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[PMID]:29306710
[Au] Autor:de With G; Smetsers RCGM; Slaper H; de Jong P
[Ad] Endereço:Nuclear Research and consultancy Group (NRG), Utrechtseweg 310, NL-6800 ES Arnhem, The Netherlands. Electronic address: G.deWith@nrg.eu.
[Ti] Título:Thoron exposure in Dutch dwellings - An overview.
[So] Source:J Environ Radioact;183:73-81, 2018 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1879-1700
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In the Netherlands considerable attention has been given to the exposure from thoron progeny in dwellings. For this purpose a nationwide survey on the thoron exhalation and thoron progeny concentration has been completed in 2015. Furthermore, extensive laboratory studies have been performed to measure activity concentrations and thoron exhalation rates from regular Dutch building materials. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate if the findings from both field experiments and laboratory results are consistent. For this reason measured properties of building materials and surface barriers, in-situ measurements on air ventilation and thoron(progeny) in dwellings as well as advanced computational modelling on indoor air and aerosol behaviour have been used. The results demonstrate that median and mean thoron progeny concentrations of 0.53 and 0.64 Bq·m found in the survey are comparable with the mean concentration of 0.57 Bq·m obtained from laboratory testing and calculation. Furthermore, upper thoron progeny concentrations from the survey and the calculations are with respectively 13 and 14 Bq·m also in good agreement. Such elevated concentrations lead to an effective doses of around 4 mSv per year. The study also includes worst-case scenarios on the application of surface materials high on Th, and the expected reduction in thoron progeny when using mainstream mitigation measures.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluentes Radioativos do Ar/análise
Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/estatística & dados numéricos
Exposição à Radiação/estatística & dados numéricos
Radônio/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aerossóis
Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/análise
Simulação por Computador
Materiais de Construção
Habitação/estatística & dados numéricos
Seres Humanos
Países Baixos
Exposição à Radiação/análise
Monitoramento de Radiação/métodos
Ventilação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Aerosols); 0 (Air Pollutants, Radioactive); Q74S4N8N1G (Radon)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180130
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180130
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180108
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28453399
[Au] Autor:Rossner A; Jordan CE; Wake C; Soto-Garcia L
[Ad] Endereço:a Center for Air Resources Engineering and Science , Clarkson University , Potsdam , NY , USA.
[Ti] Título:Monitoring of carbon monoxide in residences with bulk wood pellet storage in the Northeast United States.
[So] Source:J Air Waste Manag Assoc;67(10):1066-1079, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:2162-2906
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The interest in biomass fuel is continuing to expand globally and in the northeastern United States as wood pellets are becoming a primary source of fuel for residential and small commercial systems. Wood pellets for boilers are often stored in basement storage rooms or large bag-type containers. Due to the enclosed nature of these storage areas, the atmosphere may exhibit increased levels of carbon monoxide. Serious accidents in Europe have been reported over the last decade in which high concentrations of carbon monoxide (CO) have been found in or near bulk pellet storage containers. The aim of this study was to characterize the CO concentrations in areas with indoor storage of bulk wood pellets. Data was obtained over approximately 7 months (December 2013 to June 2014) at 25 sites in New Hampshire and Massachusetts: 16 homes using wood pellet boilers with indoor pellet storage containers greater than or equal to 3 ton capacity; 4 homes with wood pellet heating systems with outdoor pellet storage; 4 homes using other heating fuels; and a university laboratory site. CO monitors were set up in homes to collect concentrations of CO in the immediate vicinity of wood pellet storage containers, and data were then compared to those of homes using fossil fuel systems. The homes monitored in this study provided a diverse set of housing stock spanning two and a half centuries of construction, with homes built from 1774 to 2013, representing a range of air exchange rates. The CO concentration data from each home was averaged hourly and then compared to a threshold of 9 ppm. While concentrations of CO were generally low for the homes studied, the need to properly design storage locations for pellets is and will remain a necessary component of wood pellet heating systems to minimize the risk of CO exposure. IMPLICATIONS: This paper is an assessment of carbon monoxide (CO) exposure from bulk wood pellet storage in homes in New Hampshire and Massachusetts. Understanding the CO concentrations in homes allows for better designs for storage bins and ventilation for storage areas. Hence, uniform policies for stored wood pellets in homes, schools, and businesses can be framed to ensure occupant safety. Currently in New York State rebates for the installation of wood pellet boilers are only provided if the bulk pellet storage is outside of the home, yet states such as New Hampshire, Vermont, and Maine currently do not have these restrictions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise
Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/análise
Monóxido de Carbono/análise
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Madeira/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Europa (Continente)
Calefação/métodos
Habitação
Seres Humanos
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
New York
Ventilação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Air Pollutants); 7U1EE4V452 (Carbon Monoxide)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180129
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180129
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/10962247.2017.1321054


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[PMID]:28468649
[Au] Autor:Brouwer M; Katamba A; Katabira ET; van Leth F
[Ad] Endereço:PHTB Consult, Lovensestraat 79, 5014, DN, Tilburg, The Netherlands. mbrouwer@phtbconsult.org.
[Ti] Título:An easy tool to assess ventilation in health facilities as part of air-borne transmission prevention: a cross-sectional survey from Uganda.
[So] Source:BMC Infect Dis;17(1):325, 2017 05 03.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2334
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: No guidelines exist on assessing ventilation through air changes per hour (ACH) using a vaneometer. The objective of the study was to evaluate the position and frequency for measuring air velocity using a vaneometer to assess ventilation with ACH; and to assess influence of ambient temperature and weather on ACH. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey in six urban health facilities in Kampala, Uganda. Measurements consisted of taking air velocity on nine separate moments in five positions in each opening of the TB clinic, laboratory, outpatient consultation and outpatient waiting room using a vaneometer. We assessed in addition the ventilation with the "20% rule", and compared this estimation with the ventilation in ACH assessed using the vaneometer. RESULTS: A total of 189 measurements showed no influence on air velocity of the position and moment of the measurement. No significant influence existed of ambient temperature and a small but significant influence of sunny weather. Ventilation was adequate in 17/24 (71%) of all measurements. Using the "20% rule", ventilation was adequate in 50% of rooms assessed. Agreement between both methods existed in 13/23 (56%) of the rooms assessed. CONCLUSION: Most rooms had adequate ventilation when assessed using a vaneometer for measuring air velocity. A single vaneometer measurement of air velocity is adequate to assess ventilation in this setting. These findings provide practical input for clear guidelines on assessing ventilation using a vaneometer. Assessing ventilation with a vaneometer differs substantially from applying the "20% rule".
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Instalações de Saúde
Controle de Infecções/métodos
Ventilação/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cidades
Estudos Transversais
Seres Humanos
Inquéritos e Questionários
Tuberculose
Uganda
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180120
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180120
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12879-017-2425-6


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[PMID]:29023520
[Au] Autor:Luhung I; Wu Y; Xu S; Yamamoto N; Chang VW; Nazaroff WW
[Ad] Endereço:Berkeley Education Alliance for Research in Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.
[Ti] Título:DNA accumulation on ventilation system filters in university buildings in Singapore.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(10):e0186295, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Biological particles deposit on air handling system filters as they process air. This study reports and interprets abundance and diversity information regarding biomass accumulation on ordinarily used filters acquired from several locations in a university environment. METHODS: DNA-based analysis was applied both to quantify (via DNA fluorometry and qPCR) and to characterize (via high-throughput sequencing) the microbial material on filters, which mainly processed recirculated indoor air. Results were interpreted in relation to building occupancy and ventilation system operational parameters. RESULTS: Based on accumulated biomass, average DNA concentrations per AHU filter surface area across nine indoor locations after twelve weeks of filter use were in the respective ranges 1.1 to 41 ng per cm2 for total DNA, 0.02 to 3.3 ng per cm2 for bacterial DNA and 0.2 to 2.0 ng DNA per cm2 for fungal DNA. The most abundant genera detected on the AHU filter samples were Clostridium, Streptophyta, Bacillus, Acinetobacter and Ktedonobacter for bacteria and Aspergillus, Cladosporium, Nigrospora, Rigidoporus and Lentinus for fungi. Conditional indoor airborne DNA concentrations (median (range)) were estimated to be 13 (2.6-107) pg/m3 for total DNA, 0.4 (0.05-8.4) pg/m3 for bacterial DNA and 2.3 (1.0-5.1) pg/m3 for fungal DNA. CONCLUSION: Conditional airborne concentrations and the relative abundances of selected groups of genera correlate well with occupancy level. Bacterial DNA was found to be more responsive than fungal DNA to differences in occupancy level and indoor environmental conditions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Filtros de Ar/microbiologia
DNA Bacteriano/análise
DNA Fúngico/análise
Monitoramento Ambiental
Universidades/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bactérias/genética
Bactérias/isolamento & purificação
Biodiversidade
DNA Bacteriano/isolamento & purificação
DNA Bacteriano/metabolismo
DNA Fúngico/isolamento & purificação
DNA Fúngico/metabolismo
Fungos/genética
Fungos/isolamento & purificação
Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
Análise de Sequência de DNA
Singapura
Ventilação/instrumentação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Bacterial); 0 (DNA, Fungal)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171024
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171024
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171013
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0186295


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[PMID]:28935614
[Au] Autor:Noonan CW; Semmens EO; Smith P; Harrar SW; Montrose L; Weiler E; McNamara M; Ward TJ
[Ad] Endereço:School of Public and Community Health Sciences, University of Montana , Missoula, Montana, USA.
[Ti] Título:Randomized Trial of Interventions to Improve Childhood Asthma in Homes with Wood-burning Stoves.
[So] Source:Environ Health Perspect;125(9):097010, 2017 Sep 13.
[Is] ISSN:1552-9924
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Household air pollution due to biomass combustion for residential heating adversely affects vulnerable populations. Randomized controlled trials to improve indoor air quality in homes of children with asthma are limited, and no such studies have been conducted in homes using wood for heating. OBJECTIVES: Our aims were to test the hypothesis that household-level interventions, specifically improved-technology wood-burning appliances or air-filtration devices, would improve health measures, in particular Pediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (PAQLQ) scores, relative to placebo, among children living with asthma in homes with wood-burning stoves. METHODS: A three-arm placebo-controlled randomized trial was conducted in homes with wood-burning stoves among children with asthma. Multiple preintervention and postintervention data included PAQLQ (primary outcome), peak expiratory flow (PEF) monitoring, diurnal peak flow variability (dPFV, an indicator of airway hyperreactivity) and indoor particulate matter (PM) PM2.5. RESULTS: Relative to placebo, neither the air filter nor the woodstove intervention showed improvement in quality-of-life measures. Among the secondary outcomes, dPFV showed a 4.1 percentage point decrease in variability [95% confidence interval (CI)=-7.8 to -0.4] for air-filtration use in comparison with placebo. The air-filter intervention showed a 67% (95% CI: 50% to 77%) reduction in indoor PM2.5, but no change was observed with the improved-technology woodstove intervention. CONCLUSIONS: Among children with asthma and chronic exposure to woodsmoke, an air-filter intervention that improved indoor air quality did not affect quality-of-life measures. Intent-to-treat analysis did show an improvement in the secondary measure of dPFV. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClincialTrials.gov NCT00807183. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP849.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/prevenção & controle
Poluição do Ar/estatística & dados numéricos
Asma/epidemiologia
Culinária/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/estatística & dados numéricos
Asma/prevenção & controle
Criança
Culinária/instrumentação
Feminino
Filtração
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Material Particulado/análise
Qualidade de Vida
Fumaça
Ventilação/métodos
Madeira
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Particulate Matter); 0 (Smoke)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171020
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171020
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170923
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1289/EHP849


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[PMID]:28934187
[Au] Autor:Chiu SK; Burton NC; Dunn KH; de Perio MA
[Ti] Título:Respiratory and Ocular Symptoms Among Employees of an Indoor Waterpark Resort - Ohio, 2016.
[So] Source:MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep;66(37):986-989, 2017 Sep 22.
[Is] ISSN:1545-861X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In July 2015, a municipal health department in Ohio received complaints of respiratory and ocular symptoms from patrons of an indoor waterpark resort. In response, the health department conducted an online survey in August 2015 through which 19 (68%) patron and employee respondents reported eye burning, nose irritation, difficulty breathing, and vomiting. On August 11, 2015, the health department requested a health hazard evaluation by CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health to characterize the prevalence of symptoms among employees and determine the etiology of work-related symptoms. In January 2016, CDC investigators performed a cross-sectional epidemiologic study, environmental sampling, and ventilation system assessment (1). Findings suggested that chlorine disinfection byproducts and environmental conditions contributed to a higher prevalence of work-related respiratory and ocular symptoms among employees in the waterpark compared with employees in other resort areas. Recommendations included servicing the ventilation system, changing work practices to decrease the amount of disinfection byproduct precursors, and responding promptly to employee reports of symptoms.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/efeitos adversos
Cloro/efeitos adversos
Oftalmopatias/epidemiologia
Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia
Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos
Doenças Respiratórias/epidemiologia
Piscinas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/análise
Cloro/análise
Estudos Transversais
Oftalmopatias/etiologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Doenças Profissionais/etiologia
Exposição Ocupacional/análise
Ohio/epidemiologia
Prevalência
Doenças Respiratórias/etiologia
Ventilação
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
4R7X1O2820 (Chlorine)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170926
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170926
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170922
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.15585/mmwr.mm6637a5


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[PMID]:28817497
[Au] Autor:Bassola B; Lusignani M
[Ad] Endereço:Maura Lusignani, RN MSC, is Associate Professor, University of Milan, Milan, Italy.
[Ti] Título:Self-care in People With Motor Neuron Disease: An Integrative Review.
[So] Source:J Neurosci Nurs;49(5):311-317, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1945-2810
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Self-care is a crucial aspect in the management of chronic diseases. People with motor neuron disease (MND) live with a chronic degenerative condition in rapid evolution, which leads them to high dependencies. During their illness, they must apply several behaviors including adherence to ventilation and nutritional therapy. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to systematically explore the concept of self-care for people with MND. METHOD: An integrative review of the literature has been conducted. The electronic databases CINAHL, PubMed, and SCOPUS were searched. RESULTS: Fifteen articles met the inclusion criteria and were reviewed; 7 of them discuss decision-making process and adherence to ventilation and nutritional therapy. Five of them discuss strategies used by people with MND to optimize living with this illness. Four of them discuss care and monitoring behaviors performed and recommended to people with MND. No studies focused on self-care in people with MND was identified in the literature. CONCLUSIONS: The concept of self-care in people with MND is related to inventiveness, to adaptability, and to dependence. Further studies seem to be needed to understand the concept of self-care in this population.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doença Crônica
Tomada de Decisões
Doença dos Neurônios Motores/terapia
Autocuidado
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Doença dos Neurônios Motores/dietoterapia
Doença dos Neurônios Motores/psicologia
Qualidade de Vida
Ventilação/métodos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170818
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/JNN.0000000000000303


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[PMID]:28768783
[Au] Autor:Refaie R; Rushton P; McGovern P; Thompson D; Serrano-Pedraza I; Rankin KS; Reed M
[Ad] Endereço:Northumbria Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust, Woodhorn Ln, Ashington, Northumberland NE63 9JJ, UK.
[Ti] Título:The effect of operating lights on laminar flow: an experimental study using neutrally buoyant helium bubbles.
[So] Source:Bone Joint J;99-B(8):1061-1066, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:2049-4408
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:AIMS: The interaction between surgical lighting and laminar airflow is poorly understood. We undertook an experiment to identify any effect contemporary surgical lights have on laminar flow and recommend practical strategies to limit any negative effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Neutrally buoyant bubbles were introduced into the surgical field of a simulated setup for a routine total knee arthroplasty in a laminar flow theatre. Patterns of airflow were observed and the number of bubbles remaining above the surgical field over time identified. Five different lighting configurations were assessed. Data were analysed using simple linear regression after logarithmic transformation. RESULTS: In the absence of surgical lights, laminar airflow was observed, bubbles were cleared rapidly and did not accumulate. If lights were placed above the surgical field laminar airflow was abolished and bubbles rose from the surgical field to the lights then circulated back to the surgical field. The value of the decay parameter (slope) of the two setups differed significantly; no light (b = -1.589) one light (b = -0.1273, p < 0.001). Two lights touching (b = -0.1191) above the surgical field had a similar effect to that of a single light (p = 0. 2719). Two lights positioned by arms outstretched had a similar effect (b = -0.1204) to two lights touching (p = 0.998) and one light (p = 0.444). When lights were separated widely (160 cm), laminar airflow was observed but the rate of clearance of the bubbles remained slower (b = -1.1165) than with no lights present (p = 0.004). CONCLUSION: Surgical lights have a significantly negative effect on laminar airflow. Lights should be positioned as far away as practicable from the surgical field to limit this effect. Cite this article: 2017;99-B:1061-6.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos
Desinfecção/métodos
Hélio/farmacologia
Iluminação/métodos
Salas Cirúrgicas
Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ambiente Controlado
Seres Humanos
Ventilação/métodos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
206GF3GB41 (Helium)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170913
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170913
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170804
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1302/0301-620X.99B8.BJJ-2016-0581.R2


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[PMID]:28722632
[Au] Autor:Weaver AM; Parveen S; Goswami D; Crabtree-Ide C; Rudra C; Yu J; Mu L; Fry AM; Sharmin I; Luby SP; Ram PK
[Ad] Endereço:Richard M. Fairbanks School of Public Health, Indiana University, Indianapolis, Indiana.
[Ti] Título:Pilot Intervention Study of Household Ventilation and Fine Particulate Matter Concentrations in a Low-Income Urban Area, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
[So] Source:Am J Trop Med Hyg;97(2):615-623, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1476-1645
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Fine particulate matter (PM ) is a risk factor for pneumonia; ventilation may be protective. We tested behavioral and structural ventilation interventions on indoor PM in Dhaka, Bangladesh. We recruited 59 good ventilation (window or door in ≥ 3 walls) and 29 poor ventilation (no window, one door) homes. We monitored baseline indoor and outdoor PM for 48 hours. We asked all participants to increase ventilation behavior, including opening windows and doors, and operating fans. Where permitted, we installed windows in nine poor ventilation homes, then repeated PM monitoring. We estimated effects using linear mixed-effects models and conducted qualitative interviews regarding motivators and barriers to ventilation. Compared with poor ventilation homes, good ventilation homes were larger, their residents wealthier and less likely to use biomass fuel. In multivariable linear mixed-effects models, ventilation structures and opening a door or window were inversely associated with the number of hours PM concentrations exceeded 100 and 250 µg/m . Outdoor air pollution was positively associated with the number of hours PM concentrations exceeded 100 and 250 µg/m . Few homes accepted window installation, due to landlord refusal and fear of theft. Motivators for ventilation behavior included cooling of the home and sunlight; barriers included rain, outdoor odors or noise, theft risk, mosquito entry, and, for fan use, perceptions of wasting electricity or unavailability of electricity. We concluded that ventilation may reduce indoor PM concentrations but, there are barriers to increasing ventilation and, in areas with high ambient PM concentrations, indoor concentrations may remain above recommended levels.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/análise
Monitoramento Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos
Material Particulado/análise
Áreas de Pobreza
Ventilação/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bangladesh
Planejamento Ambiental
Características da Família
Projetos Piloto
População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Particulate Matter)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170911
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170911
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170720
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4269/ajtmh.16-0326


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[PMID]:28719368
[Au] Autor:Laniewicz C
[Ad] Endereço:Phoenix Controls. claniewicz@phoenixcontrols.com.
[Ti] Título:Change Is In the Air: What You Need to Know About Pharmacy Ventilation Under United States Pharmacopeia <800>.
[So] Source:Int J Pharm Compd;21(4):271-274, 2017 Jul-Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1092-4221
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:On July 1, 2018, United States Pharmacopeia <800> takes effect in those states that adopt it, and the discussion within this article may be applicable to those states that develop their own standards. United States Pharmacopeia <800> changes requirements for storage and compounding of hazardous drugs. The new requirements have important implications for air management and ventilation in some pharmacies. This article discusses how United States Pharmacopeia <800> compares to United States Pharmacopeia <797>, how the changes impact room ventilation and pressurization requirements, and how high-performance airflow control systems that ensure compliance and safety are impacted.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Farmácias
Farmacopeias como Assunto
Ventilação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170912
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170912
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170719
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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