Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : N06.850.460 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 14761 [refinar]
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  1 / 14761 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29446579
[Au] Autor:Savchenkov MF; Efimova NV; Manueva RS; Nikolaeva LA; Shin NS
[Ti] Título:[Thyroid gland pathology in children population exposed to the combination of iodine deficiency and fluoride pollution of environment].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(12):1201-5, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The article presents results of study of the impact of iodine deficiency and technogenic fluoride on the state of the thyroid gland in children. On the example of two districts of the city of Bratsk there were executed dynamic investigations (2002 and 2012), including the estimation of the pollution of ambient air and soil by fluorine compounds, levels of iodine intake by the body, the clinical examination of children aged from 5 to 7 years d and interviewing of their parents. In the course of the medical examination there were executed: physical examination by the pediatrician, endocrinologist, ultrasound examination of the thyroid gland, the determination both of serum hormone content by radioimmunoassay and urinary excretion offluorine and iodine. Concentrations of hydrogen fluoride and a solidfluorides in ambient air led to the accumulation offluoride ion in the soil. The iodine entering with drinking water and food, was established to provide only 37.5-50% of the daily requirement of iodine. Increased fluoride ion content in urine and milk teeth in children is associated with the concentrations of the fluorine-containing pollutants in the ambient air and soil. The fluoride pollution against the background of the natural iodine deficiency was established to increase the frequency of functional and morphological disorders of the thyroid gland in children.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluição Ambiental
Iodo
Doenças da Glândula Tireoide
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Poluição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Poluição Ambiental/análise
Poluição Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Poluição Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos
Feminino
Compostos de Flúor/efeitos adversos
Compostos de Flúor/análise
Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Iodo/análise
Iodo/deficiência
Masculino
Saúde Pública/métodos
Saúde Pública/estatística & dados numéricos
Sibéria/epidemiologia
Doenças da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico
Doenças da Glândula Tireoide/epidemiologia
Doenças da Glândula Tireoide/etiologia
Doenças da Glândula Tireoide/prevenção & controle
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Fluorine Compounds); 9679TC07X4 (Iodine)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 14761 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29446576
[Au] Autor:Makarov OA; Zimina AN; Nenakhova EV
[Ti] Título:[Ambient air pollution of territories of children preschool institutions by emissions of vehicle components and health of children population].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(12):1188-92, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The aim of this study was the assessment of levels of pollution of territories of preschool educational institutions (PEI) by components of vehicle emissions, in dependence on their locations relatively to highways with different traffic load and, in this regard, the assessment of children health according to the incidence on the seeking medical advice. To achieve this goal there were solved following tasks: to assess air pollution levels of PEI territories by components of vehicle emissions; to evaluate levels and the structure of morbidity rate according to seeking medical advice by children attending observed PEI. In the article there is presented the evaluation of air pollution levels of the components of vehicle emissions territories 4 PEI of the city of Irkutsk located near to highways with different intensity the road transport load. The research results were obtained with the use of «Methodics for the determination vehicle emissions for summary calculations of ambient air pollution in cities¼, which allows to determine the maximum emissions of a moving vehicle per time unit (g/s) for the main combustion components and with following use of software «Superhighway -city¼ to calculate surface concentrations of considered pollutants in the surface ambient air layer (1 m) in MPC proportions. The highest levels of contamination on the content of nitric oxide and benzo- (a)-pyrene (4 and 6,5 MPC respectively) are registered in the territories adjacent to the PEI motorways with high load tracking. To assess the morbidity rate according to seeking medical advice by children attending PEI with different road transport load there were used records from outpatient medical cards «Medical card of the child¼ (f.112/y). Morbidity rate according to seeking medical advice was evaluated in dynamics throughout five years and calculated per 1000 cases. The total sample size accounted for 670 children. The highest morbidity incidence rate levels according both to seeking medical advice and the class of respiratory diseases were recorded in PEI located in close proximity to the highway with a high load of vehicle transport.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluição do Ar
Doença Ambiental
Material Particulado
Serviços de Saúde Escolar
Emissões de Veículos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos
Poluição do Ar/análise
Poluição do Ar/prevenção & controle
Automóveis/classificação
Automóveis/normas
Benzo(a)pireno/análise
Saúde da Criança
Pré-Escolar
Doença Ambiental/diagnóstico
Doença Ambiental/epidemiologia
Doença Ambiental/etiologia
Doença Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Poluição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Poluição Ambiental/análise
Poluição Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos
Seres Humanos
Óxido Nítrico/análise
Material Particulado/efeitos adversos
Material Particulado/análise
Serviços de Saúde Escolar/organização & administração
Serviços de Saúde Escolar/estatística & dados numéricos
Sibéria/epidemiologia
Emissões de Veículos/análise
Emissões de Veículos/prevenção & controle
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Particulate Matter); 0 (Vehicle Emissions); 31C4KY9ESH (Nitric Oxide); 3417WMA06D (Benzo(a)pyrene)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 14761 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29431338
[Au] Autor:Shevchenko AA; Kulagin AA; Grigorenko LV
[Ti] Título:[Hygienic assessment of the impact of diesel fuel on the ordinary black soil microbiocenosis].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(10):942-5, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The main sources of soil contamination by oil products in the Dnepropetrovsk region are oil depots, gas stations and all types of transport that use and transport oil. The diesel fuel was found to be the one of the priority multicomponent components of the petroleum products, so it there was occurred the necessity for the hygienic regulation of the oil component in order to monitor a multicomponent composition ofpetroleum products in the study of complex influence of environmental factors on health population. In the study of the effect of various concentrations of diesel fuel on the number of total bacterial count (TBC) as the threshold for general sanitary indicator of hazard, there was recommended the concentration of4000 mg/kg, which oppressed the vital activity of soil microorganisms by 50-27.3% for the first 2 weeks of the laboratory experiment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Gasolina
Microbiota/efeitos dos fármacos
Solo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Monitoramento Ambiental/normas
Poluição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Poluição Ambiental/análise
Poluição Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Gasolina/efeitos adversos
Gasolina/análise
Seres Humanos
Saúde Pública/métodos
Saúde Pública/normas
Solo/química
Solo/normas
Microbiologia do Solo
Poluentes do Solo/efeitos adversos
Poluentes do Solo/análise
Ucrânia/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Gasoline); 0 (Soil); 0 (Soil Pollutants)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 14761 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29431337
[Au] Autor:Tafeeva EA; Ivanov AV; Titova AA; Petrov IV
[Ti] Título:[Content of heavy metals and petroleum products in the soil on the territory of oilproducing areas of the Republic of Tatarstan].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(10):939-41, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The paper presents data on the hygienic assessment of the content of heavy metals and petroleum products in the soil on the territory of oil-producing areas of the Republic of Tatarstan. The average total content of lead (10,1 mg/kg), cadmium (0.073 mg/kg), manganese (792.4 mg/kg), cobalt (14.2 mg/kg), chromium (87.6 mg/kg), nickel (65.2 mg/ kg), arsenic (8.0 mg/kg), copper (36.6 mg/kg) and zinc (521 mg/kg) in soil for agricultural purposes near objects oil production was shown not to exceed the established hygienic standards. Soil contamination with oil products leads to an increase in its toxicity and mutagenicity. Soil contamination with oil products at the level of as low as 30 mg/ kg leads to the gain in its toxicity (low toxicity) and mutagenicity (average) (specific gravity of germinated seeds was 70.7±0.67%, aberrations - 1.78±0.19%).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agricultura
Poluição Ambiental
Metais Pesados
Indústria de Petróleo e Gás
Petróleo
Solo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Agricultura/métodos
Agricultura/normas
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Monitoramento Ambiental/normas
Poluição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Poluição Ambiental/análise
Poluição Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Seres Humanos
Metais Pesados/efeitos adversos
Metais Pesados/análise
Mutagênicos/análise
Petróleo/efeitos adversos
Petróleo/análise
Saúde Pública/métodos
Saúde Pública/normas
Medição de Risco/métodos
Medição de Risco/normas
Solo/química
Solo/normas
Poluentes do Solo/efeitos adversos
Poluentes do Solo/análise
Tartaristão
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Metals, Heavy); 0 (Mutagens); 0 (Petroleum); 0 (Soil); 0 (Soil Pollutants)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 14761 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29431334
[Au] Autor:Abakumov EV; Suyundukov YT; Pigareva TA; Semenova IN; Semenova RF; Biktimerova G; Rafikova YS; Ilbulova GR
[Ti] Título:[Biological and sanitary evaluation of Sibaisky quarry dumps of the Bashkortostan Republic].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(10):929-34, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:Dumps of quarries for the extraction of copper pyrite in Urals region of the Bashkortostan Republic are the problem object, which represents a main technogenic source of environmental pollution. Soils of Sibaisky quarry dumps are characterized by the elevated content of heavy metals relatively to maximum permissible concentrations and regional geochemical background. In sanitary hygienic evaluation of the pollution by studied technosols according to the total pollution index (Zc) it was revealed that according to the content of total forms studied technosols are referred to moderately hazard, while in regards of the same index concerning the content of the mobile forms technosols are referred to the category of hazardous. In this regard, in plant products grown in the area adjacent to the dumps, there was revealed an excess on cadmium. The biological activity of soils is very low, due to the low microbial community development. Soil formation in the dumps is almost not expressed, appearing in the formation of low-thick underdeveloped humus horizon with a little diversity of species and projective cover. Sanitary-hygienic situation in conditions in the quarry dump area is unfavorable, that does not allow newly formed soils to carry out environmental functions effectively
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Biota/efeitos dos fármacos
Cobre
Poluição Ambiental
Metais Pesados
Mineração/métodos
Solo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bashkiria
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Poluição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Poluição Ambiental/análise
Seres Humanos
Metais Pesados/efeitos adversos
Metais Pesados/análise
Solo/química
Solo/classificação
Poluentes do Solo/efeitos adversos
Poluentes do Solo/análise
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Metals, Heavy); 0 (Soil); 0 (Soil Pollutants); 789U1901C5 (Copper)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 14761 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29431331
[Au] Autor:Vodyanova MA; Kriatov IA; Donerian LG; Evseeva IS; Ushakov DI; Sbitnev AV
[Ti] Título:[Ecological hygienic assessment of soils quality in urban areas].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(10):913-6, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:Assessment of the soil quality is ofprime importance essential for the characterization of the ecological and hygienic condition of the territory, as the soil is the first link of the food chain, the source of secondary air and water pollution, as well as an integral index of ecological well-being of the environment. Herewith the qualitative analysis of soil complicated by the specifics of the soil genesis in the urban environment, in which an important role is played by manmade land bulk and alluvial soils; the inclusion of construction of material debris and household garbage in upper horizons; the growing up of the profile due to the perpetual introduction of different materials and intensive aeolian deposition. It is advisable to consider the currently neglected question of the study of soil vapor containing volatile chemicals. These pollutants penetrate into the building through cracks in the foundation and openings for utilities. Soil evaporation may accumulate in residential areas or in the soil under the building. Because of this, it is necessary to pay attention to the remediation of areas allocated for the built-up area, possessing a large-scale underground parking. Soil contamination is the result of significant anthropogenic impacts on the environment components. In general, about 89.1 million people (62.6% of the population of the country) live in terms of complex chemical load, determined by contamination offood, drinking water, air and soil. The list of microbiological and sanitary-chemical indices of the assessment of soils of urban areas may vary in dependence on the data obtained in pilot studies due to changes and additions to the assigned tasks. Timely forecast for the possibility of the usage of released lands of urban territories for the construction and the creation of new objects for different purposes should become the prevention of chronic non-infectious diseases in the population residing in urban areas.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluição Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Poluentes do Solo
Solo
Saúde da População Urbana/normas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Monitoramento Ambiental/normas
Seres Humanos
Saúde Pública/métodos
Saúde Pública/normas
Federação Russa/epidemiologia
Solo/química
Solo/normas
Microbiologia do Solo
Poluentes do Solo/efeitos adversos
Poluentes do Solo/análise
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Soil); 0 (Soil Pollutants)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 14761 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29431330
[Au] Autor:Deynego VN; Elizarov VB; Kaptsov VA
[Ti] Título:[Hygienic and environmental problems of energy-saving illumination in urbanization of Crimea].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(10):909-13, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The article considers the problems offloodlights pollution in the territory of Crimea due to the work of illumination led equipment of the key elements of the international transport artery "China-Europe". There was performed a qualitative assessment of characteristics of led floodlights pollution on the example of the sea surface of the transport crossing through the Kerch Strait. Ichthyologists and oceanographers were shown to estimate the amount of phytoplankton biomass based on sunlight illumination. The excess dose of blue light in the spectrum of led lighting was established to have an impact on phytoplankton greater than solar and lunar light, creating preconditions for the increase of biological mass of phytoplankton and consequently to the formation of the "stern stock". Arising from additional phytoplankton biomass can significantly influence on the schedule offish migration in waters of the Kerch Strait, the biomass of mosquitoes and midges, which are prey for amphibians and birds. The decline of the both light pollution and its negative impact on fauna andflora requires the development of semiconductor sources of white light with a biologically adequate spectrum in the framework of the "Lighting of the lighting equipment of Crimea".
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Organismos Aquáticos
Poluição Ambiental
Luz/efeitos adversos
Iluminação
Processos Fototróficos/efeitos da radiação
Urbanização
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Organismos Aquáticos/fisiologia
Organismos Aquáticos/efeitos da radiação
Poluição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Poluição Ambiental/análise
Poluição Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Seres Humanos
Iluminação/efeitos adversos
Iluminação/métodos
Iluminação/normas
Fotometria/métodos
Fotometria/normas
Fitoplâncton/fisiologia
Fitoplâncton/efeitos da radiação
Saúde Pública/métodos
Saúde Pública/normas
Federação Russa/epidemiologia
Mudança Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 14761 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29431327
[Au] Autor:Donerian LG; Vodianova MA; Tarasova ZE
[Ti] Título:[Microscopic soil fungi - bioindicators organisms contaminated soil].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(9):891-4, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:In the paper there are considered methodological issues for the evaluation of soil biota in terms of oil pollution. Experimental studies have shown that under the exposure of a various levels of oil pollution meeting certain gradations of the state and optimal alteration in microbocenosis in sod-podzolic soils, there is occurred a transformation of structure of the complex of micromycetes and the accumulation of toxic species, hardly typical for podzolic soils - primarily represantatives of the genus Aspergillus (A.niger and A. versicolor), Paecilomyces (P.variotii Bainer), Trichoderma (T.hamatum), the genus of phytopathogens Fusarium (F.oxysporum), dermatophytes of genus Sporothrix (S. schenckii) and dark-colored melanin containing fungi of Dematiaceae family. Besides that there are presented data on the study of microbiocenosis of the urban soil, the urban soil differed from the zone soil, but shaped in similar landscape and climatic conditions, and therefore having a tendency to a similar response from the side of microorganisms inhabiting the soil. Isolated complex of soil microscopic fungi is described by many authors as a complex, characteristic for soils of megalopolises. This allowed authors of this work to suggest that in urban soils the gain in the occurrence of pathogenic species micromycetes also increases against a background of chronic, continuously renewed inflow of petroleum hydrocarbons from various sources of pollution. Because changes in the species composition of micromycetes occurred in accordance with the increasing load of oil, so far as microscopic soil fungi can be recommended as a bioindicator organisms for oil. In the article there is also provided information about the distinctive features of modern DNA identification method of soil microscopic fungi and accepted in our country methodology of isolation of micromycetes with the use of a nutrient Czapek medium.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluição Ambiental
Fungos
Poluição por Petróleo
Microbiologia do Solo/normas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: DNA Fúngico/análise
Poluentes Ambientais/efeitos adversos
Poluentes Ambientais/análise
Poluição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Poluição Ambiental/análise
Poluição Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Fungos/classificação
Fungos/genética
Fungos/isolamento & purificação
Seres Humanos
Poluição por Petróleo/efeitos adversos
Poluição por Petróleo/análise
Poluição por Petróleo/prevenção & controle
Saúde Pública/métodos
Saúde Pública/normas
Federação Russa/epidemiologia
Saúde da População Urbana/normas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Fungal); 0 (Environmental Pollutants)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 14761 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29431315
[Au] Autor:Shamilishvili GA; Abakumov EV; Gabov DN; Alekseev II
[Ti] Título:[Features of fractional composition of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and multielement contamination of soils of urban territories and their hygienic characteristics (on the example of soils of functional zones of Saint-Petersburg)].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(9):827-37, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:This study is devoted to the investigation of quantitative and qualitative composition and distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in urban soils on the example of recreational, residential and industrial areas of Saint-Petersburg (Russia). The evaluation of soil contamination levels with heavy metals and metalloids of the first and second classes of hazard is given as well. Total PAH content in soils of the studied area in most cases exceeds international soil quality guideline values (1 mg/kg), varying from 0.67 to 17.45 mg/kg. In most samples benzo[a] pyrene concentrations were found to be higher than MPC for this substance in soil. Calculated BaP-equivalents of PAHs indicate to the high carcinogenic risk for health, associated with soil contamination. Mean PAH concentrations in soil differ authentically between various types of functional zones and in the whole of the city. The significant positive correlation between soil organic content and PAH levels in soils was revealed in most samples. Calculated values of the total index of soil contamination (Zc) by heavy metals and metalloids were characterized by low values (47.28-121.14), that corresponds to the category of dangerous pollution (32 < Z < 128).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Carcinógenos
Metais Pesados/análise
Hidrocarbonetos Aromáticos Policíclicos/análise
Saúde Pública
Poluentes do Solo
Solo/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Carcinógenos/análise
Carcinógenos/toxicidade
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Monitoramento Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos
Poluição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Poluição Ambiental/análise
Poluição Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Seres Humanos
Saúde da População/estatística & dados numéricos
Saúde Pública/métodos
Saúde Pública/normas
Federação Russa/epidemiologia
Poluentes do Solo/análise
Poluentes do Solo/química
Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Carcinogens); 0 (Metals, Heavy); 0 (Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons); 0 (Soil); 0 (Soil Pollutants)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 14761 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29430911
[Au] Autor:Elpiner LI
[Ti] Título:[Medical hydrogeology is an independent interdisciplinary branch of the science about groundwater].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(9):800-5, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The use of groundwater in population water supply systems gains more and more importance because of increasing degradation of the quality of surface water sources. At the same time there are changed concepts on ubiquitous high quality of groundwater. The executed analysis offoreign and domestic literature allowed authors to determine the character and causes of negative changes in the composition of groundwater. In the large body of investigations there were established cause-and-effect relationships between a number of noninfectious (including cardiovascular and cancer) and infectious diseases and anthropogenic pollution and the natural composition of groundwater. In the article there is substantiated the formation of a new interdisciplinary scientific direction - medical hydrogeology. On the basis of current data on the medical and ecological significance of the quality, quantity and regime of the groundwater, geological conditions of the shaping of their composition, there was shown the need of the consideration of the hydrological situation in making water supply management solutions safe for the health of the population. In this regard, there were considered the interrelationship and interdependence of allied disciplines - hygiene, ecological toxicology and epidemiology, hydrogeochemistry, hydrogeology. There was pointed the importance of the acquisition of based on hydrogeology medical specialists of the water supply profile for sharing with hygienists of the effective solution of tasks of the management of groundwater sources.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluição Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Abastecimento de Água
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Monitoramento Ambiental/normas
Água Subterrânea/análise
Água Subterrânea/normas
Seres Humanos
Comunicação Interdisciplinar
Saúde Pública/métodos
Federação Russa/epidemiologia
Qualidade da Água/normas
Abastecimento de Água/métodos
Abastecimento de Água/normas
Abastecimento de Água/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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