psicologia
Guerra
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Militares/estatística & dados numéricos
Pesquisa Qualitativa
Medidas de Segurança
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Uganda
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180104
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180104
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171228
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/disa.12274


  10 / 5990 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29281134
[Au] Autor:Hopwood J; Porter H; Saum N
[Ad] Endereço:Researcher, London School of Economics and Political Science, Uganda.
[Ti] Título:Resilient patriarchy: public authority and women's (in)security in Karamoja, Uganda.
[So] Source:Disasters;42 Suppl 1:S140-S158, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1467-7717
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper draws on fieldwork conducted in 2011 and 2016 to explore the differing experiences of Karamojong women following the Government of Uganda's most recent disarmament programme. Besides being deprived of their guns, Karamojong communities have lost most of the cattle on which their livelihoods and way of life were centred. The study assesses whether or not women's experience of patriarchy has changed in these new circumstances, and, if so, how this impacts on their security and control of resources, or the absence of them. It maps, using information primarily supplied by women, public authorities from below, and evaluates if and how they respond to women's protection and survival needs, as well as if current development/humanitarian interventions are of sustainable benefit to Karamojong women. The paper concludes that apparent shifts in gender relations are probably superficial, contingent on continuing food aid, and that economic development and positive social change for women remain elusive.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Características da Família
Programas Governamentais
Medidas de Segurança
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Relações Interpessoais
Masculino
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Uganda
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180104
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180104
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171228
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/disa.12272



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