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[PMID]:27770708
[Au] Autor:Glorennec P; Lucas JP; Mercat AC; Roudot AC; Le Bot B
[Ad] Endereço:EHESP, School of Public Health, Sorbonne Paris Cité, - Avenue du Professeur Léon-Bernard, CS 74312, 35043 Rennes cedex, France; Irset Inserm, UMR 1085-Institut de Recherche sur la Santé, l'Environnement et le Travail, Rennes, France. Electronic address: Philippe.glorennec@ehesp.fr.
[Ti] Título:Environmental and dietary exposure of young children to inorganic trace elements.
[So] Source:Environ Int;97:28-36, 2016 12.
[Is] ISSN:1873-6750
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Children are exposed to toxic metals and metalloids via their diet and environment. Our objective was to assess the aggregate chronic exposure of children aged 3-6years, living in France, to As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Mn, Pb, Sb, Sr, and V present in diet, tap water, air, soil and floor dust in the years 2007-2009. Dietary data came from the French Total Diet Study, while concentrations in residential tap water, soil and indoor floor dust came from the 'Plomb-Habitat' nationwide representative survey on children's lead exposure at home. Indoor air concentrations were assumed to be equal to outdoor air concentrations, which were retrieved from regulatory measurements networks. Human exposure factors were retrieved from literature. Data were combined with Monte Carlo simulations. Median exposures were 1.7, 0.3, 10.2, 34.1, 60.3, 0.7, 0.1, 44.3, 1.5 and 95th percentiles were 4.4, 0.5, 15.8, 61.3, 98.3, 2.5, 0.1, 111.1, 2.9µg/kgbw/d for As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Mn, Pb, Sb, Sr, and V respectively. Dietary exposures dominate aggregate exposures, with the notable exception of Pb - for which soils and indoor floor dust ingestion contribute most at the 95th percentile. The strengths of this study are that it aggregates exposures that are often estimated separately, and uses a large amount of representative data. This assessment is limited to main diet and residential exposure, and does not take into account the relative bioavailability of compounds. These results could be used to help target prevention strategies.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluentes Ambientais/toxicidade
Oligoelementos/toxicidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/efeitos adversos
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Exposição Dietética/efeitos adversos
Poeira/análise
Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Feminino
França
Intoxicação por Metais Pesados
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Poluentes do Solo/análise
Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade
Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Dust); 0 (Environmental Pollutants); 0 (Soil Pollutants); 0 (Trace Elements); 0 (Water Pollutants, Chemical)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180311
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180311
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161023
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29446577
[Au] Autor:Mylnikova IV
[Ti] Título:[Hygienic assessment of intraschool environment in rural and urban secondary school institutions].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(12):1193-7, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The purpose of the research is to assess the intra-environment indices in urban and rural secondary schools. In the course of special studies there was given the hygienic assessment of the climate, illumination and air quality of classrooms. In classrooms in rural schools microclimate indices were established to fail to meet hygienic requirements mainly on the temperature and humidity parameters. In rural schools, the temperature was decreased to 16-17 °C in 19.0 ± 8.6% of classrooms, humidity was elevated to 63.1% in 25.7 ± 7.4% of classrooms. Among urban schools the humidity in 49.6 ± 4.4% of classrooms reduced to 23.3 ± 0.3%, in 20.8 ± 5.4% of offices it was increased to 71.9 ± 0.9%. The coefficient of the natural illumination in rural schools has been reduced to 0.86-1.4% in 33.9 ± 14.2% of classrooms. In 25.1 ± 2.3% of classrooms in urban schools the level of natural light ratio was below the normative values and varied in the range of 0.32-1.3%. It is noted that in the offices of informatics natural light indices are significantly lower than in the classrooms for core subjects. The artificial lighting in urban schools was found to be lower than hygienic standards on the desks by 1.9 times, 2.2 times - at the board. There were obtained statistically significant handshaking health problems of urban schoolchildren due to intraenvironmental factors. The c dimate in surveyed gyms in rural schools is different in the low temperature and high humidity. The hygienic assessment of the air pollution classrooms' medium was executed for a range of chemicals: formaldehyde, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, particulate matter. Concentrations of formaldehyde; nitrogen dioxide, suspended solids in the air in classrooms in urban schools appeared to be higher than in rural schools. Carbon monoxide concentrations in classrooms in rural schools was found to exceed their values in urban schools. The air in classrooms of the one of the cities was found to be differed by a specific atmosphere for its chemical - hydrogen fluoride, in concentrations exceeding the maximum allowed concentration by 3-3.5 times.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados
Calefação
Iluminação
Serviços de Saúde Escolar
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise
Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/efeitos adversos
Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/análise
Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/estatística & dados numéricos
Criança
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Monitoramento Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos
Feminino
Calefação/métodos
Calefação/estatística & dados numéricos
Seres Humanos
Iluminação/métodos
Iluminação/estatística & dados numéricos
Masculino
Concentração Máxima Permitida
Material Particulado/administração & dosagem
Material Particulado/análise
Saúde da População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos
Serviços de Saúde Escolar/organização & administração
Serviços de Saúde Escolar/estatística & dados numéricos
Instituições Acadêmicas/estatística & dados numéricos
Sibéria/epidemiologia
Saúde da População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Air Pollutants); 0 (Particulate Matter)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29431332
[Au] Autor:Iakubova IS; Dadaly YV; Mel'tser AV; Alikbayeva LA; Zhirnov AY; Andreyeva MA; Gorshkova MP; Antonova MS
[Ti] Título:[Methodical issues of the monitoring for ammonium in indoors air].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(10):917-22, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:Introduction. To perform mass studies of the indoors air environment of the ammonium content the actual issues are the shortening of the sampling time and material costs for their implementation, reduction of adverse effects of ammonium with keeping of the objectivity of results. Aim. The elaboration of the method of short-term air sampling for indoors ammonium and comparative assessment ofdifferent methods of sampling in the course of modeling and field tests. Materials and Methods. Air sampling for ammonium was carried out according to the developed program and standard method, under the average daily 4-fold taking according to State Standards (GOST) 17.2.3.01-86 andRD 52.04.186-89. The evaluation of the significance of deviations of analysis results was carried out in accordance with GOST R ISO 5725-6-2002 and Recommendations of the Interstate Standardization RMG - 61-2003. Results. There were executed model and field tests of air sampling for ammonium according to the standard method and the program of short-term sampling. There were obtained significantly comparable results of ammonium content in the indoor air in the course of model and field tests. Conclusions. Sampling according to the developed program has a number of advantages, including: the shortening of sampling time, material costs, increasing in productivity in the analysis of indoor airfor the ammonium content. The execution oftest sampling according to the developed program allows to reduce the time of ammonium exposure to personnel carrying out the test sampling.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise
Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/análise
Compostos de Amônio/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/prevenção & controle
Técnicas de Química Analítica/métodos
Técnicas de Química Analítica/normas
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Seres Humanos
Exposição por Inalação/análise
Exposição por Inalação/prevenção & controle
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Air Pollutants); 0 (Ammonium Compounds)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29478645
[Au] Autor:Rogula-Kozlowska W; Kozielska B; Majewski G; Rogula-Kopiec P; Mucha W; Kociszewska K
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Environmental Engineering, Polish Academy of Sciences, 34 M. Sklodowska-Curie St., 41-819 Zabrze, Poland; The Main School of Fire Service, Faculty of Fire Safety Engineering, 52/54 Slowackiego St., 01-629 Warsaw, Poland. Electronic address: wioletta.rogula-kozlowska@ipis.zabrze.pl.
[Ti] Título:Submicron particle-bound polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the Polish teaching rooms: Concentrations, origin and health hazard.
[So] Source:J Environ Sci (China);64:235-244, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1001-0742
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The goal of the work was to investigate the concentrations of the 16 US EPA priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) bound to submicrometer particles (particulate matter, PM ) suspended in the air of university teaching rooms and in the atmospheric air outside. Two teaching rooms were selected in two Polish cities, Gliwice, southern Poland, and Warsaw, central Poland, differing with regard to the ambient concentrations and major sources of PM and PAH. The variabilities of indoor and outdoor 24-hr concentrations of PM -bound PAH, the ratio (I/O) of the indoor to outdoor 24-hr concentrations of PM -bound PAH, probable sources of PAH and the level of the hazard from the mixture of the 16 PAH (ΣPAH) to humans at both sites were analyzed. In both Warsaw and Gliwice, the mean concentrations of PM -bound ΣPAH were slightly higher in the atmospheric air than in the rooms. The indoor and outdoor concentrations of individual PAH in Gliwice were correlated, in Warsaw - they were not. Most probably, the lack of the correlations in Warsaw was due to the existence of an unidentified indoor source of gaseous PAH enriching PM in phenanthrene, fluorene, and pyrene. Although the ambient concentrations of PM -bound PAH were low compared to the ones observed earlier at both sites, they were much higher than in other urbanized European areas. However, because of low mass share of heavy PAH in ΣPAH, the various indicators of the health hazard from the 16 PAH mixture were low compared to other regions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise
Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/análise
Exposição Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos
Hidrocarbonetos Aromáticos Policíclicos/análise
Instituições Acadêmicas/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/estatística & dados numéricos
Fluorenos/análise
Seres Humanos
Material Particulado/análise
Fenantrenos/análise
Polônia
Pirenos/análise
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Air Pollutants); 0 (Fluorenes); 0 (Particulate Matter); 0 (Phenanthrenes); 0 (Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons); 0 (Pyrenes); 3Q2UY0968A (fluorene); 448J8E5BST (phenanthrene); 9E0T7WFW93 (pyrene)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180227
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29412556
[Au] Autor:Levshin VF; Ladan BV; Slepchenko NI
[Ti] Título:[Research of the air environment in cafes and restaurants, where a nargile is smoked].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(5):439-44, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:By means of special devices there was performed research of air in premises of 17 cafes and restaurants where nargile is smoking. In the premises during the day and more there was evaluated a concentration of the following markers of tobacco smoke: carbon monoxide (CO), nicotine, tobacco smoke particles PM2,5 andpolycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). In the air of the examined enterprises the concentration of the major markers of tobacco smoke was established to exceed by several times acceptable and safe levels. At that in cafes and restaurants where nargile smoking the higher concentration of CO and PAHs was on average significantly more frequently than in a cafes with a rare nargile smoking. The data obtained can be used to refute the opinion on the safety of nargile smoking and tobacco smoke from the nargiles. All modern legislative and administrative measures to restrict and ban tobacco smoking should be extend to smoking nargile.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise
Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados
Restaurantes/normas
Cachimbos de Água
Poluição por Fumaça de Tabaco
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/análise
Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/prevenção & controle
Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/estatística & dados numéricos
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Monitoramento Ambiental/normas
Seres Humanos
Federação Russa/epidemiologia
Poluição por Fumaça de Tabaco/análise
Poluição por Fumaça de Tabaco/prevenção & controle
Poluição por Fumaça de Tabaco/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Air Pollutants); 0 (Tobacco Smoke Pollution)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180208
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29406665
[Au] Autor:Kleier JA; Mites-Campbell M; Henson-Evertz K
[Ti] Título:Children's Exposure to Secondhand Smoke, Parental Nicotine Dependence, and Motivation to Quit Smoking.
[So] Source:Pediatr Nurs;43(1):35-9, 2017 Jan-Feb.
[Is] ISSN:0097-9805
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:More than 600,000 people die each year as a result of exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS); 28% of those deaths are children. Most exposure for children occurs in the home and is due to a parent smoking. Parental awareness and understanding of the exposure to SHS and the risk that parental smoking brings to the child may be an effective impetus for smoke avoidance and parental tobacco cessation. This descriptive, correlational study used data provided by a convenience sample of 184 smoking parental-figures, representing 376 children, recruited in community settings. Seven research questions were posed regarding the exposure of children to parental figures who smoke, the degree of the parents' dependence on nicotine, and their level of motivation to stop smoking. Comparisons were made between income levels and ethnic/racial groups. Children's exposure to SHS was low; Asian children had the highest likelihood of exposure. The areas of most frequent exposure were multiunit residential communities and in a vehicle. Parents' dependence on nicotine was moderately high, and parental motivation to quit smoking was high. However, parents who were the most dependent on nicotine were the least motivated to quit. Nurses working with both adult and pediatric populations should address the opportunities for exposure to SHS for their patient population. Community health nurses should specifically target workplaces, businesses, and communities with high numbers of Asian residents for public health education related to childhood exposure to SHS.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/efeitos adversos
Asma/etiologia
Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Motivação
Pais/psicologia
Abandono do Hábito de Fumar/psicologia
Poluição por Fumaça de Tabaco/efeitos adversos
Tabagismo/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Criança
Feminino
Florida
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Nicotina/efeitos adversos
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Tobacco Smoke Pollution); 6M3C89ZY6R (Nicotine)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180207
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29324816
[Au] Autor:Park JH; Cho SJ; White SK; Cox-Ganser JM
[Ad] Endereço:Respiratory Health Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, West Virginia, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Changes in respiratory and non-respiratory symptoms in occupants of a large office building over a period of moisture damage remediation attempts.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191165, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:There is limited information on the natural history of building occupants' health in relation to attempts to remediate moisture damage. We examined changes in respiratory and non-respiratory symptoms in 1,175 office building occupants over seven years with multiple remediation attempts. During each of four surveys, we categorized participants using a severity score: 0 = asymptomatic; 1 = mild, symptomatic in the last 12 months, but not frequently in the last 4 weeks; 2 = severe, symptomatic at least once weekly in the last 4 weeks. Building-related symptoms were defined as improving away from the building. We used random intercept models adjusted for demographics, smoking, building tenure, and microbial exposures to estimate temporal changes in the odds of building-related symptoms or severity scores independent of the effect of microbial exposures. Trend analyses of combined mild/severe symptoms showed no changes in the odds of respiratory symptoms but significant improvement in non-respiratory symptoms over time. Separate analyses showed increases in the odds of severe respiratory symptoms (odds ratio/year = 1.15‒1.16, p-values<0.05) and severity scores (0.02/year, p-values<0.05) for wheezing and shortness of breath on exertion, due to worsening of participants in the mild symptom group. For non-respiratory symptoms, we found no changes in the odds of severe symptoms but improvement in severity scores (-0.04‒-0.01/year, p-values<0.05) and the odds for mild fever and chills, excessive fatigue, headache, and throat symptoms (0.65-0.79/year, p-values<0.05). Our study suggests that after the onset of respiratory and severe non-respiratory symptoms associated with dampness/mold, remediation efforts might not be effective in improving occupants' health.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Recuperação e Remediação Ambiental
Umidade/efeitos adversos
Umidade/prevenção & controle
Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos
Exposição Ocupacional/prevenção & controle
Saúde do Trabalhador
Doenças Respiratórias/etiologia
Doenças Respiratórias/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Microbiologia do Ar
Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/efeitos adversos
Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/prevenção & controle
Asma/epidemiologia
Asma/etiologia
Asma/prevenção & controle
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Modelos Lineares
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Saúde do Trabalhador/tendências
Razão de Chances
Prevalência
Sons Respiratórios/etiologia
Doenças Respiratórias/epidemiologia
Inquéritos e Questionários
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180112
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191165


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[PMID]:29406120
[Au] Autor:Liu W; Shen G; Chen Y; Shen H; Huang Y; Li T; Wang Y; Fu X; Tao S; Liu W; Huang-Fu Y; Zhang W; Xue C; Liu G; Wu F; Wong M
[Ad] Endereço:MOE Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China. Electronic address: wjliu@pku.edu.cn.
[Ti] Título:Air pollution and inhalation exposure to particulate matter of different sizes in rural households using improved stoves in central China.
[So] Source:J Environ Sci (China);63:87-95, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1001-0742
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Household air pollution is considered to be among the top environmental risks in China. To examine the performance of improved stoves for reduction of indoor particulate matter (PM) emission and exposure in rural households, individual inhalation exposure to size-resolved PM was investigated using personal portable samplers carried by residents using wood gasifier stoves or improved coal stoves in a rural county in Central China. Concentrations of PM with different sizes in stationary indoor and outdoor air were also monitored at paired sites. The stationary concentrations of size-resolved PM in indoor air were greater than those in outdoor air, especially finer particles PM . The daily averaged exposure concentrations of PM , PM , PM and total suspended particle for all the surveyed residents were 74.4±41.1, 159.3±74.3, 176.7±78.1 and 217.9±78.1µg/m , respectively. Even using the improved stoves, the individual exposure to indoor PM far exceeded the air quality guideline by WHO at 25µg/m . Submicron particles PM were the dominant PM fraction for personal exposure and indoor and outdoor air. Personal exposure exhibited a closer correlation with indoor PM concentrations than that for outdoor concentrations. Both inhalation exposure and indoor air PM concentrations in the rural households with gasifier firewood stoves were evidently lower than the reported results using traditional firewood stoves. However, local governments in the studied rural areas should exercise caution when widely and hastily promoting gasifier firewood stoves in place of improved coal stoves, due to the higher PM levels in indoor and outdoor air and personal inhaled exposure.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/estatística & dados numéricos
Poluição do Ar/estatística & dados numéricos
Exposição por Inalação/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: China
Culinária/métodos
Culinária/estatística & dados numéricos
Características da Família
Seres Humanos
Material Particulado
População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Particulate Matter)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180216
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180216
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180207
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28453107
[Au] Autor:Cacia de Melo Machado E; Cezar Limberger V; de Cassia de Souza Schneider R; Corbellini VA
[Ad] Endereço:Departamento de Biologia e Farmácia, Universidade de Santa Cruz do Sul, Santa Cruz do Sul, RS, Brasil, elianamelo@unisc.br.
[Ti] Título:[Evaluation of the quality of air in a surgical center of a hospital in the south of Brazil].
[Ti] Título:Avaliação da qualidade do ar de um centro cirúrgico de um hospital do sul do Brazil..
[So] Source:Rev Salud Publica (Bogota);18(3):447-458, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:0124-0064
[Cp] País de publicação:Colombia
[La] Idioma:por
[Ab] Resumo:Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of air in surgical centre rooms of a hospital in the South of Brazil. Methods An evaluation of the parameters of comfortability (temperature, luminosity, concentration of carbon dioxide and relative humidity), microbiological analysis and chromatographic of the particulate material present in the filters of air conditioners was carried out. Results Regarding the aspects of comfortability, three surgical rooms did not present temperature in accordance to the current legislation, but were found within the ideal patterns in other environmental factors. In the analysis of particulate material, a larger number of fungal bio-aerosols of viscous colonies was obtained than filamentous. Conclusion It was found that the main aspects related to the quality of air in the hospital being studied are being accomplished; however there is a need of modifying building aspects in the surgical rooms in order to reduce the possibility of contamination by air and decrease the concentration of carbon dioxide in the environment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/análise
Salas Cirúrgicas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Microbiologia do Ar
Brasil
Dióxido de Carbono/análise
Monitoramento Ambiental
Fungos/isolamento & purificação
Hospitais
Umidade
Iluminação
Temperatura Ambiente
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
142M471B3J (Carbon Dioxide)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28919325
[Au] Autor:Pacitto A; Stabile L; Moreno T; Kumar P; Wierzbicka A; Morawska L; Buonanno G
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, University of Cassino and Southern Lazio, Cassino, Italy.
[Ti] Título:The influence of lifestyle on airborne particle surface area doses received by different Western populations.
[So] Source:Environ Pollut;232:113-122, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1873-6424
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In the present study, the daily dose in terms of particle surface area received by citizens living in five cities in Western countries, characterized by different lifestyle, culture, climate and built-up environment, was evaluated and compared. For this purpose, the exposure to sub-micron particle concentration levels of the population living in Barcelona (Spain), Cassino (Italy), Guilford (United Kingdom), Lund (Sweden), and Brisbane (Australia) was measured through a direct exposure assessment approach. In particular, measurements of the exposure at a personal scale were performed by volunteers (15 per each population) that used a personal particle counter for different days in order to obtain exposure data in microenvironments/activities they resided/performed. Non-smoking volunteers performing non-industrial jobs were considered in the study. Particle concentration data allowed obtaining the exposure of the population living in each city. Such data were combined in a Monte Carlo method with the time activity pattern data characteristics of each population and inhalation rate to obtain the most probable daily dose in term of particle surface area as a function of the population gender, age, and nationality. The highest daily dose was estimated for citizens living in Cassino and Guilford (>1000 mm ), whereas the lowest value was recognized for Lund citizens (around 100 mm ). Indoor air quality, and in particular cooking and eating activities, was recognized as the main influencing factor in terms of exposure (and thus dose) of the population: then confirming that lifestyle (e.g. time spent in cooking activities) strongly affect the daily dose of the population. On the contrary, a minor or negligible contribution of the outdoor microenvironments was documented.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise
Exposição Ambiental/análise
Material Particulado/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/análise
Austrália
Cidades
Culinária
Meio Ambiente
Exposição Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Itália
Estilo de Vida
Masculino
Método de Monte Carlo
Tamanho da Partícula
Espanha
Suécia
Reino Unido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Air Pollutants); 0 (Particulate Matter)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180209
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180209
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170919
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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