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[PMID]:29231007
[Au] Autor:Du YL; Zhang WL
[Ad] Endereço:Nine-three Reclamation Public Security Bureau, Nenjiang 161441, China.
[Ti] Título:[Automobile Traffic Accident Death Case Analysis of Characteristics of Driver Injury].
[So] Source:Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi;33(1):36-37, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1004-5619
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To distinguish the injury characteristic changes on the drivers between the injuries of drivers and passengers in traffic accidents, and to provide scientific evidence for confirming the identity of driver in traffic accidents. METHODS: Data of 126 automobile traffic accident death cases in the reclamation areas of Heilongjiang province from 2006-2014 were retrospectively studied. The injury characteristics on the drivers of automobile traffic accident death cases were analyzed and the forensic identification problem in the injuries of drivers and passengers were discussed. RESULTS: Injuries were frequently observed on driver's neck, chest and abdomen. The characteristic injuries caused by auto parts were also found, which appeared at the places of passenger's head, face and limbs contacted with automobile. Such characteristic injuries were not found at other places. CONCLUSIONS: The location and type of injury are associated with the identity of the deceased.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Acidentes de Trânsito/mortalidade
Condução de Veículo/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Acidentes de Trânsito/estatística & dados numéricos
Automóveis
China/epidemiologia
Morte
Extremidades/lesões
Feminino
Cabeça
Seres Humanos
Estudos Retrospectivos
Tórax
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171213
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2017.01.009


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[PMID]:29205969
[Au] Autor:Zhang W
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Forensic Medicine, National Police University of China, Shenyang 110035, China.
[Ti] Título:[Forensic Analysis of the Characteristics of Pelvic Fracture in 65 Road Traffic Accident Death Cases].
[So] Source:Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi;32(6):428-430, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1004-5619
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To analyze the characteristics and mechanisms of pelvic fractures in the cases of road traffic accident deaths. METHODS: Total 65 cases of road traffic accident deaths with pelvic fracture were collected, and the sites, characteristics and injury mechanisms of pelvic fracture were statistically analyzed. RESULTS: Among the 65 cases of pelvic fracture, 38 cases of dislocation of sacroiliac joint were found, and most combined with pubis symphysis separation or fracture of pubis. In the fractures of pubis, ischium and acetabulum, linear fractures were most common, while comminuted fractures were most common in sacrum and coccyx fractures. There were 54 cases combined with pelvic soft tissue injury, and 8 cases with pelvic organ injury and 44 cases with abdominal organ injury. In the types of pelvic ring injury, 32 cases were separation, 49.32%, followed by compression, 26.15% and only one case was verticality, 1.54%. CONCLUSIONS: Detailed and comprehensive examination of the body and determination of the pelvic fracture type contribute to analyze the mechanisms of injury.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Acidentes de Trânsito
Fraturas Ósseas/diagnóstico
Ossos Pélvicos/lesões
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Acetábulo/lesões
Morte
Patologia Legal
Fraturas Cominutivas/diagnóstico
Seres Humanos
Ísquio/lesões
Lesões dos Tecidos Moles/diagnóstico
Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2016.06.008


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[PMID]:28464812
[Au] Autor:Murgatroyd D; Harris IA; Chen JS; Adie S; Mittal R; Cameron ID
[Ad] Endereço:John Walsh Centre for Rehabilitation Research, The University of Sydney, Kolling Institute, Sydney, NSW, Australia. dmur0062@uni.sydney.edu.au.
[Ti] Título:Predictors of seeking financial compensation following motor vehicle trauma: inception cohort with moderate to severe musculoskeletal injuries.
[So] Source:BMC Musculoskelet Disord;18(1):177, 2017 05 02.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2474
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Compensation related factors have been repeatedly associated with poor recovery following orthopaedic trauma. There is limited research into the factors associated with seeking financial compensation. Further understanding of these factors could facilitate injury recovery by purposeful compensation scheme design. The aim of this study was to investigate the predictors of seeking financial compensation, namely making a claim and seeking legal representation, following motor vehicle related orthopaedic trauma. The study was conducted in New South Wales (NSW), Australia, in motor vehicle crash and workers' compensation schemes. METHODS: Participants were patients admitted with upper or lower extremity factures following a motor vehicle crash to two trauma hospitals. Data were collected at baseline within two weeks of injury. Participants were followed up at six months. Analysis involved: descriptive statistics for baseline characteristics; comparison of compensable and non-compensable participants with Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and chi-squared tests; and logistic regression for predictor models. RESULTS: The cohort consisted of 452 participants with a mean age 40 years; 75% male; 74% working pre-injury; 30% in excellent pre-injury health; 56% sustained serious injuries with an Injury Severity Score (ISS) 9-15; 61% had a low-middle range household income; and 35% self-reported at fault in the crash. There was no significant difference in pre-injury/baseline health between compensable and non-compensable participants. Follow up data was available for 301 (67%) participants. The significant predictor of claiming compensation in the adjusted analysis was higher body mass index (BMI) (overweight Odds Ratio [OR] 3.05, 95% Confidence Interval [CI] 1.63-5.68; obese OR 1.63, 95% CI 0.83-3.20). Participants less likely to claim were: involved in a motorcycle crash (OR 0.47, 95% CI 0.28-0.82); socioeconomically less disadvantaged (OR 0.37, 95% CI 0.17-0.82) or least disadvantaged (OR 0.39, 95% CI 0.17-0.90); at risk for short term harm (injury) due to alcohol consumption (OR 0.56, 95% CI 0.32-0.97); and with fair-poor pre-injury health (OR 0.30, 95% CI 0.09-0.94). The predictors for seeking legal representation were speaking a language other than English at home (OR 2.80, 95% CI 1.2-6.52) and lower household income (OR 3.63, 95% CI 1.22-10.72). Participants less likely to seek legal representation were least socioeconomically disadvantaged (OR 0.15, 95% CI 0.04-0.50). CONCLUSIONS: Seeking financial compensation was associated with a higher pre-injury BMI rather than injury-related factors. Seeking legal representation was solely related to socio-economic factors.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Acidentes de Trânsito/economia
Compensação e Reparação
Sistema Musculoesquelético/lesões
Ferimentos e Lesões/economia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Acidentes de Trânsito/legislação & jurisprudência
Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Automóveis
Índice de Massa Corporal
Compensação e Reparação/legislação & jurisprudência
Grupos Étnicos
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Renda
Serviços Jurídicos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Motocicletas
New South Wales
Recuperação de Função Fisiológica
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Populações Vulneráveis
Ferimentos e Lesões/etiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170504
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12891-017-1535-z


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[PMID]:29424988
[Au] Autor:Fedotova IV; Chernikova EF
[Ti] Título:[Stress as an occupational risk factor among policemen of road patrol service].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(7):617-22, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The hygienic evaluation of occupational factors which characterized working conditions of traffic policemen of road patrol service was performed. The authors found that along with high neuro-emotional occupational stress in traffic policemen, they exposed to unfavorable microclimate, higher level of noise, vibration and their work was classified as heavy. Also, traffic policemen presented subjective complaints about negative impact of polluted air of motorways on their health status. Prevalence of chronic diseases was analyzed in group of 431 traffic policemen. The authors revealed a leading role of the following diseases: musculoskeletal diseases, diseases of connective tissue, digestive diseases, diseases of the nerve system, circulation system; their portion in the morbidity structure was 86.0%. The association of these diseases with occupation was confirmed by the increasing of their incidence with increasing of length of duration of service. Calculation of indices of relative occupational risk showed (that especially important) the increase of the length of service led to the increase in the risk ofpathologies, in which stress played a significant role. In examined group, the authors revealed such diseases as hypertension, autonomous-vascular dystonia, gastric and duodenal ulcer. Risk of the development of these diseases in some age/length of service groups is classified as high and very high. Obtained results provide the evidence that measures aimed to the decrease of the exposure to occupational factors will promote prevention of stress-stipulated diseases among traffic policemen.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Estresse Ocupacional
Polícia/psicologia
Emissões de Veículos/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Acidentes de Trânsito/legislação & jurisprudência
Acidentes de Trânsito/prevenção & controle
Adulto
Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Ruído dos Transportes/efeitos adversos
Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos
Exposição Ocupacional/análise
Exposição Ocupacional/prevenção & controle
Saúde do Trabalhador/normas
Saúde do Trabalhador/estatística & dados numéricos
Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia
Estresse Ocupacional/etiologia
Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle
Federação Russa/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Air Pollutants); 0 (Vehicle Emissions)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180210
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29206823
[Au] Autor:Sánchez-Chávez FA; Cabrera-Escamilla JA
[Ad] Endereço:Departamento de Cirugía de Columna, Hospital de Traumatología y Ortopedia No 21, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS), Monterrey, N.L., México.
[Ti] Título:[Thoracic and lumbar fractures in adolescents. An eight-year study].
[Ti] Título:Fracturas torácicas y lumbares en los adolescentes. Estudio de ocho años..
[So] Source:Gac Med Mex;153(6):672-676, 2017 Nov-Dec.
[Is] ISSN:0016-3813
[Cp] País de publicação:Mexico
[La] Idioma:spa
[Ab] Resumo:METHODS: In order to know the characteristics of these lesions in our environment and compare with those the adults, a transversal and descriptive study of adolescents between 12 and 18 years who were hospitalized for thoracic and lumbar fracture in two centers of high level trauma in our country for 8 years was performed. The variables studied were applied statistical analysis descriptive and correlation. RESULTS: They were found significant date by associating the causes of damage with associated lesions (p = 0.006) and the initial neurological damage associated with the final neurological damage (p = 0.000). DISCUSSION: They were registered seven teenagers with 10 fractures firearm, as rare cause of injury. An increase in the frequency of thoracic and lumbar fractures in adolescents with increasing age was found. The thoracic and lumbar fractures in adolescents caused by road accidents are associated with lesions in the chest and abdomen. And when are caused by falls are associated with lower extremity fractures. In addition, 13.5% of cases showed significant changes toward improvement in the initial neurological damage.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Vértebras Lombares/lesões
Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia
Vértebras Torácicas/lesões
Traumatismos do Sistema Nervoso/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Acidentes por Quedas/estatística & dados numéricos
Acidentes de Trânsito/estatística & dados numéricos
Adolescente
Distribuição por Idade
Criança
Feminino
Hospitalização
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/etiologia
Traumatismos do Sistema Nervoso/etiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.24875/GMM.17002809


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[PMID]:29206822
[Au] Autor:Berrones-Sanz LD
[Ad] Endereço:Colegio de Ciencia y Tecnología, Universidad Autónoma de la Ciudad de México, Ciudad de México, México.
[Ti] Título:Analysis of accidents and injuries on motorcycles in Mexico.
[Ti] Título:Análisis de los accidentes y las lesiones de los motociclistas en México..
[So] Source:Gac Med Mex;153(6):662-671, 2017 Nov-Dec.
[Is] ISSN:0016-3813
[Cp] País de publicação:Mexico
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To analyze the type of injuries and the characteristics and geographical distribution of road accidents where motorcycles were involved in Mexico. METHODS: A descriptive analysis of second-hand information sources was conducted, including the number of accidents (N = 41,881), total number of injured people (N = 13,916) and medical expenses (N = 9,111) associated to motorcycle accidents during 2014. RESULTS: Motorcycles represent 13.14% of the total number of deaths in road accidents in Mexico, and the Southeast region of Mexico registers the highest proportion of fatal injuries. Of the total number of motorcycles, 1.84% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.83-1.86) were involved in a collision. 3.64 (95% CI: 3.39-3.89) people died and 105.5 (95% CI: 104.1-106.8) were injured in every 10,000. Out of the total number of injuries, 76.6% were male and 53.74% were women. 55.1% of deaths were caused by intracranial trauma. Only 16.6% wore a helmet at the time of the accident, and those not wearing a helmet had a 2.11 (odds ratio [OR]: 2.1; CI 95%: 1.8-2.4) higher chance of head injury. Regarding the severity of the crash, those occurred in suburban areas (OR: 6.58; CI 95%: 5.69-7.60), in unpaved surfaces (OR: 4.13; CI 95%: 3.04-5.61), after low alcohol consumption (OR: 1.89; CI 95%: 1.46-2.44), at night (OR: 2.24; CI 95%: 1.95-2.57) and on weekends (OR: 1.65; CI 95%: 1.44-1.90), had the highest chance of turning into a fatal accident. CONCLUSIONS: In spite of the progress made in terms of road safety, motorcycle accidents are still increasing, and the use of a helmet is still proportionally low. More information on these groups and risk factors needs to be available so people are better informed. Also, regulations need improvements regarding the use of security equipment like helmets in order to reduce injuries and fatal accidents.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Acidentes de Trânsito/estatística & dados numéricos
Traumatismos Craniocerebrais/epidemiologia
Motocicletas/estatística & dados numéricos
Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Traumatismos Craniocerebrais/mortalidade
Feminino
Dispositivos de Proteção da Cabeça/utilização
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Masculino
México/epidemiologia
Meia-Idade
Fatores de Risco
Ferimentos e Lesões/mortalidade
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.24875/GMM.017002812


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[PMID]:29206821
[Au] Autor:Muro-Báez VA; Mendoza-García ME; Vera-López JD; Pérez-Núñez R
[Ad] Endereço:Estudiante de la Licenciatura en Sociología, Secretariado Técnico del Consejo Nacional para la Prevención de Accidentes, Secretaría de Salud México, Ciudad de México, México.
[Ti] Título:[Analysis of road traffic injuries in Mexican cyclists].
[Ti] Título:Análisis de las lesiones causadas por el tránsito sufridas por ciclistas en México..
[So] Source:Gac Med Mex;153(6):653-661, 2017 Nov-Dec.
[Is] ISSN:0016-3813
[Cp] País de publicação:Mexico
[La] Idioma:spa
[Ab] Resumo:With the objective of analyzing fatal and non-fatal road traffic injuries in cyclists and to document helmet use in this road user to inform sustainable mobility policies, a descriptive analysis of four secondary official information sources was conducted at the national level: mortality, Ministry of Health's hospital discharges, Unintentional and Violence Registry System (SIS-SS-17-P) and the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey (ENSANUT). Only SIS-SS-17-P and ENSANUT document helmet use. Except for ENSANUT information analyzed is of 2014.A total of 190 cyclists died in Mexico during 2014 and 392 were hospitalized; head was the anatomical region most frequently affected (63% and 32%, respectively). Only 0.75% of the 667 cases registered in SIS-17 reported helmet use and 24% suffered head injuries. Of the 165,348 non-fatally injured cyclists from ENSANUT <10% used helmet, 24% had head injuries and more than 16,000 suffered permanent injuries. Whereas cyclist-friendly infrastructure is an effective intervention to prevent injuries in the long term, helmet use could potentially reduce the frequency and severity of head injuries in the short run while bicycle use widespread as a means of transportation providing "safety in numbers".
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Acidentes de Trânsito/estatística & dados numéricos
Ciclismo/lesões
Traumatismos Craniocerebrais/epidemiologia
Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Ciclismo/estatística & dados numéricos
Criança
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Dispositivos de Proteção da Cabeça/utilização
Inquéritos Epidemiológicos
Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
México
Meia-Idade
Sistema de Registros
Índices de Gravidade do Trauma
Ferimentos e Lesões/mortalidade
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.24875/GMM.17002632


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[PMID]:29390346
[Au] Autor:Zhao B; Li H; Yan J; Han LR; Yang XF
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Orthopaedics, Liaocheng People's Hospital and Liaocheng Clinical School of Taishan Medical University, Liaocheng, Shandong, China.
[Ti] Título:Pipkin type III femoral head fracture-dislocation combined with complicated acetabular fracture: A rare case report and literature review.
[So] Source:Medicine (Baltimore);96(50):e9214, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1536-5964
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:RATIONALE: Pipkin III fracture, which is characterized by high risk of avascular necrosis of the femoral head, is extremely rare. It is more difficult to treat and has a worse prognosis when accompanied with severe acetabular fractures. Few studies show that both Pipkin type III femoral head fracture-dislocation and complicated acetabular fracture presented in one patient. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 34-year-old male suffered a terrible traffic accident with a serious damage to the left side when he was sitting in the car's cockpit. Pelvic radiograph and 3-dimensional reconstruction of computed tomography revealed characteristics of fractures before the emergency operation. DIAGNOSIS: Pipkin III fractures combined with complicated acetabular fracture. INTERVENTIONS: Firstly, we used combined anterior and posterior approach for treatment to fix the femoral head fractures. Then, we completed anatomical reduction of fractures with countersunk head screw, hollow screw, and reconstruction plate. OUTCOMES: At the 12-months follow-up, the patient could walk freely and perform activities of daily living without necrosis of femoral head and heterotopic ossification. LESSONS: Although there are serious complications in Pipkin III fractures combined with complicated acetabular fracture, early surgical treatment with appropriate approach and fixation could get satisfactory results.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fraturas do Colo Femoral/cirurgia
Fratura-Luxação/cirurgia
Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos
Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Acidentes de Trânsito
Adulto
Fraturas do Colo Femoral/classificação
Fraturas do Colo Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem
Fraturas do Colo Femoral/etiologia
Fratura-Luxação/classificação
Fratura-Luxação/diagnóstico por imagem
Fratura-Luxação/etiologia
Fixação Interna de Fraturas/instrumentação
Fraturas do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem
Fraturas do Quadril/etiologia
Seres Humanos
Fixadores Internos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180203
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000009214


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[PMID]:29386442
[Au] Autor:Takada M
[Ad] Endereço:Faculty of Nursing and Rehabilitation, Chubu Gakuin University.
[Ti] Título:[Hygiene in Sleep: Problems of Sleeping Habits in Shift Workers].
[So] Source:Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi;73(1):22-26, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1882-6482
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:jpn
[Ab] Resumo:Since World War II, Japan has achieved remarkable economic development and has become an advanced country. Particularly in the industrial field, a production system has been developed to reduce the loss of machining time by adopting a shiftwork in factories operating 24 hours a day, which contributes to the improvement of productivity. Nowadays, this shiftwork practice has spread from the industrial field to other businesses such as 24-hour entertainment facilities and convenience stores, which lead to sleep deprivation in Japanese society. Even at home, certain conditions adversely affect sleeping habits. We are concerned about the risks of physical and mental health, impairments posed by the use of tablets, PCs, smartphones, and other devices so popular in today's Japan, as they delay sleep. It is urgent to improve poor sleeping habits because their outcomes such as sleep disorders and deprivation may also lead to traffic and industrial accidents.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Saúde do Trabalhador
Jornada de Trabalho em Turnos/efeitos adversos
Privação do Sono/etiologia
Transtornos do Sono do Ritmo Circadiano/etiologia
Sono/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Acidentes de Trabalho/prevenção & controle
Acidentes de Trânsito/prevenção & controle
Ritmo Circadiano
Feminino
Promoção da Saúde
Seres Humanos
Japão
Estilo de Vida
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180228
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180228
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180202
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1265/jjh.73.22


  10 / 37651 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29364936
[Au] Autor:Guo M; Wu Z; Zhu H
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.
[Ti] Título:Empirical study of lane-changing behavior on three Chinese freeways.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191466, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Lane-changing (LC) behavior is investigated on Chinese freeways, where the driving circumstances are relatively aggressive. Three data sets were collected from urban expressways and an intercity highway in the form of traffic videos. Different aspects of LC behaviors are analyzed, i.e., the LC rate, motivation, target lane choice and impact on traffic. The results suggest that LC is a transient behavior that randomly occurs with high frequency, which is the main feature of aggressive driving. Several LC patterns and the combination effect of ramps, fast lanes and various vehicle types are presented. The influence of LC on local traffic endures for approximately 15 to 30 s, which rapidly increases and slowly declines. LC behavior will increase the risk of high-speed car-following. All results are obtained from the empirical data; they will be useful for traffic management and traffic modeling.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Condução de Veículo/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Acidentes de Trânsito/prevenção & controle
Acidentes de Trânsito/psicologia
Agressão
Condução de Veículo/estatística & dados numéricos
Comportamento
China
Seres Humanos
Modelos Psicológicos
Motivação
Gestão da Segurança
População Urbana
Gravação em Vídeo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180226
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180226
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180125
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191466



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